|Publication number||US4592744 A|
|Application number||US 06/765,397|
|Publication date||Jun 3, 1986|
|Filing date||Aug 14, 1985|
|Priority date||Aug 14, 1985|
|Publication number||06765397, 765397, US 4592744 A, US 4592744A, US-A-4592744, US4592744 A, US4592744A|
|Inventors||Janine C. Jagger, Richard D. Pearson, Patrice G. Guyenet, Jessica J. Brand|
|Original Assignee||The University Of Virginia Alumni Patents Foundation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (198), Classifications (30), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Accidental needle stick injuries are extremely common in health care workers, such as nurses, physicians, laboratory workers, and housekeeping personnel. Needle stick exposures can result in transmission of hepatitis B, non A non B hepatitis, and potentially, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome--AIDS, or other transmissable diseases. The health hazards associated with needle stick injuries are of greater risk for health care workers in the 1980's than ever before. Furthermore, each reported needle stick injury costs a hospital more than $200.
Accidental needle sticks often occur when a blood drawer attempts to recap a needle after use or leaves a contaminated needle exposed on work surfaces where the blood drawer or other workers accidentally impale themselves.
A modification of the current vacuum tube phlebotomy system is urgently needed to provide a protective barrier between health care workers and exposed, contaminated needles.
The following is a list of patents which exemplify the state of the art. U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,392,859, 4,373,526, 4,273,123, 4,266,544, 4,139,009, 3,890,971, 3,485,239, 3,306,291, 3,306,290, 2,847,996, 2,847,995.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,392,859 teaches an automatic injecting device having a spring biased retracting needle.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,373,526 teaches a needle maintained within a barrel.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,273,123 teaches a protective closure for a needle of a hypodermic which may receive and retain the needle after it is removed from or broken off the end of the syringe. It is believed someone must recap the needle before they break it off the end of the syringe so this invention does not obviate the problem of injuring oneself upon recapping a needle.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,266,544 teaches a device on the end of a syringe apparatus which renders a needle inoperable subsequent to being used.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,139,009 teaches a retractable cover means for a hypodermic.
U.S. Pat. No. 3,890,971 teaches a safety feature for syringes which, subsequent to being used, locks the plunger and needle such that it is incapable of being reused.
U.S. Pat. No. 3,485,239 teaches a self contained syringe where the hypodermic is initially situated within a barrel.
U.S. Pat. No. 3,306,291 teaches the use of frangible connections in combination with syringes and the like.
U.S. Pat. No. 3,306,290 teaches the use of a spring biased retractable syringe.
U.S. Pat. No. 2,847,996 teaches the use of a hypodermic having two barrel-like compartments.
U.S. Pat. No. 2,847,995 shows the use of a retractable needle within a rubber sheath.
A need persists for apparatus to avoid needle stick accidents.
Briefly, the present invention concerns safety venipuncture devices having needle retracting means, particularly hypodermic needles having a retractable needle, vacuum tube phlebotomy systems having retractable needles, and intravenous devices having retractable needles. Each one of the different devices, hypodermics, vacuum tube phlebotomy systems, and intra-venous administration sets, has a similar feature. The feature is designed to solve the problem of recapping or disposing of the needle portion of the apparatus subsequent to use. The invention solves the problem of disposing of contaminated needles by retracting the needle within a barrel, whereupon the barrel is disposed of, obviating any possibility of a contaminated needle injuring anyone.
In one embodiment of the invention a resheathing syringe-needle system allows entrapment of the contaminated needles in plastic compartments to prevent injury and the spread of hepatitis B, AIDS or other diseases to health care personnel. A standard syringe and needle are mounted in a clear plastic sheath. The needle extends through a hole in the bottom of the sheath. The end of the needle is covered with a cap. To use, the cap is removed and the standard medical procedures are carried out in the usual way but with the syringe still inside of the clear plastic sheath. After use, the syringe and needle are drawn back into the sheath until the needle is completely within the confines of the plastic sheath. Flanges within the sheath catch behind the lip of the needle as the syringe is withdrawn, trapping the needle inside of the sheath. The needle is thus unable to protrude at either end. The syringe can either be removed or the entire syringe-needle-sheath assembly can be disposed of as a unit without risk of accidental needle stick injury to medical and hospital personnel.
Under some circumstances it may be necessary to use two needles in succession for a single medical procedure. Such is the case when drawing blood for blood cultures. Currently, the blood is drawn with the first needle. To transfer the blood to a sterile container the contaminated needle is replaced with a sterile needle. Thus, one procedure produces two contaminated needles. Our system provides a solution for this situation by packing individual needles in empty clear plastic sheaths. A blood-filled syringe can be withdrawn from the first sheath, leaving the first needle trapped for disposal. The syringe is then inserted into a needle-mounted sheath without a syringe and couples with the new needle. After emptying the blood-filled syringe into the sterile container, the syringe is pulled back, trapping the second needle in its protective sheath.
In another embodiment of the invention a self-resheathing safety needle of the present invention is used for vacuum tube phlebotomy. The system may be used, as is common medical practice, to draw as many tubes of blood as desired. The unit consists of three basic parts: (1) the vacuum tubes remain unaltered in the present design, (2) the clear plastic sheath into which the vacuum tubes are inserted to connect with the needle assembly and (3) the needle assembly which includes both the internal and external needles.
The needle assembly differs from current designs in that the assembly is screwed into the inside of the sheath. The needle can therefore be removed only by unscrewing it towards the inside of the sheath. The external needle protrudes from the sheath through a small gauge hole. A further innovation in the design of the needle assembly is the addition of a broad collar at the junction of the internal and external needles. This collar is slightly larger than the diameter of the rubber stopper of a vacuum tube and has a number of directional teeth projecting from the surface making contact with the rubber stopper.
The clear plastic sheath differs from current designs in that the screw threads for connecting the needle assembly are located on the inside of the sheath, as mentioned above. There is a constriction in the diameter of the sheath at a distance from the needle hole slightly greater than the length of the external needle. The opening in this constriction must be larger than the widest part of the vacuum tube and smaller than the diameter of the needle collar. The total length of the sheath must be longer than the needle assembly.
The system is used in the conventional way by inserting the external needle into a blood vessel. The blood is drawn into a vacuum tube that has been inserted into the sheath and pushed onto the internal needle. Several tubes of blood may be drawn in succession by simply withdrawing one tube and inserting another. When the last tube of blood has been drawn, the system is withdrawn from the patient's vein as a unit. Then forward pressure is applied to the vacuum tube which causes the rubber stopper to make contact with the needle collar engaging the teeth. The tube is then rotated within the sheath causing the needle assembly to unscrew towards the inside of the sheath. When the needle assembly has disengaged, the tube is withdrawn, pulling the needle assembly with it. Friction between the inner needle, which is still in place, and the rubber top of the vacuum tube makes this possible. The needle assembly is then captured within the confines of the sheath as the tube disengages because the collar cannot advance beyond the constriction. The small gauge hole prevents the external needle from sliding back out. The internal needle is shielded by the sheath which extends slightly beyond its length.
This system requires that the sheath be disposable. It entirely avoids the hazardous maneuvers of recapping and unscrewing the used needle assembly. Furthermore, both ends of the needle are shielded by a hard plastic barrier for safer disposal, whereas before only one end was capped with rigid plastic. With this system, it would be difficult for hospital personnel to accidentally stick themselves with a contaminated needle assembly. This is because the needle assembly never needs to be touched once it is used, and the spent needle assembly is permanently trapped in a rigid plastic casing. This sytem will prevent injury and the spread of hepatitis B, AIDS or other diseases by needle stick injury.
A preferred disposable medical needle apparatus comprises a case having an elongated cavity surrounded by a longitudinally extending wall. The cavity has a first relatively open end at a first longitudinal end of the wall and has a second relatively closed end at a second opposite longitudinal end of the wall. The case has a needle-passing restricted opening in the second end, and the case has an inward extension near the first end for preventing passage of a needle assembly past the inward extension and holding a needle assembly within the cavity, whereby a needle assembly, after use, may be withdrawn from the opening and may be held within the cavity.
The preferred apparatus further comprises a receiver positioned in the second end of the case for receiving a needle assembly and releasably holding the needle assembly in the second end with a portion of a needle extending through the restricted opening in the second end.
The preferred apparatus further comprises a needle assembly having an elongated tubular needle with a sharp distal end and a hub surrounding a portion of the tubular needle for holding the tubular needle. The hub has a connector for releasably attaching the hub in the receiver, and the hub has an outward extending collar or flange for cooperating with the inward extension in the case to prevent passage of the needle assembly past the inward extension.
The preferred receiver comprises a generally cylindrical recess in the second end between the restricted opening and the cavity, and the connector comprises means for cooperating with the generally cylindrical wall.
In one preferred embodiment the connector comprises an externally longitudinally ribbed structure, whereby ribs releasably engage the generally cylindrical wall of the receiver.
In another preferred embodiment the cylindrical wall is threaded with female threads, and the connector is threaded with complementary male threads. Preferably, the threads are discontinuous for rapid disassembly upon relative partial turning.
One preferred flange has turning means for turning the flange and the needle assembly.
The preferred turning means are generally axially extending cleats of a face of the flange remote from a distal end of the needle.
In one preferred embodiment the needle projects inward in the cavity beyond the hub for puncturing a stopper on a vial inserted within the cavity.
Preferably the elastomeric turner comprises a stopper on a vial inserted in the cavity.
In one embodiment the longitudinally extending wall comprises a first portion having relatively large diameter extending from the second end to the inward extension and a second portion having a relatively small diameter extending from the inward extension to the first end.
In a preferred embodiment the second end of the case has a generally cylindrical outer wall for holding a snap-off cap covering a needle.
In a preferred embodiment the hub has a tapered recess for receiving a nozzle portion of a syringe body, and the inward extension is configured for permitting passage of the syringe body into the casing.
The preferred embodiment further comprises a syringe body having a nozzle portion tightly slidingly connected to the hub. The syringe body is mounted inside the cavity within the inward extension, and a plunger compressed in the syringe body. Preferably, the flange extends radially outward beyond the syringe body.
This invention provides a self-resheathing safety needle for vacuum tube phlebotomy.
The invention also provides a self-resheathing safety needle for syringes.
These and further objects and features of the invention are apparent in the disclosure which includes the above and ongoing specification with the claims and the drawings.
FIG. 1 shows a self-resheathing needle assembly and syringe of the present invention.
FIG. 2 shows the needle assembly after the needle is resheathed.
FIG. 3 shows one form of the invention in which the resheathing needle assembly is ready to receive a syringe once the large cap has been removed.
FIG. 4 represents a second embodiment of the invention used for phlebotomy.
FIG. 5 shows the needle assembly used in the FIG. 4 embodiment in a condition ready for use once the protective cover has been removed from the needle.
FIG. 6 shows the self-resheathing of the needle after the filled vacuum tube has been removed.
Referring to FIGS. 1-3, a self-resheathing needle assembly apparatus is generally indicated by the numeral 1. An elongated case 10 has a longitudinally extending wall 12. A first relatively large open end 14 is at one end of the case 10. The second end 16 is relatively closed. The inside of the wall 12 forms a cavity 18.
A nipple 20 on the closed end 16 has a generally cylindrical outer surface 22 for receiving the end of a rigid cover 24 which protects a needle extending through the small opening 16 and at closed end 16. The inside of the nipple 20 has a generally cylindrical wall forming a receiver 28.
A needle assembly 30 has an elongated needle 32 which projects through opening 26. Needle 32 has a sharpened distal end 34 and a proximal end which is tightly held by hub 36. The hub 36 has an outer wall with ridges 38 which act as a connector for holding the hub 36 and the needle assembly 30 in the receiver 28. Hub 36 contains a slightly tapered recess 39 which tightly engages a nozzle 42 of a syringe 40 inserted within the case 10. The syringe body 44 which fits within the cavity 18 has a distal end 46 which receives a plunger 48.
A collar or flange 50 on the hub 36 of the needle assembly 30 extends radially outward beyond the syringe body 44 in the preferred embodiment. Inward projections 52 which extend from wall 12 into the cavity 18 permit passage of the syringe body 44 but prevent outward passage of the flange 50.
After the syringe 40 has been used, the outward end 46 is grasped and pulled outward from case 10. The connector 38 is gripped within receiver 28 to a lesser extent than the gripping of the nozzle 42 within the recess 39 in hub 36. Thus, withdrawing the syringe 40 from the case 10 tends to pull the needle assembly 30 along with the syringe. When the flange 50 encounters the inward projections 52, the needle assembly 30 is prevented from further movement. The syringe 40 may be left attached to the needle assembly 30 and the entire device may be discarded together. Alternatively, further pulling on the syringe 40 withdraws the nozzle 42 from the recess 39 and separates the syringe from the needle assembly 30 so that the two devices may be separately discarded.
The entire needle 32 and its sharpened end 34 are automatically withdrawn into the casing 10 when the syringe 40 is withdrawn, so that there can be no danger of needle stick injury.
The preferred case 10 is manufactured with an enlarged end 54 which strengthens the inward extension 52 and which holds a cap 56 covering the extended end 46 and plunger 48 of the syringe 40.
In an alternate embodiment as shown in FIG. 3, a shorter cap 58 is removed before a syringe 40 is inserted into the case 10 and needle assembly 30.
Referring to FIGS. 4, 5 and 6, the second embodiment of the invention is generally indicated by the numeral 2. A case 60 is made of a cylindrical wall having a first relatively large portion 62 near a closed end of the case, and a second relatively small portion 64 near an open end of the case 60. The large and small wall portions 62 and 64 are separated by an inward extension 66. The cap 68, as shown in FIG. 5, completes the case.
The closed end 70 is formed as a nipple with a cylindrical outer surface 72 for holding a rigid needle protecting cover 74. An opening 76 in a nipple 70 closely surrounds a needle which is held in receiver 78.
A needle hub 80 holds an elongated needle 82 having sharpened opposite distal and proximal ends, 84 and 86 respectively. Connector 88 on hub 80 is in the form of integral threads which cooperate with complementary threads on receiver 78 to hold the hub within the receiver. An integrally formed flange 90 on the hub has projections 92 which cooperate with a rubber stopper to turn the flange 90 and the hub 80 so that the threads on connector 88 are withdrawn from threads on receiver 78. A soft rubber sheath 94 covers the sharpened proximal end 86 of the needle before it is inserted through the rubber stopper 96 of the vial 98.
In use, the devices shift in the configuration shown in FIG. 5.
Cover 74 is removed, and the needle is inserted in a blood vessel, using case 60 as a handle. Then cap 68 is removed and a vacuum vial 98 is inserted in the case 60. Rubber stopper 96 is pierced by the sharpened proximal end 86 of needle 82, also forcing the sharpened needle through the protective sheath 94. The vial continues inward, compressing the protective sheath 94. As soon as the hollow needle completely pierces the stopper, the reduced pressure in vial 98 draws fluid through the needle into the vial. The vial of blood may be withdrawn from the casing and a new vial inserted in the casing, again piercing stopper 96 with the needle point 86. After sufficient blood has been withdrawn, the needle is pulled from the vessel by pulling on casing 60 and the vial is turned, turning cleats 92 and flange 90 and the threaded connector 88 on hub 80 until the threads on the connector are free of threads in receiver 78. Pulling outward on vial 98 draws the needle 82 and its hub 80 rearward until flange 90 contacts the inward extension 66. Further pulling outward on the vial pulls the needle from the rubber stopper, leaving the case 60 with the needle entrapped ready to be discarded.
While the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments, modifications and variations may be constructed without departing from the scope of the invention. The scope of the invention is defined in the following claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2888923 *||Nov 22, 1955||Jun 2, 1959||Reis Antonio Da Cunha||New ampoule-syringe|
|US2925083 *||Dec 27, 1957||Feb 16, 1960||Craig Clarence D||Hypodermic syringe with hood for guarding and concealing the needle|
|US3356089 *||Mar 1, 1965||Dec 5, 1967||Francis Howard R||Injection needle guide|
|US4507117 *||Jul 11, 1983||Mar 26, 1985||Vining Herbert C||Syringe apparatus with retractable needle|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4710170 *||Feb 12, 1987||Dec 1, 1987||Habley Medical Technology Corporation||Anti-needle strike and anti-drug abuse syringe|
|US4747829 *||Jan 21, 1987||May 31, 1988||E. R. Squibb & Sons, Inc.||Pre-filled syringe|
|US4752290 *||Jul 27, 1987||Jun 21, 1988||Schramm James J||Needle bearing medical device with three-position shield|
|US4772265 *||Mar 16, 1987||Sep 20, 1988||Walter Gregory W||Safety catheter|
|US4774964 *||Nov 18, 1987||Oct 4, 1988||Applied Plastics Technology, Inc.||Disposable blood collection device|
|US4778453 *||Apr 7, 1986||Oct 18, 1988||Icu Medical, Inc.||Medical device|
|US4802645 *||Feb 1, 1988||Feb 7, 1989||Chiodo Gary T||Syringe holder|
|US4804370 *||Jun 6, 1988||Feb 14, 1989||Habley Medical Technology Corporation||Disease control syringe having a retractable needle|
|US4828548 *||Dec 31, 1987||May 9, 1989||Walter Gregory W||Safety catheter|
|US4840185 *||Feb 17, 1988||Jun 20, 1989||Manuel Hernandez||Blood sampling device with shield|
|US4846808 *||Feb 16, 1988||Jul 11, 1989||Habley Medical Technology Corporation||Safety syringe having a needle to be retracted and canted within a protective sleeve|
|US4850374 *||Sep 24, 1987||Jul 25, 1989||Commonwealth Of Puerto Rico||Blood sampler with retractable needle|
|US4862772 *||Dec 22, 1988||Sep 5, 1989||Piperato Richard A||Tamperproof, single use, disposable tattoo equipment|
|US4898589 *||Sep 7, 1988||Feb 6, 1990||Stuart M. Dolgin||Fluid passing apparatus with means for covering the same|
|US4904242 *||May 31, 1988||Feb 27, 1990||Kulli John C||Phlebotomy set with safety retracting needle|
|US4904244 *||Feb 22, 1988||Feb 27, 1990||Harsh Don J||Apparatus for safely removing needles from hypodermic syringes|
|US4911694 *||May 6, 1988||Mar 27, 1990||Dolan Michael F||Syringe needle sheath|
|US4920977 *||Oct 25, 1988||May 1, 1990||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Blood collection assembly with lancet and microcollection tube|
|US4931048 *||Oct 17, 1988||Jun 5, 1990||Icu Medical, Inc.||Medical device|
|US4935015 *||Dec 14, 1988||Jun 19, 1990||Hall John E||Syringe apparatus with retractable needle|
|US4966593 *||Mar 6, 1989||Oct 30, 1990||Design Specialties Laboratories||Disposable hypodermic syringe with retractable needle|
|US4972843 *||Jan 12, 1988||Nov 27, 1990||Broden Bengt Inge||Sample taking equipment|
|US4973315 *||Nov 1, 1988||Nov 27, 1990||Ausmedics Pty Ltd.||Removal and safe disposal of sharps from medical tools|
|US4982842 *||Jun 4, 1990||Jan 8, 1991||Concord/Portex||Safety needle container|
|US4991601 *||May 11, 1989||Feb 12, 1991||Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha||Holder for blood sample tube|
|US5000736 *||Mar 22, 1990||Mar 19, 1991||Harry Kaufhold, Jr.||Disposable syringe with automatic needle retraction|
|US5000738 *||May 11, 1989||Mar 19, 1991||Lavallo Frank||Protective syringe with frangible barrel|
|US5007901 *||Sep 12, 1990||Apr 16, 1991||Shields Jack W||Intravenous catheter insertion device|
|US5011479 *||May 14, 1990||Apr 30, 1991||Son Le||Cover and connector for hypodermic needle|
|US5015231 *||Apr 21, 1989||May 14, 1991||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Multipart split sleeve balloon protector for dilatation catheter|
|US5030208 *||Sep 21, 1989||Jul 9, 1991||Novacek Laurel A||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US5047016 *||Dec 5, 1989||Sep 10, 1991||Stuart M. Dolgin||Fluid passing apparatus with means for covering the same|
|US5053007 *||Dec 14, 1989||Oct 1, 1991||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Compression balloon protector for a balloon dilatation catheter and method of use thereof|
|US5070885 *||Jun 11, 1990||Dec 10, 1991||Care Medical Devices, Inc.||Disposable blood collection device|
|US5104378 *||Oct 13, 1989||Apr 14, 1992||Habley Medical Technology Corporation||Syringe having means for retracting, canting and destroying a needle cannula|
|US5112318 *||Apr 18, 1991||May 12, 1992||Patco Ventures Ltd.||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US5120311 *||Nov 1, 1989||Jun 9, 1992||Medical Safety Products, Inc.||Blood collection tube holder|
|US5122124 *||Oct 3, 1990||Jun 16, 1992||Patco Ventures Ltd.||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US5125898 *||Oct 15, 1991||Jun 30, 1992||Harry Kaufhold, Jr.||Disposable syringe with automatic needle retraction|
|US5137512 *||Dec 11, 1990||Aug 11, 1992||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Multisegment balloon protector for dilatation catheter|
|US5154285 *||Dec 20, 1991||Oct 13, 1992||Smiths Industries Medical Systems, Inc.||Needle assembly holder with rotatable safety sheath member|
|US5154699 *||Jul 11, 1990||Oct 13, 1992||Ryan Medical, Inc.||Safety winged needle device for use with fistulas|
|US5171220 *||Jan 16, 1992||Dec 15, 1992||Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd.||Dual-chamber type syringe|
|US5176657 *||Jan 15, 1992||Jan 5, 1993||Shields Jack W||Shot gun syringe with cartridge and scabbards|
|US5205824 *||Jun 13, 1991||Apr 27, 1993||Mazur Matthew S||Retractable syringe with a closed barrel|
|US5205829 *||Feb 9, 1990||Apr 27, 1993||Lituchy Andrew E||Safety disposable intravenous (I.V. assembly)|
|US5205833 *||Aug 16, 1991||Apr 27, 1993||Harsh Don J||Device for removing hypodermic needles from syringe barrels|
|US5226894 *||Sep 11, 1990||Jul 13, 1993||Sterling Winthrop Inc.||Safety syringe assembly with radially deformable body|
|US5232454 *||Aug 1, 1990||Aug 3, 1993||Smiths Industries Medical Systems, Inc.||Safety needle container|
|US5232455 *||Jan 7, 1991||Aug 3, 1993||Smiths Industries Medical Systems, Inc.||Syringe with protective housing|
|US5263933 *||Jul 8, 1992||Nov 23, 1993||Patco Ventures Ltd.||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US5324272 *||Nov 16, 1993||Jun 28, 1994||Sterling Winthrop Inc.||Multiple-celled safety package, needle guard and safe disposal module for prefilled medication cartridge|
|US5328484 *||Jul 30, 1993||Jul 12, 1994||Brice Somers||Non-reusable syringe for medical purposes|
|US5372590 *||Aug 10, 1993||Dec 13, 1994||Habley Medical Technology Corporation||Multi-celled safety package, needle guard and safety disposal module with sleeve for prefilled medication cartridges|
|US5378240 *||Nov 8, 1990||Jan 3, 1995||Curie; Napoleon||Syringe with retractable needle mount|
|US5380296 *||Jun 13, 1994||Jan 10, 1995||Sterling Winthrop Inc.||Multi-celled safety package, needle guard and safe disposal module for pre-filled medication cartridges|
|US5401246 *||Dec 14, 1993||Mar 28, 1995||U.S. Medical Instruments, Inc.||Retractable syringe with a closed barrel|
|US5415638 *||Sep 30, 1993||May 16, 1995||Inviro Medical Devices, Ltd.||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US5419773 *||Mar 2, 1994||May 30, 1995||Rupp; Roberta N.||Non-reusable syringe with automatically actionable protective needle cover|
|US5462531 *||Dec 21, 1994||Oct 31, 1995||Inviro Medical Devices Ltd.||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US5490841 *||Jul 29, 1994||Feb 13, 1996||Landis; Robert M.||Safety sheath device|
|US5520649 *||Jun 6, 1995||May 28, 1996||Inviro Medical Devices Ltd.||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US5562103 *||Apr 4, 1995||Oct 8, 1996||Sak; Robert F.||Phlebotomy system having retractable needle cannula|
|US5591133 *||Jun 9, 1994||Jan 7, 1997||Lawrence R. Koh||Flexing safety shield for hypodermic needles|
|US5624400 *||Jun 6, 1995||Apr 29, 1997||Safety Syringes, Inc.||Disposable self-shielding aspirating syringe|
|US5843034 *||Oct 28, 1994||Dec 1, 1998||Lok-Tek International Ltd.||Hypodermic syringe with retractable needle mount|
|US5858000 *||Aug 25, 1997||Jan 12, 1999||Inviro Medical Devices Ltd.||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US5997511 *||Apr 19, 1996||Dec 7, 1999||Curie; Napoleon||Single use syringe|
|US6013055 *||Nov 13, 1997||Jan 11, 2000||Boston Scientific Corporation||Catheter balloon having selected folding characteristics|
|US6033386 *||Dec 18, 1998||Mar 7, 2000||Inviro Medical Devices, Ltd.||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US6077245 *||Feb 18, 1999||Jun 20, 2000||Texas Applied Biomedical Services, Inc.||Disposable syringe with retractable needle|
|US6110192 *||Jan 8, 1999||Aug 29, 2000||Boston Scientific Corporation||Catheter balloon having raised radial segments|
|US6117113 *||Dec 14, 1999||Sep 12, 2000||Inviro Medical Devices Ltd.||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US6179812||Oct 13, 1998||Jan 30, 2001||Mdc Investment Holdings, Inc.||Retractable needle medical devices|
|US6183464||Jun 1, 1998||Feb 6, 2001||Inviro Medical Devices Ltd.||Safety syringe with retractable needle and universal luer coupling|
|US6186960||Oct 20, 1998||Feb 13, 2001||Texas Applied Biomedical Services, Inc.||Disposable medical collection tube holder with retractable needle|
|US6328713||Jul 15, 1999||Dec 11, 2001||Sims Portex Inc.||Needle sheath device|
|US6344031 *||Aug 15, 2000||Feb 5, 2002||Laurel A. Novacek||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US6468249 *||Mar 31, 1999||Oct 22, 2002||Sleeping Dog Intellectual Property (Pty) Ltd.||Device for drawing blood|
|US6592556||Jul 19, 2000||Jul 15, 2003||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Medical needle safety apparatus and methods|
|US6648855||Jun 14, 2002||Nov 18, 2003||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Safety needle assembly|
|US6699217||Jun 12, 2002||Mar 2, 2004||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Safety needle assembly|
|US6780169||Jun 12, 2002||Aug 24, 2004||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Safety shield assembly|
|US6796968||Mar 13, 2001||Sep 28, 2004||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Reaccessible medical needle safety devices and methods|
|US6878131||Jan 11, 2002||Apr 12, 2005||Inviro Medical Devices, Ltd.||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US6890319||Aug 13, 1999||May 10, 2005||Imprint Pharmaceuticals Ltd.||Apparatus for delivering a substance having one or more needles driven at high velocity|
|US6945960||Nov 29, 2000||Sep 20, 2005||Mdc Investment Holdings, Inc.||Combination safety needle assembly and medical apparatus|
|US6949086||Jun 11, 2003||Sep 27, 2005||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Seldinger safety shield for medical needles|
|US6991608||Apr 3, 2003||Jan 31, 2006||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Medical assembly|
|US6994213||Aug 28, 2002||Feb 7, 2006||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Packaging for push button blood collection set|
|US7001363||Nov 26, 2002||Feb 21, 2006||F. Mark Ferguson||Safety shield for medical needles|
|US7001396||Mar 26, 2003||Feb 21, 2006||Enpath Medical, Inc.||Safety introducer assembly and method|
|US7029461||Jun 6, 2002||Apr 18, 2006||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Safety shield for medical needles|
|US7090656 *||Jul 19, 2000||Aug 15, 2006||Mdc Investment Holdings, Inc.||Medical devices with retractable needle|
|US7128726||Feb 4, 2004||Oct 31, 2006||Becton Dickinson And Company||Safety needle assembly|
|US7144389||Dec 2, 2002||Dec 5, 2006||Tyco Healthcare Group, Lp||Safety shield for medical needles|
|US7163526||Jan 8, 2003||Jan 16, 2007||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Flashback blood collection needle with needle shield|
|US7182734||Aug 8, 2002||Feb 27, 2007||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Retracting needle safety device|
|US7198618||Jun 27, 2001||Apr 3, 2007||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Safety shield for medical needles|
|US7220249||May 29, 2002||May 22, 2007||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Hinged needle shield assembly having needle cannula lock|
|US7223258||May 24, 2002||May 29, 2007||Becton Dickinson And Company||Safety shield assembly|
|US7258678||Mar 7, 2003||Aug 21, 2007||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Retractable safety needle|
|US7294118||Oct 23, 2002||Nov 13, 2007||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Retractable needle assembly|
|US7300423||Nov 19, 2003||Nov 27, 2007||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Safety device with trigger mechanism|
|US7320682||May 17, 2002||Jan 22, 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Safety device|
|US7329238||Dec 7, 2000||Feb 12, 2008||Specialized Health Products Inc.||Safety needle medical bearing devices|
|US7351224||Jul 17, 2000||Apr 1, 2008||Shaw Thomas J||Retractable syringe assembly designed for one use|
|US7361159||Mar 4, 2002||Apr 22, 2008||Covidien Ag||Passive safety shield|
|US7438703||Dec 6, 2001||Oct 21, 2008||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Safety shield for medical needles|
|US7527607||Mar 6, 2001||May 5, 2009||Mdc Investment Holdings, Inc.||Hypodermic syringe with retractable needle|
|US7537581||Dec 12, 2006||May 26, 2009||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Needle shield assembly having hinged needle shield and flexible cannula lock|
|US7553296||Aug 22, 2007||Jun 30, 2009||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Safety device with trigger mechanism|
|US7615033||Aug 16, 2004||Nov 10, 2009||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Flashback blood collection needle|
|US7815610 *||Feb 16, 2007||Oct 19, 2010||Barry Peter Liversidge||Injection apparatus|
|US7854723||Jul 3, 2007||Dec 21, 2010||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Needle shield assembly having hinged needle shield|
|US7862547||Oct 21, 2005||Jan 4, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Safety shield for medical needles|
|US7874426||Jan 23, 2008||Jan 25, 2011||North American Rescue, Llc||Crush resistant needle packaging assembly having rapid needle access|
|US7985216||Mar 15, 2005||Jul 26, 2011||Dali Medical Devices Ltd.||Medicinal container engagement and automatic needle device|
|US7993358||Mar 24, 2009||Aug 9, 2011||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Cutting balloon catheter having increased flexibility regions|
|US8038654||Feb 26, 2007||Oct 18, 2011||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Syringe having a hinged needle shield|
|US8066678||Dec 16, 2002||Nov 29, 2011||Bard Access Systems, Inc.||Safety needle with collapsible sheath|
|US8162896||Sep 30, 2009||Apr 24, 2012||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Flashback blood collection needle|
|US8172809||Jul 15, 2010||May 8, 2012||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Safety shield apparatus and mounting structure for use with medical needle devices|
|US8226617||Mar 8, 2007||Jul 24, 2012||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Safety shield apparatus and mounting structure for use with medical needle devices|
|US8231582||Dec 11, 2008||Jul 31, 2012||Bard Access Systems, Inc.||Device for removing a Huber needle from a patient|
|US8240468||Apr 21, 2006||Aug 14, 2012||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Prepackaged medical device and packaging tray|
|US8277408||Jul 1, 2003||Oct 2, 2012||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Safety needle assembly|
|US8287498||Dec 12, 2006||Oct 16, 2012||Bd Medical Products, Pte. Ltd.||Flashback blood collection needle with needle shield|
|US8372044||May 20, 2005||Feb 12, 2013||Safety Syringes, Inc.||Syringe with needle guard injection device|
|US8376998||Sep 15, 2004||Feb 19, 2013||Elcam Medical Agricultural Cooperative Association Ltd.||Automatic injection device|
|US8496627||Mar 21, 2007||Jul 30, 2013||Covidien Lp||Passive latch ring safety shield for injection devices|
|US8535273||Jul 11, 2012||Sep 17, 2013||Bard Access Systems, Inc.||Device for removing a huber needle from a patient|
|US8574197||Mar 29, 2012||Nov 5, 2013||C. R. Bard, Inc.||Huber needle safety enclosure|
|US8579115||Aug 26, 2010||Nov 12, 2013||Combat Medical Systems, Llc||Protective containers for medical devices and methods of use|
|US8597253||Apr 20, 2007||Dec 3, 2013||Bard Access Systems||Huber needle with safety sheath|
|US8708964||Feb 1, 2011||Apr 29, 2014||Bd Medical Products, Pte. Ltd.||Flashback blood collection needle with needle shield|
|US8728029||Oct 31, 2011||May 20, 2014||Bard Access Systems, Inc.||Safety needle with collapsible sheath|
|US8852154||Nov 1, 2013||Oct 7, 2014||C. R. Bard, Inc.||Huber needle safety enclosure|
|US9248234||Sep 9, 2011||Feb 2, 2016||C. R. Bard, Inc.||Systems for isolation of a needle-based infusion set|
|US20010039401 *||Jun 27, 2001||Nov 8, 2001||Safety Syringe Corporation||Safety shield for medical needles|
|US20020161336 *||Jun 14, 2002||Oct 31, 2002||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Needle shield assembly|
|US20030040717 *||Aug 8, 2002||Feb 27, 2003||Becton, Dickinson And Company, A New Jersey Corporation||Retracting needle safety device|
|US20030062281 *||Aug 28, 2002||Apr 3, 2003||Giard John A.||Packaging for push button blood collection set|
|US20030078540 *||Oct 23, 2002||Apr 24, 2003||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Retractable needle assembly|
|US20030114797 *||Dec 16, 2002||Jun 19, 2003||Vaillancourt Vincent L.||Safety needle with collapsible sheath|
|US20030176843 *||Mar 7, 2003||Sep 18, 2003||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Retractable safety needle|
|US20030191438 *||Nov 26, 2002||Oct 9, 2003||Ferguson F. Mark||Safety shield for medical needles|
|US20030208164 *||Mar 6, 2001||Nov 6, 2003||Botich Michael J||Hypodermic syringe with retractable needle|
|US20030220614 *||May 24, 2002||Nov 27, 2003||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Safety shield assembly|
|US20030229315 *||Jan 8, 2003||Dec 11, 2003||Bd Medical Products, Pte. Ltd.||Flashback blood collection needle with needle shield|
|US20030229317 *||Jun 11, 2003||Dec 11, 2003||Ferguson F. Mark||Seldinger safety shield for medical needles|
|US20040044318 *||Mar 4, 2002||Mar 4, 2004||Fiser Richard L||Passive safety shield|
|US20040049159 *||Sep 10, 2003||Mar 11, 2004||Barrus Roy L.||Safety shield for medical needles|
|US20040059302 *||Jul 1, 2003||Mar 25, 2004||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Safety needle assembly|
|US20040092879 *||Oct 24, 2003||May 13, 2004||Medamicus, Inc.||Safety introducer apparatus and method therefor|
|US20040116853 *||Dec 7, 2000||Jun 17, 2004||Halseth Thor R||Safety needle medical bearing devices|
|US20040193112 *||Mar 26, 2003||Sep 30, 2004||Medamicus, Inc.||Safety introducer assembly and method|
|US20040193120 *||Apr 9, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Ferguson F. Mark||Safety shield for blood collection medical needles|
|US20040199085 *||Apr 3, 2003||Oct 7, 2004||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Medical assembly|
|US20050004531 *||Apr 30, 2002||Jan 6, 2005||Hwang Charles G.||Needle shield assembly having hinged needle shield|
|US20050059936 *||Oct 20, 2004||Mar 17, 2005||Fiser Richard L.||Passive safety shield|
|US20050192541 *||Jan 29, 2004||Sep 1, 2005||Inviro Medical Devices Limited||Safety syringe needle device with interchangeable and retractable needle platform|
|US20050215951 *||Dec 29, 2004||Sep 29, 2005||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Retracting needle safety device|
|US20050245879 *||May 24, 2002||Nov 3, 2005||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Safety shield assembly|
|US20060129106 *||Oct 21, 2005||Jun 15, 2006||Ferguson F M||Safety shield for medical needles|
|US20060282045 *||Apr 21, 2006||Dec 14, 2006||Bradley Wilkinson||Prepackaged medical device, packaging tray, and method|
|US20070106224 *||Dec 12, 2006||May 10, 2007||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Needle shield assembly having hinged needle shield and flexible cannula lock|
|US20070156101 *||Feb 16, 2007||Jul 5, 2007||Liversidge Barry P||Injection Apparatus|
|US20070167914 *||Dec 12, 2006||Jul 19, 2007||Bd Medical Products, Pte. Ltd||Flashback blood collection needle with needle shield|
|US20070239117 *||Mar 21, 2007||Oct 11, 2007||Chelak Todd M||Passive latch ring safety shield for injection devices|
|US20080033362 *||Jul 3, 2007||Feb 7, 2008||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Needle shield assembly having hinged needle shield|
|US20080173556 *||Jan 23, 2008||Jul 24, 2008||Castellani Robert A||Crush resistant needle packaging assembly having rapid needle access|
|US20080208138 *||Feb 26, 2007||Aug 28, 2008||Becton, Dickinson & Company||Syringe having a hinged needle shield|
|US20080243075 *||Mar 31, 2008||Oct 2, 2008||Shaw Thomas J||Medical Device with Retractable Needle|
|US20080262434 *||Apr 20, 2007||Oct 23, 2008||Vaillancourt Michael J||Huber needle with safety sheath|
|US20100145226 *||Sep 30, 2009||Jun 10, 2010||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Flashback Blood Collection Needle|
|US20100152677 *||Dec 11, 2008||Jun 17, 2010||Vaillancourt Michael J||Device for removing a huber needle from a patient|
|US20100298739 *||Aug 2, 2010||Nov 25, 2010||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Multifunctional Medical Access Device|
|US20110125102 *||May 26, 2011||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Flashback Blood Collection Needle with Needle Shield|
|US20130184648 *||Aug 19, 2011||Jul 18, 2013||Nanbu Plastics Co., Ltd.||Percutaneous medication device and needle formation used for the device|
|US20140018742 *||Jul 16, 2012||Jan 16, 2014||Becton, Dickinson And Company||Packageless Syringe Assembly with Sterilizable Fluid Path|
|USRE33952 *||Aug 21, 1990||Jun 9, 1992||Care Medical Devices, Inc.||Disposable blood collection device|
|USRE35539 *||Dec 7, 1994||Jun 24, 1997||Care Medical Devices, Inc.||Disposable blood collection device|
|USRE37252||Mar 30, 1999||Jul 3, 2001||Sims Portex Inc.||Safety needle cartridge system|
|USRE37439 *||Jul 15, 1998||Nov 6, 2001||Safety Syringes, Inc.||Disposable self-shielding aspirating syringe|
|EP0495445A1 *||Jan 14, 1992||Jul 22, 1992||Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd.||Dual-chamber type syringe|
|EP0719564A1||Apr 25, 1988||Jul 3, 1996||Phase Medical, Inc.||Safety device for use in inserting a cannula|
|EP0824890A1 *||Aug 21, 1996||Feb 25, 1998||Long-Hsiung Chen||Safety vacuum syringe for blood sampling|
|EP1378263A2||May 13, 1999||Jan 7, 2004||MDC Investment Holdings, Inc.||Retractable needle medical device|
|EP1430921A2||Nov 27, 2003||Jun 23, 2004||Michael J. Vaillancourt||Safety needle with collapsible sheath|
|EP2650033A2||Sep 15, 2004||Oct 16, 2013||Elcam Medical Agricultural Cooperative Association Ltd.||Automatic injection device|
|WO1988005286A1 *||Jan 12, 1988||Jul 28, 1988||Broden Bengt Inge||Sample taking equipment|
|WO1989010150A1 *||Mar 22, 1989||Nov 2, 1989||Nujenko Pty Ltd||Syringe and protective needle sheath|
|WO1990002515A1 *||Sep 15, 1989||Mar 22, 1990||Tina Moeller Noergaard||Liquid withdrawal equipment|
|WO1998024493A1||Dec 5, 1997||Jun 11, 1998||Mdc Invest Holdings Inc||Fluid collection device with retractable needle|
|WO1999024092A1||Nov 12, 1998||May 20, 1999||Michael J Botich||Catheter insertion device with retractable needle|
|WO2000006221A1||May 13, 1999||Feb 10, 2000||John Barker||Retractable needle medical device|
|WO2002087659A2||Mar 21, 2002||Nov 7, 2002||John Barker||Catheter insertion device with retractable needle|
|U.S. Classification||604/192, 604/197, 600/576|
|International Classification||A61M5/00, A61M5/31, A61B5/15, A61M5/32|
|Cooperative Classification||A61M5/002, A61M5/322, A61B5/1405, A61M5/3202, A61M2005/3101, A61B5/150641, A61B5/150732, A61B5/150519, A61B5/1438, A61B5/15003, A61B5/150572, A61B5/150389, A61B5/150587, A61B5/154, A61B5/150351, A61B5/150496, A61B5/150908, A61B5/150244, A61B5/150717, A61B5/150305|
|European Classification||A61B5/14B, A61M5/32C2F, A61M5/00P|
|Aug 14, 1985||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA ALUMNI PATENTS FOUNDATION T
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:JAGGER, JANINE C.;PEARSON, RICHARD D.;GUYENET, PATRICE G.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:004442/0008
Effective date: 19850807
|Dec 1, 1989||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jul 21, 1993||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Oct 17, 1997||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|Jul 17, 2000||AS||Assignment|
|Jan 15, 2003||AS||Assignment|
|Mar 9, 2004||AS||Assignment|