US 445011 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) 'Y
1v1. J. CUNNINGHAM.
No. 1145.011. Patented Jan. 20, 1891.
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UNITED, STATES PATENT OEEICE.
MARY J. CUNNINGHAM, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 445,011, dated January 20, 1891.
Application tiled May 29, 1890. Serial No. 353,653. (No model.)
1'0 @ZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that LMAEY J. CUNNINGHAM, a subject of the Queen of Great Britain, but at present residing;` at Boston, county of Suffolk, State of Massachusetts, have invented an Improvement in Bed-Pan Cushions, of which the following` description, in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a specilication, like letters on the drawings representing` like parts.
This invention has for its object the production of a novel cushion for the usual porcelain bed-pan,wl1ereby the latter is made more comfortable and useful for the patient.
The cushion made in accordance with my invention is composed of a foundation to underlie the pan and a double-walled pad at one end thereof to cover the Wedgeshaped nose of the bed-pan up to the usual opening therein. This pocket forms a bag for the reception of a Huid, such as air or water, either hot or cold, as considered best for the patient. The foundation-layer is large enough to extend under the bed-pan and backwardly beyond the opening` in the top of the pan, to thereby form a protection for the bedclothing. Preferably the foundation will be longer than the pan.
Figure I is a top or plan view of a bed-pan with my improved cushion thereon in place; and Fig. 2, a section of the saine in the dotted line w, Fig. l, the bed-pan being shown in elevation.
thereby fully protect the same. From at or about the points b I have connected to the foundation a pad or pocket C, composed of the double walls c c', so joined together asto leave a space c2, which may be filled through the tube c3 with a Huid, such as air or hot or cold water, as may be desired. The tube c5 has a suitable screw or other stopper c4.
The pad is of such length as to cover the wedge-shaped upper side of the nose of the pan to or nearly to the edge2 of the opening A2, the cushion, constructed as described, being crowded closer and closer to the pan by the act of pushing thepan under the patient.
The extension of the pad entirely about the opening A2 would make it harder to insert the pan under the patient; but by stoppingr the pad at or about the point described it acts as a cushion for the Wedge-shaped nose up to the point 2, leaving the Walls of the opening free to Contact directly With the patient, Which tends to cleanliness and lessens the liability of accident to bedding.
I claim- The hereindescribed bed-pan cushion, oonsisting of a double-walled pad and a foundation-layer B, the said pad being large enough to cover the wedgeshaped nose of the pan and form a yielding cushion over the said nose, the foundation extending backwardly beyond the opening in the top of the pan to support the lower side of the pan, as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
MARY J. CUNNINGHAM.
E. GEETEUDE ROBINSON, FRANCIS LAEKIN, Jr.