|Publication number||US4546755 A|
|Application number||US 06/541,338|
|Publication date||Oct 15, 1985|
|Filing date||Feb 9, 1983|
|Priority date||Feb 16, 1982|
|Also published as||DE3360809D1, EP0101470A1, EP0101470B1, WO1983002746A1|
|Publication number||06541338, 541338, PCT/1983/43, PCT/SE/1983/000043, PCT/SE/1983/00043, PCT/SE/83/000043, PCT/SE/83/00043, PCT/SE1983/000043, PCT/SE1983/00043, PCT/SE1983000043, PCT/SE198300043, PCT/SE83/000043, PCT/SE83/00043, PCT/SE83000043, PCT/SE8300043, US 4546755 A, US 4546755A, US-A-4546755, US4546755 A, US4546755A|
|Original Assignee||Ove Gustavsson|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (15), Classifications (6), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a chain saw, preferably a so-called motor saw, which is useful in sawing concrete and similar, preferably hard, materials. Such chain saws include a motor which drives an enclosed saw-chain arranged along the edge of a saw-bar, the saw-chain comprising links, of at least some of which are fitted with at least one cutter projecting from the saw-bar.
2. The Prior Art
The known motor-saws are provided with a saw-chain consisting of three types of links which are movably arranged with respect to one another by means of pins in the same way as with known roller-chains. The links consist of saw-links provided with one or several sawteeth respectively, connecting links and control links provided with a drive and control lug extending into a guide groove which extends along the edge of the saw-bar. The saw-links and connecting links are joined in pairs, parallel and next to one another, by means of pins in such a way that each pair of links consists of a saw-link and a connecting link or two connecting links. Furthermore, the pairs of links are mutually connected by the control-links so as to form a chain.
The known saw-chain has the disadvantage that, when it is used for sawing hard materials such as, e.g., concrete, abraded wear-producing material collects in the chain gaps, which causes rapid wear of the chain's gliding surfaces, both in the actual chain and within the guide groove within the bar. Also, the drive arrangement fitted to the motor of the saw and driving the chain around the bar becomes worn, owing to the action of the abraded material.
The aim of the present invention consists in eliminating these disadvantages. The aim has been achieved by a sealing arrangement for an enclosed saw-chain arranged to move along the edge of a saw-bar and comprising links, some of which at least are provided with a cutter and some at least with a control lug, substantially located in a single plane through the saw-bar, whereby the cutter is directed outward from the bar and the control lugs are orientated inwardly towards the bar and engage a guide groove extending along the edge of the bar, with the links being movably joined with one another. The invention is characterised in that the links are entirely or partly enclosed in a seal, with the cutters and the control lugs projecting from the seal. The seal consists of an elastic, strong, and wear-resistant plastic which adheres well to the surfaces of the links and easily penetrates the spaces within the chain during its application, to which end use is made of its liquid form. The seal is also executed in such a way as to attach to the outer faces of the saw-bar. The invention prevents the abraded wear-producing material from penetrating to the gliding faces of the saw-chain, as a result of which the life of the chain increases considerably.
The invention will be better understood by reference to the attached drawing taken in conjunction with the following discussion.
FIG. 1 shows an enlarged view of a part of a saw-bar seen from the side, on which a saw-chain moves along its lower edge.
FIG. 2 shows in a further enlarged form a cross-section in accordance with the line A--A in FIG. 1.
The chain saw in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the invention comprises a motor, not shown in the figures, which drives an enclosed saw-chain that is arranged to move along the peripheral edge of a flat saw-bar 1, the saw chain comprising a series of link assemblies, each consisting of a U-shaped working link 2, the two parallel sides of which are provided with two holes arranged as a pair while at its base a cutter 5 is firmly secured and orientated away from saw-bar 1, a control link 3 provided with two holes and arranged between the sides of working link 2 on a joint pin 8 so that the other hole of control link 3 is located outside working link 2, a connecting link 4 consisting of two identical link halves provided with two holes each and fitted with the aid of a joint pin 9 in such a way that there is one link half on either side of control link 3, as well as finally yet one control link 3 fitted with the aid of a joint pin 10 between the two link halves of connecting link 4. Then follows a new link assembly consisting of a working link 2 connected via pin 11, a control link 3, a connecting link 4 and a further control link 3. Each control link 3 includes a control lug 6 which extends towards and within a guide groove 7 that extends along the periphery of the saw-bar 1.
Links 2, 3 and 4 are enclosed in a seal 12 consisting of polyurethane plastic known as ADIPREN (a trademarked product made by Uniroyal), which is applied in a liquid form and which penetrates into the spaces within the chain, adhering firmly to the opposite link faces. Seal 12 extends downwardly a little along the short sides of cutter 5 and encompasses the opposite faces of saw-bar 1 by means of overlapping edges 13. The width of seal 12 is identical with the width of cutter 5, thus making it possible to lower, in the process of sawing, saw-bar 1 into the saw-cut without any damage to seal 12.
Cutter 5 consists of a sintered element comprising diamond grain. Cutter 5 is substantially shaped as a rectangular parallelpiped, one wall of which consists of part of a cylindrical surface. Cutter 5 is attached to working link 2 with the cylindrical surface arranged at right angles toward the plane through the saw-bar, as a result of which the cutting edge of cutter 5 is given an obtuse angle, which reduces the danger, of damage especially when sawing with the end of saw-bar 1 where the saw-chain is bent around the end of the latter so that the angle of attack of cutter 5 in respect of the material to be worked upon becomes unfavourable. Cutter 5 is attached to working link 2 by means of a hard-brazed area 14 at its U-shaped base.
With alternative embodiments of the chain-saw in accordance with the invention the connecting links 4 can be replaced by a working link 5. It is also possible to make use of links, not shown in the figures, without control lugs 6 instead of, e.g., every other control link 3. Alternatively, working link 5 can be provided with a seat, not shown in the figures, for cutter 5, thus enabling higher loadings.
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|US1736607 *||Jan 27, 1927||Nov 19, 1929||Legge Peter S||Saw|
|US3459169 *||Aug 12, 1966||Aug 5, 1969||Northern Lumber Co Inc||Chain saw for cutting very hard materials and having plunge cutting means|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4896648 *||Oct 20, 1987||Jan 30, 1990||Gamma Stawag Ag||Guide rail and link chain for chain saw|
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|US8651005 *||May 21, 2009||Feb 18, 2014||Blount, Inc.||Utility chain cutter|
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|US9168671 *||Sep 25, 2008||Oct 27, 2015||Komatsu Forest Ab||Method and arrangement for a sawchain|
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|US20070169605 *||Aug 19, 2006||Jul 26, 2007||Szymanski David A||Components having sharp edge made of sintered particulate material|
|US20070261530 *||May 11, 2006||Nov 15, 2007||Indigo Innovators, Inc.||Saw blade with replaceable cutting teeth members|
|US20100005668 *||Jan 14, 2010||Blount, Inc.||Utility chain cutter|
|US20110226112 *||Sep 25, 2008||Sep 22, 2011||Komatsu Forest Ab||Method and arrangement for a sawchain|
|US20140013918 *||Sep 13, 2013||Jan 16, 2014||Blount, Inc.||Utility chain cutter|
|U.S. Classification||125/21, 83/830|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T83/909, B28D1/124|
|Apr 3, 1989||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 25, 1993||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Oct 17, 1993||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Dec 28, 1993||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19891017