US 451461 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
O. F. DARNELL.
END 0R GORNRR STRUCTURE FOR WIRE FENCES. No. 451,461. Patented May 5,1891.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
CALVIN F. DARNELL, OF INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA.
END OR CORNER STRUCTURE FOR WIRE FENCES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 451,461, dated May 5, 1891.
Application filed July 1'7, 1890. Serial No. 359,049. (No model.)
To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CALVIN F. DARNELL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Indianapolis, in the county of Marion and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in End or Corner Structures for Fire Fences,'o'f which the following is a specification.
In the construction of wire fences it is necessary to provide at the starting-point a corv ner which cannot be easily pulled up or overthrown.
The object of my said invention is to produce such a corner which shall not only be effective for its purpose and durable, but can be easily and quickly put in position in constructing the fence.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, which are made a part hereof, and on which similar letters of reference indicate similar parts, Figure 1 is a side elevation of a fragment of a fence embodying my said invention with the earth (in which the bottoms of the posts are inserted) shown in section, displaying the otherwise buried portions; Fig. 2, a detail sectional view, on an enlarged scale, of the lower portion thereof on the dotted line 3 3 in Fig. 4; Fig. 3, a detail top or plan-view of the same as seen from the dotted line 3 3 in Fig. 4t; Fig. at, an elevation thereof as seen from the dotted line a 4. in Fig. 2, and Fig. 5 a horizontal sectional View looking downwardly from the dotted line 5 5 in Fig. 1.
In said drawings the portions marked A represent the base to the end or corner fencepost, which base includes the principal features of my said invention; B, the end or corner post of the fence; 0, a second post; D, a
distance or stay rod or rail extending between said two posts; E, a guy rod or wire extending from the post 0 at or near the point of its union with the rail D diagonally down to the base A, to which it is secured, and F the ordinary wires of which the body of the fence is composed.
The base A, in general outline, is an angleplate, and is preferably formed of cast-iron. A socket is formed upon one of its sides to receive the foot of the post 13. It is also preferably provided with two small cars a (L to which additional guy-rods maybe connected,
' as indicated by the dotted lines in Fig. at,
when the fence extends in more than one direction from the corner-post, which is frequently the case. Ribs a are provided for the purpose of strength.
The corner-post B is preferably formed of common iron pipe, with its lower end, which extends below the ground, surrounded by a cast-iron shell 13', which protects it from oxidation and also enables wings I) to be formed thereon, which assist in holding it firmly in its position in the earth. It is inserted in the socket in the base A, and is secured to said base by a bolt 1), which is preferably an eyebolt, as shown, and the eye of which forms the means of attachment for the guyrod or wire E.
The post 0, like the post i3, is preferably formed of iron pipe, with a cast shell 0 surrounding its lower portion, which shell preferably has flanges 0 extending out therefrom, as shown in Figs. 1 and 5. Under the lower end of this post I prefer to put a plate C having an annular flange extending upwardly therefrom in the center, to receive the lower end of the post. Said flange may, and preferably does, have radial slits to receive the lower edges of the flanges c. Said plate (1' receives the downward thrust of the post occasioned by the pull on the guy rod or wire E, which, as will be readily understood, is considerable, and thus keeps said post from being sunk farther into the ground by the force of said thrust.
The distance or stay rod or rail D preferably. is a section of ordinary iron pipe, and is connected to the posts B and C in any desired manner and serves to hold said posts the desired distance apart. Itis preferably secured to said posts by passing over small lugs, which project out therefrom, or from clips or wings surrounding them.
The guy-rod E, as before stated, extends from at or near the union of the post 0 and the stay-rod D diagonally into the earth, where it connects with the base A, preferably by means of the eyebolt b, as shown. It is preferably a rod, and also, preferably, has a turnbuckle therein, by which it may be easily adjusted. The fence-wires F, of course, are or may be any ordinary wires used in the construction of fences, and extend from the post B to the post 0, and thence to another corner or point more or less distant, as maybe desired.
As will be readily understood, the base A is held lirmly in its position in the earth bythe weight of the earth which rests thereon. The post- B and guy rod or wire E are preferably secured thereto by a single bolt, as shown. The result is an exceedingly strong and firm structure, as will be readily understood. The peculiar formation of the base prevents it from being moved in any direction by any strain to which it can be subjected by the pull of the fence-wires.
Having thus fully described my said invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination of two fence-posts, a stay rod or rail extending between said two posts, an angle-plate base attached to the lower end of the end post, and a guy rod or wire extending from the upper portion of the other post to said base, to which it is connected, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination, in a fence, of a post, a post-base, an cyebolt extending through said post and postbasc in line with the fence, and a guy connected to said eyebolt, said eyebolt thus serving both to secure said post and postbase together and as an anchor attachment for the guy, substantially as set forth.
3. The combination, with a fence post, of: abase which is an anglcplate and which has a socket to receive the lower end of said post,
and an eyebolt passing throligh and connecting said post and said base, the eye of which forms an attaching-point for a guy-rod, substantially as set forth.
I. The combination of a fencc-post, a base which is substantially an anglc-plate, an eyebolt by which they are connected, a second post, and a guy rod or wire attached to said second post and to said eycbolt, substantially as setforth.
5. The combination, with a corner-post for a fence, of a base therefor provided with ears to which guy rods or wires can be connected, and said guy rods or wires, substantially as set forth.
(I. The combination of the two fence-posts B and C, a distance or stay rod or rail between said posts, a diagonal guy rod or wire seen red to said post 0 and extending into the ground, where it is anchored, and a plate or base C", located underneath the lower end of said post C and adapted to receive the end-thrust therefrom, substantially as set forth.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal, at Indianapolis, Indiana, this 14th day of July, A. I). 1800.
(ALVIN l DARN IGLTI.