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Publication numberUS4457261 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 06/371,853
Publication dateJul 3, 1984
Filing dateApr 26, 1982
Priority dateApr 26, 1982
Fee statusLapsed
Publication number06371853, 371853, US 4457261 A, US 4457261A, US-A-4457261, US4457261 A, US4457261A
InventorsTina Marshall
Original AssigneeBruce Marshall, Tina Marshall
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Mittens for canines
US 4457261 A
Abstract
Mittens for canines are made of light-weight, waterproof, flexible latex material and taper-off gradually near the bottom whereby the top of the mitten has a self gripping material to secure the top to the canine's leg.
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Claims(7)
I claim:
1. A mitten for canines which comprises a tube tapered-off at least near the closed bottom and having attached around the open top a strip of self-gripping material capable of securing said top to the canine, said tube being made of a light-weight, waterproof, flexible latex material having a soft inside surface and an anti-slip outside surface, substantially the entire outside of the latex material having said anti-slip surface.
2. A mitten according to claim 1, wherein said latex material has a thickness of less than 0.02 inch.
3. A mitten according to claim 1, wherein the periphery of the open top is about the same length as the periphery of the dog's paw when the dog is standing.
4. A mitten according to claim 1, wherein said tube has a length such that said strip of self-gripping material can be fastened on a dog's leg at a point just up to and under the carpus of the dog's leg.
5. A process for preparing a mitten for canines which comprises folding a rectangular piece of flexible, latex material having a soft inside and an anti-slip outside at about the middle of the length of the material attaching the sides to each other to form a tube having at least near the bottom a tapered form and attaching to the open top around its periphery a strip of self-gripping material whereby the length of the strip is larger than the periphery of said open top.
6. A process according to claim 5, wherein the sides are attached to each other by stitching.
7. A process for preparing a mitten for canines which comprises molding a latex material into a tube having at least near the bottom a tapered form, said material having a soft inside and an anti-slip outside and being flexible in nature, and attaching to the open top of the tube around its periphery a strip of self-gripping material whereby the length of the strip is longer than the periphery of said open top.
Description
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to protective wear for the paws of canines to protect them from cold weather, ice, snow, and slush, and salt spread on the streets and sidewalks to thaw snow and ice.

During the winter, dogs and other canines suffer from the weather in the form of cold, ice, snow, and slush, and from salt spread in the streets and on the sidewalks. The salt is a particular problem since it burns and irritates the paws and causes irritation of the stomach when licked off by the dog.

On the market are dog boots made of a plastic waterproof material. The disadvantage of these boots is that they are not designed to fit on the paws, and instead resemble children's boots having a flat bottom. The material used is too stiff and as a result the boots are uncomfortable and non-conforming to the paws. They hinder the natural walk of the animal. The boots are fastened by way of a rubber band on a button which is led around the paw and fastened on said button or by a snap button. In practice, the boots do not stay on for any considerably length of time.

Cantales U.S. Pat. No. 3,762,073 granted Oct. 2, 1973 uses flexible material for the manufacture of canines' boots. A particular shape of the boots to conform to the dog's legs is required so excluding the use of very flexible material and a non-slid sole is adhesively secured or heat sealed to the surface of the plastic flexible material. The boots are secured to the dog's legs by adjustable securing means which may be adhesive tabs.

According to this invention mittens are provided which are made of light-weight, waterproof, flexible latex material having a velvet-soft inside and anti-slip outside, shaped in an at least near the bottom gradually tapered-off form and having attached around the open top a self-gripping material capable of securing said top around a canine's leg.

The present mittens during use stay on the paws of the animal without being uncomfortably tight on the legs so allowing for a natural walk and free blood circulation. The dog feels comfortable and unhindered in her movements as though the mittens were a natural part of her paws.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIGS. 1 and 2 are side views of a mitten according to this invention.

FIG. 1 shows the mitten in closed form while secured to the dog's paw or leg.

FIG. 2 shows the mitten in open form.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The material from which the mittens according to this invention are made is a light-weight, flexible latex material having a non-slip grip on the outside (4) and a velvet-soft inside (5). This material is commercially available, e.g. it is used for the manufacture of Baltex (registered Trade Mark) latex gloves. Not any material is useful and the success of the present invention is a result at least of the fact that the latex material used is sufficiently flexible to bend and ply with the paws' movements. The material is generally less than 0.02 inch thick. Nevertheless, this material is strong enough to withstand the wear and tear of walking in the winter streets. The anti-slip outside prevents the dog from slipping on ice or snow. It is to be understood that at least the part under the bottom of the paw must be anti-slip, although the entire outside of the mitten may have the anti-slip surface.

The mittens may be made from the latex material by cutting a rectangular piece the width of which is about the same as the width of the dog's paws (one paw of a dog may be wider than another) when the dog is standing. The piece is folded in about the middle of the long side of the rectangular, such that the non-slip grip is on the outside under the paw (1) and the sides are folded in slightly so as to cause a tapering off at least at the bottom so as to avoid rectangular corners as illustrated in the figures. The sides are attached to each other, for instance by stitching them together. The periphery of the open top after the sides are attached to each other is about the same length as the periphery of the dog's paw when the dog is standing. There is no stitching at the bottom so that the dog does not have to feel any seam under her paws.

Alternatively, the mitten may be made from a seamless latex tube of the shape described above.

The invention uses a self-gripping material (3) fastened at the open top (2) of the mitten to secure the mitten to the dog's paws or legs. This material does not cut off blood circulation and can be closed and opened in one easy movement. The material is available commercially e.g. under the name Velcro (registered Trade Mark). This material avoids the need for buttons, elastic bands or drawstrings and was found to be sufficiently gripping to prevent slipping off during use. No or a negligible amount of water was found seeping in from the top when the dog walked through deep puddles. The material is available in long strips.

Such strip is attached to the top of the mitten, by any means e.g. by stitching or use of adhesive around the entire open top. The strip is longer than the periphery of the top and the loose strip remaining after attachment to the top is used to fasten the top to the dog's leg by leading the loose strip tightly around the leg and having the attached, e.g. stitched, strip press down on the loose strip in a gripping movement whereby the strips grip each other without slipping as shown in FIG. 2.

The mittens can be easily cleaned after use and dried. They take little space and can be brought along and put on the dog when necessary during an outdoors walk.

The point of fastening on the dog's leg is generally just up to and under the carpus which is just behind the back of the ankle of a dog. The mittens can of course be made in different sizes of width and length and the purchaser will select the correct size according to the width of the dog's paws and the height of the carpus.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2443831 *Apr 22, 1947Jun 22, 1948Miller Lucille AProtective garment for animals
US3747565 *Nov 23, 1971Jul 24, 1973Kellam AArticle of animal apparel
US3762073 *Apr 18, 1972Oct 2, 1973P CantalesDisposable plastic leggings for dogs
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4543911 *Jun 25, 1984Oct 1, 1985Bruce MarshallMittens for canines
US4884526 *Nov 5, 1987Dec 5, 1989Giannakopoulos Cidell MDisposable kitty litter box and bag combination
US5327851 *May 24, 1993Jul 12, 1994Pare Stephen FAnimal sleeping bag
US5406722 *Aug 25, 1994Apr 18, 1995Jones; E. LynnEMU shoe
US5452685 *Mar 18, 1994Sep 26, 1995Thomas; PeggyDog booties
US6186097 *Sep 8, 1998Feb 13, 2001Sandra BrockmannProtection shoe for the paw of a dog
US6470832Feb 13, 2001Oct 29, 2002Charlton PeacockAnimal boots
US7971557Nov 2, 2004Jul 5, 2011Paxton Stephen EDog boot
US8360012Apr 20, 2011Jan 29, 2013Pawz Dog Boots LlcDisposable, protective canine sock/boot requiring no fasteners
US8794191Dec 18, 2012Aug 5, 2014Pawz Dog Boots LlcDisposable, protective canine sock/boot requiring no fasteners
US9629336Nov 22, 2016Apr 25, 2017Stephen E. PaxtonDog boot
US20030164145 *Jan 24, 2003Sep 4, 2003Julie St. JohnBootie/paws
US20050092260 *Nov 2, 2004May 5, 2005Paxton Stephen E.Dog boot
US20070074677 *Nov 8, 2005Apr 5, 2007Behme Richard HKit for protecting dog leg
US20070089691 *Oct 25, 2005Apr 26, 2007Hendy Jacqueline JFoot covering for animals
US20070271681 *May 21, 2007Nov 29, 2007Nancy HeislerVentilated non-slip sleeve and methods for making and using same
US20090229538 *Nov 13, 2006Sep 17, 2009Pawz Dog Boots LlcDisposable, Protective Canine Sock/Boot Requiring No Fasteners
US20090266310 *Jul 10, 2009Oct 29, 2009Behme Richard HKit for protecting dog leg
EP1947931A1 *Nov 13, 2006Jul 30, 2008Michael C. FriedlandDisposable, protective canine sock/boot requiring no fasteners
EP1947931A4 *Nov 13, 2006Aug 3, 2011Michael C FriedlandDisposable, protective canine sock/boot requiring no fasteners
WO1986000199A1 *Jun 25, 1984Jan 16, 1986Marshall, BruceMittens for canines
Classifications
U.S. Classification54/82, D30/145, 36/111
International ClassificationA61D9/00, A01K13/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61D9/00, A01K13/007
European ClassificationA01K13/00H1, A61D9/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 16, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: MARSHALL, BRUCE 144-19 38TH AVE., FLUSHING, NY 113
Free format text: ASSIGNS TO ASSIGNEE AN 1/2 INTEREST EACH;ASSIGNOR:MARSHALL, TINA;REEL/FRAME:004244/0338
Effective date: 19840409
Owner name: MARSHALL, TINA, 144-19 38TH AVE., FLUSHING, NY 113
Free format text: ASSIGNS TO ASSIGNEE AN 1/2 INTEREST EACH;ASSIGNOR:MARSHALL, TINA;REEL/FRAME:004244/0338
Effective date: 19840409
Jan 4, 1988FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Dec 13, 1991FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Feb 6, 1996REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Jun 30, 1996LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Sep 10, 1996FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 19960703