|Publication number||US4383155 A|
|Application number||US 06/275,548|
|Publication date||May 10, 1983|
|Filing date||Jun 18, 1981|
|Priority date||Jun 18, 1981|
|Publication number||06275548, 275548, US 4383155 A, US 4383155A, US-A-4383155, US4383155 A, US4383155A|
|Inventors||Richard B. Tenner|
|Original Assignee||Eaton Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (14), Referenced by (18), Classifications (6), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Switches using printed circuit boards as contacts have been known heretofore. For example, J. Bernutz U.S. Pat. No. 3,321,600, dated May 23, 1967, shows a switch having a spring strip body equipped with contact springs therewithin and a switching slide carrying printed leads slidably received therewithin to variably contact the contact springs. Also, E. T. Piber U.S. Pat. No. 4,097,704, dated June 27, 1978, shows a trigger switch having a reversing switch superstructure at its upper portion. This reversing switch has a plurality of contact-terminals mounted on an insulating board and a slidable PC board for selectively bridging the contact-terminals.
While these prior switches have been useful for their intended purposes, this invention relates to improvements thereover.
An object of the invention is to provide an improved pivoted-actuator switch.
A more specific object of the invention is to provide a pivoted-actuator switch with improved switched light indicator means.
Another specific object of the invention is to provide a switch with an improved pivoted actuator mounting interchangeable printed circuit contact means to obtain variable operation of an indicator lamp mounted on its operating member.
Another specific object of the invention is to provide a pivoted-actuator switch having conventional switch contacts with improved indicator lamp contacts comprising a printed circuit board removably mounted on the actuator.
Another specific object of the invention is to provide an improved pivoted-actuator switch having an actuator subassembly snap-in mounted to a base subassembly, the base subassembly mounting stationary and movable switch contacts and stationary indicator lamp contacts, and the actuator subassembly mounting an interchangeable printed circuit board constituting movable indicator lamp contacts and a removable operating member retaining the printed circuit board in place and mounting an indicator lamp.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear.
FIG. 1 is an enlarged partial cross-sectional view of a pivoted actuator toggle switch taken substantially along line 1--1 of FIG. 3 to show 1 pole of the 2 pole OFF-ON switch, contacts, the actuator, operating lever and indicator lamp;
FIG. 2 is a center cross-sectional view of the switch of FIG. 1 taken substantially along line 2--2 of FIG. 3 to show the indicator lamp contact terminals and associated PC (printed circuit) board movable contacts;
FIG. 3 is the top view of the base of the switch of FIGS. 1 and 2, with the actuator subassembly removed, showing the switch contacts and the indicator lamp contact terminals in the middle;
FIG. 4 is a half cross-sectional view of the switch base of FIG. 3 taken substantially along line 4--4 thereof with the movable switch contact removed to show one of the center stationary switch contact-terminals and a side view of one of the indicator lamp contact-terminals;
FIG. 5 is a top view of the actuator of the switch of FIGS. 1-4 showing the trunnions for pivotally supporting the same in the base and also showing the slot for mounting the printed circuit board;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the actuator taken substantially along line 6--6 of FIG. 5 and additionally showing the printed circuit board mounted in the slot thereof;
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view through one pole of the switch showing an alternative ON-OFF-ON contact structure;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged elevational view of an alternative ON-OFF-ON indicator lamp PC board contact structure for the switch of FIGS. 1-6;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged center cross-sectional view of a rocker button modification of the OFF-ON switch showing the alternative indicator lamp PC board and connection of the indicator lamp thereto;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged elevational view of an alternative ON-OFF-ON indicator lamp PC board contact structure for the rocker switch of FIG. 9.
Referring to FIGS. 1-6 there is shown a pivoted actuator switch with PC board switched light indicator constructed in accordance with the invention. As shown therein, the switch is a 2-pole double-throw version comprising an insulating molded base 2 mounting two sets 4 and 6 of switch contact-terminals as shown in FIG. 4 and a pair of lamp contact-terminals 8 and 10 as shown in FIG. 2. Each such set of switch contact-terminals has three contact-terminals. As shown in FIG. 1 with respect to set 4, this set has three contact-terminals 4a, 4b and 4c spaced apart, center terminal 4b supporting a rockable, movable contact capable of engaging either end contact 4a or the other end contact 4c depending on the direction of rocking thereof. As shown in FIG. 3, center contact-terminal 4b has a cut-out at its upper end forming a "U" shaped section and movable contact 12 has a pair of notches on opposite sides of the center for seating in said "U" shaped upper portion of the contact-terminal and rocking thereon and retaining this movable contact in in position relative to the other two stationary contact-terminals 4a and 4c. These contact-terminals preferably have an enlarged upper contact portion so that when they are inserted through holes in the bottom of the base and staked at their opposite edges below the bottom of the base, they are held securely mounted to the bottom of the base.
As shown in FIGS. 2, 3, and 4, lamp contact terminals 8 and 10 are mounted in the bottom of the base so that their pairs of contact fingers engage opposite surfaces of printed circuit (PC) board 14. Each lamp contact terminal such as 10 has a main portion 10a lying along the bottom of the base, a leg portion 10b having a sheared tongue 10c that snaps below the bottom of the base when the leg portion is inserted through the hole in the base thereby to secure the contact-terminal rigidly to the base and a pair of upstanding contact fingers 10d and 10e for engaging the printed circuit on the PC board. Each contact finger 10d and 10e has its upper end formed into a convex portion such as 10f shown in FIG. 4 for engaging, being biased against and sliding along the printed circuit on the printed circuit board as the operating lever is actuated. Leg portion 10b of this contact terminal is bent rearwardly at a right angle from the main portion thereof. Contact-terminal 8 is identical to contact terminal 10 except that it is turned 180 degrees such that its contact fingers are behind the contact fingers of contact terminal 10 and spaced therefrom so that they are not visible in FIG. 2, such spacing being arranged so that their convex portions engage and are biased against the opposite side of the circuit board.
Actuator 16 is provided with means for pivotally mounting the same in base 2. For this purpose, actuator 16 is provided with a pair of trunnions 16a and 16b as shown in FIG. 5 that snap into holes 2b and 2c (FIGS. 3 and 4) in the opposite sides of the base when the actuator is inserted into compartment 2a within the base. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 6, the lower halves of these trunnions are beveled to facilitate insertion of the actuator between the side walls of the base which are resilient and spread apart to receive the actuator. As shown in FIG. 5, actuator 16 is provided with a hole 16c down through its center for receiving printed circuit board 14. As shown in FIG. 5, this hole has pairs of projections or teeth 16d on opposite sides thereof for abutting against the opposite surfaces of the printed circuit board and holding the same centered therein as shown in FIG. 6. Actuator 16 is also provided with a pair of blind holes 16e and 16f as shown in FIG. 6 for receiving and retaining therein a pair of plungers and their bias springs such as 18 and 20, respectively, shown in FIG. 1, these plungers being for the purpose of sliding along and actuating the movable contacts such as contact 12 in FIG. 1. Actuator 16 has a pair of "U" shaped notches 16g and 16h on opposite sides thereof supporting printed circuit board 14. For this purpose, printed circuit board 14 has a wider upper portion as shown in FIG. 2 to provide a pair of shoulders 14a and 14b that rest on the bottom edges of notches 16g and 16h of the actuator as shown in FIG. 2.
The switch is also provided with operating means which serves also as means for supporting an LED (light emitting diode) indicator lamp 22. This means comprises a snap in operating lever 24. This operating lever 24 is in the form of a toggle lever having a hole 24a at its upper portion which snugly receives and supports indicator lamp 22 so that the light can be seen at the end of the handle. A pair of connector leads 22a extend down from lamp 22 through the hole in the handle as shown in FIG. 1 and are electrically connected as by soldering to the printed circuits on opposite sides of printed circuit board 14 as shown in FIG. 2. For snap-in retention of the toggle lever on the actuator, the toggle lever is provided with a pair of wide hooks 24b and 24c that snap down below lateral flanges 16j and 16k on the upper portion of the actuator. Toggle lever 24 also has a pair of channels therewithin formed by two pairs of spaced walls 24d and 24e as shown by broken lines in FIG. 2 that receive the left and right upper portions of the printed circuit board to retain the same centered therewithin.
It will be apparent from the foregoing that the switch may be assembled by press fitting the indicator lamp within the hole in the toggle lever handle and then inserting the printed circuit board up into the toggle lever channels and soldering the leads to the printed circuit on opposite sides thereof. The toggle lever subassembly may then be snap-mounted onto the actuator and the actuator snap-in mounted into the base. Or, on the other hand, the actuator may be first snap-in mounted to the base and then this subassembly of the toggle lever, lamp and printed circuit board may be snap-in mounted onto the actuator making sure that the lower portion of the circuit board enters between the pairs of upstanding fingers of the lamp contact-terminals.
The structure of this switch adapts it to a variety of operating lever configurations and contact functions. FIGS. 1-6 show a toggle lever switch of the off-on type. For this OFF-ON function printed circuit board 14 is provided with a pair of like printed circuits 14c as shown in FIG. 2 on opposite sides of the printed circuit board directly opposite one another. On this PC board printed circuit segments 14d and 14e are optional as they presently serve no purpose. With this arrangement, the switch will be "on" in the position shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and the lamp will be connected through printed circuit 14c and the corresponding printed circuit on the other side of the board to contact-terminals 8 and 10. Therefore, if the toggle lever is pivoted counterclockwise toward the left, the switch will be actuated to its "off" position and the lamp will be disconnected from lamp contact-terminals 8 and 10.
FIGS. 7 and 8 show a modification of the switch of FIGS. 1-6. As will be apparent, this modification is an ON-OFF-ON version of switch. This modification requires a different central switch contact-terminal 26 as shown in FIG. 7 and a different movable contact 28. This modification also requires a different printed circuit 30a mounted on PC board 30 as shown in FIG. 8. Contact-terminal 26 has a cradle 26a on its upper end for supporting movable contact 28, the function of this cradle being to support movable contact 28 in its "off" position as well as in either "on" position. For indication of the two "on" positions of this modification, printed circuit board 30 in FIG. 8 has a printed circuit segment 30a in the form of an inverted Y on each side of the board so that when the switch is in either "on" position, the lamp will be connected to the lamp terminals. Segments 30b and 30c in FIG. 8 are optional and serve no useful purpose in this modification.
FIGS. 9 and 10 show further modifications of the switch. One difference in these modifications is that the switch uses a rocker button 32 rather than a toggle lever, however, this version is also adaptable to either OFF-ON operation or ON-OFF-ON operation. For this purpose, rocker button 32 is provided with a lamp mounting hole 32a at one side thereof and LED lamp 34 is securely retained therein. Also printed circuit board 36 is provided with a notch 36c at one side to provide space for lamp 34. This board also has a pair of printed circuit segments 36a, these being like segments and one being on each side of the board so as to connect the two lamp leads which are soldered thereto to contact-terminals 8 and 10 when the rocker button is in the "on" position as shown in FIG. 9. Printed circuit segments 36b are optical as they are not used for any function at this time.
If printed circuit board 38 shown in FIG. 10 were substituted for that in FIG. 9, the switch would be provided with ON-OFF-ON operation. This is due to the shape of printed circuit segment 38a on opposite sides of the PC board. As will be apparent, these printed circuit segments 38a would be engaged by the lamp contact terminal fingers in either "on" position of the rocker button and would be completely disengaged by those contact fingers in the center "off" position of the rocker button.
As shown in FIG. 4, a mounting clip or retainer 40 is snap-in assembled at each of the two opposite end walls of the base on all versions of the switch. This retainer is assembled by squeezing the same to allow its angularly-formed side flaps 40a to snap into undercut grooves 2d, shown in FIGS. 4 and 7, at the sides of the end wall of the base. These side flaps 40a have a substantially 45 degree inward angle to afford entry thereof into their grooves. At the same time, a sheared and formed inward projection 40b at the central lower portion of this retainer enters a blind hole 2e at the end of the base. The side flaps prevent the retainer from sliding upwardly and the projection prevents it from sliding downwardly on the base. These retainers 40 snap-in mount the switch in a rectangular hole in a mounting panel.
A bezel 42 shown in FIG. 1 may be snap-in assembled to flanges 2f and 2g at the upper ends of the base.
It will be apparent from the foregoing that variations in the switch may be made in both the operating lever and the contact operation with a minimum substitution of parts.
While the apparatus hereinbefore described is effectively adapted to fulfill the object stated, it is to be understood that the invention is not intended to be confined to the particular preferred embodiment of pivoted-actuator switch with PC board switched light indicator disclosed, inasmuch as it is susceptible of various modifications without departing from the scope of the appended claims.
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|U.S. Classification||200/315, 200/292, 200/339|
|Jun 18, 1981||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: EATON CORPORATION, 100 ERIEVIEW PLAZA, CLEVELAND,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:TENNER, RICHARD B.;REEL/FRAME:003896/0149
Effective date: 19810615
|Jul 7, 1986||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Oct 25, 1990||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Sep 26, 1994||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|Dec 3, 1999||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ELECTRO SWITCH CORP., MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:EATON CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:010425/0210
Effective date: 19991129