|Publication number||US4535015 A|
|Application number||US 06/585,860|
|Publication date||Aug 13, 1985|
|Filing date||Mar 2, 1984|
|Priority date||Mar 2, 1984|
|Publication number||06585860, 585860, US 4535015 A, US 4535015A, US-A-4535015, US4535015 A, US4535015A|
|Inventors||Jeffrey W. Bruner, Delbert A. Davis, Jack Leach|
|Original Assignee||Burlington Industries, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (35), Classifications (51), Legal Events (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Conventional weft inserted warp knit fabrics have many desirable properties, and desirable production procedures, so that the use thereof for large textile panels, particularly water and air impervious large textile panels such as pond liners, roof reinforcements, tarpaulins, and air supported panels, is desirable. However there have been practical difficulties associated with the formation of weft inserted warp knit fabric into large textile panels. These difficulties primarily occur because there is insufficient cohesion between the yarn systems to provide the necessary seam strength when widths of the fabric are attached to each other. Even after improving the adhesive properties of the fabric by chemical finishing, and coating, sufficient seam strength cannot be achieved for many applications. For instance when it is desired to attach such fabric structures together by buffing the selvedge edges and then utilizing a cement adhesive, the buffing destroys the polymer coating and portions of the fiber bundle, leading to reduced strength and service life. Heat sealing the lapped seam area accelerates the aging process of the polymer by oxidation, and the fibers of the fabric are degraded by the same process. Ultrasonically fusing the lapped areas to form a seam degrades the polymers in a manner similar to heat sealing, with the associated reduced tearing strength and service life.
According to the present invention, the problems inherent in the utilization of weft inserted warp knit fabrics in the construction of large textile panels--as set forth above--are substantially overcome, and large textile panels may be produced that have good seam strength and tear resistance, and long service life. Large textile panels according to the invention are suitable as pond liners, roof reinforcements, tarpaulins, air supported panels, or for other uses where air and water impervious large textile panels are desired.
The basic feature according to the present invention that allows the disadvantages of the prior art to be overcome is the provision of a tough reinforcing substrate along the selvedge edges of the small weft inserted warp knit fabric panels that are produced (and subsequently joined to form large panels). The substrate strips are spaced from each other along the width of the fabric, but extend a sufficient distance along the selvedge edges to provide the desired reinforcement during joining of the edges together, whether by buffing and subsequent application of cement adhesive, or ultrasonic or thermal fusing. The substrate strips are stitched to the weft inserted warp knit fabric during the normal construction thereof, and for some uses may also be provided at intermediate portions along the width of the fabric, parallel to the selvedge edge strips and spaced therefrom. Typical substrate materials utilizable in the practice of the invention include nonwoven fabrics, paper, thermoplastic films, knit, or woven fabrics, as long as they have the necessary toughness to perform the reinforcing function.
In addition to overcoming the drawbacks in the prior art, as discussed above, by the practice of the present invention chemical finishing of the textile panels is facilitated. The fabric of the small textile panels may be securely clamped at each selvedge by the pins or clips of a tenter frame during chemical finishing. Typically finishing would be accomplished by applying an adhesive system, such as an isocyanate, Resorcinol formaldehyde, or Silane, and then applying a thermoset or thermoplastic polymer coating over the adhesive system.
According to the invention, the adjacent selvedge edges of small panels are overlapped, and then attached to each other to form a final large textile panel. The overlapping edges may be cascaded to facilitate buffing and cement application, and then underlying edges turned back to provide attachment to the associated adjacent edges.
It is the primary object of the present invention to provide large textile panels formed from smaller panels of weft inserted warp knit fabric--and a method of production thereof--that have good seam strength, good tear resistance, and long service life. This and other objects of the invention will become clear from an inspection of the detailed description of the invention, and from the appended claims.
FIG. 1 is a top schematic view of a length of a small panel of weft inserted warp knit fabric utilized according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view showing the interrelationship between three small panels (such as those of FIG. 1) that are to be connected together to form a large panel;
FIG. 3 is a view like FIG. 2 but showing the panels just prior to the overlapping edges thereof being joined together;
FIG. 4 is a detail cross-sectional view showing the disposition of the overlapping edges of two of the panels of FIG. 3 just prior to being joined together; and
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of an exemplary large textile panel produced according to the invention.
The first step in the practice of a method according to the present invention is to form a weft inserted warp knit fabric utilizing any suitable conventional machine, such as a Liba, Mayer, or the like. Typical weft inserted warp knit fabric is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 4,298,645. A section of a weft inserted warp knit fabric according to the present invention is shown generally by reference numeral 10 in FIG. 1, and it includes knitting (and stitch forming) yarn 11, lain-in warp yarn 12, and laid-in weft yarn 13. Selvedge edges 14 are provided in the machine direction M. For purposes of the present invention, the yarn 11 is preferably a continuous filament yarn, such as nylon, polyester or like textile fiber. The laid-in warp and weft yarns 12, 13, preferably also are continuous filament yarns, such as nylon, polyester, aramid, fiberglass, or like textile fibers.
In the practice of the present invention, at the selvedge edges 14 of the fabric 10, reinforcing substrate strips 15 are provided. These strips extend a predetermined distance A in the width dimension W of the fabric 10, and the strips 15 are spaced from each other along the width dimension W, as clearly illustrated in FIG. 1. The substrate strips 15 are laid-in in a conventional manner in the conventional Liba or Mayer machines, in much the same way that continuous substrate strips are laid-in in the production of backed weft inserted warp knit fabrics (such as shown in U.S. Pat. No. 3,279,221). The distance A is only as great as is necessary in order to provide adequate reinforcement at the seams of the final large textile panel 17 (see FIG. 5) to be produced.
Any tough sheet material may be used for the substrate strips 15, preferred materials including nonwoven fabrics, paper, thermoplastic films, knit fabric, and woven fabric. The substrate strips 15 are stitch bonded by the knitting/stitching yarns 11 to the warp and weft threads 12, 13, during production of the fabric 10.
For some applications, it is desirable to provide one or more additional strips along the width of the fabric 10. Such an additional strip is illustrated by reference numeral 18 in FIG. 1, the strip 18 extending parallel to the selvedge strips 15, and spaced therefrom in the width dimension W. Such strips 18 are particularly desirable if the fabric 10 is to be severed in the machine direction M in order to provide a large panel having a desired width dimension.
After the formation of small panels, such as first, second, and third small panels 10a, 10b and 10c (see FIGS. 2, 3, and 5) from fabric 10 according to the invention, the small panels are chemically finished. The reinforcing strips 15 facilitate chemical finishing since they allow the fabric 10 to be securely clamped on each selvedge edge 14 by pins or clips of a tenter frame.
While the exact nature of the chemical finishing may vary, typically an adhesive system would first be applied to the fabric 10. Typical adhesive systems include isocyanates, Resorcinol formaldehyde, or Silanes. The adhesive system is usually applied directly to the fibers of the fabric 10 or in combination with an elastomeric polymer. The adhesive system can be cured immediately or held as a prepreg for the application of a final coating, the adhesive system facilitating adherence of the coating to the fabric.
A suitable coating for protecting the fibers of the fabric 10 and preferably rendering the entire panel substantially air and water impervious is applied over the adhesive system by calandering, cement coating, or lamination. Typical coatings that would be applied are thermoset or thermoplastic polymers. Typical thermoplastic polymers include hypalon, polyvinylchloride, acrylic/vinyl chloride, and urethane. Typical thermoset polymers that could be applied are hypalon, neoprene, acrylic, EPDM, urethane, or combinations of these. See coating 21 in FIG. 4.
After a chemical finishing of the small panels 10a-10c, adjacent selvedge edges 14 thereof are ultimately overlapped and affixed to each other in sealing relationship. The degree of overlap of the selvedge edges 14 is no greater than the width A of the strips 15. Attachment of the small panels together may be effected by conventional ultrasonic or thermal fusing. However it is preferred that the edges be prepared, and then attached together adhesively.
FIG. 2 illustrates schematically a simple way to dispose the small panels 10a-10c to attach them together to form a large panel 17 (see FIG. 5). Panel 10a has first and second selvedge edges 14a, 14aa, respectively, the panel 10b has first and second edges 14b, 14bb, respectively, and the third panel 10c has first and second selvedge edges 14c, 14cc, respectively.
The edges 14aa, 14b, 14bb, and 14c are preferably cascaded, as illustrated in FIG. 2, to facilitate buffing thereof and adhesive cement application. The edges 14aa, 14b, 14bb, and 14c are buffed in the conventional manner, and then a suitable cement adhesive is applied thereto, while the panels assume their relative orientation illustrated in FIG. 2. After cement application, the edges 14b and 14c are turned up--as illustrated in FIG. 3--and subsequently pressed together to seal the panels 10a-10c to each other along their selvedge edges.
FIG. 4 is a detail cross-sectional view of typical overlapping edges of small panels just prior to being brought into contact with each other. For illustrative purposes, the edges 14b and 14aa are shown.
In FIG. 4, each of the panels 10a and 10b are shown having a fabric 10 core, with selvedge edge reinforcement strip 15, and with a polymer coating 21 encapsulating the fabric 10. A portion of the coating 21 at each of the edges 14aa and 14b--as indicated by reference numerals 22--has been removed by buffing, and a suitable adhesive cement 23 disposed in this buffed area. The portions containing cement adhesive 23 are subsequently brought into contact with each other, and the small panels 10a and 10b are thus attached to each other in sealed relationship along the selvedge edges 14aa, 14b thereof.
FIG. 5 illustrates the final large panel 17 produced according to the invention. Of course any number of small panels 10a-10c may joined together to form the final panel 17, and the small panels 10a-10c can have any desired dimension in the machine direction M. Typically, the panel 10a-10c would be about five feet wide, and could have a length up to 300 feet or more. The panel 17 is substantially air and water impervious, and may be utilized as a pond liner, roof reinforcement, tarpaulin, air supported panel, or the like.
The provision of the reinforcing substrates 15 along the selvedge edges 14 of each of the small panels 10a-10c provides, ultimately, a final large panel 17 having good seam strength, greater resistance to tearing than conventional weft inserted warp knit fabric panels, and a long service life, in addition to facilitating chemical finishing of the panels.
While the invention has been herein shown and described in what is presently conceived to be the most practical and preferred embodiment thereof, it will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art that many modifications may be made thereof within the scope of the invention, which scope is to be accorded the broadest interpretation of the appended claims so as to encompass all equivalent methods and products.
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|U.S. Classification||428/44, 428/58, 428/61, 405/129.75, 428/53, 156/304.6, 428/52, 428/54, 428/101, 156/304.7, 156/304.4, 156/304.1|
|International Classification||B29C65/08, B29C65/48, B29C65/00, B29C65/02, E02D31/02, D06N7/00, E02D19/12, E04D5/10|
|Cooperative Classification||B29C66/71, B29C66/72328, B29C66/73921, B29C66/7394, B29C66/7392, B29C66/7292, D06N2209/125, D06N5/00, D06N2209/128, Y10T428/169, Y10T428/17, Y10T428/24025, Y10T428/18, Y10T428/192, Y10T428/197, Y10T428/16, B29C66/02245, B29C65/02, E04D5/10, E02D31/02, B29C65/48, B29C66/435, B29C65/08, B29C66/723, E02D19/12|
|European Classification||B29C66/435, B29C66/723, D06N7/00, E02D31/02, E02D19/12, E04D5/10|
|Mar 2, 1984||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BURLINGTON INDUSTRIES INC GREENSBORO NC A DE CORP
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:BRUNER, JEFFREY W.;DAVIS, DELBERT A.;LEACH, JACK;REEL/FRAME:004238/0903
Effective date: 19840224
|Nov 9, 1987||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BURLINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:BURLINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004821/0756
Effective date: 19870903
Owner name: BURLINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:BI/MS HOLDS I INC.;REEL/FRAME:004827/0512
Effective date: 19870903
Owner name: BURLINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC.,STATELESS
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:BI/MS HOLDS I INC.;REEL/FRAME:004827/0512
Effective date: 19870903
|Jan 6, 1989||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Mar 26, 1992||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CHEMICAL BANK A NY BANKING CORPORATION
Free format text: LIEN;ASSIGNORS:BURLINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC., A DE CORPORATION;BURLINGTON FABRICS INC., A DE CORPORATION;B.I. TRANSPORTATION, INC.;REEL/FRAME:006054/0351
Effective date: 19920319
|Feb 11, 1993||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Mar 18, 1997||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Aug 10, 1997||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Oct 21, 1997||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19970813