US 446354 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. H. KANE.
410,446,354. Patent-ed Peb. 10,1891.
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UNrrnD STATEs ATENT OFFICE..
JOHN HENRY KANE, OF NORTH ADAMS, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part f Letters Patent No. 446,354, dated February 10, 1891.
Application filed September l2, 1890. Serial No. 364,715. (No model.)
T0 all wiz/mn it may concern:
Be it known that L'JOHN HENRY KANE, a citizen of the United States, residing at North Adams, in the county'of Berkshire and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bicycles; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as willenable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
Myinvention relates to an improvement in bicycles; and the object of my improvement is to provide a bicycle constructed and arranged with a view of applying practically a bevel-gear propelling mechanism to same. I attain this object by a certain combination and novel arrangement of parts, fully described in this specification, and particularly pointed out in the claim,
Figure 1 is a side view of my invention. is a similar view. with parts lbroken away, so as to more fully illustrate my imv.it
provement. Fig. is a detail view of the bevel-gearing located at the base of the backbone.
Referring to the drawings, the letter G represents the driving-wheel of my machine mounted upon the axle H, which has bearin gs in the center of the forks'K L M, by means of which said wheel is securely held in its normal position. This wheel is partly su rrounded by a mud-guard N, which is secured to the backbone or frame of the machine and rigidly held in position by said forks. The wheel G is provided with a neat and iinely-constructed bevel-wheel F, preferably made of the best of steel, which constitutes the hub or a part of said driving-wheel. Said driving-Wheel is connected to the steering-wheel O by the forks K L R and the backbone P. Said backbone constitutes a part of the fork K, and is secured to the forks L and R in any suitable way atl and 0'. The fork K and the backbone P are preferably cast in the same piece. They may, however, be constructed in separate pieces and connected in any desirable mechanical way. The mud-guard N of the backbone P is provided at the intersection of said mud-guard with said backbone with a journal box or bearngl, through which passes,
and in which is located, one end of the horizontal shaft D. The other end of this shaft has bearing J, which is constructed upon the inner side of one of the prongs of the fork K and constitutes a part of same. This (I mean the provision of these bearings and the relative arrangement of same with regard to the horizontal shaft D, Working practically and effectually therein) constitutes one of the novel and valuable features of my invention. It is especially valuable because said bearings are strong and hold the shaft D in its true line and keep the same from twisting and getting out of place in the slightest possible manner, either of which Would render the machine much less elfective in operation. The horizontal shaft D is made of the best steel and constructed with the small neat bevel-wheels C and E upon each end, which correspond to the bevel-wheel A of the crank B and the bevel-wheel F of the drivingwheel G. i
B indicates the propelling-crank of the machine, and has bearings XV at the base of the fork of the backbone P. Upon one end of this propelling crank there is rigidly secured the bevel-wheel A, which is adapted to4 the bevel-wheel C of the horizontal shaft D.
T designates the mud-guard of the steering-wheel, which prevents mud from being thrown upon the bevel-gearing. This mudguard is secured by the fork U and the frame or backbone of the machine.
Such being the construction and arrangement of my bicycle, it Will be readily observed that the propelling-crank B imparts motion to the horizontal shaft D by means of the bevel-gear A O, which in turn communicafes motion to the driving-wheel G through the bevel-gear E F.
As it is apparent that my invention is thoroughly practical and effective, I deem it useless further to enlarge upon its merits.
lVhat I claim is- In a bicycle, the combination of the mudguard N, provided with a journal box or bearing I at the intersection of said mud-guard with the backbone P, the backbone P, the fork K, connecting said backbone With the driving-wheel G, the bearings J upon the inner side and near the rear end of the fork K,
the horizontal shaft D, located in said bearings and lnwing the bevel-Wheels C and E upon the ends thereof, the propelling-crank B, having the bearings W ab the base of the fork of the backbone and provided with Ialle bevel-Wheel A, the driving-Wheel G,mnunted upon the axle H in the center of J[he forks K L M, and the steering-Wheel O, all substantally as (lesoribeclkand for the purpose set fol-th. Io
In. testimony whereof I ax my signature in presence of two witnesses.
JOHN HENRY KANE.
Witnesses: HARRY E. BLAKE,