|Publication number||US4418391 A|
|Application number||US 06/193,444|
|Publication date||Nov 29, 1983|
|Filing date||Oct 3, 1980|
|Priority date||Oct 5, 1979|
|Publication number||06193444, 193444, US 4418391 A, US 4418391A, US-A-4418391, US4418391 A, US4418391A|
|Inventors||Yoshikatsu Asada, Shunji Mori|
|Original Assignee||Hitachi, Ltd.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (1), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a method of and apparatus for inspecting operations of constituents of a system including a plurality of machines in which the machines are started after successive confirmation of fulfilment of a plurality of driving conditions.
Main machines, such as pumps of water supply plants or sewerage plants, alternators for use in power stations, and the like, have various auxiliary machines. The starting up of such main machine is effected only after the confirmation of fulfilment of a plurality of starting conditions including the safe operations of the auxiliary machines.
In a system incorporating such a main machine, a daily inspection is necessary to confirm the safe operation of the main machine including the auxiliary machines. In such daily inspection (one inspection within every unit time), the main machine is actually started for the purpose of inspection after successive confirmations of fulfilments of a plurality of starting conditions including the safe operations of the auxiliary machines.
According to a conventional method of daily inspection, the inspection is suspended when one of the starting conditions fails to occur and the cause of the failure is investigated. The inspection proceeds to the next step only after the clarification and removal of the cause of the failure. This inspection process does not cause any substantial problem when only one of the starting conditions has failed. However, when more than two starting conditions have failed, it is necessary to take numerous steps such as finding out of the failure of one starting condition, investigation and removal of the cause of the failure, commencement of the daily inspection, finding the failure of another starting condition, investigation and removal of the cause of the failure and the commencement of the daily inspection. This work is considerably troublesome and time consuming, particularly when the central control room where the daily inspection is made is located at a distance from the main machine including the auxiliary machines, because in such a case the operator or the inspector has to go back and forth between the control room and the machine.
Under these circumstances, the present invention aims as its major object at providing a daily inspection method which can eliminate the above-described problems of the prior art.
The invention provides also an inspection apparatus for use in carrying out the inspection method of the invention.
These and other objects, as well as advantageous features of the invention will become clear from the following description of the preferred embodiment taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 schematically shows a driving system of a main machine having auxiliary machines to which the daily inspection method of the invention is applied;
FIG. 2 is a flow chart of a conventional inspection method applied to the driving system as shown in FIG. 1; and
FIG. 3 is a flow chart of the inspection method in accordance with the invention applied to the driving system shown in FIG. 1.
Referring to the drawings, reference numerals 1, 2 and 3 denote, respectively, a water well, a pump and a solenoid-actuated discharge valve. The water level in the water well is detected by a water level detector 4, while the opening degree of the discharge valve 3 is detected by a detector 5. A reference numeral 6 denotes a cooling water tank, while 7 designates a cooling water pump. Numerals 8 and 9 denote, respectively, a flow relay and a detector for detecting the water level in the cooling water tank 6. A reference numeral 10 designates a computer control unit adapted to control operation of the abovementioned constituents of the driving system, as well as the inspection of the same.
In the system shown in FIG. 1, the pump 2 as a main machine sucks the water up from the water well 1 and discharges the same via a solenoid-actuated discharge valve (referred to as "valve", hereinunder). The pump 2 is allowed to start only when all of the following starting conditions are fulfilled.
(1) The water level H1 in the water well 1 is above a predetermined level Hs2.
(2) The water level H2 in the cooling water tank 6 is above a predetermined level Hs2.
(3) The cooling water pump 7 operates correctly to supply the pump 2 with cooling water (This can be confirmed by the flow relay 8).
(4) The valve 3 is completely closed.
FIG. 2 shows the flow chart of a conventional inspection method which is usually taken immediately before the actual start up of the driving system.
As a start up command is given, the computer control unit 10 judges at a step S1, upon receipt of a signal from the water level detector 4, whether the water level H1 in the water well 1 is higher than the predetermined level Hs1 and, after confirming that the actual level S1 is higher than the predetermined level Hs1, makes a judgement at a step S2 as to whether the water level H2 in the cooling water tank 6 is higher than a predetermined level Hs2. If the water level H2 is found to be greater than Hs2, the inspection proceeds to the next step S3 so that the cooling water pump 7 is started. In consequence, the cooling water is supplied from the cooling water tank 6 to the pump 2. In the event that a condition H1 <Hs1 is found in the step S1 or a condition of H2 <Hs2 is found in the step 2, the computer control unit 10 takes a step 11 to produce a pump locking signal to stop the pump start up operation in the driving system.
After the start up of the cooling water pump 7 in the step S3, the computer control unit 10 checks for the operation of the flow relay 8. The computer control unit 10 judges that the cooling water is safely supplied by the cooling water pump 7, if the water relay is functioning, so that it produces a command at a step S5 for closing the valve 3. Thereafter, in the next step 6, the computer control unit 10 makes a judgement as to whether the valve 3 has been fully closed, upon receipt of a signal from the valve opening detector 5. If the computer control unit 10 finds the valve 3 completely closed, it starts up the pump 2 at the step S7. If the safe functioning of the flow relay 8 is not confirmed at the step S4, or when the valve 3 is found not completely closed at the step S6, the inspection proceeds to the step 11 so that a pump locking signal is issued to lock the pump thereby to stop the pump start up operation of the driving system.
Elapse of a predetermined time length after start up of the pump at the step S7 is judged at a step S8 and the safe operation or functioning of the pump 2 is confirmed at a step S9. If the safe operation of the pump 2 is confirmed, the discharge valve 3 is fully opened at a step S10 so that the system as a whole turns to the normal operation.
If a malfunctioning of the pump 2 is detected at the step S9, an indication of the malfunctioning of the pump 2 is made at a step S12 and the pump 2 is stopped at a subsequent step S13.
In the illustrated conventional inspection method, the fulfilments of the starting conditions are judged at the steps S1, S2, S4 and S6. If one of these starting conditions is failed, the driving system stops the pump start up operation at the instant of detection of such a failure. Therefore, in the conventional inspection method, only one failure can be detected at a time, in the event where two or more starting conditions are failed. Namely, assuming here that the starting condition of H1 ≧H2 is failed at the step S1, the pump start up operation is suspended at that step so that it is not possible to detect the failure in the fulfilment of the starting condition in the subsequent steps, e.g. the condition of H1 ≧H2 at the step S2 and the condition of safe functioning of the flow relay 8 in the step S4. Namely, for confirming the filfilments of the starting conditions which are to be confirmed at the steps S2, S4 and S6, it is necessary to repeat the inspection operation after the removal of the cause of the failure of the starting condition detected at the step S1. This work is extremely troublesome and time consuming. Since usually there is a long distance between the place where the driving system is installed and the control panel of the driving system, the efficiency in the inspection would be improved if the operator could know the failures in two or more starting conditions simultaneously and take necessary measure at the machine side for removing the causes of such failures at a time.
From this point of view, the present invention aims at providing an inspection method which permits a simultaneous detection of failures in two or more starting conditions by only one inspection operation.
FIG. 3 shows a flow chart of an inspection method of the invention applied to the driving system illustrated in FIG. 1. In FIG. 3, the same step numbers are used to represent the same judgements or operations as those of FIG. 2.
The inspection system shown in FIG. 3 is a daily inspection system which is automatically put into operation at a predetermined time everyday. The computer control unit 10 delivers at a step S21 an inspection start command, upon detection of the inspection time at a preceding step S20. In consequence, steps S1 thru S6 are successively conducted and, if the conditions of these steps are met, the pump 2 is started at the step S7. Thereafter, the valve 3 is fully opened at the step 10 and the safe operation of the pump 2 is confirmed. The above-explained sequence is identical to that performed in the inspection method shown in FIG. 2 when all of the plurality of starting conditions are fulfilled.
In the event that the failure of the condition H1 ≧Hs1 is detected in the first step S1, i.e. when a condition H1 <Hs1 is found at the step S1, the computer control unit 10 conducts the operation of the step S30 to make an indication of the fact that the actual water level H1 in the water well 1 is below the predetermined level Hs1, and produces at a step S31 a signal for locking the pump 2 against starting. The computer control unit 10 then conducts the operation of the step S2 and, if the condition of H2 <Hs2 is detected, turns to the operation of a step S32 to indicate that the actual water level H2 in the cooling water tank 6 is below Hs2. The computer control unit 10 then produces at a subsequent step S33 a signal for locking the cooling water pump against the start up thereof and, at a subsequent step S34, a signal for locking the pump 2 against the start up thereof. The computer control unit 10 then conducts the operation of the step S4 to check the functioning of the flow relay 8. If the flow relay 8 is not functioning, an indication of malfunctioning of the flow relay is made at a steps 35 and, after a generation of a pump locking signal in the subsequent step S36, the step S5 is conducted in which the valve 3 is closed and the full closing of the valve 3 is judged by the subsequent step S6. If the valve 3 is not fully closed, the malfunctioning of the valve 3 is indicated in the step S37 and a pump locking signal is generated in the subsequent step S38 while permitting the step S22 to be conducted. In the step S22, it is judged whether the pump locking signal is produced or not and, if no pump locking signal is confirmed, the pump 2 is started at the step S7. If there is any pump locking signal, the inspection process skips to the step S10 to open the valve 3.
It will be seen that, in the inspection method of the invention, the inspection process proceeds successively without suspension even after the detection of failure in fulfilments of one or more starting conditions. Therefore, it is possible to confirm the states of machines and a plurality of driving conditions by only one inspection operation, so that the inspection can be completed at a higher efficiency in a shorter time.
According to the invention, furthermore, the failure of fulfilment of a starting condition or conditions is displayed for each item and the pump locking signal is generated at each time of the detection of failure in fulfilment of the starting condition. It is, therefore, possible to judge whether the pump 2 should be started or not by simply discriminating the presence of the pump locking signal, without requiring repetitional and sequential checking of a plurality of starting conditions. This further improves the efficiency of the inspection work.
The inspection operation in accordance with the inspection method of the invention is stopped in a manner explained hereinbelow.
The valve 3 is opened at a step S10 and the elapse of a predetermined time is confirmed at a step S23. Then, the state of the valve 3 is checked at the subsequent step S24. If the valve 3 is fully opened, the step S25 is conducted to close the valve 3. On the contrary, if the valve 3 is not fully opened, the step S29 is conducted to indicate the malfunctioning of the valve 3 and the subsequent step S26 is conducted. In the step S26, a judgement is made as to whether the pump 2 is functioning correctly and, in the event that the safe operation of the pump 2 is confirmed, the subsequent step S27 is conducted to stop the pump 2. Thereafter, the stopping of the cooling water pump 7 and the opening of the valve 3 are made in the subsequent steps S28 and S29, thereby to complete the inspection operation.
In the inspection method stated above, the step S28 performs only the stopping of the cooling water pump, although there is a possibility that the cooling water pump 7 is locked against start up. This is because the pump 7 is a so-called auxiliary machine and a mere stopping operation is sufficient.
Although the invention has been described through its preferred form, the described embodiment is not exclusive and various changes and modifications may be imparted thereto without departing from the scope of the invention which is limited by the appended claims. For instance, the invention can equally be applied to various driving systems in which the main machines are alternators, engines or compressors, not only to the described driving system having a pump as the main machine.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3829842 *||Feb 22, 1973||Aug 13, 1974||Terry Controls Corp||Automatic self-testing programmable industrial controller|
|US4133477 *||Apr 15, 1976||Jan 9, 1979||Xerox Corporation||Fault detection and system for electrostatographic machines|
|US4162396 *||Oct 27, 1977||Jul 24, 1979||International Business Machines Corporation||Testing copy production machines|
|US4298955 *||Mar 23, 1977||Nov 3, 1981||The Insurance Technical Bureau||Method of and apparatus for the detection and analysis of hazards|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4564942 *||Mar 17, 1983||Jan 14, 1986||Hitachi, Ltd.||Trouble shooting system for electric vehicle|
|U.S. Classification||702/183, 700/81, 700/282|
|International Classification||F04B51/00, G05B23/02, G07C3/00|