|Publication number||US4492409 A|
|Application number||US 06/435,436|
|Publication date||Jan 8, 1985|
|Filing date||Oct 20, 1982|
|Priority date||Feb 23, 1981|
|Also published as||CA1189894A, CA1189894A1|
|Publication number||06435436, 435436, US 4492409 A, US 4492409A, US-A-4492409, US4492409 A, US4492409A|
|Inventors||William B. Laird|
|Original Assignee||Laird William B|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (11), Classifications (10), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 237,338 filed on Feb. 2, 1981 now U.S. Pat. No. 4,395,071 issued on July 26, 1983, and entitled "Furniture With Removable Cushions".
A conventional chair has a seat cushion and a back cushion. A loveseat has two seat cushions and two back cushions. A couch has three seat cushions and three back cushions. There is a need for furniture of that type wherein the cushions are adapted to be removed, turned over and replaced while being latched to the furniture frame in a manner so that only authorized persons may remove the cushions. The present invention is directed to a solution of that need.
The present invention is directed to furniture of the chair, loveseat and couch type. The furniture includes a frame having at least one removable cushion. The cushion has oppositely disposed grooves. A pair of tongues is provided on the frame. Each tongue projects into one of the grooves. A latch means is provided within the cushion. The latch means includes a latch member projecting into each one of the grooves in the cushion for latching cooperation with mating structure on the associated tongue. An actuator is provided on the cushion and connected to the latch members for releasing the latch members so that the cushion may be removed. The latch means includes a plate having a non-circular keyhole attached to the cushion. The actuator of said latch means is aligned with said keyhole for reception of a key and is generally perpendicular to said latch member.
The present invention also includes as an article of manufacture a furniture cushion per se. The cushion includes a padded framework having an outer covering. Exposed grooves are provided on opposite sides of the framework. A latch means is supported within the cushion. The latch means includes a latch member partially exposed in each groove for latching the cushion to a frame and also includes an actuator aligned with the keyhole in a plate on the cushion for reception of a key.
It is an object of the present invention to provide furniture having cushions which are removable and/or replaceable by way of a key in the possession of authorized personnel.
It is another object of the present invention to provide furniture with removable cushions by way of a concealed latch means requiring a special tool to facilitate unlatching of the cushions from a frame.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a novel article of manufacture in the form of a removable, replaceable furniture cushion.
Other objects and advantages will appear hereinafter.
For the purpose of illustrating the invention, there is shown in the drawings a form which is presently preferred; it being understood, however, that this invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of furniture in accordance with the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the furniture shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taKen along the line 3--3 in FIG. 2 but on an enlarged scale.
FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along the line 4--4 in FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a latch means and its associated key.
Referring to the drawings in detail, wherein like numerals indicate like elements, there is shown in FIG. 1 one form of furniture in accordance with the present invention. The furniture 10 is in the form of a loveseat having a frame designated generally as 12. The frame 12 includes ends 14 and 16 which are vertically disposed and coupled together by horizontally disposed front member 18 and rear member 20. The furniture 10 includes two seat cushions 22, 24 and two back cushions 26, 28.
A rail 30 is bolted to the inner surface of the frame end 16 as shown more clearly in FIG. 2. Rail 30 includes a generally horizontally disposed tongue 32 having a rounded nose portion at the end adjacent the front member 18. Tongue 32 preferably is tilted so that its rear end is lower than its front end. At the other end, the tongue 32 is provided with a notch 34. Rail 30 includes a slightly inclined, generally vertical tongue 36 having a shoulder 38 at the lower end thereof. The frame end 14 is provided with an identical rail corresponding to rail 30 and the components thereof are identified by corresponding primed numerals.
A brace 40 extends between the front and rear members 18, 20 at approximately the center thereof. The brace 40 has an upstanding rib 42 which supports a generally horizontally disposed tongue 44. Tongue 44 preferably is tilted so that its rear end is lower than its front end. Tongue 44 has a pointed end adjacent the front member 18 and a pair of notches 46, 48 on opposite sides thereof at its other end. An upstanding leg 50 is connected to the tongue 44 and supports a bifurcated tongue 52. Tongue 52 lies in the same plane as the tongues 36, 36'. A shoulder is defined by the bottom surface of tongue 52.
Seat cushion 22 is provided with a pair of slots 54, 55 on opposite sides thereof. One of the slots on the cushion 22 receives the tongue 32' while the other slot receives a portion of the tongue 44. See FIG. 3. Cushion 24 is similarly constructed and the slots thereof cooperate with the other half of tongue 44 and with the tongue 32. Cushions 26 and 28 are similarly provided with slots although shorter than the slots on the seat cushions. The bottom surface of cushions 26, 28 extends for the full width of the cushions. Cushions 26, 28 are shorter than cushions 22, 24. The slots on cushions 26 cooperate with the tongue 36' and one half 52a of the tongue 52. The slots on cushion 28 cooperate with the other half 52b of the tongue 52 and with the tongue 36. The cushions are otherwise identical and only cushion 22 will be described in detail.
As shown more clearly in FIGS. 3 and 4, the cushion 22 has a rectangular frame 59 between layers of padding 58. The cushion is covered with fabric 56. The slots 54, 55 are provided in parallel portions of the frame 59 along the sides thereof generally equidistant from the top and bottom surfaces of the cushion 22.
A latch mechanism is provided within each of the cushions between the layers of padding 58. The latch means includes a pair of rods 60, 62 each pivoted at one end to a rectangular link member 64. Rod 60 has its free end extending through an elliptical hole in one leg of the rectangular frame 59. Similarly, the free end of rod 62 extends through an ellipitical hole in one leg of the opposite side of the frame 59. The holes in the frame 59 align the free ends of the rods 60, 62 with the grooves 54, 55 on opposite sides of the cushion 22. Spring 65 is attached at one end to frame 59 and at its other end to rod 62. Spring 65 biases rods 60, 62 to the position shown in FIG. 4.
A latch 70 is integral with the link member 64 and is generally perpendicular to the rods 60, 62. The latch 70 has a pair of axially extending spaced projections 72, 74. Latch 70 extends through a hole in the frame 59 at the read end of the cushion 22 as shown more clearly in FIG. 4 and is visible through a keyhole 78 on the plate 76 attached to the frame 59. The keyhole 78 is non-circular. A key 80 has a pair of projections 82 extending therefrom adjacent one end thereof and a handle 84 connected to the other end. The key 80 and projections 82 correspond to the shape of the keyhole 78. Each of the projections 82 is adapted to engage one of the projections 72, 74 to facilitate pivoting the latch 70 about its longitudinal axis to thereby extend or withdraw the rods 60, 62 relative to their associated grooves 54, 55.
As shown more clearly in FIG. 4, the ends of the rods 60, 62 extend to the notches 34', 46 respectively. In order to remove the cushion 22, it is necessary to insert the key 80 through the keyhole 78 and pivot the latch 70 to withdraw the rods 60, 62. Thereafter, the seat cushion may be removed for replacement or may merely be turned over to expose the other side of the fabric 56. Seat cushion 24 similarly cooperates with the notches 34 and 48. The back cushion 26 has similar rods which cooperate with the shoulder 38' and the shoulder defined by the bottom surface of the tongue 52. The lower end of seat cushion 26 overlies the innermost end portion of seat cushion 22 which obscures the keyhole for the cushion 26. Cushions 24 and 28 are similarly interrelated. The frame 59 acts as a bearing for pivotable movement of the latch 70.
Thus, it will be seen that the furniture of the present invention utilizes a minimum number of components while providing cushions which are removable and/or replaceable by way of a tool such as key 80 to be in the possession of authorized personnel.
The present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof and, accordingly, reference should be made to the appended claims, rather than to the foregoing specification, as indicating the scope of the invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1631081 *||Aug 24, 1921||May 31, 1927||American Automatic Lock And Li||Foot-frame lock for foldable beds|
|US2673353 *||Jul 7, 1950||Mar 30, 1954||Budd Co||Movable berth installation|
|US2783717 *||Aug 16, 1951||Mar 5, 1957||Pullman Standard Car Mfg Co||Sleeping car|
|US3972565 *||Jul 23, 1975||Aug 3, 1976||Edwin Smith||Couch|
|US3989300 *||Sep 19, 1973||Nov 2, 1976||Metropolitan Furniture Manufacturing Co.||Furniture construction with removable cushions|
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|US4285544 *||May 12, 1977||Aug 25, 1981||Knoll International, Inc.||Furniture construction|
|AT178298B *||Title not available|
|FR1283660A *||Title not available|
|GB1279416A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4755000 *||Dec 29, 1986||Jul 5, 1988||Shelby Williams Industries, Inc.||Seat with removable cushions|
|US4844541 *||Sep 21, 1987||Jul 4, 1989||Laird William B||Rocking furniture with removably secured and adjustable cushions|
|US5000512 *||Apr 6, 1989||Mar 19, 1991||Laird William B||Upholstered seating units|
|US5112110 *||Oct 29, 1990||May 12, 1992||Ladd Furniture||Seating unit having lockable cushions|
|US5431479 *||Apr 29, 1993||Jul 11, 1995||Leib; Roger K.||Tandem chair assembly|
|US5658049 *||Jan 30, 1996||Aug 19, 1997||Flexsteel Industries, Inc.||Separable recliner chair assembly|
|US7546648||Mar 27, 2008||Jun 16, 2009||Steffes Jason R||Stadium bed|
|US7775600||Apr 27, 2007||Aug 17, 2010||Steelcase Development Corporation||Seating construction and method of assembly|
|US9016794||Nov 14, 2013||Apr 28, 2015||Ogg Design, Inc.||Modular chair and method of assembly|
|US20080235869 *||Mar 27, 2008||Oct 2, 2008||Steffes Jason R||Stadium bed|
|US20160360888 *||Jun 9, 2015||Dec 15, 2016||Exemplis Corporation||Chair back assembly|
|U.S. Classification||297/440.21, 297/440.22, 5/411|
|International Classification||A47C31/02, A47C27/00, A47C17/02|
|Cooperative Classification||A47C7/42, A47C31/02|
|European Classification||A47C31/02, A47C27/00|
|Jun 24, 1988||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 28, 1992||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jul 31, 1995||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BLOCKHOUSE COMPANY, INC., PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:LAIRD, WILLIAM B.;REEL/FRAME:007562/0582
Effective date: 19950712
|Aug 16, 1995||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DROVERS & MECHANICS BANK, PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BLOCKHOUSE COMPANY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:007562/0366
Effective date: 19950804
|Jun 21, 1996||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12