Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS453879 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 9, 1891
Publication numberUS 453879 A, US 453879A, US-A-453879, US453879 A, US453879A
InventorsCharles Owen Burns
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Charles owen burns
US 453879 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

2 Sheets-Sheet I.




No. 458,879. Patented June '9, 1891.

WITNESSES (ModeL) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

C. O. BURNS. SAVINGS REGEPTAOLE. No. 453,879. Patented June 9,1891.




. SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 453,879, dated June 9, 1891.

' Application filed October 1990. SerlalNo. 368,773. (ModeL) To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, CHARLES OWEN BURNS,

' formerly of San Francisco, California, but now ceptacles used by depositors in savings-banks for collecting their savings from time totime and afterward depositing them in the bank.

In view. of the purpose, as above explained, of my improved savings-receptacle and the fact that such is to be rented to or owned by the bank .the deposit or has an account with,

but is loaned or rented to'the depositor'for the collection of his savings, and in view of the fact that it can onlybe opened, when the deposit is-required to be'made, by keys intended to be in the possession of said bank,

. my improved savings-receptacle can a pr? priately be termed an auxiliary ban 5 but to prevent any misconception of terms 'or confusing in the description said receptacle with the bank itself, such receptacle will here simply be referred toasf'a savings-receptacle. I g

The invention consists in a safety-receptacle of this description in which a box pro-' vided with a slot in it for entryof the coin or savings, and with anopening and closing or removable lid, has combined with a lock controlling said lid a catch mechanism controlling the lock'and two keys, the one of which is designed to bea stationary key-for operating the catch controlling the lock and. the other a movable key to the lock itself, thereby giving increased security.

The invention also includes special constructions and combinations of these parts or certain of them, substantially as hereinafter described, and more particularly pointed out in the claims; but it does not include or claim, nor is it confined to, certain described guards applied to the entry slot or tube of the box for preventing the'extraction of the coin or savings throughsaid slot or tube.

As it is a well-known fact that many savings-bank depositors are often tempted to draw, to theirregret afterward. rapes their accumulated savings before depositing in the bank, it will readily be seen that a locked savings receptacle the means of opening which are in the custody of the bank itself will .be of great benefit and advantage to them. a

Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.

Figure 1 represents a View in perspective of a savings-receptacle embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional elevation of the same upon the irregular line 2 2 in Fig. 3, looking'in direction of the arrow. Fig. 3 is a further vertical section inaplane at right angles to Fig. 2 upon the irregular line 3 3 in said Fig. 2, looking in direction of the arrow thereon. Fig. 4 is a perspective View of portionof a bank counter or other fixture with the stationarykeyof thesavings-receptacle attached. Fig. 5 is an inverted plan of the lid or cover of the receptacle with the lock and lock controlling catch attachment applied and showing the parts in the position when the bolt of the lock is drawn back, the coverv of the' catch mechanism being removed; and Fig. 6 is a similar view of the same with the parts in their locking position. Fig. 7 is a perspective view from the under side of the lid or cover with the catch mechanism exposed, but with the lock removed. Fig. 8 is a section in part upon the line 8 8 in Fig. 6. Fig. 9 is a section in part upon the irregular line 9 9 in Fig. 6, and Fig. 10 is a perspective view-of the key which operates the look.

A indicates the savings-receptacle madeof metal or other suitable material and here shown as of square or rectangular shape; but both its shape and size may be changed. Said receptacle may be fitted on itstop with a bailor handle I), by which to carry it, and

said one side or top has a slot 0 made through by the upper open end of a correspondinglyshaped tube B, made to project through the top of the receptable and descending into the interior of the receptacle. This coin-receiv- "ing tube is provided at its'lower open end with pivoted pendentguards d on opposite sides of it to prevent abstraction of any of the contents of the receptacle on inverting itthat is, turning it upside down from either sideor shaking it, said'guards then swing- 5 ing to close egress of any of the coins deposited in the receptacle, as shown by reverse arrows in Fig. 3. These guards are preferably divided to form a series of independent narrow guides on each side of the tube B, as shown, whereby they have more-fieedom of action and better arrest the egress of small coins than if made in a single piece on each side of the tube.

The lid or cover 0, which forms one of the I 5 sides of the receptacle, is rabbeted on its inner face to enter within a corsespondinglyshaped recess e of the inwardly-overhanging walls of the opening in which said lid fits, as shown in Fig. 3, and is provided with hingezo pin-like projections f f on opposite sides of its one margin to facilitate the turning of the lid when lifting or removing it, the opposite margin of the lid being the locking one.

The inner face of the lid 0 has secured to D, which may. be of the ordinary or any suitable construction, so far as the mechanism for shooting or drawing back its bolt h is concerned. It will not be necessary, there- 0 fore, to show or describe here the working details of the look, as such, which maybe more or less intricate for securitys sake, may be varied, and it is desirable that the lock D of each banks savings-receptacles should have 5 a diiferent combination. Said lock is shown as provided with a collar projection 2', arranged to pass through the lid 0 and as having a key-hole barrel k within it for the key E, that operates the lock, to be entered within 40 and removed from, as required. This forms the removable key of the receptacle, which will vary in shape and construction, according to the adopted construction of the lock D. Each banking-institution for its several 5 savings-receptacles has its own removable key and own stationary key, the keys of. the diflerent receptacles always remaining in custody of the bank. The bolt h when shot does not directly em gage with the inwardly-overhanging wall of the opening which the lid C closes-that is, the wall next adjacent to the bolt; but said bolt is connectedas, for instance, byarpin l-with a slide or sliding frame G on the ing5 ner side of the lid (1,-whieh as it is projected or shot forward by the bolt of the lock engages with the back or inner side of said wall by means of one or more hook-shaped clips m, attached to the forward end of the slide on G. Before the lock D can be operated, however, to open or close the lid 0 by means of the sliding frame G said frame has to be released from a catch mechanism which controls it and so controls the lock D or its bolt '7, connected by theipin Zwith the slide Gt. This lock-continuing catch mechanismconslstsin part of. a series of pivoted tumblers gaging tion withsaid eiide,

I, inclosed'within a case or cover J at the one side of the lock and acted upon by springs '22. Thesetumblershaveopeningsintheirfreeends and stops or lips 0 on the one edge of said openings, which lips, when the tumblers'are not swung back against the tension of their springs it, pass under or over (accordingly as the lid is locked or unlocked) astud r on the sliding frame G, and so hold it in its locked or unlocked position. The tumblers I have therefore to be separately swung back before the stud 'r of the slide G can pass the lips o and said slide be at liberty to move by the key E, controlling the lock D. This is done by moving the savings-receptacle A up against or in line with a stationary key H, fast to the counter or other fixture K in the bank, and so that said key will enter a side key-hole s in the savings'receptacle and by suitable wards en-,

gage with notches 'v in the tumblers to throw back or adjust the tumblers till the stud 9' will be free to pass the tumbler-lips 0. This stationary key H, which operates by sliding the savings-receptacle along or over it, may

be a general one common to all the savingsreceptacles the bank has to do with.

When a depositor brings his savings-receptacle to deposit its contents in the bank, he hands it to the clerk or oiiicer in charge, who first moves the receptacle up'ove'r the key II to place the tumblersl in position to admit of the key E being turned to draw back the bolt h of the lock D and with it the sliding locking-frame G, as desired. The lid 0 is then opened or removed, and after the contents have been taken from the regeptacle the lid 0 is replaced, the tumblers i then adjusted again into an unlocking position with the stud r of the slide 0, and the keyE tut-l ed to lock the lid, after whichjlie' receptacle A' is drawn from 0% the stationary key and the savings-receptacle returned locked to the deposiror for future use.

Ofccurse the key H may have wards of different construction or arrangement or be of any suitable kind to operate the tumblers of the catch mechanism. controlling the lock.

Having thus fully described my invention, %claim as new and desire to secure by Letters atent- Y 1. In a savings-receptacle havinga slot for able key adapted to operate the bolt of said lock,-catch mechanism adapted to control said lock, and a stationary key adapted to control said catch mechanism.

2. In a savings-receptacle havinga slot for reception of the coin 'and a lid for the removal of it, the oombinatiomwith said receptacle, of an interior locking and unlocking slide opera ing to secure and release said lid,

' a lock havinga bolt connected'with'said slide,

a tumblermechanism in engaginganddisena movable key for operating the lock, and a stationary 453,879 e 'key adapted control the turnbler meehan- -disen5331 1.522 from said stud and accessible from ism,ess'en tjal1y as herein set 'forthg f the exterior of the receptacle bya stationary 1e 3; The ebmbination,-withthe bodyof the rekey, substantially as shown anddescribed. ceptac eand its'lid of alock D controlled by 1 I 5 a movable key,the lockingajnd unlockingv CH OWEN ;$lideG, attachedto.theflbeltrof.said lock and in .Witnes sesz. 4 provided with a locking stop or stud 1', and 'M, 0. Brute-LAY} the tumblers-I, adapted to engage with and GREGORY..

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4037780 *Apr 5, 1976Jul 26, 1977Acme Visible Records, Inc.Locking letter tray
US6490893 *Aug 11, 2000Dec 10, 2002Jessie K. BenionPortable lockbox
US20120198895 *Feb 8, 2011Aug 9, 2012Aileen De MariaLockbox Storage Apparatus
Cooperative ClassificationE05B35/12