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Publication numberUS4511522 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 06/572,808
Publication dateApr 16, 1985
Filing dateJan 23, 1984
Priority dateMar 29, 1982
Fee statusPaid
Publication number06572808, 572808, US 4511522 A, US 4511522A, US-A-4511522, US4511522 A, US4511522A
InventorsJohn R. Rinehart
Original AssigneeRinehart John R
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of making a composite foam taxidermy mannikin involving the use of a cleanable adhesive to hold the artificial eyes in the mold cavity
US 4511522 A
Abstract
Disclosed is a taxidermy mannikin mold and molding method for making a mannikin which has eyes insert-molded therein in proper position and rotational orientation and which has proper eye-surrounding anatomical surface features. The mold cavity has therein eye socket recesses each of which is immediately surrounded by a correctly contoured surface having reference indicia marking.
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Claims(4)
What is claimed is:
1. A method of making a taxidermy animal head mannikin having artificial eyes with pupils properly positioned therein and surrounded immediately by proper anatomical features, comprising:
providing a mold comprising half parts which together define a cavity surface contoured for correct anatomical formation of features of the mannikin including the features immediately surrounding the eye; and two eye socket recesses in the cavity surface for snugly receiving the front portion of the eyes;
inserting into each eye socket recess of the mold the front portion of an artificial eye having a pupil with cleanable adhesive emplaced between the socket recess and the front portion of the eye, leaving the rear portion of the eye projecting into the mold cavity;
orienting each eye as held by the adhesive to a desired position;
closing the half parts together to form the full mold cavity therebetween;
introducing liquid foamable hardenable material into the mold cavity to foam expand and harden, thereby forming the mannikin and locking the eyes into the mannikin in proper position therein;
separating the two half parts of the mold from the formed mannikin; and
cleaning the adhesive from the eyes embedded in the mannikin.
2. A method of making a taxidermy animal head mannikin having artificial eyes with pupils properly positioned therein and surrounded immediately by proper anatomical features, comprising:
providing a mold comprising half parts which together define a cavity surface contoured for correct anatomical formation of features of the mannikin including the features immediately surrounding the eye; two semi-spherical eye socket recesses in the cavity surface for snugly receiving the front portion of the eyes; and reference indicia on the cavity surface near the edges of the eye socket recesses;
inserting into each eye socket recess of the mold the front portion of an artificial eye having a pupil with cleanable adhesive emplaced between the socket recess and the front portion of the eye, leaving the rear portion of the eye projecting into the mold cavity;
orienting the pupil of each eye with respect to the reference indicia;
closing the half parts together to form the fold mold cavity therebetween; and
introducing liquid foamable hardenable material into the mold cavity to foam expand and harden, thereby forming the mannikin and locking the eyes into the mannikin in proper position therein.
3. The method of claim 2 including the steps of:
separating the two half parts of the mold from the formed mannikin; and
cleaning the adhesive from the eyes embedded in the mannikin.
4. The method of claim 2 wherein four reference indicia ridges are equally spaced about each eye socket recess.
Description
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 363,263, filed Mar. 29, 1982 and now U.S. Pat. No. 4,432,919.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Taxidermists mount animal head skins over molded animal head mannikins, such as deer head mannikins, and secure the result to a wall plaque or the like for use as a trophy.

Currently, these molded mannikins, usually of light-weight polyurethane foam material, do not have artificial eyes attached thereto. These mannikins have very large eye socket cavities into each of which the taxidermist must: mount centrally therein the artificial eye; make and mount eye-surrounding anatomy contour features, usually of modeling clay; and, if the eye is of the elongated pupil type, such as with deer, rotate the eye to a proper orientation for correct and natural appearance. The positioning and securing of the eye in correct position, and the forming of the correct eye-surrounding anatomical contour features, is demanding of considerable time and skill.

This invention provides a mold and molding method for making a molded animal head mannikin which has the eyes insert-molded therein in correct position and rotational orientation and has correct eye-surrounding anatomy features, all as an integral part of the molded mannikin.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

A summary description is set forth in the Abstract of the Disclosure and reference is to be had thereto.

An object of the invention is to provide a mold and molding method for producing taxidermy animal head mannikins with the eyes and the eye-surrounding anatomy as part of the mannikin when it comes out of the mold, so that the taxidermist need not spend time and skill positioning or mounting the eyes, or filling in and contouring around the eyes to provide correct anatomical eye-surrounding features.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a view of a mannikin made in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a view of the inside of one of the half parts of a mold made in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 3 is a rear elevation view of an artificial eye used in carrying out the invention;

FIG. 4 is a side elevation view of the eye;

FIG. 5 is a front elevation view thereof;

FIG. 6 is a perspective view thereof;

FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of a portion of the mold shown in FIG. 2, but showing the artificial eye inserted therein in proper position; and

FIG. 8 is a section view taken on line 8--8 of FIG. 7.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE SHOWN EMBODIMENT

Referring to the drawing, in FIG. 1 there is shown a deer head mannikin 10 molded in accordance with this invention of light-weight polyurethane foam material, having insert-molded therein an artificial eye 11 which has an elongated pupil 12. The mannikin has correct deer head anatomical features including the ear stump indicated at 13 and the eye-surrounding features indicated at 14.

In FIG. 2 there is shown the right side half part 15 of a mold for forming the mannikin 10, the part 15 having an ear stump recess 16 in the cavity surface thereof and a semi-spherical eye socket recess 23 in said surface. The cavity surface is contoured to correctly form all features of the mannikin including the features immediately surrounding the eye, and, accordingly, the cavity surface is so contoured as indicated at 17 in FIG. 2 to provide the correct features indicated as 14 in FIG. 1. In the eye socket surrounding area 17 of the mold part there are ridges 18, 19, 20 and 21 which serve as indicia markings to facilitate properly positioning the eye in the eye socket recess. These ridges 18, 19, 20 and 21 produce, in the molding process, groves 18', 19', 20' and 21' on the mannikin as shown in FIG. 1.

FIGS. 3, 4, 5 and 6 show an artificial deer eye 11 having an elongated pupil 12. The eye is of glass or plastic and is a semi-spherical shell having its concavity in the rear side thereof.

FIG. 7 shows an eye placed in the eye socket recess, in proper rotational orientation, with the elongated pupil's long axis aligned with ridges 18 and 20. The ridges 18, 19, 20 and 21 are shown equidistantly spaced about the perimetrical edge of the eye socket recess, with ridges 18 and 20 aligned with the long axis of the elongated pupil of the eye, and ridges 19 and 21 aligned with the short axis of that pupil.

FIG. 8 shows eye 11 inserted into the eye socket recess with eye 11 rotationally oriented so that elongated pupil 12 is aligned with ridges 18 and 20, and with eye 11 held in the recess by an adhesive 22, which adhesive may be removed from the front of the eye after removing the molded mannikin from the mold.

It will be appreciated that the invention is carried out by providing in each of two half mold cavity parts a small eye socket recess to snugly receive the front portion of the artificial eye, leaving the rear portion thereof projecting into the mold cavity, and by providing in each mold cavity part a correct sculpted or contoured surface of anatomical features immediately around the small eye socket recess right up to the edge thereof, and by providing, in that eye socket recess surrounding area, reference indicia marking to facilitate correct rotational positioning of the eye in the eye socket recess for correct directional orientation of the long axis of the elongated pupil of the eye. When inserting the eye into the eye socket recess and rotationally positioning it therein, one may use a removable (cleanable) adhesive which will hold the eye correctly during the molding operation, and which will be removable (cleanable) from the front of the eye after the molding operation. With eyes inserted into, properly positioned and held in each of the half mold parts, the half parts are then closed together to form the full mold; and the mannikin is then molded by pouring into the mold cavity a liquid polyurethane foaming material, allowing it to foam expand and harden. The material surrounds the rear portion of the eyes and enters the concavities thereof so as to lock the eyes securely in the mannikin. When the two half parts of the mold are separated, the resulting mannikin coming out of the mold has the eyes properly positioned in all respects, rotationally and otherwise, and has correct eye-surrounding anatomical features.

The taxidermist using mannikins produced in accordance with this invention may proceed to mount the animal skin over the mannikin, mounting the skin over the properly contoured surface including the eye-surrounding area right up to the perimeter of the eye itself. The taxidermist need not do anything to position the eye, and need not build up the eye-surrounding surface to properly back up the skin.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3106040 *Apr 28, 1960Oct 8, 1963Ostrander Robert KTearing doll
US3112163 *Sep 21, 1959Nov 26, 1963Sterling W AlderferProcess for making magnetic faced foam articles
US3432581 *Oct 31, 1967Mar 11, 1969Dublon IncMaking foamed articles and articles produced thereby
US4083916 *Aug 26, 1977Apr 11, 1978Chasse Arthur EDivider strips
US4288903 *Aug 22, 1979Sep 15, 1981Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KaishaMethod for producing stuffing for a spring-type mattress
US4432919 *Mar 29, 1982Feb 21, 1984Rinehart John RMethod of making a composite foam taxidermy mannikin
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4642209 *Aug 16, 1985Feb 10, 1987Mckenzie Taxidermy Supply, Inc.Tacky rubber cement
US4753412 *Feb 24, 1987Jun 28, 1988American Institute Of Taxidermy, Inc.Taxidermy mannikin mold for locating eyepieces in correct position
US5645780 *Mar 19, 1996Jul 8, 1997American Institute Of Taxidermy, Inc.Method of placing an eyepiece in a taxidermy mannikin using a protective and release coating
US5735895 *Dec 6, 1996Apr 7, 1998Rinehart Family CompanyArtificial animal eye with nictitating membrane
US6099379 *Sep 17, 1998Aug 8, 2000Eppley; Brad A.Eye article for taxidermy form
US6458434Apr 14, 1997Oct 1, 2002Joe Coombs Classics, Inc.Pedestal mounted taxidermy mannequin and mold for the manufacturing thereof
US6811461 *Nov 20, 2002Nov 2, 2004Hasbro, Inc.Artificial eye with integrally molded eyelid
US6923654Sep 18, 2002Aug 2, 2005Tohickon Johnson Development LlcManikin and eye device apparatus, methods and articles of manufacture
US7234989Feb 6, 2004Jun 26, 2007Hasbro, Inc.Method and apparatus for attaching plush to an artificial eye
US7371069Mar 10, 2004May 13, 2008Tohickon Johnson Development LlcManikin and eye device apparatus, methods and articles of manufacture
US7641535Jul 12, 2006Jan 5, 2010Hasbro, Inc.Artificial eye assemblies
US7892067Feb 10, 2006Feb 22, 2011Johnson Brian LMethods and apparatus for proper installation and orientation of artificial eye or eyepiece insert onto a taxidermy mannequin or life-like sculpture
US8304041Jan 13, 2011Nov 6, 2012Johnson Brian LMethods and apparatus for proper installation and orientation of artificial eye or eyepiece insert onto a taxidermy mannequin or life-like sculpture
Classifications
U.S. Classification264/46.4, 264/275, 264/46.9, 264/271.1
International ClassificationA63H9/00, B29C33/14, B29C44/12
Cooperative ClassificationA63H9/00, B29C44/1271, B29C33/14, B29L2031/702
European ClassificationA63H9/00, B29C33/14, B29C44/12M
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Aug 31, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: MCKENZIE SPORTS PRODUCTS, LLC F/K/A MCKENZIE SPORT
Free format text: RELEASE BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:ANTARES CAPITAL CORPORATION, AS AGENT;REEL/FRAME:018194/0321
Effective date: 20060831
Oct 9, 2003ASAssignment
Owner name: ANTARES CAPITAL CORPORATION, AS AGENT, ILLINOIS
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MCKENZIE SPORTS PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:014709/0133
Owner name: MCKENZIE SPORTS PRODUCTS, INC., NORTH CAROLINA
Free format text: RELEASE AND REASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:HELLER FINANCIAL, INC., AS AGENT;REEL/FRAME:014567/0089
Effective date: 20030930
Owner name: ANTARES CAPITAL CORPORATION, AS AGENT 311 SOUTH WA
Owner name: MCKENZIE SPORTS PRODUCTS, INC. 1910 ST. LUKE S CHU
Mar 26, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: HELLER FINANCIAL, INC., AS AGENT, ILLINOIS
Free format text: CORRECTION TO CORRECT RECEIVING PARTY NAME;ASSIGNOR:MCKENZIE SPORTS PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:012698/0686
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Dec 26, 2001ASAssignment
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Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MCKENZIE SPORTS PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:012376/0353
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Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MCKENZIE SPORTS PRODUCTS, INC. /AR;REEL/FRAME:012376/0353
Dec 21, 2001ASAssignment
Owner name: MCKENZIE SPORTS PRODUCTS, INC., NORTH CAROLINA
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Dec 20, 2001ASAssignment
Owner name: RINEHART FAMILY COMPANY, WISCONSIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:RINEHART, JOHN R.;REEL/FRAME:012365/0268
Effective date: 20011203
Owner name: RINEHART FAMILY COMPANY 1029 SOUTH JACKSON STREET
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Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:RINEHART, JOHN R. /AR;REEL/FRAME:012365/0268
Aug 4, 1997ASAssignment
Owner name: RINEHART FAMILY COMPANY, WISCONSIN
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF TAXIDERMY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:008628/0492
Effective date: 19960919
Jun 6, 1996FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 12
Oct 13, 1992FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
May 5, 1988FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Jul 15, 1986CCCertificate of correction
Dec 24, 1985CCCertificate of correction