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Publication numberUS4535324 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 06/397,538
Publication dateAug 13, 1985
Filing dateJul 12, 1982
Priority dateJul 12, 1982
Fee statusLapsed
Publication number06397538, 397538, US 4535324 A, US 4535324A, US-A-4535324, US4535324 A, US4535324A
InventorsMark Levental
Original AssigneeMark Levental
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Remote activated alarm triggering device
US 4535324 A
Abstract
An alarm activator in the form of a ring-transmitter can be squeezed readily to activate an alarm by either ultrasonic or radio or infrared waves. The ring consists of either an ultrasonic or radio or infrared transmitter in a casing welded on an incomplete ring. Inside the casing is located a power source, a time delay circuit, an oscillator, a timer and either an ultrasonic or radio or infrared transducer. The tips of the incomplete ring are provided with two conductors, e.g. silver plates, one on each tip, forming a normally open contact. An all-around clearance is provided between the casing and the ring to permit the compression of the ring without interference from the casing to close the normally open contact and to permit current to flow from the power source through the time delay, energizing the timer which in turn will turn on the oscillator for a short time. The oscillator energizes the transducer which generates either ultrasonic, radio or infrared waves, and upon reaching a receiver an alarm will be initiated.
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Claims(12)
The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privelege is claimed are defined as follows:
1. A remotely activated alarm triggering device comprising a transmitter means mounted in a casing which is secured to an incomplete finger ring, said ring having opposed free ends forming a gap, an electrical conductor secured to each of said opposed free ends, said gap forming a normally open contact, said normally open contact being closed by applying opposing forces on said ring by fingers adjacent said ring when worn to close the normally open contact whereby to activate said transmitter to generate a signal to activate a remote alarm circuit.
2. A remotely activated alarm triggering device as defined in claim 1, wherein said transmitter means is an ultrasonic frequency transmitter; said transmitter including a power source, a time delay circuit, an oscillator, a timer and an ultrasonic sound generator; said normally open contact when closed permitting current to flow from said power source through said time delay circuit energizing said timer which turns on the oscillator for a short time, said oscillator energizing said ultrasonic sound generator which generates ultrasonic sound waves to activate said alarm circuit, wherein said alarm circuit is a receiver comprising a transducer which will convert said generated sound waves into corresponding electrical impulses, said impulses being filtered by a band-pass filter to eliminate surrounding interference, and to make sure that only a predetermined frequency can activate an alarm, said electrical impulses, having passed said filter, being amplified by an amplifier and fed to an alarm activator through a time delay circuit.
3. A remotely activated alarm triggering device as defined in claim 2, in which said casing is welded to said ring adjacent one of said opposed free ends and extends across said gap, said casing also having an all-around clearance between the casing and the ring to permit said gap to be closed without interference from said casing.
4. A remotely activated alarm triggering device as defined in claim 3, in which said clearance is between 0.1 and 3.0 millimeters wide.
5. A remotely activated alarm triggering device as defined in claim 2, in which said conductors are silver plates mounted on the free ends of the ring to form said normally open contact.
6. A remotely activated alarm triggering device as defined in claim 5, in which said gap between said conductors is between 0.1 and 3.0 millimeters wide.
7. A remotely activated alarm triggering device as defined in claim 2, in which said ultrasonic sound generator is a piezoelectric crystal.
8. A remotely activated alarm triggering device as defined in claim 2, in which said time delay circuit of said transmitter provides a time delay of between 0.1 and 5 seconds.
9. A remotely activated alarm triggering device as defined in claim 2, in which said timer will automatically turn off said transmitter after a delay of 0.1-20 seconds.
10. A remotely activated alarm triggering device as defined in claim 2, in which said time delay circuit of receiver provides a delay of between 0.01 and 5 seconds.
11. A remotely activated alarm triggering device as claimed in claim 1, wherein said transmitter means is a radio transmitter which generates radio frequency waves.
12. A remotely activated alarm triggering device as claimed in claim 1, wherein said transmitter means is an infrared transmitter generating infrared frequency waves.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to a finger ring transmitter for initiating a remote alarm.

Ever since man has started trading, theft has been a major problem, reappearing throughout the ages and showing us its ugly face. Development of devices providing security for the dealer or teller as well as security for the transaction itself where items of value are being transferred or held by the dealer or teller and the agency he represents, has been a continuing concern which has assumed increased significance with the passing years. Attempted means for providing an adequate degree of protection have assumed a variety of forms. Most such security devices are conceived for use by banks and similar institutions which are seen generally to yield the richest and most readily convertible rewards to those intent on appropriation of value by physical force or thread of physical force. Accordingly, and for the convenience, most of the discussion appearing herein will be in terms of banks. It will, of course, be obvious that the present invention has application, however, to trust companies, jewelry stores, art galleries, prisons (to alert of any uprising), warehouses, shops, showrooms or any other place where property and, or transactions have to be protected without endangering human lives.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is accordingly, an object of this invention to provide a system to alert the police as soon as a robbery starts to unfold, which includes either an ultrasonic or radio or infrared transmitter mounted on a ring, said ring to be worn by the manager of the bank, his assistant or any other employee, and a receiver placed anywhere in the surrounding area, said receiver actuating the alarm at a police station.

A particular object of the invention is to provide greater security for the bank manager and the tellers, who are usually in danger of being suspected of trying to activate an alarm. This invention bypasses these dangers by being inconspicuous, compact, mobile, reliable and the fact that it can be activated from any position, even if handcuffed, lying on the floor with one's hands up, even in close proximity of the robbers. As well, it cannot generate suspicions among the robbers who will never suspect that the ring can trigger an alarm.

According to the invention there is provided either an ultrasonic or radio or infrared transmitter in a casing welded on an incomplete ring, the casing containing a power source, a time delay, an oscillator, a timer, and either an ultrasonic or radio or infrared transducer, the tips of the incomplete ring being soldered to two conductors, in this case silver plates, one on each tip, forming a normally open contact, an all-around clearance between the casing and the ring to permit the compression of the ring without interference from the casing to close the normally open contact and to permit current to flow from the power source through the time delay, energizing the timer which in turn will turn on the oscillator for a short time, the oscillator energizing the transmitter, which will generate either ultrasonic or radio or infrared waves, said waves upon reaching a receiver being turned into corresponding electrical impulses, the impulses being filtered by a bandpass filter to eliminate surrounding interference and to make sure that only the chosen frequency can activate an alarm.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

A preferred embodiment of the present invention will now be described with reference to an example thereof as illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1A is a side view of the ring and cross section of the casing containing the transmitter embodying the present invention;

FIG. 1B is a section view as seen in the direction of section lines A--A in FIG. 1A and illustrating the all-around gap.

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the transmitter, and

FIG. 3 is a block diagram of the receiver.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

It is common in devices for activating alarms to have a switch e.g. a push-button or a pedal situated on the floor, on a wall or under the counter. When an emergency arises the teller presses the button or the pedal to activate the alarm. This procedure, in my opinion, is awkward as well as dangerous. When confronted by a robber with a firearm the teller is limited as to the movements he or she can do without raising suspicions and being shot at. The button being immobile makes it impossible to actuate the alarm when the teller is too far away and cannot reach it. And since every movement is prohibited, standing even close to the button makes it hard, risky and dangerous to activate the alarm. Moreover, if the teller is instructed to stand or lie in the center of the room, the chances of alerting the police are null.

My invention bypasses all these inconveniences by being independent of any wires and thus being portable. It consists of a transmitter mounted on a ring. This ring is to be worn by the bank manager, his assistant or other employees. The transmitter can be activated by squeezing the ring with two adjacent fingers. The transmitter will have a time delay of 0.1-5.0 seconds, which means that the squeeze will have to be maintained for at least 0.1 seconds uninterruptedly in order to turn the transmitter on. This delay will insure the person from turning on the transmitter inadvertently. The transmitter will turn itself off after 0.1-20.0 seconds. The transmitter will be housed in a casing and consist of:

(a) power source

(b) oscillator

(c) time delay

(d) ultrasonic or radio or infrared transducer

(e) normally open contact

(f) timer

During a hold-up the person, who will be wearing the ring-transmitter, will squeeze the ring with his two adjacent fingers, and thus turn on the transmitter. A receiver will be placed anywhere in the room. Other receivers could be installed in other rooms such as the manager's office. The waves, either ultrasonic or radio or infrared, from the transmitter will propagate throughout the room and upon reaching the receiver will activate the alarm at a police station.

The device illustrated in FIG. 1 comprises an incomplete ring 5 to which the casing 6 is welded at a point 7. To the tips of the incomplete ring will be soldered two conductors 2, in this case silver plates, one on each tip, to form a normally open contact 10. The gap between the silver contacts is between 0.1-3.0 millimeters wide. There shall exist an all-around clearance 8 between the casing and the ring (FIG. 1B) to permit the compression of the ring without interference from the casing. The clearance will be between 0.1 and 3.0 millimeters wide. Casing 6 will contain a power source 1, 12 a timer, a time delay circuit 11, and an oscillator 13 forming part of the transmitter, as later described. The wearer's fingers will supply opposed transverse forces in the direction of arrows 9. The cover of the casing be formed by a transducer 3 which may be either an ultrasonic, in which case it would be a piezoelectric crystal, or radio or infrared transducer.

The block diagram of the transmitter, illustrated in FIG. 2, consists of power source 1 connected to a normally open contact 10 which connects to a time delay circuit 11 which in turn connects to a timer 12 feeding an oscillator 13 connected to either an ultrasonic or radio or infrared transducer 3.

The block diagram of the receiver, illustrated in FIG. 3, consists of transducer 14 14 connected to a band-pass filter 15 which feeds an amplifier 16 connected to a time delay circuit 17 which feeds an alarm activator 18.

In an emergency, the person wearing the ring illustrated in FIG. 1 will squeeze with his two adjacent fingers, supplying forces 9 which in turn will close the normally open contact 10 (FIG. 1 or 2). Current will then flow from power source 1 (FIG. 2) through time delay 11, set for 0.1 to 5.0 seconds, energizing the timer 12 which in turn will turn on the oscillator 13 for 0.1 to 20.0 seconds. The oscillator 13 energizes either the ultrasonic or radio or infrared transducer 3, which will generate respectively either ultrasonic or radio or infrared waves.

The generated waves upon reaching the transducer 14 of the receivers (FIG. 3) will be turned into corresponding electrical impulses. These impulses will be filtered by the band-pass filter 15 to eliminate surrounding interference. This filter will make sure that only the chosen frequency can activate the alarm. The electrical impulses having passed the filter will be amplified by the amplifier 16 and fed to the alarm activator 18 through time delay 17. This time delay will make sure that only the ring can activate the alarm, since in order to activate the alarm, the time delay will have to be fed a signal uninterruptedly for at least 0.01 to 5.00 seconds.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2516180 *May 27, 1948Jul 25, 1950Meyer M BrownFinger ring with flashlight attachment
US3825833 *May 18, 1972Jul 23, 1974J BoguePersonal security device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4694284 *Apr 14, 1986Sep 15, 1987Serge LeveilleAbduction-preventing collar
US5003294 *Jan 20, 1988Mar 26, 1991Wakefield Health AuthorityRemote infra-red personal alarm system
US5021794 *Aug 15, 1989Jun 4, 1991Lawrence Robert ATelephone-activated
US5025247 *Apr 9, 1990Jun 18, 1991Banks James CPortable emergency alert system
US5258746 *Dec 3, 1991Nov 2, 1993K & B Protection, Inc.Manually actuatable wrist alarm having a high-intensity sonic alarm signal
US5331325 *Aug 14, 1989Jul 19, 1994Crimestopper Security Products Inc.Remote control transmitter configured as an article of utility
US5420570 *Nov 1, 1993May 30, 1995K & B Protection, Inc.Manually actuatable wrist alarm having a high-intensity sonic alarm signal
US5715623 *Aug 16, 1996Feb 10, 1998Mackey, Iii; Earl H.Firearm alarm having remote indicator
US5838237 *May 22, 1996Nov 17, 1998Revell; Graeme CharlesPersonal alarm device
US5964701 *Oct 24, 1997Oct 12, 1999Massachusetts Institute Of TechnologyPatient monitoring finger ring sensor
US6052051 *Feb 23, 1999Apr 18, 2000Whalen; Patrick J.Multilocation defense device
US6402690Apr 18, 2000Jun 11, 2002Massachusetts Institute Of TechnologyIsolating ring sensor design
US6699199Jun 11, 2002Mar 2, 2004Massachusetts Institute Of TechnologyPhotoplethysmograph signal-to-noise line enhancement
US6947781Dec 12, 2003Sep 20, 2005Massachusetts Institute Of TechnologyVibratory venous and arterial oximetry sensor
US8227956 *Nov 25, 2008Jul 24, 2012Intel CorporationMobile user interface with energy harvesting
EP1069541A2 *Jul 13, 2000Jan 17, 2001Hitachi, Ltd.Mobile object monitoring system
Classifications
U.S. Classification340/574, 340/539.11, 340/531, 340/539.1
International ClassificationG08B1/08, G08B21/02
Cooperative ClassificationG08B21/0297, G08B1/08
European ClassificationG08B1/08, G08B21/02B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 2, 1993FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 19930815
Aug 15, 1993LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Feb 1, 1989FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4