Safety device for vulcanizing apparatus
US 443873 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. B. SNOW. SAFETY DEVICE FOR VULOANIZING APPARATUS.
Patented Dec. 30
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICEe GEORGE E. SNOW', OF BUFFALO, NElV YORK.
SAFETY DEVICE FOR VULCANIZING APPARATUS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 443,873, dated December 30,1890.
Application filed October 13, 1890' Serial No. 367,998. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE B. SNOW, a citizen of the United States, residing at Buffalo, in the county of Erie and State of New York, haveinvented new and useful Improvements in Safety Devices for Vulcanizing Apparatus, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to that type of safety devices for dental vulcanizin g apparatus wherein a thin copper disk is secured on the end of a tubular stud by a screw-cap, a brass washer being placed between the screw-capv and the copper disk to determine the amount of exposure of the disk, the construction being such that when the tubular stud is attached to the vulcanizer the steam presses upon the lower side of the copper disk, and if the steam-pressure is allowed to become excessive the disk is ruptured or gives way and relieves the pressure. The prior construction is reliable if properly manipulated, but has been found objectionable, in that some dentists so operate the safety device that instead of the copper disk remaining intact until there is an excessive pressure of steam, such disk, by being injured in its application to the stud and screw-cap, is rupturedor gives way at or near the vulcanizing-point and so m etimes below such point. The injury to the copper disk arises mainly from two causes: first, the dentist sometimes adjusts the screwcap so tightly in place that the brass washer is forced slightly into the end of the stud, thereby forming a shoulder which, though almost imperceptible, is sufficient to part-lyshear or cut the thin copper disk, in consequence of which the latter is so weakened that it is incapable of withstanding the full steampressure required for vulcanization; second, the copper disk when subjected to steampressnre is bulged upwardly or outwardly, thereby forming a cavityor chamber between it and the end of the stud, into which a deposit forms, which, if not removed when the disk is renewed, has the same effect as the shoulder above mentioned, in that it strains the disk, and hence the latter will not withstand the required steam-pressure. These objections are so annoying that dentists sometimes plug up the safety device, and consequently, if the vulcanizer is overheated there is great danger of explosion. I have after many experiments found that the objection is overcome by the employment of a metallic ring, preferably of soft copper, placed on the face of the tubular stud beneath the disk and having a hole or orifice greater in diameter than the holefor orifice in the brass washer, which is placed above the copper disk, thereby preventing injury to such disk, as the latter is hard-rolled, whilethe copperringaspfsoft metal and cons eqfientlyyields to the pressure to protect the copper disk against injury.
lllyfnvention is'illustratecl"in"the accompanying drawings, in which a Figure 1 shows a vertical central sectional view of the safetydevice on an enlarged scale. Fig. 2 shows a detail perspective view of the brass washer, thehard-rolled copper disk, and the soft-copper ring.
In order to enable those skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I willnow describe the same in detail, referring to the drawings, wherein The numeral 1 indicates a tubular stud having externally-screw-threaded end portions 2 and 3 and an angular head 4 for the purpose of screwing the end portions 3into the vulcanizing apparatus, as is the usual practice with this type of safety devices. The internally-screw-threaded cap or nut 5 is adapted to screw upon the end portion 2 of the stud, and is provided with a central orifice 6. The extremity of the end portion 2 is perfectly flat and upon the same is arranged a metallic ring 7, and upon this ring rests the thin cop per disk 8, which is adapted to be ruptured or give way when the steam-pressure becomes excessive.
The brass washer 9 rests upon the upper side of the thin copper disk and the screw cap or nut presses upon such brass washer in such a manner that when the nut or cap is'screwed into proper position it serves to clamp the brass Washer, the thin copper disk, and the metallic ring over the fiat extremity of the end portion 2 of the tubular stud, copper disk is hard-rolled, and the ring, made of copper, is comparatively soft, and consequently in placing the parts together the soft copper ring yields to pressure and prevents any injury to the copper disk. The orifice or The thin- IOO hole through the copper ring is of greater diameter than the orifice or hole through the brass washer.
I have found in actual practice that the employment of the soft-copper ring effectually protects the copper disk from injury and entirely avoids the liability of the copper disk being ruptured or giving way at or below the yuicanizing-point.
By inserting the metallic ring between the flat end of the tubular stud and the copper disk the two are kept from contact, and if the face of the stud should be untrue from any cause asteam-tight joint is produced without injury to the disk. The ring, if of soft copper, is not likely to injure the face of either the stud or the brass washer, sinceityields to the pressure of screwing on the screw-cap and in sures a tight joint. To effect the best results the hole or orifice of the ring should be greater in diameter than that of the brass washer, for if the two holes or orifices were of the same size or if that in the ring were smallest, the
ring in yielding to pressure would have its inner edge forced into the orifice in the brass washer, and therefore the interposed copper disk would be strained and sheared, thus rendering it incapable of withstanding the re quired steam-pressure.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is A safety device for vulcanizing apparatus, consisting of a screw-threaded tubular stud, a metallic ring resting on the upper extremity of the stud, a disk resting on the ring, a metallic washer above the disk, and the rctaining nut or cap, said ring having its orifice or hole of greater diameter than the orifice or hole in the metallic washer, substantially as and for the purpose described.
In testimony whereof I have aifixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.
GEORGE E. SNOW.
SAMUEL M. WELon, J 1-,, JOHN E. Home.