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Publication numberUS453470 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 2, 1891
Filing dateJan 17, 1891
Publication numberUS 453470 A, US 453470A, US-A-453470, US453470 A, US453470A
InventorsJohn J. Geiger
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 453470 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 453,470, dated Tune 2, 1891.

Application filed January 17, -1 891. Serial No. 378,149. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, JOHN J. GEIGER and LYMAN KNAPP, of Clyde, in the county of Sandusky and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Roofing; and we do hereby'declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use it, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form part of this specification.

Our invention relates to an improvement in roofing; and it consists in the combination of a strip or piece which is formed from a single sheet of metal and is bent or doubled so as to form a double T with the sheets out of which the roof is formed, and which have their edges bent so as to fit in the sides of the double T and a cap which is placed over the upper flanges of the double T'and the roofingplates, and then bent down, as will be more fully described hereinafter.

The object of ourinvention is to provide a metallic roofing in which the parts are quickly and readily applied together, and then secured in position, without requiring the skilled labor which has usually to be employed in this connection.

Figure 1 is a detail View showing allot the parts of a portion of a roof ready to be put together. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the same parts put together, but the cap-piece not bent over. Fig. 3'is a vertical section of the parts when completed. Fig. 4. is a detail view of an end piece.

A represents a sheet of metal which has been bent so as to form a double T, and which is to be nailed directly upon the roof at its lower edges. The sheets or plates B which form the roofing proper have their edges bent into a U shape, so as to fit within the flanges of the part A, and their the cap-piece O is applied over the upper edges of the double T B will be secured together. The edges of the cap are then closed together, and the flanges inclosed in the cap are bent down, as shown, so as to form a tight joint.v

At the ends of the roof, instead of having the double-T pieces A, the flanged end pieces G are used, and which pieces have a flange H upon their inner sides about one-half way down and two flanges a at their upper edges. Only one flange is formed at the center, because the sheets or plates B are applied only to the inner sides of the end pieces. A cap is then applied to the top flanges, which are then turned down, as shown in Fig. 3.

As a sheet-metal roof constructed as here shown and described can be readily applied without the help of skilled labor, a great reduction in the cost of the roof is elfected and an absolutely tight joint without solder is made.

Having thus described our invention, we claim- In a metallic roofing, the combination of the double -T pieces, the roofing-plates having their outer edges made U-shaped, so as to fit in the sides of the double Ts, and the caps which secure the double Ts and the roofingplates together, substantially as shown.

In testimony whereof We affix our signatures in presence of two witnesses.



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2431533 *Feb 26, 1944Nov 25, 1947Baillie Douglas JCar roof
US2542919 *Jun 13, 1946Feb 20, 1951Dudley MelanconRigid type sheet material awning
US2565282 *Sep 22, 1947Aug 21, 1951Thompson Luther TAwning, marquee, or the like
US2590708 *Jun 14, 1948Mar 25, 1952Elsie Myrtle JurasevichInterlocking roofing or siding
US2742116 *Aug 9, 1950Apr 17, 1956Gen ElectricGrill
US3352077 *Apr 12, 1966Nov 14, 1967Hurr I Cane Awning Shutter CoWater seal for roof construction
US3473272 *Apr 10, 1967Oct 21, 1969Goodrich Co B FEnclosure including flaccid nonmetallic surfacing
US3583113 *Aug 29, 1967Jun 8, 1971Winbro IncSheet construction material with bafflelike members at joints
US4192115 *Feb 23, 1978Mar 11, 1980Ryohei YamamotoElongated shingle assembly
US4648231 *Aug 20, 1985Mar 10, 1987Laroche Francois XStructural joint element for panels
US7313893Nov 13, 2003Jan 1, 2008Extech/Exterior Technologies, Inc.Panel clip assembly for use with roof or wall panels
US7661234Aug 9, 2006Feb 16, 2010Extech/Exterior Technologies, Inc.Reduced friction fastening clip assembly for use with standing seam roof or wall panel systems
Cooperative ClassificationE04D3/366