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Publication numberUS4557003 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 06/725,829
Publication dateDec 10, 1985
Filing dateApr 22, 1985
Priority dateApr 22, 1985
Fee statusPaid
Also published asCA1261556A, CA1261556A1
Publication number06725829, 725829, US 4557003 A, US 4557003A, US-A-4557003, US4557003 A, US4557003A
InventorsThomas L. Jones
Original AssigneeJones Thomas L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shower mirror apparatus
US 4557003 A
A shower apparatus includes a mirror mounted in a housing which forms a plenum behind the mirror. All of the shower water is made to flow through the plenum to heat the back of the mirror and thereby through convection heat the reflective front surface to prevent fogging prior to being discharged through the shower head. Rotatable coupling joints are employed to facilitate positioning of the mirror.
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What is claimed is:
1. In a shower apparatus having a water supply for dispensing shower water through a shower head, the improvement comprising:
(a) a first tubular connector having a fixed connection to a shower water supply;
(b) a second tubular connector mounting on one end of a shower head;
(c) a tee fitting including:
(i) an inlet connected to said shower water supply through said first tubular connector;
(ii) an outlet connected to said shower head through said second tubular connector; and
(iii) an internal divider establishing a first passage communicating with said inlet and a second passage communicating with said outlet;
(d) a mirror assembly having:
(i) a housing having a back wall and a front wall;
(ii) a mirror mounted in said housing adjacent said front wall and having a front reflective surface and a back surface; and
(iii) a plenum formed by said front wall with said back wall for holding shower water to be placed in contact with said front wall which is in contact with said mirror back surface so as to transmit heat from said front wall to said mirror back and to heat said mirror front surface to prevent fogging thereof;
(e) a third tubular connector having:
(i) a first passage communicating said tee fitting first passage with said plenum for transferring shower water from said supply to said plenum to fill said plenum and through heat transfer heat said mirror; and
(ii) a second passage communicating said tee fitting second passage with said plenum for transferring shower water which has heated said mirror back surface through heat transfer from said plenum to said shower head;
(f) rotatable coupling means joining said tee connector to said first, second and third tubular connectors and said third tubular connector to said housing whereby:
(i) said tee connector is enabled to rotate relative to said first and second tubular connectors;
(ii) said third tubular connector is enabled to rotate relative to said tee connector; and
(iii) said mirror housing is enabled to rotate relative to said third tubular connector.
2. A shower apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said tubular connectors, tee connector and mirror housing comprise plastic molded components.
3. In a shower apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said third tubular connector includes an integral tubular portion thereof mounted within said plenum and said integral tubular portion forms a portion of said third tubular connector first passage in said plenum.
4. In a shower apparatus as claimed in claim 1 including a clip member secured at opposite ends to and enabling said first and second connectors to remain relatively fixed in relation to each other while allowing limited rotation of said tee connector between and with respect to said first and second connectors.

1. Technical Field

The invention relates to a shower-mounted mirror.

2. Background Art

A common and well-known problem in using shaving equipment in a bathroom is that of the mirror fogging. It has been known to use hot water to prevent fogging of a mirror in a cabinet as in U.S. Pat. No. 4,327,961 and also to divert a portion of the hot water entering a shower stall to heat a mirror in the shower stall to prevent fogging of the mirror. U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,594,063, 3,708,218 and 4,150,869 are illustrative of past practices related to the present invention. The mirrors illustrated however are not adjustable in position and do not permit the mirror heating water to be used for showering.

In spite of the mentioned prior art, there has not been provided a type of shower mirror with easily installed plumbing and ease of positioning to meet the needs of varying conditions in the shower, people of different heights using the mirror and similiar conditions. Also to be noted is that certain skin and allergy conditions require complete removal of shaving soap which is facilitated by shaving in the shower. Furthermore, the prior art shower mirrors do not provide for the mirror heating water to be used for showering.

Thus, the object of the present invention becomes that of providing an improved shower mirror overcoming the deficiencies of the prior art. Other objects will become apparent as the description proceeds.


The shower mirror apparatus of the invention incorporates a tee divider between the shower water connection and the shower head. This tee divider is in turn connected to a mirror assembly. The various interconnecting pipes, the tee divider and the mirror assembly are arranged such that all of the incoming shower water is diverted into the mirror assembly, passes behind the back face of the mirror and then exits to the shower head such that the front face of the mirror is heated or is at least raised to a temperature higher than the temperature of the water exiting the shower head. The mirror is thus prevented from fogging when used for shaving or other purposes and all the mirror heating water becomes available for showering. Additionally, a number of rotatable joints are utilized between the mirror assembly, the tee divider, and the shower head such that the mirror can be moved to any of a number of positions convenient to the users height and needs while taking a shower.


FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a shower mirror assembly according to the invention and shown disconnected from the shower water source but with the shower head installed.

FIG. 2 is a section view taken through the various parts making up the shower mirror assembly of the invention and without the shower head.

FIG. 3 is a section view taken generally in the direction of line 3--3 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary, section view of the tee divider and the curved mirror connector pipe.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged, top plan view of the end of the curved mirror connector pipe adjacent the tee divider.


The invention shower mirror assembly 10 of the invention comprises a downwardly-directed, curved, water connected pipe 12 having a threaded connection 14 for connecting to a mating pipe, not shown, conveying the water to be used for showering. The conventional temperature control is not shown. Connector pipe 12 connects to a tee divider 16 through a rotatable coupling joint 18 enabling tee divider 16 to be rotated relative to connector pipe 12 which is conventionally fixed when installed and connected to the shower water source pipe. Tee divider 16 has a divider 20 enabling the incoming shower water in passage 13 after passing through the snap-fit end portion 24 to be directed to passage 28 in a curved mirror connector pipe 30. Divider 27 of mirror connector pipe 30 mates with divider 20 of tee divider 16 to establish passage 28 and a later-referred to outlet passage 32.

Tee divider 16 and mirror connector pipe 30 connect through a rotatable coupling joint 36 and mirror connector pipe 30 connects to mirror housing 40 through another rotatable coupling joint 42. Mirror connector pipe 30 also includes a molded tubular portion 44 forming an extension of passage 28 for receiving the incoming shower water which is discharged from exit 29. A back wall 50 and a front wall 51 on mirror housing 40 confines the incoming shower water by forming a plenum 41 within housing 40. The back side 52b of the mirror 52 is in contact with front wall 51. The front side 52f of mirror 52 provides a light reflective surface for shaving or other purposes while taking a shower.

The shower water exiting exit 29 thus diffuses over the back side of front wall 51 transferring heat from the shower water to back side 52b of mirror 52 and thus heats the mirror front side 52f by convection and prevents fogging. The shower water then exits through exit 31 into passage 32, through the snap-fit end portion 34 and into passage 56 in curved shower pipe connector 58. Shower pipe connector 58 connects to tee divider 16 through another rotatable coupling joint 60. Shower head 62 threadably connects to the threaded end 64 of shower pipe connector 58. O-rings 66, 68, 70 and 72 effect sealing at the various rotatable joints.

Water connector pipe 12, tee divider 16, mirror connector pipe 30, mirror housing 40 and shower connector pipe 58 may, if desired, be formed entirely of molded components with the various rotatable joints designed for snap-fit liquid tight connections according to conventional practices. Thus, the entire assembly as depicted in FIG. 2 can be installed simply by removing the conventional shower head and installing the assembly 10 shown in FIG. 2 with the shower head 62 being connected to the threaded connection 64. Once installed, the connector pipe 12 and shower pipe connector 58 will assume a relatively-fixed position relative to each other due to clip 80 fixedly secured at one end to pipe 12 and at the opposite end fixedly secured to connector 58, see FIG. 2. Tee divider 16 has limited rotation of about 180, due to clip 80, about pipe 12 and connector 58. However, housing 40 may assume any of a multitude of positions by reason of tee divider 16 being rotatable with respect to connector pipes 12 and 58 and also because mirror housing 40 can rotate 360 with respect to mirror connector pipe 30 which in turn can also rotate 360 with respect to tee divider 16. The user is thus assured of achieving a mirror position suitable to the user's requirements, is assured of having a fog-free mirror and is also assured of having all the shower water used for heating the mirror also available for showering thus achieving all of the objects of the invention.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3594063 *Apr 1, 1969Jul 20, 1971Charles M SmillieWater-heated mirror
US3708218 *Dec 3, 1970Jan 2, 1973C SmillieWater heated mirror for condensation control
US4072397 *Aug 4, 1976Feb 7, 1978Ross Thomas HMirror attachment for shower head
US4150869 *Nov 3, 1977Apr 24, 1979Hansen Robert BCondensate-proof mirror
US4327961 *Jul 2, 1980May 4, 1982Kladitis Nicholas SNon-steaming mirror
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4836668 *Dec 4, 1987Jun 6, 1989Shower Tek, Inc.Self-supported, adjustable, condensation-free shower mirror
US4904072 *Feb 17, 1989Feb 27, 1990Showertek, Inc.No-fog magnifying shower mirror with automatically aligning spray hose
US4993821 *Oct 2, 1989Feb 19, 1991Showertek, Inc.Self-supported, adjustable, condensation-free shower mirror
US5032015 *Oct 27, 1989Jul 16, 1991Shower Tek, Inc.Self-supported, adjustable, condensation-free shower mirror
US5173804 *Jul 26, 1991Dec 22, 1992Kent DogeyMirror and method of mounting the same
US5544701 *Jul 19, 1994Aug 13, 1996Elder; Roy W.Canister warming apparatus
US5805765 *Oct 28, 1996Sep 8, 1998Altman; MitchellWall-mounted steam generating apparatus and a steam head
US5847873 *Apr 9, 1997Dec 8, 1998Kim; Bok LaeMirror assembly having a steaming up preventing system
US5862816 *Aug 19, 1997Jan 26, 1999Lowe Technology ProductsMirror-razor combination and method
US5953157 *Dec 17, 1997Sep 14, 1999Showertek, Inc.Non-fogging shower mirror using parallel water connection
US6238052 *Mar 2, 2000May 29, 2001Zlatko ZadroAdjustable magnification fogless mirror
US6799335 *Jan 13, 2003Oct 5, 2004Zlatko ZadroOmni-directionally adjustable rigid-arm fogless shower mirror
US7657948 *May 30, 2007Feb 9, 2010Pi Kuang TsaiPivotal shower device
US8667623 *Oct 14, 2010Mar 11, 2014Clifson LimitedShower head with reflective anti-fogging surface
US9132437 *Jan 21, 2011Sep 15, 2015Xiamen Solex High-Tech Industries Co., Ltd.Folding clamshell shower
US20030084179 *Oct 30, 2001May 1, 2003Kime Gregory C.Automated content source validation for streaming data
US20030129291 *Dec 13, 2001Jul 10, 2003Rast Rodger H.Systems and methods of enhancing consumable products
US20060208111 *Mar 15, 2005Sep 21, 2006Martin TracyShowerhead extension arm
US20090067075 *Sep 12, 2007Mar 12, 2009Porter Iii Robert JPersonal grooming mirror
US20110089259 *Oct 14, 2010Apr 21, 2011Reflect Shower LLCShower head with reflective anti-fogging surface
US20120286073 *Jan 21, 2011Nov 15, 2012Huasong ZhouFolding clamshell shower
WO1989000706A1 *Jul 22, 1988Jan 26, 1989Showertek IncSelf-supported, adjustable, condensation-free shower mirror
WO2011047212A1 *Oct 14, 2010Apr 21, 2011Reflect Showers LlcShower head with reflective anti-fogging surface
U.S. Classification4/605, 4/597, 359/512
International ClassificationA47K3/28
Cooperative ClassificationA47G1/02, A47K3/281
European ClassificationA47K3/28B
Legal Events
Feb 23, 1988RFReissue application filed
Effective date: 19871203
Mar 8, 1989ASAssignment
Free format text: LICENSE;ASSIGNOR:JONES, THOMAS L.;REEL/FRAME:005026/0766
Effective date: 19881205
Mar 15, 1989FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4