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Publication numberUS445755 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 3, 1891
Filing dateOct 27, 1890
Publication numberUS 445755 A, US 445755A, US-A-445755, US445755 A, US445755A
InventorsWilliam C. King
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bottle-lock
US 445755 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)

w. 0'. KING. BOTTLE LOCK.

No. 445,755. Patented Febf3, 1891.

INVENTOR,

WlTNESSES:

UNITED STATES PATENT OEEIcE.

WILLIAM G. KING, OF IITTSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA.

BOTTLE7LOCK.'

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 445,? 55, dated February 3, 1891.

Application filed October 27, 1890. Serial No. 369,409. (No model.)

To a whom it may concern.-

l'le it known that I, \VILLIAM C. KIN G, a citizen of the United States, residing at Pittsburg, in the county of Alleghenyand State of Pennsylvania, have invented or discovered certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Locks, of which improvements the following is a specification.

The invention described herein relates to certain improvei'nents in locks for bottlestoppers, and has for its object a construction capable of automatically locking itself on the bottle, and wherein the locking mechanism is so entirely protected as to prevent its being disengaged, except by a properlyconstruoted key.

In general terms the invention consists in the construction and combination of mechanical devices or elements, all as more fully hereinafter described and claimed.

In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, Figure 1 is a sectional elevation of my improved lock-stopper applied to a bottle. Fig. 2 is a plan view, the top plate being removed. Fig. is a plan view of the cap, the locking devices being removed. Fig. l is a perspective view of the guide-box for the locking devices. Fig. 5 is a similar view of one of the catches. Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the key. Figs. '7, S, 10, 11, and 12 are views similar to Figs. 1, 2, 4, 5, and G of a modified structure; and Fig. 9 is a sectional view on the line a: as, Fig. 7.

The locking mechanism is arranged on and partially inclosed by a shell 1, constructed to fit over the top of the bottle, its lower edge resting 011 a shoulder 2, formed on the neck of the bottle, as shown in Figs. 1 and 7. In the top of the shell are formed openings 3, through which project the arms at of thelocking-plates. The arms 5 of said plates, being bent to an angle to the arms i, project radially toward each other and lie approximately parallel with the top of the shell, as shown in Fig. 1.

In the construction illustrated in Figs. 1 to 5, inclusive, trunnions 6 are formed at the junction of the arms 4 and 5, said trnnnions being journaled in the holes 7, formed in the sides of the box 8, fitting over the arms 5 and secured to the top of the shell by means of pins 5), fitting in suitable holes 10 in the top of the shell, as shown in Figs. and 4. At their ends the arms at are provided with inwardly-projecting hooks 11, adapted to engage a peripheral shoulder 12, formed on the neck of the bottle. The locking-plates are normally held in such position that the hooks 11 will engage the shoulder 12, when the shell is placed on the bottle, by a spring 13, se cured at its middle point to the top of the, shell and having its ends bent upwardly and bearing against the under side of the arms 5, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3. In order to release'the shell, a key 14:, provided with laterally-projecting lugs 15 and with an opening in its stem, is passed down through a slot 16 in the box-8, and then rotated on the centering-pin 17 The lugs 15, which are slightly beveled on their under sides, engage the correspondingly beveled or inclined surfaces 18" at the inner ends of the arms 5, thereby depressing such ends and shifting the hooks out of engagement with the shoulder 12.

In lieu of pivoting the locking-plates, as described, they may be made to slide radially in and out, as shown in Figs. 7, 8, and 9. In such a construction the arms 5 of the locking-plates rest upon the top of the shell and are held and guided by the ends of the box 8, said ends being notched, as shown in Fig. 10, to fit upon and around the arms 5. The plates are moved inwardly, so that the hooks 11 may engage the shoulder 12 by springs 13, as shown in Fig. 9. These springs have one of their ends attached to pins 20, while the other ends bear against pins 21, and the cen- V ter portions bear against toes 22, formed on the inner ends of the arms 5. \Vhen employing such a construction, the lugs on the key bear against the toes 22, thereby forcing the plates outwardly against the tension of the springs 13.

In order to prevent the key from turning so far as to move out of engagement with the ends of the arms 5, thereby permitting the hooks 11 to again engage the shoulder 12, a portion of the top of the box is forced hi wardly, thereby forming a stop 23 in the line of movement of the key.

A cap 24: is secured on the top of the shell, entirely inclosing the portions of the locking mechanism projecting above the shell. In the cap is formed a slot 2.5 for the passage of the key, said slot being similar to the slot 16 in the box 8. If desired, the cap 24 may be so constructed that its top shall stand at a distance from the top of the box equal to the Width of the lugs 15 of the key, and in such case the slots 16 and 25 may be arranged at an angle to each other, so that the key after passing through the slot 25 must be given a partial rotation before it can pass th rough the slot 16.

A stopper 26, formed of rubber or any other suitable material, may be sccu red within the shell, as shown in Figs. 1 and 7. The stopper may be secured to a downward extension of the centering-pin 17, such extension being provided with a head or enlargement, as shown.

I claim herein as my invention 1. A bottle-lock having in combination a shell adapted to fit the top of the bottle, movable locking-plates mounted on the shell and provided with hooks constructed to pass outside the bottle-neck and engage an external shoulder thereon, and a spring for holding the plates in such position that the hooks will automatically engage said shoulder, substantially as set forth.

A bottle-lock having in combination a shell adapted to fit over the top of the bottle, movable loekingrplates consisting of arms arranged at an angle to each other,-the arms 4 of each plate projecting down into the shell and provided with hooks, the arms 5 extending radially over the top of the shell, a spring engaging the arms 5, and a key adapted to engage and shift the movable plates so as to move the hooked ends outwardly, substantially as set forth.

3.v A bottle-lock having in combination a shell adapted to fit over the top of the bottle,

movable locking-plates, consisting of arms 4 and 5, arranged at an angle to each other, the arms 4 projecting down into the shell and provided with hooks, the other arms 5 extending radially toward each other, a spring for holding the hooked ends of the plates in wardly, a box arranged over thearms 5 and provided with a key hole or slot, and a key for engaging the inner ends of the arms and moving the hooked ends of the plates outwardly, substantially as set forth.

4. In a bottle-lock, the combination of a shell adapted to fit over the top of the bottle, movable locking-plates mounted on the shell and provided with hooks adapted to engage a shoulder on the bottle, a spring for shifting said plates, a box provided with a key hole or slot arranged over the inner ends of the movable plates, a cap provided with a keyhole secured to the shell over the box, and a key for shifting the plates against the tension of :the spring, substantially as set forth.

5. The combination of a bottle having shoulders 2 and 12 .on its neck with a shell fitting over the top of the bottle, its lower edge resting on the shoulder 2, movable locking-plates mounted on the shell and provided with hooks for engaging the shoulder 12, a spring for shifting the plates so as to cause the hooks to engage said shoulder, a cap provided with a key-hole secured to the top of the shell, and a stopper fitting within the bottle and attached to the shell, substantially as set forth.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.

R. 1'1. WHITTLEsEY, DARWIN S. WoLoorr.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5586670 *Nov 6, 1995Dec 24, 1996Greenwald; KennethBottle security system
US5602530 *Mar 11, 1994Feb 11, 1997Mw International Ltd.Anti-theft device for bottles
US6604643Jun 23, 1999Aug 12, 2003Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US6612455 *Jan 9, 2002Sep 2, 2003Joseph M. ByrneCap lock assembly and system
US6769557 *Jan 9, 2003Aug 3, 2004Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US6912878Feb 24, 2003Jul 5, 2005Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US7004340Jul 25, 2003Feb 28, 2006Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US7007523Feb 17, 2005Mar 7, 2006Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US7100783May 20, 2005Sep 5, 2006Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US7100784May 20, 2005Sep 5, 2006Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US7350652Oct 7, 2005Apr 1, 2008Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Bottle security device
US7350653Oct 7, 2005Apr 1, 2008Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Bottle security device
US7350654Oct 7, 2005Apr 1, 2008Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Bottle security device
US7350655Oct 7, 2005Apr 1, 2008Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Bottle security device
US7866497Dec 12, 2007Jan 11, 2011Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Bottle security device
US20030102279 *Jan 9, 2003Jun 5, 2003Michael Robert L.Bottle security device
US20050017865 *Jul 25, 2003Jan 27, 2005Belden Dennis D.Bottle security device
US20050097931 *Nov 10, 2003May 12, 2005Miller Alan L.Drink locking unit
US20050144992 *Feb 17, 2005Jul 7, 2005Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US20050205510 *May 20, 2005Sep 22, 2005Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US20060027519 *Oct 7, 2005Feb 9, 2006Belden Dennis D JrBottle security device
US20060027520 *Oct 7, 2005Feb 9, 2006Belden Dennis D JrBottle security device
US20060043049 *Oct 7, 2005Mar 2, 2006Belden Dennis D JrBottle security device
US20090152230 *Dec 12, 2007Jun 18, 2009Belden Jr Dennis DBottle security device
US20090212001 *Feb 21, 2008Aug 27, 2009Mary ClementeJurado cap assembly
USD779636Mar 10, 2016Feb 21, 2017Matthew GrossOne-way valve cap
USD779637Mar 18, 2016Feb 21, 2017Matthew GrossOne-way valve cap
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB65D55/14