US 436151 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
D. A. RIPLEY.
No. 436,151. Patented Sept. 9, 1890;
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. j UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
DAVID A. RIPLEY, OF COLUMBUS, OHIO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 436,151, dated September 9, 1890.
Application filed January 2, 1890. Serial No. 335,589. (No model.)
.To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, DAVID A. RIPLEY, a citizen of the United States, residing at O- lumbus, in the county of Franklin and State of Ohio, have invent-ed a certain new and use ful Improvement in Faucets, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to the improvement of faucets, and has particular relation to means for drawing beer.
The objects of my invention are to provide a superior form of faucet with such connections as to admit of beer or other liquids being drawn from difierent casks through one faucet; to construct said device in a simple, neat, and inexpensive form, and to provide superior means for communicating air to the desired one of the supply-casks at the proper time. These objects I accomplish in the manner illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a vertical central section of my improved faucet, showing its connection with the casks. Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is an enlarged detail view in elevation of the spigot; and Fig. 4 is a plan view of portions of two kegs, showing the outgoing liquid and air-tubes.
Similarletters refer to similar parts th roughout the several views.
(1 represents the vertical head of the faucet, which is provided with a rearwardly-ext-ending arm a formed therewith, said arm being provided with a flanged rear end, as shown.
b represents the spigot, which is of the usual partially-conical form, and from the head of which extends upward a stem b, with which is connected or formed any well-known style of spigothandle o The spigot b fits closely withinacorrespondingly-shaped seat or socket formed in the upper portion of the faucethead, and is formed hollow from its lower end to a point in its upperhalf, as shown at c. The lower end of this hollow c is in vertical alignment and communicates with a vertical channel 01, formed in the lower portion of the faucet head or spout thereof. Extending laterally through the spigot-wall and communicating with the upper portion of the hollow c is a channel 6. A similar lateral channel 6 is made to pass through said spigot-wall and communicate with the interior of the spigot at a point below and on the opposite side of the spigot from the channel 9. Formed through the upper portion of the spigot at one side of its center, and running in the direction of the channels 6 e,is an air-channel f. Formed in the upper portion of the faucethead in the front side thereof, at a height corresponding with the height of the spigotchannel f, are two inwardly-extended airchannels g, which are adapted to be made to communicate with the spigot-socket, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1 of the drawings. The upper end of the faucet-head is provided with a short upwardly extending screwthreaded neck, upon which is screwed the lower internally-screwthreaded end of a cap 71, which fits' and forms a water-tight joint and seat about the spigot-stem and upon the spigot-head. The rearwardly-extending arm a is provided, as shown, with two longitudinal pipe-holes, which pass therethrough and communicate with the spigot-socket at points horizontally opposite the channels e 6'. Into these pipe-holes are inserted from the rear end of the arm aclosely-fitting pipes t' 'i', the rear ends of which extend through the front plate or face of an ice-box or refrigerator is, to which the rear flanged end of the faucet-arm a is attached, as shown. To the rear ends of these pipes t' i are secured the forward ends of tubes m m, the rear ends of which are connected, respectively, with the keg-faucets n n,which are driven in the usual mannerinto kegs p 19', located within the ice-box. The air-channels g of the faucet-head are continued through said head on the opposite side of the spigot-socket, and have connected therewith the ends of air-tubes g, which, extending rearwardly, pass into the ice-box and enter, respectively, the kegs p p. If desired, stop-cocks n may be provided near the rear end of each of the pipes i t".
The operation of my device is as follows: The faucets 'n and the stop-cocks n being open, and the spigot 19 being so turned that its opening 6 is in communication with the pipe '5', as shown in Fig. 1. of the drawings, it will be seen that beer or other liquid may pass outward through the tube m, pipe 2", channel e into the hollow of the spigot and 2 5 also be observed that the construction herein l thence out through the faucet-spout. In order to stop the flow of liquid from the keg or cask p and draw from the cask go alone, the spigot is so turned as to cause the spigotchannel e to communicate with the pipe 2'. This turning of the spigot will result in the closing of the pipe t" by the surface of the spigot meeting the opening thereof. The airchannels of the faucet-head and air-passage of the spigot are so located with reference to each other and the spigot-openings e e as to produce through one of the openings 9 and the spigot-passage f a communication with the air-tube g, which leads to and enters the keg from which the liquid is flowing, thus insuring the free egress of the liquid. Both spigot-openings e e and the air-openings may be closed by so turning the spigot as to close the inlet-pipes i i.
From the above description it will be seen that liquid from two kegs may be drawn through one faucet, thus ad mittiug of two different liquors or liquors of different qualities being readily drawn in one vessel. It will shown is simple and can be produced at a reasonable cost of manufacture.
Having now fully described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
In a faucet, the combination, with the fau cot-head having communicating outlet-channel cZ,spigot-socket, pipes it, communicating with said socket one above the other, and airopenings g, communicating with the upper end of said socket, of the hollow spigot 11, provided with a handle, spigot-openings ee', entering the hollow thereof on opposite sides and at points opposite the pipes t z", respectively, air-passage f through the upper portion of said spigot, as described, and air-tubes q, adapted to be broughtalternately into communication with said air-passage f, substantially as and for the object specified.
hi DAVID E A. RIPLEY.
mark. 111 presence of- O. C. SHEPHERD, BARTON GRIFFITH.