|Publication number||US439786 A|
|Publication date||Nov 4, 1890|
|Filing date||Apr 23, 1890|
|Publication number||US 439786 A, US 439786A, US-A-439786, US439786 A, US439786A|
|Inventors||Abbot Augustus Low|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
A. A. LQW. HOLDER FOR TICKETS, CARDS, &c.
No. 439,786. Patented Nov. 4, 1890.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ABBOT AUGUSTUS LOW, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.
HOLDER FOR TICKETS, CARDS, 8:.0.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 439,786, dated November 4, 1890.
Application filed April 28, 1890. Serial No. 349,200. (No model.) 1
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that LABBOT AUGUSTUS Low, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Holders for Tickets, Cards, 850., of which the following is a description sufiicient to enable others skilled in the art to which my invention appertains to make and use the same.
My improvements relate to the class of ticket holding and manipulating devices heretofore invented by me in which the tickets, &c., are retained upon a supporting-plate by the ordinary elastic bands usually accompanying packages of such articles when purchased, and more especially to the wedgeshaped form of this device set forth in my application, Serial No. 330,225, filed November 1-3, 1889. Heretofore I have made the supporting-plates with finger-openings to facililate the manipulation of the cards, said fingeropenings consisting of circular perforations of suitable size, formed directly within the body of the plate, through which the end of the finger of one hand might be passed to raise orhold the tickets when selecting and securing one for removal by the other hand of the user.
One feature of my present invention consists in forming the finger-openings with an outlet at the upper end of the plate, so that a card or ticket may be withdrawn on a plane substantially parallel thereto-that is to say, that whereas heretofore the ticket or card had to be raised by the finger inserted through the finger-opening from one side, and then grasped and withdrawn entirely from the other side of the holding-plate, I am now by my present construction enabled to grasp and remove a ticket or card from either side of the plate with the fingers of one hand acting on both sides of the plate, the open mouth of the finger-opening presenting no impediment to this operation, as did the walls of the circular finger-openings heretofore used. This form of fin ger-opening also enables me to loosen or raise and separate the cards or tickets from the same side upon which they are situated without the insertion of the finger from the opposite side, as heretofore, the open-mouthed recess permitting of a finger of the hand by which one or more tickets or cards are to be removed being readily passed downward to the upper edges of the tickets or cards and of its being inserted partially under said edges in order to facilitate their selection. Thus formed the finger-opening also affords protection for and prevents the entire lateral displacement of the end of a longitudinal retaining-band when the latter is used, the side walls of the opening confining that end of the rubber band within a reasonable limit of play, while the wide mouth of the opening permits the said end of the rubber band to be readily grasped and withdrawn from that end of the holding-plate when it is desired to remove one or more of the tickets or cards.
I herein show and describe the device as used for the temporary retention of cards and tickets, although it is obvious that by making it of suitable size and shape it may be equally adapted for use either as a temporary or permanent file for papers, &c., of various kinds.
Another feature of my invention consists in forming the side extensions created by the open mouth of the finger-recesswith perforations, which facilitate the handling of the wedge-shaped plate and its insertion or withdrawal from a series of cards, papers, or tickets, as the case may be, besides affording means for suspending it from a hook or of filing it away with others of its kind.
Still another feature of my invention consists in forming the plate with a recess eX- tending through it,into which projects a stud or knob, around which the ends ofthe longitudinal elastic band when doubled may be looped. This recess is preferably situated in the narrow or wedge end of the plate and has a contracted entrance, through which the thickness of the longitudinal elastic retaining-band may be forced when it is desired to use it without doubling, the contracted entrance preventing the unintentional escape or displacement of the said band from the plate.
My invention also includes certain minor details of construction, hereinafter set forth.
In the accompanying drawings I show the device as embodying all of theimprovements herein set forth, although it is obvious that certain features may be omitted without detracting from the utility of the others. Neither do I wish to confine myself to the identical form and construction of parts shown, since it is obvious that various modifications may be made in detail without departing from the spirit of my invention.
Figure 1 is a side elevation of the plate without the retaining band or bands; Fig. 2, a similar view showing a package of cards or tickets held to the plate by a longitudinal elastic retaining-band; Fig. 3, a similar view illustrating the use of a transverse retainingband in addition to the longitudinal retaining-band. Fig. at is a similar View showing thelongitudinal retaining-band removedfrom the cards or tickets, but still retained at one extremity by the holder-plate. Fig. 5 is an .edge view of the plate with a package of tickets on either side and showing both the transverse and longitudinal retaining-bands. Fig. 6 is a central longitudinal section of the arrangement shown in Figs. 3 and 5.
The wedge-shaped plate A is stamped out or otherwise formed from a sheet or section of suitable material, vulcanized fiber of proper thickness and density being a convenient material on account of its comparative cheapness, lightness, and strength.
What may be designated as the upper end of the wedge A is formed with the recess or finger-opening B, having a comparatively wide entrance 6, sufficient to admit of the passage of a finger to and from the enlarged part b of the opening B. The horns or eX- tensions C 0 left by the formation of the finger-opening B are perforated at or near their upper or outer extremities by the holes 0 c, which afford apurchase to the fingers of the user while inserting or withdrawing the wedge into or from a series of cards or tickets. These perforations c 0 also afford a ready means for suspending the holder, &c. temporarily upon a hook or file and for filing away a series of such holders with papers, &c., attached when the device is used upon an enlarged scale as a paper-file.
The tickets or cards D are held against the holder A by the transverse elastic retainingbands E, which usually retain the cards or tickets upon the plate laterally, while permitting of their manipulation and withdrawal longitudinally during the absence of the longitudinal elastic retaining-band F, the latter being designed to lock and secure the tickets or cards. against longitudinal movement on the plate A under ordinary conditions, and being. turned down out ofthe way, as indicated in Fig. 4., when access is to be had to the tickets or cards.
The tickets or cards are manipulated through the finger-openingv B, by means of which the fingers can readily select and withdraw a particular ticket or card, and through which the fingers can easily be withdrawn while retaining the ticket or card between them. In fact this form of finger-opening retains all the advantages of my former circular finger-opening, with the additional feature of a free and unobstructed upper end to the plate. The opening I) alsopermits of the reception and retention of the upper end of thelongitudinal elastic retaining-band F, which is thereby isolated and protected by it. The other end of the longitudinal band F when used single, as shown in Figs. 3, 4, 5, and 6, is passed into the recess G, through the contracted opening g, the inner lips g of which are preferably turned upward and inward to prevent as far as possible the chance of the band coming into coincidence with and escaping through said contracted opening, as might otherwise happen when the band is hanging loose, as in Fig. 4:. The recess G thus isolates and protects the lower end of the longitudinal retaining-band while affording a means of attachment to the plate which does not interfere with the application or removal of the band over or from the cards or tickets.
The stud 9 projects from the body of the plate A into the recess G, and it is desired to double the longitudinal band F, as shown in Fig. 2, the opposite loops of the band F being passed around the said stud, upon which they are held by the elasticity of the band itself. In order to prevent accidental displacement of the ends or loops of the longi tudinal retaining-band when thus used, I prefer to form the stud with lateral projections g 9 over which the ends of the loop have to be passed in applying them to the stud g and which effectually retain the said loops until intentionally removed.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In combination with an elastic retaining-band, the plate A, formed with a fingeropening B, having the entrance I), for thepurpose and substantially in the manner described.
2. In combination with an elastic retaining-band, the plate A, formed with the fingeropening B, entrance 6, and the side pieces 0 O, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.
3. In combination with an elastic retaining-band, the plate A, formed with the fingeropening B and one or more smaller perforations 0, for the purpose and substantially in the manner set forth.
4. In combination with an elastic retaining-band, the plate A,formed with the fingeropening B, entrance b, and side pieces 0 0, formed with the perforations c a, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described. 5. In combination with an elastic retaining-band, the plate A, formed with the recess G, having the contracted entrance g, for
. the purpose and substantially in the manner described.
6. In combination with an elastic retaining-band, the plate A, formed with the recess G, having the contracted entranceg, and inwardly-protruding lips g, substantially in the manner and'for the purpose described.
7. In combination with an elastic retain- IIO ing-band, the plate A, formed with the stud ing-band, the plate A, formed with the finger- IO g for the purpose and substantially in the opening B b at one end, and the recess G,With manner described. contracted entrance g at.the other, substan- 8. In combination with an elastic retaintially in the manner and for the purpose de- 5 ing-band, the plate A, formed with the stud scribed.
9 having one or more lateral projections 9 ABBO'L AUGUSTUS LOW. for the purpose and substantially in the man- Witnesses: ner described. GEO. W. MIATT,
9. In combination with an elastic retain- D. W. GARDNER.
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