|Publication number||US4350402 A|
|Application number||US 06/187,647|
|Publication date||Sep 21, 1982|
|Filing date||Sep 17, 1980|
|Priority date||Sep 17, 1980|
|Publication number||06187647, 187647, US 4350402 A, US 4350402A, US-A-4350402, US4350402 A, US4350402A|
|Inventors||George H. Douty, John M. Landis, Leon T. Ritchie|
|Original Assignee||Amp Incorporated|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (14), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. The Field Of The Invention
The present invention relates to zero insertion force connectors and in particular to a connector to be mounted on the edge of a printed circuit board to make a mother/daughter board interconnect.
2. The Prior Art
There are many well known zero insertion force connectors all of which act in a somewhat similar manner in that a cam and/or cam follower acts on pairs of spaced terminals or contact arms of terminals to spread them so as to receive a mating member therein. Examples of the former can be found in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,665,370; 3,899,234; Re 29,223; 4,077,688 and 4,189,200. Examples of the latter can be found in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,865,457; 4,047,791; 4,067,633 and 4,080,032.
The present invention is intended to be mounted on the edge of a printed circuit board to allow zero force mating with a fixed pin array of another board. The subject connector has a fixed outer housing enclosing a terminal carrying housing which is movable with respect to the outer housing. An actuator plate encloses the terminal housing within the outer housing and carries a cam member. A cam follower is disposed between the actuator plate and the terminal housing and is responsive to cam movement to effect relative movement between the outer and terminal housings. The terminal housing carries a plurality of terminals each of which has a pair of contact arms which engage wedges in the outer housing and cause an opening and closing of the contact arms upon relative movement of the housings.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to produce an improved board mounted zero insertion force connector.
It is a further object of the present invention to produce an improved board mounted zero insertion force connector which can be directly or remotely actuated.
It is another object of the present invention to produce an improved zero insertion force connector in which a plurality of terminals are simultaneously actuated to an open condition to receive a like array of pin terminals therein.
It is a further object of the present invention to produce a board mounted zero insertion force connector which can be readily and economically manufactured.
The means for accomplishing the foregoing objects and other advantages of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description taken with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of the board mounted zero insertion force connector according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the subject zero insertion force connector mounted on a circuit board together with a remote actuating means;
FIG. 3 is a partial longitudinal section through one end of the subject connector in a deactivated condition;
FIG. 4 is a section similar to FIG. 3 showing the subject connector in an actuated condition; and
FIG. 5 is a transverse section through the subject connector in a deactivated condition.
The subject connector 10 comprises an outer housing 12, a terminal housing 14 carrying a plurality of terminals 16, a cam follower 18, an actuator plate 20, and a cam 22. The cam 22 can be actuated by a remote cam drive 24 and the entire connector 10 is mounted on a printed circuit board 26.
The outer housing 12 has a generally rectangular elongated profile with a mating face 28 having a plurality of profiled apertures 30 therein. Each aperture 30 (see FIGS. 3 and 4) has an inwardly tapering entry 32, at the mating face 28, leading to a bore 34 which extends through a pair of inclined actuating surfaces 36, 38. The rear of the outer housing forms an open cavity 40 defined by parallel spaced side walls 42, 44 and end walls 46, 48. Each side wall has a plurality of upstanding legs 50, 52 each with an inwardly directed shoulder 54, 56, respectively, adjacent the free end thereof. The end walls 46, 48 each have an inwardly directed channel profile.
The terminal housing 14 is a generally rectangular elongated block dimensioned to be received in the cavity 40 and with a plurality of lateral extensions 58 defining grooves 60 therebetween, which grooves 60 correspond in number and spacing to the legs 50, 52. The terminal housing also includes a plurality of terminal passages 62, 64 (see FIG. 5) each aligned with a respective aperture 30 in the outer housing 12. The terminal housing further has a plurality of cam ramps 66 on the rear surface thereof 68.
The cam follower 18 is an elongated member having a plurality of ramp surfaces 70, 72 on bottom and top surfaces thereof, respectively. The cam follower also includes an integral cam shaft 74.
The actuator plate 20 is an elongated member sized to be received between the end walls 46, 48 and with outwardly directed longitudinal shoulders 76, 78 which latchingly engage with the shoulders 54, 56 of the legs 50, 52, respectively. The actuator plate 20 also has an inwardly directed cavity 80 (see FIGS. 3 and 4) having a plurality of ramp surfaces 82 corresponding to the ramp surfaces 72 on cam follower 18. The actuator plate 20 also includes a centrally disposed aperture 84 which receives the cam 22 and against which the cam acts to effect transverse movement of the cam follower 18 with respect to the terminal housing 14, outer housing 12, and actuator plate 20.
Each contact 16 is preferably stamped and formed from conventional sheet metal stock and includes a printed circuit board engaging extension 86 and a mating front end 88. The mating front end 88 of each contact 16 is essentially channel shaped with a base 90 and a pair of parallel spaced side walls 92, 94. A locking lance (not shown) can be struck from the base to secure the terminal in the housing. A pair of mating spring arms 96, 98 extend forwardly from the side walls 92, 94, respectively. On the free end of each arm 96, 98 there is an outwardly curved enlargement 100, 102, respectively, (see FIGS. 1 and 5) which are normally in close proximity and define therebetween a flaring entry to the channel. It will be noted from FIG. 5 that the enlargements 100, 102 are of greater width than the spring arms 96, 98 so as to engage the contact actuating surfaces 36, 38 of the outer housing 12 to either side of the apertures 30.
The connector is assembled by first loading the terminals 16 into the housing 14. The terminal housing 14 is then placed into the cavity 40 of the outer housing 12 with the extensions 58 lying between the legs 50, 52 which serve to both stabilize and guide the terminal housing 14 during its movement. The cam follower 18 is then placed on the rear surface 68 of the terminal housing 14 and the actuator plate 20 is placed over it with the shoulders 76, 78 engaging the respective shoulders 54, 56 of the legs 50, 52. The cam 22 is also inserted into the actuator plate 20. The entire assembly can then be mounted in conventional fashion on the edge of a printed circuit board 26 or the like by soldering extensions 86 to the circuitry of the board. As shown in FIG. 2, a remote actuator 24 for the cam can be applied if this is desirable.
FIGS. 3 and 4 show the operation of the subject connector. In FIG. 3 the terminals 16 are shown in a relaxed condition in which the spring arms 96, 98 are sufficiently closely spaced to grasp opposite sides of a pin terminal (not shown) inserted therein. Rotation of the cam 22 effects a transverse movement of the cam follower 18 to the position shown in FIG. 4 in which the terminal housing 14 achieves relative motion with respect to the outer housing 12 with the actuating surfaces 36, 38 of the outer housing 12 extending between the enlargements 100, 102 of the terminal spring arms 96, 98 to spread them to an open pin receiving condition. It will be readily appreciated that in this condition a pin terminal (not shown) can readily be received in the terminal 16 with substantially no insertion force being applied. Return of the cam 22 to its initial position will drive the cam follower back to the position shown in FIG. 3 and allow spring arms 96, 98 to drive the terminal housing 16 away from the outer housing 12 and allow the terminals to close. It should be also noted that this closing movement of the terminals causes the spring arms to make a wiping engagement with the respective pin or post terminals received therebetween.
The present invention may be subject to many modifications and changes without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The foregoing description should therefore be considered as illustrative only and not restrictive of the scope of the invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3665370 *||Feb 8, 1971||May 23, 1972||Amp Inc||Zero-insertion force connector|
|US3865457 *||Jun 4, 1973||Feb 11, 1975||Amp Inc||Low insertion force receptacle and cammed housing|
|US3899234 *||Mar 20, 1974||Aug 12, 1975||Amp Inc||Low insertion force cam actuated printed circuit board connector|
|US4047791 *||Feb 17, 1976||Sep 13, 1977||Amp Incorporated||Low insertion force receptacle and cammed housing|
|US4067633 *||Dec 20, 1976||Jan 10, 1978||Amp Incorporated||Cam actuated low insertion force connector|
|US4077688 *||Oct 8, 1976||Mar 7, 1978||Amp Incorporated||Zero force connector for circuit boards|
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|US4189200 *||Oct 26, 1978||Feb 19, 1980||Amp Incorporated||Sequentially actuated zero insertion force printed circuit board connector|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4480888 *||Jun 23, 1982||Nov 6, 1984||Amp Incorporated||Multi terminal low insertion force connector|
|US4553802 *||Jul 14, 1983||Nov 19, 1985||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Modular bridging clip|
|US4618199 *||Aug 30, 1985||Oct 21, 1986||Pfaff Wayne||Low insertion force socket|
|US4919623 *||Feb 13, 1989||Apr 24, 1990||Amp Incorporated||Burn-in socket for integrated circuit device|
|US4975074 *||Feb 24, 1989||Dec 4, 1990||Cray Research, Inc.||Cam actuated electrical connector|
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|US5123848 *||Jul 20, 1990||Jun 23, 1992||Cray Research, Inc.||Computer signal interconnect apparatus|
|US5387121 *||Sep 13, 1993||Feb 7, 1995||Kurz; Edward A.||Zero insertion force socket|
|US5410257 *||Mar 15, 1993||Apr 25, 1995||Precision Connector Designs, Inc.||Zero insertion force test/burn-in socket|
|US6083024 *||Apr 20, 1998||Jul 4, 2000||The Whitaker Corporation||Electrical connector assembly with reduced wear and mating forces|
|US6422887||Nov 2, 2000||Jul 23, 2002||Tyco Electronics Corp.||High durability, low mating force electrical connectors|
|US6471531 *||Mar 7, 2001||Oct 29, 2002||Enplas Corporation||Socket for electric part|
|EP1098396A2 *||Nov 3, 2000||May 9, 2001||Tyco Electronics Corporation||High durability, low mating force electrical connectors|
|EP1098396A3 *||Nov 3, 2000||Oct 31, 2001||Tyco Electronics Corporation||High durability, low mating force electrical connectors|
|U.S. Classification||439/268, 439/686|