|Publication number||US4475459 A|
|Application number||US 06/333,458|
|Publication date||Oct 9, 1984|
|Filing date||Dec 22, 1981|
|Priority date||Dec 24, 1980|
|Also published as||DE3049067A1, DE3049067C2|
|Publication number||06333458, 333458, US 4475459 A, US 4475459A, US-A-4475459, US4475459 A, US4475459A|
|Inventors||Johannes Wanke, Kurt Difflipp, Jurgen Ruh|
|Original Assignee||M.A.N.-Roland Druckmaschinen Aktiengesellschaft|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (17), Classifications (6), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The invention relates to sheet-fed rotary printing presses wherein a plate cylinder cooperates with an impression cylinder. More particularly, the invention pertains to sheet-fed rotogravure presses, in which the impression cylinder is provided with grippers for holding individual printed sheets and which are cyclically swiveled into the impression cylinder in such a way that the grippers are totally within the cylinder contour. Specifically, the invention relates to a mechanism having gripper mounting brackets that swivel about a longitudinal axis lying at the leading edge of the cylinder surface.
2. Description of the Prior Art
U.S. Pat. No. 1,535,224 to C. W. Harrold issued Apr. 28, 1925 illustrates the well-known use of grippers, mounted on a rocking gripper shaft that is rocked by a cam follower on a pivot arm secured to the shaft and spring pressed against a cam surface fixed to the machine frame, for gripping individually fed sheets in a rotary printing press.
West German Patent Application No. 1,611,297 published Dec. 10, 1970 discloses a mechanism which rotates the point at which individually fed sheets are gripped about a longitudinal axis lying at the leading edge of the cylinder surface by means of a system of cranks and levers driven by a cam follower following a cam surface fixed to the machine frame.
West German Pat. No. 2,135,714 issued June 20, 1974, discloses a gripping mechanism that grips sheets that are individually fed to a rotary press followed by movement of the grippers radially inward below the surface of the cylinder driven by a cam follower following a cam surface fixed to the machine frame.
On rotogravure presses it is known that the cylinders used preferably have a narrow gap, particularly those with so-called wrap-around plates. This is firstly because large cylinder gaps on rotary presses lead to non-printable zones resulting in waste. Secondly, the ink on the plate cylinder must be removed by a doctor blade. But a large cylinder gap causes an accumulation of ink and an increased tendency for the blade to "fall into the gap" with resultant vibration and spattering of ink. Thus, with a plate cylinder for gravure printing the aim is always to provide a "closed" cylinder without a substantial cylinder gap.
An obstacle to the use of a closed plate cylinder in sheet-fed rotogravure presses is that the impression cylinder must have grippers to hold the individual printed sheets. It is desirable to have the backs of the grippers extend beyond the contour of the impression cylinder so that the grippers may easily receive the fed sheets. But the grippers must retract into the impression cylinder to permit the plate cylinder to cyclically roll against the impression cylinder at the gripper position.
The German Pat. No. 2,135,714 provides for cyclically retracting the grippers within the plate cylinder contour, but has the disadvantage that the gripped edge of the fed sheet is pulled against the leading edge of the cylinder at the risk of tearing the sheet.
The arrangement disclosed in German Patent Application No. 1,611,297 utilizes a gripper which retracts within the impression cylinder contour while also preventing binding and scraping problems by using a swiveling mechanism that swivels the grippers about a longitudinal axis lying at the leading edge of the impression cylinder surface. The gripper and gripper pad are inserted by a roller, which is moved by a control cam. This arrangement, however, has the disadvantage that play in the system leading to premature wear is unavoidable in the lever gear and the associated pivots. A further disadvantage is that the gripper pad is mounted with the gripper on an additional lever, which has a further fixed point of rotation. Another important disadvantage of the arrangement is that the gripper shaft is mounted at only two points and thus does not have the stability required for high quality, high speed printing.
The general aim of the invention is to provide a swiveling mechanism for the grippers of an impression cylinder of a sheet-fed rotogravure press which does not risk damage to the sheet and which has a simple, durable, and reliable mechanical construction.
A further object is to provide a swiveling mechanism that precisely and accurately swivels about an axis of rotation on the impression cylinder surface so that printing quality is improved by the more accurate and stable mounting of the grippers.
Yet another object is to provide a swiveling mechanism that can be manufactured at lower cost.
In accordance with the present invention, an impression cylinder for a sheet-fed rotogravure press is provided with an improved swiveling device adapted to swivel the grippers within the cylinder contour. The gripper shaft to which the grippers are fastened is journaled to a plurality of gripper brackets that are mounted for a swiveling motion about a theoretical axis of revolution on the impression cylinder surface near the trailing edge of an axial groove in the impression cylinder which receives the swiveling mechanism. The opening and closing of the grippers is performed by an axial rotation of the gripper shaft, while the swiveling of the entire mechanism into the axial groove and thus within the imaginary surface of the impression cylinder is obtained by a generally radially inward translation of the gripper shaft with respect to the impression cylinder axis. In practical terms, the gripping and swiveling motions are coordinated by cams fixed to the machine frame at the ends of the impression cylinder with the swiveling motion obtained by a cam follower coaxial with the gripper shaft, and the rotation of the gripper shaft obtained by a cam follower on the end of a pivot shaft fixed to the end of the gripper shaft. For improved swiveling stability, the means for mounting the gripper brackets to the impression cylinder includes an arcuate groove on the impression cylinder receiving an arcuate lug fixed to the gripper brackets with a number of flat needle bearing cages holding needle bearings between the cooperating surfaces of the arcuate groove and arcuate lug. Moreover, to precisely define the point at which the grippers are extended out of the impression cylinder for receiving the individually fed sheets, an adjustable stop in an adjustable stop holder fixed to the impression cylinder limits the outward swiveling of the gripper mechanism. The stability of the cyclical swiveling is also improved by having dual cams fixed to the machine frame and coaxial cam followers for driving the swiveling motion at both ends of the gripper shaft, and the cam followers are pressed into intimate contact with the cam surfaces by dual compression springs mounted in both ends of the impression cylinder.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent upon reading the following detailed description and upon reference to the drawings in which:
FIGS. 1A, 1B, and 1C are stop motion diagrams illustrating the operation of the grippers for gripping the individually fed sheets and the swiveling of the gripping mechanism within the impression cylinder surface in accordance with the invention and corresponding to the phases φA, φB, and φC respectively in FIG. 2.
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram showing the swiveling and rotational cam profiles taken along line 2--2 in FIG. 4;
FIG. 3 is a cross sectional view taken along line 3--3 FIG. 4, showing the gripper mechanism with the same scale, phase and axial orientation as in FIG. 2 for comparison;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary elevational view of the impression cylinder taken substantially along line 4--4 of FIG. 2 illustrating that a plurality of grippers, gripper brackets, and gripper stops are disposed along the axial length of the impression cylinder;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary section taken along line 5--5 in FIG. 4 showing the mounting and stop mechanisms; and
FIG. 6 is an enlarged elevational view in partial section taken along the section line 6--6 in FIG. 5 corresponding to the view of FIG. 4.
While the invention is susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms, a speicific embodiment thereof has been shown by way of example in the drawings and will herein be described in detail. It should be understood, however, that it is not intended to limit the invention to the particular form disclosed, but, on the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications, equivalents and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
Turning now to the drawings, in FIG. 1A a single sheet 10 having a leading edge 11 is shown being fed toward the impression cylinder generally designated 20. The cylinder has a cylinder body 21, a cylinder blanket 22, and an axial groove 23. The gripper mechanism generally designated 30 is disposed within the axial groove 23 and has an outwardly extended position which, as shown in FIG. 1A, lies partially outside of the imaginary cylinder surface 24 shown as a phantom line. The gripper mechanism 30 has a gripper shaft 32 upon which a number of rockable grippers 31 are attached for rocking motion coincident with rocking of the gripper shaft 32. At the trailing edge of the rockable gripper 31, it being understood that the impression cylinder 20 rotates in a counter clockwise direction, there is attached a gripper tooth 33 opposite to a gripper pad 34 defining a sheet entry way 38 for receiving the leading edge 11 of the individually fed sheet 10. The gripper pad 34 is mounted to a gripper bar 35 which is in turn secured to a gripper bracket 36 within which the gripper shaft 32 is journaled for free rotation. The gripper bracket 36 is mounted for a swiveling motion about a theoretical axis of revolution 43 on the impression cylinder surface 24 near the trailing edge 25 of the axial groove 23 which corresponds to the leading edge of the cylinder surface. The bracket 36 has a mounting mechanism generally designated 40 comprising a bracket 41 secured to the cylinder body 21. The bracket has an arcuate guide or groove 42 which receives an arcuate lug 37 that is an integral part of the bracket 36.
FIG. 1B shows the gripper mechanism 30 after the impression cylinder 20 has rotated approximately 25 degrees from the φA phase to the φB phase shown in FIG. 2. The gripper shaft 32 has rotated clockwise slightly with respect to the impression cylinder 20 so that the gripper tooth 33 has gripped the leading edge 11 of the individually fed sheet 10 and holds it against the gripper pad 34.
FIG. 1C shows the gripper mechanism 30 in its retracted position when the impression cylinder 20 has rotated to the φC phase in FIG. 2 approximately 50 degrees from its initial position shown in FIG. 1A. The original extended position is shown in phantom lines for comparison. It should be noted that when the swiveling occurs the fed sheet 10 bends rather than slides around the trailing edge 25 of the cylinder gap 23.
FIG. 2 shows the cam profiles used to perform the shaft rotation and swiveling motions illustrated in FIGS. 1A, 1B and 1C. For comparison FIG. 3 shows a cross sectional view of the swiveling mechanism having the same scale, phase and axial orientation as FIG. 2. The cam mechanisms generally designated 50 are generally cylindrical about the axis of the impression cylinder 20. The swiveling motion of the gripper mechanism 30 is determined by a swiveling cam profile 51 fixed to the machine frame 52 that is tracked by a cam follower 53 coaxial with and journaled to the gripper shaft 32. Thus the swiveling cam profile 51 determines the radial distance R from the axis of the gripper shaft 32 to the axis of the impression cylinder 20. This variation in radial distance R translates to a swiveling of the gripper mechanism 30 since the axis of the gripper shaft 32 is also constrained to a fixed radial distance from the theoretical axis of revolution 43 set by the radius of curvature of the arcuate surfaces of the groove 42 and lug 37 of the swiveling mechanism 40.
The rotation of the gripper shaft 32, which determines therefore the angular orientation of the gripper 31 with respect to the ray from the axis of the impression cylinder 20 passing through the axis of the gripper shaft 32, is established by an angle θ which is defined jointly by the revolution cam profile 53 and the profile of a rotation cam surface 54 also fixed to the machine frame 52. The rotation cam surface 54 is tracked by a rotation cam follower 55 journaled to a pivot arm 56 which is secured to the gripper shaft 32, so that the angle θ is defined by the triangle with vertices at the axes of the impression cylinder 20, the gripper shaft 32, and the rotation cam follower 55.
The cam followers 53, 55 are pressed into intimate contact with the cam surfaces 51, 54 by a compression bias spring mechanism generally designated 60 including a compression bias spring 61. The bias spring 61 is received by a stepped hole 62 in the end of the impression cylinder 63. The hole 62 has a retaining step 64 for retaining one end of the compression spring 61, and the other end of the compression spring 61 is retained by a retainer cap 66 secured to a spring bar 65 which is coaxial with the spring axis and passes through the end of the impression cylinder 63. The spring bar 65 is attached to a swivel 67 which is pinned to the pivot arm 56 that is secured to the gripper shaft 32.
The connection between the cam mechanism 50 and the gripper mechanism 32 is illustrated in the elevation view of FIG. 4 which is a view perpendicular to the axis of the impression cylinder 20. The cam mechanism in FIG. 2 appears in section on the left end 63 of the impression cylinder. A similar mechanism appears at the right end 63' of the impression cylinder. The similar components are designated with identical but primed reference numerals. The use of two swiveling cam profiles 51, 51' insures that the swiveling of the gripper mechanisms is generally uniform along the length of the impression cylinder 20. For this same purpose a plurality of grippers 31 and swiveling mechanisms 40 are disposed along the length of the axial groove 23.
The swiveling mechanism originally shown in FIG. 1A is shown in greater detail in FIG. 5. The gripper 31 has a slot 81 so that a clamp screw 82 may be used to securely attach the gripper 31 to the gripper shaft 32 so that the gripper 31 has a proper initial angular orientation and rotates with the shaft. The gripper tooth 33 is fastened to the gripper 31 by a retaining screw 83. The gripper tooth 33 is preferably made of a resilient material and has a relatively narrow bridge portion 84 so that the gripping force on the leading edge 11 of the sheet stock 10 is generally uniformly distributed along the plurality of grippers 31 disposed along the length of the axial groove 23. The gripper shaft 32 is journaled to the gripper bracket 36 by a bearing 85. The gripper pad 34 is secured to the gripper bar 35 and gripper bracket 36 by a retaining screw 86. Similarly the gripper bar 35 is also secured to the gripper bracket by the retaining screw 87. The guide support 41 is secured to the body 21 of the impression cylinder 20 by two bolts 88 and 89.
FIG. 5 also shows a swiveling stop mechanism generally designated 70 that was omitted from FIG. 1A for clarity. The stop mechanism is comprised of a stop adjusting screw 71, a stop jam nut 72 and a stop supporting element 73. The outward extent of the gripper bracket 36 is set by the position of the end of the stop adjusting screw 71. A bolt 90 secures the stop supporting element to the body 21 of the impression cylinder 20. As shown in FIG. 4, a plurality of pairs of adjustable stops and stop holders are used at spaced positions along the length of the cylinder groove so that the maximum extended swiveling position is precisely defined at a number of points along the length of the cylinder. Thus, the sheet entryway between the gripper teeth 33 and pads 34 is preferably set to a constant width along the length of the cylinder by individual adjustment of the stop adjusting screws 71.
The operation of the stop is more clearly shown in FIG. 6. The stop adjusting screw 71 does not rest on the arcuate lug 37, but rather rests on a stop surface 91 of the gripper bracket 36. Simultaneous reference to FIG. 5 and FIG. 6 also shows that flat needle cages 92 enclose needle bearings 93 that fit in between the cooperating surfaces of the arcuate groove 52 and lug 37 and that the groove and lug are of only a fraction of the axial width of the gripper bracket 36 and guide supporting element 41 so that the swiveling of the gripper mechanism 30 is rigidly guided by the guiding mechanism 40.
As further shown in FIG. 4, a plurality of swiveling mechanisms 40 are used at spaced positions along the length of the cylinder groove so that the swiveling of a large number of grippers 31 is precisely defined along the entire length of the cylinder. Consequently, play in the mechanism is reduced and resonant vibrations are eliminated. Thus, the mounting of the gripper shaft has sufficient stability for high quality, high speed printing.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US4759290 *||Mar 10, 1986||Jul 26, 1988||M.A.N.-Roland Druckmaschinen Aktiengesellschaft||Device for controlling grippers in sheet-fed rotary presses|
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|US8725046 *||Oct 5, 2012||May 13, 2014||Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.||Transfer device and image forming apparatus|
|US20050279233 *||Jun 22, 2005||Dec 22, 2005||Heidelberger Druckmaschinen Aktiengesellschaft||Process for the safe operation of a printing machine and a printing machine for the execution of the process|
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|U.S. Classification||101/410, 271/82|
|International Classification||B41F21/10, B41F21/04|
|Apr 21, 1982||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: M.A.N. ROLAND DRUCKMASCHINEN AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, 6
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:WANKE, JOHANNES;DIFFLIPP, KURT;REEL/FRAME:003973/0798
Effective date: 19820108
|Jan 15, 1988||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Mar 4, 1992||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Mar 25, 1996||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12