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Publication numberUS440706 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 18, 1890
Filing dateAug 1, 1890
Publication numberUS 440706 A, US 440706A, US-A-440706, US440706 A, US440706A
InventorsIieinricii Graeser
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 440706 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)

H' GRAESER. 3 Sheets Sheet l.

DOLL HEAD. No. 440,706. Patented Nov. 18.1890).,

wa News Pneus co., Haro-uwe., wnsymavon, nrc.

(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 2. H. GRAESER.

DOLL HEAD. No. 440,706. Patented Nov. 18, 1890.v

me News ravens co., wam-mum. wasumnwn, n. c.

(No Model.) H. GRAESER. 3 Sheets-Sheet 3.




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 440,706, dated November 18, 1890.

Application tiled August 1, 1890. Serial No. 360,612. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, HEINRICH GEAEsER, of Gotha, Germany, have invented an Improvement in Doll-Heads, of which the following is a speciiication.

This invention relates to an improvement in doll-heads provided with movable eyeballs and a movable lower lip--thatis to say, when the doll is turned from an upright into a horizontal position the eyes will close and the lower lip will either close orit will open as in smiling.

The invention consists in the various features of improvement more fully pointed out in the claims.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a vertical section through a dolls head provided with my improvement, showing it in an upright position. Fig. 2 is a similar section showing it in a horizontal position. Figs. 3 and 4. are corresponding views of a modiiication. Figs. 5 and 6 are corresponding views of a further modification; Figs. 7 and S, corresponding views of a further modification, and Figs. 9 and 10 corresponding views of a still further lnodication.

In Figs. l and 2, the letter A represents a dolls head, within which is pivoted at a the eyeball B. To a rearward extension B of the eyeball is secured a bent lever f, carrying a weight c at its lower end and abutting at its upper end against a stop c. This stop prevents the eyeball from turning too far upward in the vertical position of the head.

C is the lower lip projecting through a mouth-forming slit. This lip is connected to a block b', pivoted at b. To block b there is secured an arm e, carrying a weight cl, that tends to close the lip when the head is upright. The weight c is below the eye-open ing and the weight d is belowr the lmouth when the parts are in the position shown in Fig. l. Vhen the head is turned to assume a horizontal position, the weights will drop and will cause the eyeball and lip to turn on their pivots a. and l). Thus the eyes will be closed and the mouth will be opened.

In Figs. 3 and 4 all the parts that go to operate the eyeballs are retained. The lip C, however, is connected to a block b', counterweighted near its front b2 and pivoted to a support t'. The block b is provided with an upwardly-extending arm h, connected by a string g to lever f. In the upright position of the head the string g is slack and the counterweighted block b will draw the lip down; but when the head is turned into the position shown in Fig. 4t the lever f will pull string g and turn block b on its pivot to draw the lip up and close the mouth.

In Figs. 5 and G the arrangement is the same as in Figs. l and 2, the only exception being that the block b is provided with an upwardly-projecting lever c and weight cl in lieu of the downwardly-projecting parts e cl. (Shown in Figs. 1 and 2.) This ditterence in construction has the effect to open the mouth when the head is upright and to close it when the head is in its horizontal position.

In Figs. 7 and 8 the lip-carrying block b is infiuenced by two elastic strings Zn. The string Z connects the upper end of the lip to the lever f. The string n connects the lower end of the block to a iiXed arm 'm'. When the head is upright, the string Z is slack and the string n opens the lip. Then the head is in its horizon tal position, the string` Z is taut and closes the lip against the action of string n.

In Figs. 9 and 10 the block b is weighted at b3 and is provided with an arm s, connected to one end of a string p, the other end of which is connected to the upper end of lever f. Then the head is upright, the lever f will draw the string p up to open the mouth; but when the head is in its horizontal position the string is slackened and the weighted block b will draw the lip up and close the mouth.

1. The combination of a dolls head with pivoted eyeball and a pivoted lip-carrying block, and with a weighted lever connected to the eyeball and the lip-carrying block, substantially as specified.

2. The combination of a dolls head with pivoted eyeball, a weighted lever secured thereto, a pivoted lip-carrying block, and a string for connecting such block to the lever, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.


E. BIsoHoFF, L. FLoncnrz.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2856730 *Jul 26, 1954Oct 21, 1958Margon CorpToy eye
US2883794 *Apr 17, 1958Apr 28, 1959Julius EllmanFeeding and sleeping doll
US3002317 *Sep 14, 1956Oct 3, 1961Margon CorpDoll mouth
US6042450 *Oct 18, 1994Mar 28, 2000Toy Concepts Pty. Ltd.Doll with simulated physiological functions
US6068536 *Apr 29, 1999May 30, 2000Merriment Inc.Mechanism for animated character
US6352464Feb 28, 2000Mar 5, 2002Douglas J. MadlandMechanism for animated character
US6991511Jan 30, 2001Jan 31, 2006Mattel Inc.Expression-varying device
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/40