US 440236 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' lVI. J. WILLIAMS.
10.440,236. Patented Nov. 11,1890.
J/Coses I Milln/ms UNITED STATES lAfrENT OFFICE.
MOSES J. lVlLLIAMS, OF ORANGE, NEIV JERSEY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 440,236, dated November 11, 1890.
Application filed April. Z1, 1890. Serial No. 348,790. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, MOSES J. WILLIAMS, a citizen of theUnited States, residing atOrange, in the countyof Essex and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Floors for Stalls; and I do hereby decla-re the following to be af ull, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings,
and to letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specilication.
This invention is designed to provide a channeled iooring for stalls, which when in use answers the purpose of the ordinary floor, allowing the urine from the animal to pass therethrough and iiow along channels beneath the same into a gutter or waste-pipe, whereby the floor is always kept dry, and which may be lifted out of the way to allow the cleaning of the floor beneath.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of a stall provided with my improved iooring, showing one part of the same in position upon the iioor of the stall, while the other part has been removedtherefrom. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the same, and Fig. 3 is a vertical section through line os in Fig. 2, and Fig. d is a similar section taken through line y in said Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a vertical section of one of the T-shaped bars or strips of which the removable flooring is made up. Fig. 6 is an end view of two of the strips connected by means of a tief-b0lt and a wedge-shaped block.
In the above-described figures similar letters of reference are employed to indicate corresponding parts in each of the several views.
In said views, A indicates the removable or hinged io0ring,which is made up of any number of bars a. As shown in the drawings, said iiooring consists of two frames A and A2, which are preferably secured by means of hinges b to strips b at the sides of the stall. Each frame is made up of any desirable number of such strips or bars a, according to the width of the stall, which are spaced apart so as to leave longitudinally-extending channels a', as will be clearly seen from Figs. l and 2. Between the bars or strips a are arranged at desirable intervals small blocks a2, which may be of wood or metal, and extending centrally through the same and the bars or strips ct, I have arranged the tie bolts or rods a3, which firmly secure the strips and the blocks together, and whereby I obtain the channeled frames A and A2. Each strip or bar a is cut away at a4 and a5 on the bot-tom of the strip, making the same T-shaped in. crosssection, as shown in Figs. l and 5, and wherebya wider channel is formed beneath two adjacent strips directly beneath the channel a', formed by said strips, thus forming a shaped channel with the floor of the stall. The urine from the horse or other animal will flow through the apertures between the strips into the channels and discharge at the foot 0f the stall int-o a gutter c, connected with a waste-pipe CZ. Said gutter c is covered with a hinged board c, having small channels or grooves c along one edge,which are connected with the channels in the frames A and A2, and whereby the water is caused to be led into the groove c, as will be evident from Fig. 3. The advantage derived from this construction is that by providing each frame with a wide channel on its under side any dirt or other hard sub stance which might be forced into the narrow channel a will not clog up the Wider part and will still allow a free passage of the Water bolts a3 and correspondingly wedge-shaped' blocks ai'. This construction has this advantage, in that when manure has become jammed in the upper and narrow part of the chamber or slot a the frame can be swung on its hinges and slammed down upon the bottom floor of the stall, and owing to the Wider part of the channels all manure will drop through the same. In stalls made in this manner the bot` tom flooring can be of cement or met-al, thus making a cool floor for the horses, and owing to the effectual carryoff of the urine the wooden iiooring is always dry, and a stall is the result which is free from the disagreeable odors generally found in stalls.
As shown in the drawings, the frames A and .A2 are hinged at their sides, which hinges,
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however, may be entirely dispensed with and the frame may be directly laid upon the lower floor. While the hinged board e (shown in the drawings in Fig. l) may be of advantage under certain circumstances, still the same can be dispensed with and the frames made of the proper 1ength,so as to cover the gutter 0r groove c, as will be understood.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is- 1. In a stall, in combination with the oor having a gutter c at one end, hinged frames A and A2, provided With shaped channels, and a board e, provided With grooves c', arranged over said gutter in the iioor of the stall, for the purposes set forth.
2. The herein-described frame to be used as a covering on the floors of stalls, which consists of T-shaped strips av,cut away at a4 and a5, blocks a between said strips, and tie-bolts cl3, passing through said blocks and the strips and securing the same together and forming a frame having 1 -shaped channels, as and for the purposes set forth.
3. The herein-described frame to be used as a covering on the floors of stalls, which consists ot' strips a, provided with inclined sides a, and cut away at a4 and a5 and connected by means of tie-bolts and wedge-shaped blocks, whereby a frame is formed having longitudinal channels which are narrow at the top and Wider at the bottom, as and for the purposes set forth.A
In testimony that I claim the invention set forth above I have hereunto set my hand this 19th day of April, 1890.
' MOSES J WILLIAMS.
FREDK. C. FRAENTZEL, WM. H. OAMFIELD.