US 451570 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
. P. PAINTER.
No. 451,570. Patented May 5,1891.
@www foga/' F 1961127225 m 1W @wif ner and top notch, as shown in Fig. 4.
ROBERT F. PAINTER, OF GREENFIELD PATENT OFFICE.
, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR TO THE VARNER MANUFACTURING COMPANY, OF MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming partvof Letters Application filed January 14, 1891.
To all whom, t may concern.-
Be it known that I, ROBERT F. PATNTER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Greenfield, in the county of Franklin and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Parasols, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to umbrellas and parasols; and it consists, broadly, in au umbrella or parasol in which one of the ribs of the frame is used as the support for the parasol either when closed or opened.
.Vhile the invention relates more particularly to parasols which are used as canopies for childrens carriages, and for convenience of illustration I have shown the umbrella or parasol so applied, I wish it distinctly understood that I do not limit myself to its use in that connection, as it is obvious that the invention is capable of varied applications. In the form shown in the drawings the top notch is united to the ribs and the stick is adapted to be inserted into and withdrawn from the top notch at will; but it is apparent that instead ofl this arrangement the stick may be made fast to the top notch and the runner allowed to pass off the lower end of the stick.
In the drawings, Figurel is a vertical sectional view through a parasol or umbrella constructed in accordance with my invention and when used as a canopy for childrens carriages; Fig. 2, a side view showing the umbrella closed; Fig. 3, an enlarged vertical sectional view through the top notch and runner, and Fig. 4 a horizontal sectional view on the line o: x of Fig. 3. In the drawings, A indicates the top notch, which may be of the usual construction-that is to say, it will be provided with an annular band a and a laterally-projecting notched portion b, to which latter the ribs are secured, as clearly shown" in Figs. 1, 3, and 4.
B indicates the runner, which may also be of the usual construction g C, the ribs 5 D, the braces secured at one end to the runner and at the opposite end to th'e ribs, and E the stick which passes freely through the run- The stick E, which when the invention is used as a canopy for childrens carriages will be about five inches in length, passes freely SOL.
Patent No. 451,570, dated May 5, 1891.
Serial No. 377,708. (No model.)
through the top notch and is provided with a spring-latch c, Figs. l and 3, which bears upon the upper face of the top notch and prevents the stick from being withdrawn from the latter.
Then the umbrella or parasol is opened, as shown in Figs. l. and 3, the runner rests upon a pin or stop d, secured to the stick near its lower end. The elasticity of the ribs, of course, 6o urges the runner downward with considerable force against the stop, and as a consequence there is a tendency for the stick to be moved downward through the top notch; but such movement ot' the stick is prevented by means 65 of the spring-latch c, resting upon the upper face of the top notch.
Then it is desired to close the umbrella, the latch c is pushed into the socket made in the stick to receive it, and the latter can then 7o be withdrawn from the top notch, so that by continuing the downward movement the umbrella will be closed, as clearly indicated in Fig. 2.
In passing the stick upward through the top 7 5 notch of course the spring-latch c at the upper end ot' the stick will be pushed backward out ot the way until the stick is pushed far enough to allow the latch to spring out again and engage the upper edge of the top notch. 8o
It will be noticed upon reference to the drawings that one of the ribs C is made heavier than the others and issecured to an upright or standard F, so that when the umbrella is closed it will fold about the said rib 8 5 C', as clearly shown in Fig. 2, the top notch being, of course, free to swing or move relatively to the rib C', in order to permit the umbrella to be folded closely about the said rib C.
Instead of making the rib C separate from the standard F and' riveting or otherwise attaching it thereto, it will be apparent that the rib itself may be so fashioned as to form in itself the support for the umbrella or parasol. Itis preferred, however, to make the rib C an d the standard separate one from the other.
The standard may be mounted in any of the ordinary forms of holders now in common use, so as to permit its inclination to be varied, or roo to permit it to be swung laterally out of the way, as in the canopies now in use.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is-o I. In combination with a supporting-arm forming 011e of the ribs of the shade-frame, a top notch carried by said arm, a stick, a runner applied to the stick, and braces extending from the runner to the ribs, all substantially as shown.
2. In combination with a supporting-arm forming one of the ribs of the shade-frame, a top notch secured to said arm, a stick passing through the top notch and adapted to be disconnected therefrom, a runner mounted upon the lower end of the stick, and braces extending,r from the ribs to the runner.
In combination with the supporting-arm C', forming,r one of the ribs of the frame, the top notch A, carried by said arm, the stick E, provided with the latch c and the pin or stop d and a runner mounted upon the stick, and braces extending from the runner to the ribs.
4. A canopy for childrens carriages and the like, comprising,r a shade-frame, one of the ribs of which is made to act as the arm, whereby when the shade-frame is closed it will fold about the said combined supporting arm and rib.
5. In combination with a support., a top notch provided with a notched rim I), to which the support is pivotally connected, the ribs pivoted to the notched rim of the top notch, a short stick E, adapted to be inserted upward through an opening in the top notch and to be removed therefrom, and a runner mounted upon the lower end of the stick and connected with the ribs by braces.
6. An umbrella or parasol frame having one of its ribs extending downward below the rest, so as to form a support, all substantially as shown and described.
In witness whereof I hereunto set my hand in the presence of two witnesses.
R01-BERT F. PAINTER. "tnesses:
JOHN E. OsGooD, GILEs M. KELLEY.