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Publication numberUS4375105 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 06/182,689
Publication dateFeb 22, 1983
Filing dateAug 29, 1980
Priority dateJan 20, 1978
Also published asDE7801673U1
Publication number06182689, 182689, US 4375105 A, US 4375105A, US-A-4375105, US4375105 A, US4375105A
InventorsHeinz Baumann
Original AssigneeSiemens Aktiengesellschaft
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
X-Ray diagnostic generator
US 4375105 A
An X-ray diagnostic generator has a high voltage means to supply energy to an x-ray tube and a high voltage regulating means housed in a common oil-filled tank.
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I claim as my invention:
1. In an X-ray diagnostic generator suitable for use with a plurality of externally located X-ray tubes, having a high voltage step-up transformer with a secondary connected to high voltage means for rectification, an improvement comprising:
a single, oil filled, closed housing having AC input connection means connected to a primary of the high voltage step-up transformer, output high voltage connection means adapted to be switchably connected to the plurality of X-ray tubes to supply high voltage between an anode and a cathode of a selected X-ray tube, and
first and second high voltage control means responsive to external control via control leads, each of said control means being connected between a rectified output of a corresponding one of the high voltage means for rectification and a corresponding section of said output high voltage connection means, each of said high voltage control means being adapted to regulate the output high voltage, and
said high voltage step-up transformer being positioned and of sufficient dimensions to provide electrical shielding, said high voltage step-up transformer being positioned between said first and second control means to provide electrical shielding therebetween.
2. The improved x-ray diagnostic generator according to claim 1 wherein:
said high voltage step-up transformer comprises a three-phase step-up transformer.

This application is a continuation-in-part of my earlier filed application, U.S. Ser. No. 960,861, filed Nov. 15, 1978, and assigned to the same assignee as the present invention.


1. Field of the Invention

The invention relates to an x-ray diagnostic generator comprising an x-ray tube, a high voltage generator to supply the x-ray tube and a regulating part arranged on the high voltage side, in which the high voltage generator and the regulating part are housed in an oil-filled tank.

The regulating part in an x-ray diagnostic generator of this type can consist of one or a plurality of control tubes which are connected in series with the x-ray tube and whose grid voltage is adjusted in such a manner that the desired x-ray tube voltage is present at the x-ray tube. The regulating part can also serve to engage and disengage the x-ray tube.

2. The Prior Art

It is known to provide separate tanks for the regulating part and the high voltage transformer, which tanks are connected to one another via high voltage cable.


The object of the invention is, vis-a-vis the state of the art, to significantly simplify and reduce in price an x-ray diagnostic generator of the type initially cited.

This object is inventively achieved in that the high voltage generator is arranged between sections of a regulating part. In this design of an x-ray diagnostic generator, a high voltage cable between high voltage generator and regulating part is eliminated. A simplification is also produced because only a single tank is provided, and it is not necessary to have a ground shield between sections of the regulating part.


FIG. 1 shows a known x-ray diagnostic generator by means of a diagrammatic view;

FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic view of a second known x-ray diagnostic generator;

FIG. 3 is a diagrammatic illustration of an exemplary embodiment in accordance with the present invention; and

FIG. 4 is a diagrammatic illustration of the exemplary embodiment of FIG. 3 showing the physical relationship between the control tubes and the transformer.


In FIG. 1, an x-ray diagnostic generator of a known type is illustrated. It includes an oil-filled tank 1, on which connections 2 of a high voltage transformer 3 for connection to the three-phase network, and high voltage connections 4 are conducted to the outside. In the tank 1, beyond the high voltage transformer, two high voltage rectifiers 5 connected in series are also arranged, which rectifiers are connected to the secondary windings of the high voltage transformer 3, and whose positive and negative poles respectively are conducted to the connections 4. The connections 4 are connected via high voltage cable 6 with high voltage connections 7 on a second oil-filled tank 8, which connections 7 lead to two switch and control tubes 9 for the high voltage. The switch and control tubes lie in series with an x-ray tube 11 which is connected at the high voltage connections 10. In tank 8, further, a filament transformer 12 is arranged, which conducts the filament voltage to the x-ray tube 11 via one of the high voltage connections 10 and a filament voltage connection 13. The primary energy is supplied to the filament transformer 12 via connections 14. For the control of the high voltage at the x-ray tube 11, an actual value generator 15 for producing a signal that corresponds to the actual x-ray tube voltage is also arranged in the tank 8. The control grids of the control tubes 9 and the connections of the actual value generator 15 are also conducted to the outside of the tank 8, in a manner not illustrated.

Disadvantageous in the known x-ray diagnostic generator illustrated in FIG. 1, is that, because of two oil-filled tanks 1, 8 and in particular also because of the necessity of a high voltage cable 6 between the two tanks 1 and 8, the expense for the high voltage side of the x-ray diagnostic generator is relatively high.

FIG. 2 also shows a known x-ray diagnostic generator. In FIG. 2, elements common to FIG. 1 are given the same numeric designation. In FIG. 2, a grounded metal plate 20 is positioned between the two control means or tubes 9a, 9b. The grounded plate 20 electrically isolates the high voltage control means or tubes 9a and 9b from one another.

In FIG. 3, component parts that are the same as component parts of FIG. 1 are referred to with the same reference numbers. It follows, that the high voltage generator consisting of the high voltage transformer 3 and the high voltage rectifier 5 is housed in a common oil-filled tank 16 together with the control tubes 9, the actual value generator 15 and the filament transformer 12. In FIGS. 1 and 3, the regulator connected to the actual value generator 15 and to the grids of the control tubes 9 is not illustrated for the sake of clarity. It is disposed in an electronics cabinet outside of the tank 8 or 16, respectively.

In FIG. 4 the physical relationship between the control tubes 9a, 9b and transformer 3 is shown. In FIG. 4, the high voltage transformer 3 and the rectifiers or rectifier means 5a, 5b are positioned between the control means or tubes 9a, 9b in the single oil-filled tank or housing 16. The high voltage transformer 3 thus separates the potentials on the control tubes 9a, 9b. Thus, due to the positioniing of the transformer 3 between the control means or tubes 9a, 9b, a very reliable, less expensive, single tank x-ray diagnostic generator may be formed without incorporating the shielding plate 20.

In the x-ray diagnostic generator of FIG. 4, it will be understood that the cathode of tube 11 could be heated by a low voltage isolation transformer such as transformer 12 of FIGS. 1 and 3.

Within the framework of the invention, any one of a plurality of x-ray tubes is connectable at the output of the regulating part via high voltage switches at any given time.

It may be apparent that many modifications and variations may be effected without departing from the scope of the novel concepts and teachings of the present invention.

The housing of the transformer 3 in FIG. 4 should be connected to ground.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2137647 *Oct 28, 1937Nov 22, 1938Picker X Ray Corp Waite MfgX-ray apparatus
US3256439 *Dec 17, 1962Jun 14, 1966Field Emission CorpHigh voltage and high current pulse generator in combination with field emission type x-ray tube
US3676683 *Dec 31, 1969Jul 11, 1972Litton Medical ProductsDental x-ray head
US3878394 *Jul 9, 1973Apr 15, 1975Golden John PPortable X-ray device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4589051 *Dec 22, 1983May 13, 1986General Electric CompanySecond breakdown protection circuit for X-ray generator inverter
US4596029 *Dec 22, 1983Jun 17, 1986General Electric CompanyX-ray generator with phase-advance voltage feedback
US4597026 *Dec 22, 1983Jun 24, 1986General Electric CompanyInverter variable dead time for X-ray generator
US4601051 *Dec 22, 1983Jul 15, 1986General Electric CompanyProtective circuit for X-ray generator
US4654770 *Dec 22, 1983Mar 31, 1987General Electric CompanyCurrent-limit circuit in X-ray generator
US7887236 *Jun 6, 2008Feb 15, 2011Ziehm Imaging GmbhX-ray source for a mobile X-ray diagnostic unit with a C-arm
U.S. Classification378/92, 378/112
International ClassificationH05G1/10, H05G1/18
Cooperative ClassificationH05G1/10, H05G1/18
European ClassificationH05G1/10, H05G1/18
Legal Events
Aug 29, 1980AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Effective date: 19800626