|Publication number||US4432139 A|
|Application number||US 06/315,487|
|Publication date||Feb 21, 1984|
|Filing date||Oct 27, 1981|
|Priority date||Oct 28, 1980|
|Also published as||DE3040516A1|
|Publication number||06315487, 315487, US 4432139 A, US 4432139A, US-A-4432139, US4432139 A, US4432139A|
|Inventors||Gisbert Kohler, Hermann Weiss, Gotz Landwehr|
|Original Assignee||Andreas Stihl|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (23), Classifications (14), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a safety device on a power saw which is provided with two handles, especially on a power chain saw. The saw has a brake which engages a drive member of the cutting tool of the saw under the effect of a spring or other force retainer; the brake is held in the ineffective or inoperative position by a stop which is actuated by means of operating elements associated with the two handles.
Considerable danger of accidents exists with power saws or power chain saws which are guided by hand at the two handles thereof. Recoil and kick-back movements can arise when working with such a saw as a result of suddenly encountered obstructions. These kick-backs can cause severe injury when the cutting tool, i.e. the saw chain in the case of a chain saw, is not immediately brought to a standstill. The danger of accident is especially great if one or both of the handles is released accidentally or even on purpose, because the saw then no longer can be safely guided. Consequently, different safety devices are known for such power saws. With the safety device disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,793,727--Moore issued Feb. 26, 1974, a friction brake is associated with the drive sprocket or chain wheel of the saw chain. This friction brake is kept inoperative by means of a stop, which comprises several members of a linkage, so long as each of two levers which are coupled with the linkage is grasped at the same time as the two handles. When even one of the two handles is released, the lever associated therewith is pivoted and hence the stop is released, as a result of which the friction brake passes into its operating position under the effect of a pressure spring, and the saw chain is braked or stopped.
The continuous actuation of both levers by the linkage against the force of the pressure spring is tiring. Also, while working with the saw, the brake can be tightened or actuated without external cause, i.e. unnecessarily, if one of the handles is temporarily not tightly or firmly held. Additionally, the arrangement of the linkage requires an accurate adjustment and frequent servicing with readjustments, since the members of the linkage can become bent.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to embody a safety device in such a manner that the stop can be held in the operating position without special force application, but nonetheless can be released immediately even if only one of the two handles is released.
The safety device of the present invention is characterized primarily in that the stop is locked in its locking position and is releasable by means of an adjustment device which is driven by an energy source supplied by the engine of the saw, and is controlled by a control device, such as an electrical circuit, which is connected to the operating elements, which are embodied as key or contact switches.
With the safety device of the present invention, no special force application is necessary for maintaining the operating position of the saw, i.e. for the inoperative position of the brake, because the stop is locked in its locking position. This locking position is maintained as long as the contact switches associated with the two handles are touched by both hands. As soon as one of the two handles is released, the associated contact switch reverses, thus releasing the adjustment device by means of the control device. This adjustment device releases the stop, thus effecting tightening or application of the brake by the force retainer.
The stop can also be reset automatically into its locking position. For this purpose, according to a further embodiment of the inventive safety device, the stop may be coupled with a drivable resetting device, which likewise is controlled by the control device. A drive motor may be associated with the resetting device.
According to a preferred embodiment, it is also possible to additionally assure that the brake becomes effective even if during a dangerous kick-back movement of the chain both handles are still grasped, in which case too, serious accidents could occur. Therefore, according to a further development of the inventive safety device, the stop may additionally be released by a releasing member which is movable relative to the housing of the power saw; this releasing member already changes its position with respect to the saw housing by unintentional movements of the hand, preferably however by mass inertia, consequently releasing the stop and bringing the brake to a drawn or tightened state.
According to further specific embodiments of the present invention, the energy source may be a generator driven by the engine of the saw. The generator may be provided as a common energy source for the drive of the adjustment device and the resetting device, as well as for the current supply for the control device.
The releasing member may be a lever which, during recoil or kick-back of the power saw, is pivotable relative to the housing by mass inertia. The lever may be arranged in the direct vicinity of one of the handles.
If one of the two handles is arranged on top of the housing of the power saw, the contact switch on this upper handle may comprise a number of individual keys, the contacts of which are connected in parallel.
If a gas throttle for the internal combustion engine of the saw is arranged on one of the two handles, a throttle lock may be associated with the contact switch of this handle.
The adjustment device for the lock may be a lifting magnet, the push rod of which engages a lever of the lock; in the supply current circuit of the lifting magnet, the contact switches of both handles are located in series.
The adjustment device and the resetting device may be alternately switched on by a relay, the winding of which is connected in series with the contact switches.
The resetting device may have an adjusting nut which can be shifted by means of a spindle; two limit switches may be associated with the adjusting nut.
The drive motor of the resetting device can be turned on and off, and its direction of rotation can be reversed, by means of limit switches included in the control device.
A safety switch may be associated with the additional releasing member; upon actuation of this switch by the releasing member, the drive of the resetting device is locked by the control device.
The key or contact switches may be embodied as capacitive-operating sensors.
The invention will now be described with reference to the drawing wherein:
FIG. 1 is a schematic side elevation view of a power-driven chain saw according to the invention; and,
FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram of the control device and a schematic representation of the equipment with which the control device coacts.
Referring now to the drawings in detail, the power chain saw of FIG. 1 has a housing 1 with two hand grips or handles 2 and 3, as well as a saw guide bar or rail 4, which is only indicated schematically. A saw chain runs conventionally over the guide bar and is driven by a chain or sprocket wheel (not illustrated). A brake drum 5 and a generator G are arranged coaxially with the chain sprocket, and the generator G is driven by the non-illustrated internal combustion engine of the saw. The generator G supplies current so that the handles 2 and 3 can be electrically heated. Additionally, the generator G serves to supply current to a control circuit 6, which is only schematically indicated in FIG. 1, but is shown in further detail in FIG. 2. The control circuit 6 in the embodiment comprises an electrical circuit which can also be installed or accommodated in the rear handle 3. A throttle trigger 3A is located on this handle and serves to control the internal combustion engine; a locking lever 3B is associated with the throttle trigger 3A in such a way that the latter can only be actuated when the lever 3B is also pressed. This locking lever 3B actuates a switch 7 arranged within the handle 3; the switch 7 is part of the control device or circuitry 6. The other handle 2 extends above the housing 1 transverse to the guide bar 4 and includes a switch means 8 which comprises several individual switches electrically connected in parallel with each other as shown in FIG. 2; these switches 8A, 8B, 8C, 8D, and 8E being schematically illustrated in FIG. 1 as to their location on the handle 2. These individual switches, and also the switch 7, are embodied as contact or key switches, the keys of which can be capacitive-operating sensors, or can also be pressure keys or pushbuttons. For the switching mechanism, a type of microswitch construction is expediently utilized.
In the direct vicinity of the handle 2 is located a protective guard 9 which, as a consequence of its mass inertia, becomes operative during a kick-back or recoil movement of the saw, and serves as the releasing or triggering member for a safety device, which includes a brake band 10 looped around the brake drum 5. During the normal operating condition of the saw, this brake band 10 does not engage the brake drum 5. A tension spring 11 engages one arm 12A of an angle lever 12, on the other arm 12B of which the brake band 10 is secured. The angle lever 12 is held in the illustrated position against the force of the spring 11, and in this position the brake band 10 does not engage the brake drum 5.
A knee lever 13, 14 is provided for locking the brake, with the two levers thereof comprising an arm 13A of an angle lever 13, and a link member 14 which is pivotably connected to the lever arm 12A of the angle lever 12. Both levers 13 and 14 are pivotable about the knee linkage or joint 14A, and consequently can be brought out of the illustrated stable position thereof, beyond the extended position, into an opposite likewise stable position. The angle lever 13 is pivotable about an axis or shaft 15, and is rigidly connected with the protective guard 9. The angle lever 13, together with the link 14 of the knee lever and the angle lever 12, form a barrier or stop which holds the brake band 10 in the illustrated position, and which can be released by pivoting the protective guard 9 in the direction of the arrow P1. If the chain saw is thrown rearwardly by a recoil, and/or is thrown upwardly about an imaginary pivot axis, the guard 9, as a consequence of its mass inertia, pivots relative to the saw housing 1 in the direction P1, thus releasing the stop or barrier, so that the brake band 10 frictionally engages the drum 5, and the drive of the chain sprocket is immediately braked or stopped. The same effect or result occurs when the other arm 13B of the angle lever 13 is pivoted upwardly in the direction of the arrow P2. For this purpose, the push rod or plunger 19A of a solenoid or lifting magnet 19 engages the arm 13B.
A lever 16 is freely rotatable about the axis 15, and supports a pin 16A on a ring which is concentric to the axis 15. A lock nut or adjusting nut 17 is connected to the lever 16, and a threaded spindle 18 engages therein. The spindle 18 is rotated by a motor M. Two limit switches E1 and E2 are arranged on the housing 1, and actuating members E1/1 and E2/2 on the adjusting nut 17 are respectively associated with the limit switches. A further limit switch E3 is arranged on the housing 1 in the vicinity of the angle lever 12, and is actuated by the lever arm 12B thereof. Additionally located on the housing 1 is a switch S which is located in the path of an arm S1 of the protective guard 9.
The position of the described parts illustrated in FIG. 1 corresponds to the operating position of the saw, in which the key or contact switches 7 and 8 are actuated by grasping the handles 2 and 3.
FIG. 2 shows the control device for the adjustment devices 16, 17, 18 and 19, 19A. The push rod 19A of the lifting magnet 19 is here only schematically indicated, with the arm 13B of the angle lever 13 being shown separate from the lever arm 14A for simplification of the illustration. Also the remaining mechanical parts are only schematically shown, but are provided with the same reference numerals as in FIG. 1.
The generator G, which is driven by the motor of the saw, delivers by way of a Gratz or bridge rectifier (not illustrated) a DC voltage to the output terminals 20 and 21. The individual switches of the key or contact switch 8 each have a contact 8/1 through 8/n, which are all connected in parallel. Only the two contacts 8/1 and 8/n are illustrated in FIG. 2, with the remaining contacts being schematically indicated. A contact 7/1 of the key or contact switch 7, as well as the winding of a relay RU, which has a normally closed contact ru, are in series with this contact arrangement. If the contact 7/1 and at least one of the contacts 8/1 through 8/n are closed, no current can flow from the generator G through the winding of the lifting magnet 19, because the normally closed contact ru of the relay RU is then open. FIG. 2 shows the condition of the switch arrangement for the situation when the contacts 8/1 through 8/n and/or the contacts 7/1 have been opened, i.e. when one or both of the handles 2 or 3 have been released. The normally closed contact ru of the relay RU is then in the illustrated position, and current flows from the generator G through the winding of the lifting magnet 19, so that the push rod 19A is drawn in and takes along the lever 13B of the angle lever 13 in the direction of the arrow B2 (see FIG. 1). Consequently, the knee lever 13A, 14 can be pushed through downwardly, beyond its extended position, whereby the joint 14A pivots downwardly, so that the tension spring 11 can pivot the angle lever 12, and the brake band 10 is pulled taut around the brake drum 5.
In order to release the brake, the contact 7/1 and at least one of the contacts 8/1 through 8/n must be closed, i.e. both handles must again be grasped. As a result, the contact ru of the relay RU abruptly reverses, thereby completing a circuit from the generator G through the drive motor M of the threaded spindle 18. In this circuit is located the contact e3 of the switch E3, which while drawing-up the brake was closed by the lever arm 12B of the angle lever 12. The current from the generator G flows through this contact, a normally closed contact rs1 of a relay RS, a normally closed contact re1 of a relay RE, the winding of the motor M, and back through a second normally closed contact re2 of the relay RE to the generator G. After the motor M has started, the adjusting nut 17 moves in the direction toward the motor M, and the actuating member E1/1 of the adjusting nut leaves the limit switch E1, the contact e1 of which is consequently closed. Since the adjusting nut 17 pivots the lever 16, the previously clockwise pivoted lever arm 13A of the angle lever 13 is taken along by the pin 16A of the lever 16, so that the angle lever 12 is pivoted back or returned against the force of the tension spring 11, and the contact e3 of the limit switch E3 is opened. The current flows further through the now closed contact e1, so that the motor M continues to run. The angle lever 12 is increasingly pivoted, and the spring 11 is tensioned. As soon as the actuating member E2/2 reaches the limit switch E2, the working or operating contact e2 thereof is closed, and current flows through the relay RE. Both contacts re1 and re2 of this relay RE accordingly shift, so that the current direction through the motor M, and hence the direction of rotation thereof, is reversed. At the moment of rotational reversal, the stop (basically 12, 13 and 14) has again reached the starting position illustrated in FIG. 1, and the lever 16 is now returned by the adjusting nut 17. When the actuating member E1/1 reaches the limit switch E1, the contact e1 thereof is opened, so that no current can any longer flow through the motor M, which is consequently brought to a standstill. Simultaneously the operating contact e2 is opened by the actuating member E2/1 of the nut 17.
Since the brake can also be actuated by the described relative movement of the protective guard 9, it is necessary to assure that the resetting device in this situation does not start automatically when the handles are still grasped, i.e. when the switches 7 and 8 are actuated. Since the limit switch E3 is also closed upon actuation of the brake by means of the protective guard 9, the resetting device would then be actuated. In order to preclude this from happening, the switch S is provided, which is actuated, during pivoting of the protective guard 9, by the arm S1 thereof. As a result, the contact s of this switch S is closed, and current flows from the generator G through the relay RS, the normally closed contacts rs1 and rs2 of which are then opened. The contact rs2 is a holding contact, by means of which the relay RS is held in the actuated position, even when the switch S is opened again during return pivoting of the protective guard 9. The motor M accordingly cannot receive any current so long as the contact rs1 of the relay RS remains open. To release the brake again, it is sufficient to briefly release one of the handles, so that the relay RU reverses, whereby the holding circuit of the relay RS is interrupted. When the handle is again grasped, the relay RU again reverses, and the resetting procedure occurs as described.
The arrangement of the key or contact switches thus makes possible the automatic braking of the drive of the saw chain by releasing one of the handles, and also permits the combination thereof with the protective guard 9, which by its mass inertia releases the brake during kick-back of the saw. The resetting device can be made effective or actuated in a simple manner, regardless of whether braking has occurred by releasing one of the handles, or solely as a result of kick-back and the mass inertia of the guard. The arrangement of the contact switches in the handles assures that the saw chain can only be driven when both handles are actually grasped. In this connection, the arrangement of several individual contact switches electrically in parallel on the upper handle 2 is especially expedient, because the user of the saw is consequently not bound to any particular position of the hand in relation to the handle 2. For the handle 3, a single contact switch suffices, since the throttle-locking lever 3B must be actuated in any event to operate the saw, i.e. to this extent a particular hand position is necessary. It would however also be possible to provide a similar series arrangement of contact switches on the handle 3.
The present invention is, of course, in no way restricted to the specific disclosure of the specification and drawings, but also encompasses any modifications within the scope of the appended claims.
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|U.S. Classification||30/381, 30/382|
|International Classification||B27B17/08, B27G19/06, F16P3/20, B27B17/00|
|Cooperative Classification||F16D49/08, B27B17/083, B27B17/0008, F16P3/20|
|European Classification||B27B17/08B, F16P3/20, B27B17/00B, F16D49/08|
|Oct 27, 1981||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: STIHL, ANDREAS, BADSTRASSE 115, 7050 WAIBLINGEN, G
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:KOHLER, GISBERT;WEISS, HERMANN;LANDWEHR, GOTZ;REEL/FRAME:003940/0717
Effective date: 19811015
Owner name: ANDREAS STIHL, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KOHLER, GISBERT;WEISS, HERMANN;LANDWEHR, GOTZ;REEL/FRAME:003940/0717
Effective date: 19811015
|Jul 17, 1984||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Jul 27, 1987||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Sep 24, 1991||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Feb 23, 1992||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Apr 28, 1992||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19920223