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Publication numberUS4400588 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 06/273,700
Publication dateAug 23, 1983
Filing dateJun 15, 1981
Priority dateJun 15, 1981
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asCA1186084A, CA1186084A1
Publication number06273700, 273700, US 4400588 A, US 4400588A, US-A-4400588, US4400588 A, US4400588A
InventorsWilliam Stobbs, Charles Hines, Rickey W. Light
Original AssigneeGte Automatic Electric Labs Inc., GTE Labs Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electronic voice network for a telephone subscriber's substation
US 4400588 A
Abstract
A circuit which performs loop supervision, transmit, receive, and transmit and receive regulation and sidetone balance. A loading circuit shunts excess current from the transmit and receive circuits under short loop conditions. The loading circuit also controls regulation of the transmit and receive circuits. Use of constant current power supplies external to the transmit and receive circuits prevents modulation of the power supplies.
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Claims(8)
What is claimed is:
1. A voice network for a telephone subscriber's substation, connected to a telephone central office via a loop circuit, said central office operated to generate a bias signal and a first group of voice frequency signals of varying amplitude, said voice network comprising:
loading means connected to said loop circuit operated in response to predetermined levels of said bias signal to shunt corresponding predetermined portions of said bias signal;
transmit regulation means connected to said loop circuit and operated in response to predetermined levels of said bias signal to provide a transmit regulation control signal having corresponding predetermined levels of amplitude;
receive regulation means connected to said loop circuit and operated in response to predetermined levels of said bias signal to provide a receive regulation control signal having corresponding predetermined levels of amplitude;
transmitting means connected to said loop circuit and said transmit regulation means and operated to generate a second group of voice frequency signals of varying amplitude;
receiving means connected to said loop circuit and said receive regulation means and operated in response to said first group of voice frequency signals to generate audible signals of varying amplitude; and
current control means operated to provide a constant current power supply for said transmitting and receiving means;
said transmitting means further operated in response to said transmit regulation control signal of predetermined levels of amplitude to attenuate the amplitude of said second group of voice frequency signals by corresponding predetermined amounts;
said receiving means further operated in response to said receive regulation control signal of predetermined levels of amplitude to attenuate the amplitude of said audible signals by corresponding predetermined amounts.
2. A voice network as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said transmitting means, comprise a microphone amplifier, said transmitting means further operated in response to said transmit regulation control signal to shunt corresponding predetermined portions of said second group of voice frequency signals from said microphone amplifier.
3. A voice network as claimed in claim 2, wherein: said transmitting means further comprise voltage clamping means operated to provide a voltage reference; and
a microphone operated to generate electrical signals;
said microphone amplifier connected to said microphone and said voltage reference means, operated in response to said electrical signals and said voltage reference to generate said second group of voice frequency signals.
4. A voice network as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said receiving means comprise a receiver, said receiving means operated in response to said receive regulation control signal to shunt corresponding predetermined portions of said first group of voice frequency signals from said receiver.
5. A voice network as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said transmitting means are further operated to generate a third group of voice frequency signals 180 out of phase with said second group of voice frequency signals.
6. A voice network as claimed in claim 5, wherein: said receiving means further comprise a side-tone circuit, operated in response to said third group of voice frequency signals to inhibit generation of said audible signals in response to said second group of voice frequency signals.
7. A voice network as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said current control means comprises a current source included in said transmitting means.
8. A voice network as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said current control means comprises a current source included in said receiving means.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

(1) Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to telephone subscriber's substations and more particularly to a voice network circuit for use in telephone subscriber's substations.

(2) Description of the Prior Art

Traditional voice networks are of a passive circuit design, have wide transmit regulation characteristics and imprecise loop supervision characteristics. These circuits typically utilize physically cumbersome induction coils.

U.S. Pat. No. 3,823,273 issued on July 9, 1974, to R. H. Beeman, et al., is an example of a more recent electronic network. However, this circuit implements loop supervision with the transmit element, and bias for this network is supplied by a resistive network which requires low current circuit elements for proper operation.

Accordingly, it is the object of the present invention to provide a voice network with precise regulation and supervision characteristics and without the requirement of induction coils or low current circuit elements.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is a novel circuit for providing loop supervision, transmit, transmit regulation, receive and receive regulation, and side-tone balance in a telephone substation.

This circuit consists of a load circuit connected to transmit and receive circuits. The load circuit is also connected to the remainder of the telephone substation circuitry which includes the dialing and ringing circuits.

The load circuit operates a shunt excess current from the transmit and receive circuits when employed in a telephone substation connected to a telephone office via a short loop circuit. This load circuit also generates transmit and receive regulation control signals.

The transmit circuit includes a microphone shunted by a transmit regulation circuit which operates under control of the transmit regulation control signal from the load circuit. Similarly the receive circuit includes a receiver shunted by a receive regulation circuit which operates under control of the receive regulation control signal from the load circuit. The receive circuit also includes a sidetone circuit which operates to cancel the signal applied to the receiver when generated by the transmit circuit. This cancellation process reduces the side tone signal heard through the receiver when talking into the microphone.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The single FIGURE of the accompanying drawing is a schematic diagram of a voice network for a telephone substation in accordance with the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring now to the accompanying drawing, the electronic voice network of the present invention is shown.

Load circuit 100 is shown connected to the remainder of the telephone substation which includes the dialing and ringing circuits. Load circuit 100 operates to shunt excess current from the transmit and receive circuits when connected to the telephone office via short loops. In such situations sufficient voltage is developed across resistors R5, R6, and R7 to cause transistor Q4 to turn on. When Q4 turns on Darlington transistor pair Q2 and Q3 also turn on and provide base drive current to load transistor Q1 which operates to shunt excess current from the transmit and receive circuitry.

Under these short loop conditions, transmit regulation control transistor Q5 also turns on thereby generating a transmit regulation control signal. Similarly, under these short loop conditions, receive regulation control transistor Q6 also turns on thereby generating a receive regulation control signal.

Thus, load circuit 100 provides loop supervision by adjusting the resistance characteristics of the voice network through control of load transistor Q1. Also, since loop supervision is provided by the load circuit which is separate from the transmit and receive circuits the need for low current circuit elements has been eliminated.

Transmit circuit 200 is shown connected to load circuit 100. This circuit includes microphone M connected to transmit regulation control transistor Q5 via transmit regulation transistor Q15. Voice frequency signals from microphone M are applied to the tip and ring leads after being amplified by transistor Q14. However, under short loop conditions, transmit regulation transistor Q15, under control of transistor Q5, operates to shunt microphone M thereby reducing its output. Transistors Q12 and Q13 provide current gain to modulate the line with the transmit signal. Also a sidetone reference signal is provided at the emitter of Q12.

Receive circuit 300 is shown connected to transmit circuit 200. This circuit includes receiver element REC. Transistor Q7 operates to control the current through receiver REC thereby allowing receiver REC to convert voice frequency signals on the tip and ring leads to audible signals.

When the voice circuit is connected to the central office under short loop conditions, transistor Q6 generates a receive regulation control signal which causes transistor Q9 to turn on, thereby turning on receive regulation transistor Q8 which operates to shunt the current available to the receiver, thereby reducing its output under short loop conditions.

In order to reduce sidetone signals heard in the receiver, the phase shifted transmit signal from transistor Q12 is applied to the base of sidetone transistor Q10 via resistor R22. Since this signal is 180 out of phase with the signal applied to the base of transistor Q10, via resistor R23 there is no net signal at the base of Q10 if the ratio of R23 to R22 is appropriately adjusted. In this manner, the sidetone signal heard through receiver REC is reduced.

Current source CS1 is used to precisely control the current applied to microphone M thereby increasing the precision of operation of microphone M. Similarly current sources CS2 and CS3 provide for precise operation of receiver REC by controlling the current through the base and collector of receiver control transistor Q7. By isolating the transmit and receive circuits from the constant current power supplies, modulation of these power supplies is prevented, thereby increasing the precision of operation of the transmit and receive circuits. Current sources are old and well known and typically include a field effect transistor with its source connected to its gate via a resistor.

The precision of operation of the transmit circuit is further improved through use of a Vbe clamp circuit as a voltage reference for transistor Q14. This circuit includes resistors R31, R32, and R33 connected in parallel with diodes CR1 and CR2. Transistor Q30 is connected across resistors R32 and R33 and operates to provide a precise voltage reference for transistor Q14, thereby improving the transmission characteristics of microphone M and transmit circuit 200.

The electronic self compensating circuit of the present invention thus provides loop supervision and transmit and receive regulation without the use of induction coils or low current circuit elements.

It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that numerous modifications of the present invention can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention which shall be limited only by the scope of the claims appended hereto.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3789155 *Jul 16, 1971Jan 29, 1974Post OfficeSide-tone reducing circuit for a telephone subscribers instrument
US4143247 *Oct 25, 1977Mar 6, 1979Nippon Telegraph And Telephone Public CorporationAutomatic signal level adjusting circuits for use in telephone sets
US4332984 *Dec 13, 1979Jun 1, 1982Bell Telephone Laboratories, IncorporatedActive speech network circuit for a telephone set
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4495382 *Apr 23, 1982Jan 22, 1985Fairchild Camera And Instrument CorporationTelephone regulator circuitry
US4518828 *Jan 28, 1983May 21, 1985U.S. Philips CorporationTransmission circuit for an electronic telephone set
US4550226 *Sep 7, 1984Oct 29, 1985Gte Communication Systems CorporationSubscriber's telephone circuit arranged to present constant impedance to a telephone line
US4633038 *Oct 3, 1983Dec 30, 1986International Standard Electric CorporationSupply circuit for a variable load, particularly for a line circuit in telephone systems
US4633217 *May 22, 1985Dec 30, 1986Yamatake HoneywellCommunication apparatus
US5774536 *Jul 8, 1996Jun 30, 1998Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Balanced network for use in a keyphone system
US6763107 *Nov 2, 1999Jul 13, 2004Agere Systems Inc.Method and apparatus for reducing distortion in a line powered modulator circuit
US7676291 *Apr 24, 2006Mar 9, 2010Dictaphone CorporationHand microphone interfaced to game controller port of personal computer
US20060233396 *Apr 24, 2006Oct 19, 2006John SheffieldHand microphone interfaced to game controller port of personal computer
Classifications
U.S. Classification379/392
International ClassificationH04M1/58, H04M1/60, H04M1/76
Cooperative ClassificationH04M1/76, H04M1/585
European ClassificationH04M1/58H, H04M1/76
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 15, 1981ASAssignment
Owner name: GTE AUTOMATIC ELECTRIC LABORATORIES INCORPORATED,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:STOBBS, WILLIAM;HINES, CHARLES;LIGHT, RICKEY W.;REEL/FRAME:003894/0757;SIGNING DATES FROM 19810609 TO 19810611
Owner name: GTE LABORATORIES INCORPORATED, A CORP. OF DE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:STOBBS, WILLIAM;HINES, CHARLES;LIGHT, RICKEY W.;REEL/FRAME:003894/0757;SIGNING DATES FROM 19810609 TO 19810611
Dec 13, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: GTE AUTOMATIC ELECTRIC INCORPORATED, A CORP. OF DE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:GTE AUTOMATIC ELECTRIC LABORATORIES INCORPORATED;REEL/FRAME:004081/0217
Effective date: 19820524
Sep 30, 1986FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Dec 10, 1990FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Mar 28, 1995REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Aug 20, 1995LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Oct 31, 1995FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 19950823