US 448546 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
DL mm E0 M AYM W R (No Model.)
No. 448,546. Patented Mar. 1'7, 1891.
' INVENTOI? fiz c za WITNESSES A TTOHNE Y8 ilnrrn STATES PATENT rricn.
GUSTAV RICHARD SAGELSDORFF, OF MEDFORD, WISCONSIN.
SPECIFTGA'I'ION forming part of Letters Patent No. 448,546, dated March 17, 1891.
Application filed October 1. 1890. Serial No. 366,729. (No model.)
To ctZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, GUSTAV RICHARD SA- GELSDORFF, of Medford, in the county of Taylor and State of lVisconsin, have invented a new and Improved Animal'Gollar, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
The object of the invention is to provide a new and improved chain, which is simple and durable in construction, is cheaply manufactured, and is more especially designed for use on cattle as a neckband to support a bell, the chain being adapted to be easily fastened or unfastened.
The invention consists of a middle piece adapted to support a bell, a series of links extending from the said middle piece, and a lock of peculiar construction for uniting the outermost links.
The invention also consists of certain parts and details, and combinations of the same, as will be hereinafter fully described, and then pointed out in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forminga part of this specification, in which similarletters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the improvement. Fig. 2 is a similar view of one end of the same, and Figs. 3 and 4 are like views of the lock in different positions.
The improved chain is provided with a middle piece A, made in U shape, as is plainly shown in Fig. 1, having fastened to the middle portion thereof the eyes 13, extending in opposite directions. Each of the eyes 13 engages a link 0, made of one single piece of sheet metal of about the shape of the numeral 8, doubled up so as to form an eye 0, and the end C engaging the eye B. The openings G between the ends and sides, reduce the weight of the link materially. Links 0, of similar construction, are connected one with the other, the eye of one engaging the end of the next following one, as is plainly shown in Fig. 1. The links extend in about equal numbers from the eyes B, so as to form a band of suificientlength to pass around the necks of cattle.
The outermost link 0 of one end of the chain carries a lock D, provided with a plate E, pivoted to the eye O'of the outermostlink G On the top of the plate E is erected an apertured stud F, standing at right angles to the plate E, and on which is fulcrumed the hook G, provided with a hook end G. The lower part of the stud F is formed with a reduced neck F, adapted to be engaged by the outermost link 0 on the other end of the chain or any other link at that end of the chain. The hook end G of the hook G is adapted to engage an ordinary link H, hung on a staple I, projecting from a plate J, riveted or otherwise fastened in the outermost link 0 previously mentioned.
The middle.piece A supports between its ends a pin K, on which is hung a hook L, adapted to support in its hook end L a cowbell or other article, and when said bell is in place the hook L is locked thereon by a ring L passing through the end of the hook L and the main part of the hook L, which are apertured for this purpose.
The chain, as is shown in Fig. l, is in an open position, and when the operator desires to close the same after passing the chain around the animals neck he first passes the hook end G through the openings 0 of the respective link to be engaged on the other end of the chain, and then'turns the lock D at right angles to the links (3 so as to pass 7 the stud F through the opening 0 of the said link until the latter rests on top of the plate E. The plate E is then turned back in its former position, the sides of the engaged link passing under the shoulders formed by the neck of the stud F, so that the latter is locked in place on the engaged link. The hook G is now on the top of the chain and by its spring end G is engaged with thelink H, so that the ends of the chain are locked together, as is plainly illustrated in Fig. 4.
In order to unlock the chain the operator proceeds by first unhooking the hook G from the link H, then giving the plate E a quarterturn, so that the stud F can pass through the opening 0 of the engaged link, after which the plate E is turned into its former position to permit the hook end G of the hook G to pass through the said opening 0 of the link. It is understood that by engaging the outermost link 0 by the lock D the chain attains its largest circumference, but engaging any of the other links at that end of the chain the chain is made smaller to suit the neck of the animal on which the chain is to be applied.
It will be seen that this chain can be very cheaply manufactured, is very light, and can be readily locked or unlocked 0n the animals neck whenever desired.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. In a chain adapted to serve as an animal-collar, the combination, with tWo chainsections of the U-shaped middle piece which connects them, a pin K, supported in the outwardly-cuiwed end of said middle piece, and
a cow-bell hook turning loosely on said pin, substantially as shown and described.
2. A chain adapted to serve as an animalcollar, the same being provided With a stud F, having a reduced neck or shank and secured to one of the terminal links and adapted to pass through the other terminal link,a hook attached to said stud, and the link 11, secured to the chain eontiguously to the stud, and thus adapted for engagement with the aforesaid hook to form the lock hereinhefore described.
GUSTAV RICHARD SAGELSDORFF.
GEO. L. SHATTUcK, Wu. F. WENCK.