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Publication numberUS446881 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 24, 1891
Filing dateDec 13, 1889
Publication numberUS 446881 A, US 446881A, US-A-446881, US446881 A, US446881A
InventorsGeorge W. Nye
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Alarm bell for grain elevators
US 446881 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) 3 Sheet-Sheet 1.

G. W. NYE. ALARM BELL FOR GRAIN ELEVATORS, &0. No. 446,881. Patented Feb. 24,1891.-

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(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 2.

G. W. NYE.

.wmmr' g (N07 Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet a. G. W. NYE. ALARM BELL FOB GRAIN ELEVATORS, &c.

No. 446,881 Patented Feb. 24, 1891.



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 446,881, dated February 24:, 1891.

Application filed December 13, 1889. Serial No. 333,594. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, GEORGE WV. NYE, acitizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Alarm-Bell for Grain-Elevators, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to improvements in alarm-bells for grain-elevators; and the obect of my improvement is to provide a means for ascertaining the rate of speed of the endless cup-belt of an elevator-leg by mechanism operated by such endless bel In the operation of grain-elevators it frequently happens that the machine becomes clogged with the grain from various causes, and this fact is not immediately discoverable. Th'is clogging causes the elevator-belt bearing the cups or buckets to run too slow and ultimately to stop entirely if the causeis not removed. The purpose of my improve ment is to provide automatic means to give immediate notice of such clogging by the ringing of a bell, either by striking it with a hammer or by the pressure on a button to ioprllplete an electrical circuit and thus ringa I attain the objects of my invention by the mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a side elevation of my device; Fig. 2, a front elevation. Fig. 3 is aside elevation of part of my device. Fig. 4 is a top .view of the bell, hammer, and rotary disk or collar. Figs. 5 and 6 are details of differentshaped disks or collars. Fig. 7 shows. in elevation a rotary disk and device for ringing an electric bell. Fig. 8 is a view of the devices shown in Fig. 7, from the under side thereof.

Similar refer to similar letters parts throughout the several views.

dri ve-wheel.

B through an aperture in the elevator-leg. The box E is held in position by cleats on the inside of the leg. The drive-wheel C bears against the endless belt B at the side opposite the buckets with such force that the endless belt when in motion will rotate the The shaft D of the drive-wheel C extends beyond the frame or box on one side and bears the sheave F, which actuates the endless cord G. This cord is deflected by the idlers h h and passes around the horizontal pulley II, which is rigidly attached at its center to the rotating vertical shaft I. I The shaft I is supported in suitable hearings onthe box E. Rigidly fastened to the top of the shaft 1 and rotating with-it is the cross piece j, to each end of which is hinged one of the two armsJ J, each having at the end thereof a ball I) of point of attachment of the arms J J to the cross-piecej two rods J J are hinged at one end each to one of the arms J J at a point distant from/the cross-piecej about one-third the distance between the said cross-piece and the balls. At their other end the rods J J are hinged to the lugs e e on the disk or collar K. The disk or collar K is feathered upon the vertical shaft I and rotates with it, but is free to move vertically on said shaft. The disk or collar K is shaped so as to have projections K on its periphery, which projections may be varied in shape and arrangement, as shown in Figs. 4, 5, and 6.

L is a bell of suitable size, supported upon a standard L.

M is a hammer upon the outer end of the lever M. This leverM is pivotallysupported upon the standard M At the end of the lever lWI' remote from the bell is rigidly attached the arm N, which extends far enough toward the disk or collar K to engage with the projections on the periphery of the said disk or collar as said disk or collar rotates with the shaft I.

O is a spiral spring extending from the standard L and fastened to the lever M by a lug or otherwise in such manner as to hold hammer M close to the bell L.

In operation the endless belt in the elevator-leg communicates motion to the drivesuitable weight. Between the bal s and the wheel C, which actuates the rotating vertical shaft 1 through the sheave F, cord (Q, and horizontal pulley II.

The device is so adjusted that when the elevator is properly working the speed with which the shaft I is rotated causes the balls 1) by centrifugal force to spread the arms J .l, and thus lift the rotating disk by the rods .l J, so that the projections on the disk or collar will not engage the arm N; but when the elevator-leg begins to be clogged the speed of the endless belt I is necessarily diminished, and with it also the speed of the rotating shaft I. This diminution of speed suffers the balls I) b to drop somewhat, thus lowering the disk or collar K until one of the projections thereon engages the arm N. This will cause the hammer M to be thrown away from the bell L, and the further rotation of the disk K will cause the said projections thereon to pass the arm N and release it. The elasticity of the spiral spring 0 will then immediately cause the hammer to strike against the bell. The continued rotation of the disk will thus cause the blows of the hammer against the bell to be repeated in rapid succession, giving immediate notice that the elevator-leg is clogged. The arm N may be slotted at its point of juncture with the lever M, as shown at n, so that the device may be adjusted to indicate different rates of speed. An additional arm N may be fastened to the top of the arm N, so as to enable the device to register two different rates of speed. The disks or collars also maybe of various shapes at their periphery, so as to give different kinds of alarms, so that where two or more elevator-legs are operated in proximity to each other disks or collars having projections differently shaped or arranged on each disk or collar may be employed in the different legs, and the leg which is clogged may be readily discovered by the kind of alarm produced. My device may also be employed to give signals by operating an electric bell.

To operate an electric bell, the rotating disk K should have a substantially smooth periphery, as shown in Figs. '7 and S. A rod 1 is suspended in suitable hangers Zl, so that it will slide therein. Directly opposite one end of this rod is a button for closing an electrical circuit, and thus sounding an electric bell. At the other end of the rod 1 toward the disk K is attached a yoke sustaining a pivoted roller f. A spiral spring 17 around the rod holds the outer end of the rod 1 away from the button .9, and also holds the rollerfa su ii'icient distance within the periphcry of the disk K. A small transverse pin 6 prevents the rod g from being thrown too far away from the button .9. \Vhen the rate of speed of the elevator-belt B desired to be registered is attained, the periphery of the disk K presses against the roller f, compressing the spiral spring 1'; and pressing the sliding rod g against the button 5, thus closing the electrical circuit and ringing an electric bell. (Not shown.) This latter method of using my device may often be the most convenient, as an electric bell may be located in any desired position, however remote from the disk K, while the bell L must necessarily be in the vicinity of the disk.

\Vhat I claim as new, and desire to sccu re by Letters Patent, is

1. The combination, with an clevator-lcg provided with an opening, of an elevator-belt. running in said leg, a friction drivewhccl extending through said opening and bearing against said belt, a spindle operated from said drive-wheel, a ball-governor on said spindle, and an alarm-bell arranged to be sounded by a rising and falling collar or disk forming part of said governor, whereby the elevatorbelt itself is utilized to sound an alarm when it is not properly working.

2. The combination, with an elevator-leg provided with an opening, of an elevatmr-belt running in said leg, at box or support E, attached to said leg, a drive-wheel (I, suitably journaled in said box orsupport and arranged to project through said opening into contact with said belt, a spindle I, mounted on said box or support and operated from said d rivewheel, a ball-governor on said spindle, and an alarm-bell arranged to be sounded by a rising and falling collar or disk forming part of said governor, substantially as set forth.

An alarm attachment for indicating irregularity in the speed of the endless belt in an elevator-leg, said attach ment consisting of a drive-wheel bearing against and operated by said endless belt and communicating motion through an endless cord and horizontal pulley to a spindle operating a ball-governor having a rising and falling rotary disk or collar with projections thereon, said projections being varied in shape or arrangement to engage with a bell-ringing lever, substantially as described.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4119055 *Jan 14, 1977Oct 10, 1978Ward Industries, Inc.Traction wheel motion sensor
US4259918 *Jun 25, 1979Apr 7, 1981Ward Industries, Inc.Self-cleaning traction wheel motion sensor
Cooperative ClassificationB65G43/04