Druggist s prescription desk and file
US 457399 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
J. B. CRUCIAL. DRUGGISTS PRESCRIPTION DESK AND FILE.
Patented Aug. 11, 1891.
5 8 MEEQHQH M vneaaes No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
' J. B. CRUCIAL. DRUGGISTk PBESGRIPTIONDBSK AND FILE. No. 457,399.
Patented Aug. 911, 1891.
WIZWE'SSES UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFIGE.
JAMES B. CRUCIAL, OF FARG, NORTH DAKOTA.
DRUGGISTS PRESCRIPTION DESK AND FILE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 457,399, dated August 11, 1891.
Application filed September 1, 1890.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that 1, JAMES B. CRUCIAL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Fargo,
in the county of Cass, North Dakota, have invented a new and useful means for filing physicians prescriptions, which I denominate The Druggists Prescription Desk and File, of which the following is a specification. 7
My invention relates to a desk containing a series of compartments adapted to a systematic filing of physicians prescriptions". f
The objectof my invention is to supersede the present custom of pasting physicians prescriptions in blank-books for preservation and reference by furnishing druggists and apothecaries with a facile, convenient, and systematic means for filing them. I attain this object by the mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure l is a perspective view of the desk; Fig. 2, a longitudinal section of the desk at 20, Fig. 1; Fig. 3, aperspective View of a file case or drawer, and Fig- 5i aperspective view Similar lettersreferto si milar parts th roughseveral file-forms. They are hinged at their outer andrear' corners and adapted to swing outward, so that when open they standparallel to the front of the desk; 01. shows the point or corner at-gwhich they are hinged.
B B, Figs. 1' and 2, are two series of drawers occupying the middle front of thejdesk; They are represented as drawn out or open in Fig. 2.' When opened, they swing to the right and left, respectively, and lie against the front of the desk and parallel to it. They are hinged at m :13, Fig. 2, to movable forms or dummies b b, which move inward or outward, as re quired, when the drawers are manipulated. They are provided with stops which slide in slots in the frame of the desk, and which permit the drawers to be drawn outward to their full length and no farther. They (the stops and slots) are not shown in the drawings. Each drawer in these two series is designed to carry two file-forms.
C 0, Figs. 1 and 2, are two series of drawseiin No. 363,736. (No model.)
' ers at each end of the desk. They, like those at the middle front of the desk, are hinged to dummies c c, which move inward or outward as their corresponding drawers are drawn out or pushed in. They are so hingedthat each drawer, when open, lies against the'end of the desk and parallel to it, In Fig. 2 they are represented one'as partially swung around after having been drawn out, the other closed.
Eachof"the drawers in the rear row is designed to carry three file-forms, while each j of thosein the front row carries but two. The
dummies to which these drawers are hinged, like those at the front, are provided with" of the desk and prevent themfrom being and corresponding withit in wi'dth is a large 5 drawer :"D, Fig. 1, at each endfof the desk.
One of-them, preferably the oneto the right,
is adapted to carry an ink-well, a paste-bowl, I
brush, pens, and stamp for numbering pre *scriptions, while the Onetoth'e left carries *file f o 1}nis for filing physiciansvouchers for the sat off liquors in laws ex st These drawers, like those described above, are hinged to dummies andadapted to swing forwardto the ends of thedesk and parallel States'where prohibition to them."
, and records of thesale of poisons. I
j f f ffFig. 1, are three small shallow drawers,-
divided into small compartments and adapted to contain the various labels used bydruggists. They are not hinged tofdummies, but arranged like the drawers of an ordinary desk.
Fig. 2 is a horizontal section of the desk at 10, Fig. 1. It illustrates the relative depth and length of the desk, the number and position of the file cases or drawers, and their relative situation when open or drawn out.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the file case or drawer. When a file case or drawer is open and in position, the back end and front side appear cut down from the right and left corners to the lower margin of' the drawer. The object'of so depressing one side and one end of the drawer is to enable the druggist to examinethe prescriptions on file without removing the file-form from the drawer, This 5 stops, which traverse slots in the partitions he could not do in a deep and small drawer made in'the usual style. All of the drawers in the desk here described are made with the depressed side and end, as illustrated in the figure, with the exception of the three small drawers f f f, Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of a file-form. The usual size of prescription-blanks is three and one-half' inches by five and one-half inches. The file-forms here described are slightly larger, say, four inches by six inches. The frame of these forms consists of a thin bottom of this size, and one end corresponding in height to the depth of the drawer.
On the upper portion of the end of the fileform ,is secured a coiledspring 10, connected: with a@wire frame 11, which is adapted to pass. over. andaformaclamp for the prescriptions,
.saidrframe'll havingalinkror pendant 12 hinged or pivot-allyhung to its front: and
adapted to engage-a pin 13onthe front ofthe: bottom of: the frametohold the 'wire frame down' upon thep escriptiOnS. From this description. it. will be seen that when theloop or. pendantzis releasedfro|n*its -en-.
, gaging-pin13 the-spring exerts its power;-
to raisethe wire frame and permit anyone or moreof the prescriptions to be removed. A thin metallic slip-with curled edges ontits sides is-fastened across the top of the wire frame 11. This isdesigned to receive a. paper card on which is .inscribedithe number of the; file, thedates ofthe first and last pre- Thefile-form; is also providedlwith a needleor shaft 14 uponiwhich the prescriptionsarefiled.' By. placingthe file-needle in the position :here in-. dicated any prescription in thebodyrof the filemay be fullyv exposed: by. revolving those above ithalf-round on the needle. These-file? forms are designed. to be usedronlyz.wlfeira'v sufficient: number: ofprescriptions have aocumulated to fillaform. A temporaryfile isprovided for daily use, and periodically the prescriptionsare transferred to the forms.
Iclaim asmyxinvention- 1. In a druggists prescription desk and file, in combination, the desk witha series of filecases ateach front corner, each case hinged at its side and rear corner tothe frame of the desk, thereby adapting it to beswung'butward, so that when open it will stand parallel to the front of the desk, two rows of drawers or file-cases at the middle front of the desk hinged to movable forms or dummies and when drawn out adapted'to be swung around to the front of the desk and parallel to it, one
or more rows of file-cases at each end of the desk hinged to movable forms or dummies and when drawn out adapted to be swung forward so as to lie against thecorresponding end of the desk and parallel to it, and a large drawer or filecase at each end of the desk situated directly under the flattened surface of its top and hinged to a movablefornr or dummy in such manner thatit may be-swun'g.
to loe drawn inand out, and'aform-ordummyhinged-to said drawersmovable therewith-and- "adapted to hold the drawer when'op'en, sub- .stantially-asherein described;
; A druggisfis prescription desk and file Ihaving drawers mountedin its sides and'front, incombina'tiomwith hinged drawergat thecorners of the front adapted to swingout wardan-di each: having one of its ends andsides cut away,- substantially as herein dc, scribed; I
4. lnadruggistls prescription desk andfi'le,
the independent file-form having'a bottom; andend, a spring-actuated; wire frame-forming-the topzof the file-form,'a pendan-t or loop.-
looselyhungupon the front of the wire frameand" adapted to engagea pin on the bottomof the fileform, and a needle or 'shaft' upon.v which the papers are filed, substantially 'as herein described.
In testimony: whereof I- have signed; my; name to this specification-in prese-nce of two subscribingwitnesses; 4
JAMES B. CRUCIAL.
WM. 0. SHURLOOK, M; 'D. FLEMING.
around parallel totheend of "the-des-k, all substantially as described; i 2. A druggistsprescription desk and fiie ihavingdrawers mountedtherein audadapted 7 2