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Publication numberUS453972 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 9, 1891
Filing dateDec 18, 1890
Publication numberUS 453972 A, US 453972A, US-A-453972, US453972 A, US453972A
InventorsGeorge Gray
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
George gray
US 453972 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)



No. 453,972. Patented June 9,1891.

ject of the Queen of Great Britain, residing and claimed, reference being made to in its closed position; and Fig. 7 is a side ele- 3 UNrTED STATES PATENT OFFICE.



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 453,972, dated June 9, 1891.

Application filed December 18, 1:890. Serial No. 375,121. (No model.) Patented in England April 12, 1890, No. 5,594.

To all whom it may concern;

Be it known that I, GEORGEGRAY, a subat Bloomsbury, in the city of London, Eng land, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Spoons, (for which I have obtained Letters Patent in Great Britain, No. 5,594, dated April 12, 1890,) of which the following is a full, clear, and exactspecification.

This invention has for its object to provide a novel spoon, specially designed for produc ing tea or coffee; and it consists in the features of construction and the combination or arrangement of devices hereinafter described I the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a side elevation, partly in sec tion, of a spoon constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing a modified arrangement. Fig. 3 is a plan view of another modification showing the spoon-bowls in their open position. Fig. 4 isaplan view of another modification. Fig. 5 is a sectional side,elevati0n of the same, showing the pivoted spoon-bowl in its open position. Fig. dis a sectional side elevation of the same, showing the pivoted spoon-bowlvation of another modification,showing the pivoted spoon-bowl in its open position.

In order to enable those skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I will now describe the same in detail, referring to the drawings, where- The letters A and B indicate a pair of perforated or foraminous spoon-bowls, and C the spoon-handle to which the shank E of the spoon-bowl is pivoted by a pivot-pin F in such manner that the pivoted spoon-bowl can swing to and from the spoon-bowl, which is rigid with the spoon-handle. The shank E is extended past the -pivot -'pin' F and pro ects through an adjustable collarD, mounted upon and carried by the spoon-handle C 1n uxtaposition to the two spoon-bowls The shank E is slightly curved and the ad ustable collar isinternally screw-threaded to engage a screwthreaded portion of the spoon-handle m such manner that by adjusting the collar toward the two spoon-bowls such collaracts upon the shank in advance of its pivot-pin F, and thereby retains the pivoted spoon-bowl in its closed position upon the spoon-bowl, which is rigid with the handle. By adjusting the collarD in the reverse direction it is caused to act upon the curved portion of the shank E, and thereby serves to tilt the pivoted spoon-bowl B to'its open position.

The spoon constructed as described is particularly designed for producing tea or cofiee by placing the tea or'cofiee between the two spoon-bowls and then holding the pivoted bowl in its closed position by the adjustment of the collar D, as above explained, after which boiling water is poured into the cup or vessel, into which the charged spoon has been previously placed. It will be obvious, how: ever, that the spoon can be utilized for other purposes of a similar nature.

In Fig. l the shank E projects through the adjustable collar, and the latter is adjustable by means of its screw-threaded connection -with the spoon-handle C; but in Fig. -2 the collar D simply slides upon the spoon-handle O and bears against the under side of the shank E in such manner that when the collar is adjusted toward the spoon-bowls suchcollar retains the pivoted spoon-bowl B in its closed position upon the spoon-bowl A, which is rigid with the spoon-handle, while by moving the collar in the reverse direction the shank E is released, and consequently the pivoted spoon-bowl can swing to its open position.

In Fig. 3 the adjustable collar D is constructed the same as described with reference to Fig. 1, in that it has a screw-threaded connection with the spoon-handle C; but the I spoon-bowl B is pivoted by pivot-pin G to one edge of the sp oon-bowl A, and such pivoted spoon-bowl is provided with a laterally-projecting shank E, so constructed and arranged that when the pivoted spoonbowl is in its closed position the adjustable collar can be moved over the shank, and thereby retain the pivoted spoon-bowl in position on the spoonbowl whiehis rigid with the handle.

In Figs. 4, 5, and 6 the spoon-bowl B is provided with a shank E having its extremity pivoted to the spoon-handle by a pivot-pin F,-

and the spoon-handle is constructed with a boss or sleeve I, having an internal screwthread ,with which engages the screw-threaded shank J of the collar D, so that by turning the collar in the proper direction the screwthreaded shank is advanced to bear against the shank E whereby the pivoted spoonbowl is held in its closed position.

In Fig. 7 the spoon-bowl B is provided with a shankE pivoted by a pivot-pin F in a slotted part of the spoon-handle C, which slotted part is screw-threaded for the adj ustpivoted spoon-bowl in its closed position,

whereby tea, cofiee, or other material introduced between the spoon-bowls is confined therein for the purpose of producing tea, coilee, or other mixtures.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is- 1. As an improved article of manufacture, a tea and coffee spoon consisting of ahandle, a pair of perforated spoon-bowls, one of which is pivot ed and provided with a shank, and an adjustable device mounted upon and carried by the spoon-handle and movable into engagement with the shank of the pivoted spoon-bowl for the purpose of looking it in its closed position, substantially as described.

2. A tea and coflfee spoon consisting of a handle, a pair of perforated spoon-bowls, one of which is pivoted and provided with a shank, and an adjustable collar mounted upon and carried by the spoon-handle and movable into engagement with the shank of the pivoted spoon-bowl for retaining it in its closed position, substantially as described.

In witness whereof I have hereto signed my name, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses, this 27th day of November, 1890.




' Patent Agent, RICHARD Conn GARDNER, Both of 166 Fleet Street, London, England.

Referenced by
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US4275646 *Sep 17, 1979Jun 30, 1981Barna Stephen LKitchen utensil for making flavored beverages
US4338338 *Nov 24, 1980Jul 6, 1982Popkes Opal LBeverage strainers
US4465697 *Jun 14, 1983Aug 14, 1984Brice Ilotan Research CorporationCoffee brewing apparatus and method
US5556013 *Jun 2, 1994Sep 17, 1996Ingenious Design ProductsIntimate garment protector
US5979300 *Oct 9, 1996Nov 9, 1999Kefir Culture Natural LimitedStarter culture receptacle and methods using the same
US7836821Aug 16, 2007Nov 23, 2010Bryan Daniel SmithFun dipper
US20120107455 *May 3, 2012Paul Gregory BriggsNon-floating beverage infuser and rigid clamp
US20120213891 *Aug 23, 2012Anthony SimonePerforated Stirrer
Cooperative ClassificationA47J31/02