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Publication numberUS4603205 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 06/681,195
Publication dateJul 29, 1986
Filing dateDec 13, 1984
Priority dateDec 15, 1983
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asDE3345376A1, EP0149781A1, EP0149781B1
Publication number06681195, 681195, US 4603205 A, US 4603205A, US-A-4603205, US4603205 A, US4603205A
InventorsPeter Neumann, Reinhard Helwig, Stefan Weiss, Hubert Trauth
Original AssigneeBasf Aktiengesellschaft
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Photostabilizers for polymers
US 4603205 A
Abstract
Novel furancarboxylic acid derivatives of the general formula ##STR1## where R1, R2 and R3 independently of one another are each hydrogen, C1 -C8 -alkyl, cyclohexyl or phenyl, but not more than two of these radicals are simultaneously hydrogen, and R4 is a radical of the formula --NR5 R6, ##STR2## or OR6, where A is a bridge member, R5 is hydrogen, C2 -C6 -alkenyl, C5 -C7 -cycloalkyl or C1 -C12 -alkyl which may or may not be interrupted by 1, 2 or 3 oxygen atoms, and R6 is a radical of the formula ##STR3## where R7, R8, R9 and R10 are each C1 -C4 -alkyl, or R7 and R8 or R9 and R10 together form a tetramethylene or pentamethylene bridge, and R11 is hydrogen, C1 -C8 -alkyl, C3 -C8 -alkenyl, C2 -C4 -hydroxyalkyl or aralkyl, and their salts are useful as light stabilizers for organic polymers, in particular olefin polymers.
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Claims(4)
We claim:
1. A furancarboxylic acid derivative of the formula: ##STR47## where R1, R2 and R3 independently of one another are each hydrogen, C1 -C8 -alkyl, cyclohexyl or phenyl, but not more than two of these radicals are simultaneously hydrogen, and R4 is a radical of the formula ##STR48## or OR6, where A is a bridge member selected from the group consisting of straight-chain or branched C2 -C12 -alkylene group which may contain one or more ether oxygen atoms, aralkylene, cycloalkylene and C6 -C16 -alkylene chain interrupted by cycloalkyl, R5 is hydrogen, C2 -C6 -alkenyl, C5 -C7 -cycloalkyl or C1 -C12 -alkyl which may or may not be interrupted by 1, 2 or 3 oxygen atoms, and R6 is a radical of the formula ##STR49## where R7, R8, R9 and R10 are each C1 -C4 -alkyl, or R7 and R8 or R9 and R10 together form a tetramethylene or pentamethylene bridge, and R11 is hydrogen, C1 -C8 -alkyl, C3 -C8 -alkenyl, C2 -C4 -hydroxyalkyl or aralkyl, and its salts.
2. A compound as claimed in claim 1, wherein R7, R8, R9 and R10 are each methyl.
3. A compound as claimed in claim 1, wherein R11 is hydrogen or methyl.
4. A piperidinyl ester or amide as claimed in claim 1, which is based on 2,4-- or 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylic acid or on 2,4,5-trimethylfuran-3-carboxylic acid.
Description

It is known that 2,2,6,6-tetraalkylpiperidine derivatives are excellent light stabilizers for organic polymers. Among these compounds, furancarboxylic acid derivatives have also been disclosed.

German Laid-Open Application DOS No. 2,258,752 describes tetraalkylpiperidinyl esters of furan-2-carboxylic acid and of furan-2,5-dicarboxylic acid. The publication WO 81 02 021 mentions the tri-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-yl) ester of a furantricarboxylic acid which is not defined exactly. Finally, German Laid-Open Application DOS No. 2,623,422 describes tetraalkylpiperidinyl furan-2-carboxylates.

German Pat. No. 2,040,975 claims tetraalkylpiperidinylamides of furan-2-carboxylic acid and of furan-2,3,4-tricarboxylic acid, while German Pat. No. 2,349,962 describes pentaalkylpiperidinylamides of furan-2-carboxylic acid.

The 2,2,6,6-tetraalkylpiperidin-4-yl furancarboxylates described to date have in common at least a carboxyl group in the 2-position of the heterocyclic ring. Surprisingly, we have found that the stabilizing action of the novel 2,2,6,6-tetraalkylpiperidin-4-yl derivatives of alkyl-substituted furan-3-carboxylic acids is substantially superior to that of the corresponding furan-2-carboxylic acid derivatives.

The present invention relates to furancarboxylic acid derivatives of the general formula ##STR4## where R1, R2 and R3 independently of one another are each hydrogen, C1 -C8 -alkyl, cyclohexyl or phenyl, but not more than two of these radicals are simultaneously hydrogen, and R4 is a radical of the formula ##STR5## or OR6, where A is a bridge member, R5 is hydrogen, C2 -C6 -alkenyl, C5 -C7 -cycloalkyl or C1 -C12 -alkyl which may or may not be interrupted by 1, 2 or 3 oxygen atoms, and R6 is a radical of the formula ##STR6## where R7, R8, R9 and R10 are each C1 -C4 -alkyl, or R7 and R8 or R9 and R10 together form a tetramethylene or pentamethylene bridge, and R11 is hydrogen, C1 -C8 -alkyl, C3 -C8 -alkenyl, C2 -C4 -hydroxyalkyl or aralkyl, and their salts.

Alkyl radicals R1, R2, R3, R5, R7, R8, R9, R10 and R11 are defined generally as straight-chain or branched groups Cn H2n+1, the straight-chain radicals being preferred. Specific examples are ##STR7## and preferably CH3, C2 H5, C3 H7 and C4 H9.

Examples of alkyl groups R5 containing ether oxygen are (CH2)3 OCH3, (CH2)3 OC2 H5, (CH2)3 OC3 H7, (CH2)3 OC4 H9, (CH2)2 O(CH2)2 OCH3, (CH2)2 O(CH2)2 OC2 CH5, (CH2)2 O(CH2)2 OC3 H7, (CH2)3 O(CH2)2 OC4 H9, (C2 H4 O)3 CH3, (C2 H4 O3)C2 H5, (C2 H4 O)3 C4 H9, ##STR8##

Examples of alkenyl groups are vinyl, allyl, methallyl and but-2-enyl.

Examples of cycloalkyl radicals R5 are cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl and cycloheptyl.

Examples of alkenyl, hydroxyalkyl and aralkyl radicals R11 are CH2 CH═CH2, ##STR9## (CH2)2 CH═CH2, (CH2)3 CH═CH2, CH2 CH2 OH, CH2 CHOHCH3, CH2 CH2 CH2 OH, CH2 CHOHCH2 OH, ##STR10## CH2 C6 H5, C2 H4 C6 H5, CH2 C6 H4 CH3 and CH2 C6 H4 Cl.

Bridge members A are, in particular, C2 -C12 -alkylene group which may contain one or more ether oxygen atoms, aralkylene, cycloalkylene and C6 -C16 -alkylene chain interrupted by cycloalkyl, as exemplary radicals of the formulae ##STR11## where R12 is hydrogen or methyl and p is 0, 1 or 2.

Specific examples of alkylene radicals are C2 H4, (CH2)3, (CH2)4, (CH2)6, (CH2)2 O(CH2)2, (CH2)3 O(CH2)3 and (CH2)3 O(CH2)2 O(CH2)3.

In preferred compounds of the formula I, R1, R2 and R3 are each hydrogen or methyl, and R7, R8, R9 and R10 are each methyl.

The derivatives based on 2,4-- or 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylic acid or on 2,4,5-trimethylfuran-3-carboxylic acid are particularly preferred.

Other particularly preferred compounds are those in which R1, R2, R7, R8, R9 and R10 are each CH3 and R3 is H.

The compounds according to the invention can be prepared by well-known chemical processes. For example, the piperidinyl furancarboxylates can be prepared either from the corresponding acyl halides and the 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetraalkylpiperidines in the presence of an acid acceptor, such as an organic amine or an alkali metal hydroxide, or from the corresponding methyl or ethyl esters by transesterification with a 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetraalkylpiperidine in the presence of a catalytic compound, such as an alkali metal alcoholate or titanium tetrabutylate. The amides are advantageously prepared via the acyl halides.

The preparation of the furan-3-carboxylic acid derivatives required as starting compounds is known from the literature. For example, methyl 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylate can be prepared by the methods described in German Laid-Open Applications DOS No. 2,207,098 and DOS No. 2,826,013.

Ethyl 2-methyl-5-ethylfuran-3-carboxylate and corresponding esters with higher alkyl groups in the 5--position of the furan ring are described in J. Org. Chem. 43 (1978), 4596.

Ethyl 2-methyl-5-phenylfuran-3-carboxylate can be prepared by the method described in Bull. Soc. Chim. France 1970, [6], 2272.

Methyl 2,4-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylate and methyl 2,4,5-trimethylfuran-3-carboxylate can be prepared by for example, the method described in Anales real soc.' espan. fis. y quim. (Madrid) 50 B (1954), 407-412 [C.A. 49 (1955), 13 207 c].

Methyl 2-methyl-4-ethylfuran-3-carboxylate can be prepared similarly to methyl 2,4-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylate, by using 1-hydroxybutan-2-one instead of hydroxyacetone.

The synthesis of methyl 2-methylfuran-3-carboxylate is described in, for example, German Laid-Open Application DOS No. 2,800,505 and J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. I, 1981, pages 1982-1989.

Methods for the preparation of other alkyl-substituted furan-3-carboxylates are described in the literature.

The preparation of the acyl chlorides can be carried out by a conventional method, for example by hydrolyzing the methyl or ethyl esters of the corresponding acids to the free acids and then reacting these with thionyl chloride or another suitable compound to give the acyl chlorides.

The compounds according to the invention can be in the form of the free base or of a salt. Suitable anions are derived from, for example, inorganic acids and, in particular, organic carboxylic acids.

Examples of inorganic anions are chloride, bromide, sulfate, methosulfate, phosphate and thiocyanate.

Examples of carboxylic acid anions are formate, acetate, propionate, hexanoate, cyclohexanoate, lactate, stearate, dodecylbenzoate, benzoate, acrylate, methacrylate, citrate, malonate and succinate, and anions of polycarboxylic acids containing not more than 3000 COOH groups.

The Examples which follow describe the preparation.

The compounds according to the invention are useful for stabilizing organic material, especially plastics, to degradation by light and heat. They are added to the plastics being stabilized in a concentration of from 0.01 to 5, preferably from 0.02 to 1, % by weight, before, during or after polymer formation.

To mix the novel compounds with the plastics being stabilized, any conventional apparatus or method for mixing stabilizers or other additives into polymers can be used.

The plastics stabilized by means of one of the novel compounds can, if required, contain further additives, for example antioxidants, light stabilizers, metal deactivators, antistatic agents, flame retardants, pigments or fillers.

Examples of antioxidants and light stabilizers which can be added to the plastics in addition to the novel compounds are compounds based on sterically hindered phenols, and costabilizers containing sulfur or phosphorus.

Examples of phenolic antioxidants of this type are 2,6-di-tert.-butyl-4-methylphenol, n-octadecyl-β-(3,5-di-tert.-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-propionate, 1,1,3-tris-(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert.-butylphenyl)-butane, 1,3,5-trimethyl-2,4,6-tris-(3,5-di-tert.-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)-benzene, 1,3,5-tris-(3,5-di-tert.-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)isocyanurate, 1,3,5-tris-[β-(3,5-di-tert.-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-propionyloxyethyl]ioscyanurate, 1,3,5-tris-(2,6-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-4-tert.-butylbenzyl)isocyanurate, pentaerythritol tetrakis-[β-(3,5-di-tert.-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-propionate], etc.

Examples of phosphorus-containing antioxidants are tris-(nonylphenyl)-phosphite, distearyl pentaerythritol diphosphite, tris-(2,4-di-tert.-butylphenyl)phosphite, tris-(2-tert.-butyl-4-methylphenyl)phosphite, bis-(2,4-di-tert.-butylphenyl)pentaerythritol diphosphite, tetrakis-(2,4-di-tert.-butylphenyl) 4,4'-biphenylene diphosphite, etc.

Examples of sulfur-containing antioxidants are dilauryl thiodipropionate, dimyristyl thiodipropionate, distearyl thiodipropionate, pentaerythritol tetrakis-(β-laurylthiopropionate), pentaerythritol tetrakis-(β-hexylthiopropionate), etc.

Examples of other antioxidants and light stabilizers which can be used together with the compounds according to the invention are 2-(2'-hydroxyphenyl)-benzotriazoles, 2-hydroxybenzophenones, aryl esters of hydroxybenzoic acids, α-cyanocinnamic acid derivatives, nickel compounds and oxalic acid dianilides.

Examples of organic polymers which can be stabilized by means of the compounds according to the invention are polymers of mono- and diolefins, such as low-density or high-density polyethylene, linear low-density polyethylene, polypropylene, polyisobutylene, polybut-1-ene, polymethylpent-1-ene, polyisoprene or polybutadiene, and copolymers of mono- or diolefins, or blends of the stated polymers; copolymers of mono- or diolefins with other vinyl monomers, eg. ethylene/alkyl acrylate, ethylene/alkyl methacrylate, ethylene/vinyl acetate or ethylene/acrylic acid copolymers; polystyrene; copolymers of styrene or α-methylstyrene with dienes or acrylyl derivatives, eg. styrene/butadiene, styrene/acrylonitrile, styrene/ethyl methacrylate, styrene/butadiene/ethyl acrylate or styrene/acrylonitrile/methyl acrylate; ABS, MBS or similar polymers; halogen-containing polymers, eg. polyvinyl chloride, polyvinyl fluoride or polyvinylidene fluoride, and copolymers of these; polymers derived from α,β-unsaturated acids and their derivatives, eg. polyacrylates, polymethacrylates, polyacrylamides and polyacrylonitriles; polymers derived from unsaturated alcohols and amines or their acyl derivatives or acetals, eg. polyvinyl alcohol or polyvinyl acetate; and polyurethanes, nylons, polyureas, polyesters, polycarbonates, polysulfones and polyether-sulfones.

Other organic polymers which can be stabilized using the compounds according to the invention are industrial finishes. Particularly noteworthy among these are baking finishes, among which in turn automotive finishes, preferably two-coat finishes.

In this case, too, the antioxidants and light stabilizers stated above can additionally be used.

Solid compounds according to the invention can be added to the finish in solid or dissolved form, while liquid compounds according to the invention can be added as such to the finish. Their good solubility in the surface coating systems is particularly advantageous.

The compounds according to the invention are preferably used in polyolefins, preferably ethylene polymers and propylene polymers.

EXAMPLE 1 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-yl 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylate

154 g (1 mole) of methyl 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylate and 157 g (1 mole) of 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine were heated together with 10 g of tetrabutyl orthotitanate for 10 hours at about 190 C., the methanol formed being distilled off. When the reaction is complete, the mixture is cooled and the reaction mass is dissolved in ethyl acetate. The solution is extracted by shaking, first with 10% strength sodium carbonate solution and then with water, after which it is dried and evaporated down, and the residue is distilled under reduced pressure. The desired product distils at 142 C./2 mm as a virtually colorless oil which soon solidifies to a solid of melting point 59-61 C.

EXAMPLE 2 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-yl 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylate

If, in Example 1, 4-hydroxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine is used instead of 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine, the product obtained is a virtually colorless oil of boiling point 120-122 C./0.15 mm.

EXAMPLE 3 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-yl 2,4-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylate

If, in Example 1, methyl 2,4-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylate is used instead of methyl 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylate, the product obtained is a virtually colorless oil of boiling point 136-138 C./1 mm.

EXAMPLE 4 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-yl 2,4,5-trimethylfuran-3-carboxylate

If, in Example 1, methyl 2,4,5-trimethylfuran-3-carboxylate is used instead of methyl 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylate, the product obtained is a virtually colorless oil of boiling point 137-139 C./0.5 mm; this soon solidifies to a solid of melting point 54-58 C.

EXAMPLE 5 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-yl 2,4,5-trimethylfuran-3-carboxylate

If methyl 2,4,5-trimethylfuran-3-carboxylate and 4-hydroxy-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine are reacted by the method given in Example 1, the product obtained is a virtually colorless oil of boiling point 138-140 C./0.4 mm; this solidifies to a solid of melting point 55-56 C.

EXAMPLE 6 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylic acid 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-ylamide

156 g (1 mole) of 4-amino-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine and 79 g (0.5 mole) of 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carbonyl chloride in 1 l of toluene are refluxed for 24 hours, after which the precipitate is filtered off, the toluene solution is extracted by shaking with NaHCO3 solution and water, and is dried and evaporated down, and the residue is recrystallized from cyclohexane to give a product of melting point 116-118 C.

EXAMPLE 7 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-piperidin-4-yl 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylate

50 g of the product described in Example 1 are reacted with ethylene oxide in 50% strength aqueous ethanol in an autoclave at from 110 to 120 C. and under an initial pressure of 6 bar, and the reaction is terminated when the pressure has fallen to 1 bar.

The product obtained is purified by stirring thoroughly with water. It is obtained as a virtually white solid of melting point 83-85 C.

EXAMPLE 8 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylic acid N-butyl-N-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-yl)-amide

158.5 g (1 mole) of 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carbonyl chloride and 212 g (2 moles) of 4-N-butylamino-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine in 1.5 l of toluene are refluxed with 55 g of anhydrous sodium carbonate for 24 hours. The mixture is left to cool, and the precipitate is filtered off under suction and stirred with 1 l of water, and the mixture is extracted twice with 0.5 l of ethyl acetate. The combined ethyl acetate phases are dried, and evaporated down under reduced pressure from a water pump, the crystalline residue is suspended in a little petroleum ether, and the product is filtered off under suction and dried. It has a melting point of 78-79 C. and is pure according to gas chromatography.

EXAMPLE 9 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylic acid N-butyl-N-(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidin-4-yl)-amide

100.2 g (0.3 mole) of 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxylic acid N-butyl-N-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-yl)-amide (Preparation Example 8) are refluxed with 100 g of 37% strength aqueous formaldehyde solution and 30 g of formic acid for 7 hours.

The mixture is cooled, 1 l of water is added and the mixture is rendered alkaline with 5% strength aqueous potassium hydroxide solution and then extracted twice with 0.5 l of ethyl acetate. The combined ethyl acetate phases are dried over MgSO4 and evaporated down under reduced pressure from a water pump. The product remains behind as a pale yellow oil.

EXAMPLE 10 Bis-(N-1,6-Hexamethylene-N-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-yl)-2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxamide

158.5 g (1 mole) of 2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carbonyl chloride and 197 g (0.5 mole) of bis-4-(1,6-hexamethylene)-amino-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine in 1.5 l of toluene are refluxed together with 55 g of anhydrous sodium carbonate for 24 hours, after which the mixture is left to cool, the precipitate is filtered off under suction, dried at 80 C. under reduced pressure and then stirred into 2 l of water, and the suspension is rendered alkaline with dilute sodium hydroxide solution. The precipitate is filtered off under suction, washed neutral with a little water and dried at 80 C. under reduced pressure. After recrystallization from cyclohexane, the product has a melting point of 162-164 C.

EXAMPLE 11 Salt of bis-(N-1,6-hexamethylene-N-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-yl)-2,5-dimethylfuran-3-carboxamide with polyacrylic acid containing about 70 units.

64 g (0.1 mole) of the carboxamide from Preparation Example 10 and 7.2 g of powdered polyacrylic acid which has been carefully dehydrated and has a molecular weight of about 5000, in methanol, are stirred with gentle heating until a clear solution has formed. The solution is evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure from a water pump, and the residue is powdered. It has a melting point of 156-158 C.

Other compounds according to the invention are listed in Tables 1 to 5. The symbols relate to Formula I.

              TABLE 1______________________________________R1 = R2 = CH3 ; R3 = HEx-am-ple  R4                   Mp. or Bp.______________________________________12   as in Example 1, salt of  156-158 C.2,4-dimethylglutaric acid13   as in Example 1, salt of adipic acid                          176-178 C.14   as in Example 1, salt of  115-120 C.polyacrylic acid (about 28-42 units)15   as in Example 1, salt of  148-150 C.polyacrylic acid (about 70 units)16   as in Example 1, salt of  aboutpolyacrylic acid (about 2100-2800 units)                          300 C.17   as in Example 6, salt of  180-182 C.2,4-dimethylglutaric acid18   as in Example 6, salt of  122-126 C.polyacrylic acid (about 28-42 units)19   as in Example 6, salt of  156-158 C.polyacrylic acid (about 70 units)20 ##STR12##                126-128 C.21   as in Example 8, salt of 2,4-                          143-145 C.dimethylglutaric acid22   as in Example 8, salt of adipic acid23   as in Example 8, salt of  78-82 C.polyacrylic acid (about 28-42 units)24   as in Example 8, salt of  80-82 C.polyacrylic acid (about 70 units)28 ##STR13##29 ##STR14##                72-6 C.30 ##STR15##31 ##STR16##32 ##STR17##33 ##STR18##34 ##STR19##35 ##STR20##______________________________________

              TABLE 2______________________________________R1 = R3 = CH3 ; R2 = HEx-am-ple  R4                 Mp. or Bp.______________________________________36   as in Example 3, salt of adipic acid                        182-4 C.37   as in Example 3, salt of                        132-5 C.polyacrylic acid (about 70 units)38 ##STR21##              120C./0.3 mm39 ##STR22##              170-3 C.40   as in Example 39, salt of adipic acid                        178-80 C.41 ##STR23##42 ##STR24##              100-2 C.43   as in Example 42, salt of adipic acid44 ##STR25##45 ##STR26##46 ##STR27##              172-4 C.47 ##STR28##48 ##STR29##              128-30 C.49 ##STR30##               78-79 C.______________________________________

              TABLE 3______________________________________R1 = R2 = R3 = CH3Example  R4             Mp. or Bp.______________________________________50     as in Example 4, salt of                      170-2 C.  adipic acid51     as in Example 4, salt of                      142-6 C.  polyacrylic acid (about 70 units)52   ##STR31##           55-6 C. 138-40 C./0.4 mm53   ##STR32##          150-5 C.54   ##STR33##55   ##STR34##56   ##STR35##______________________________________

              TABLE 4______________________________________ ##STR36##Example  R4             Mp. or Bp.______________________________________57     ##STR37##          viscous58       as in Example 57, salt of                        135-40 C.    polyacrylic acid (about 70 units)59     ##STR38##60     ##STR39##61     ##STR40##______________________________________

              TABLE 5______________________________________Derivatives of various furancarboxylic acidsEx-am-ple  R1       R2              R3                   R4        Mp. or bp.______________________________________62   CH3       H      C2 H5                    ##STR41##     50-2 C.63   CH3       H      C2 H5                    ##STR42##     180-6 C./ 0.5 mm64   CH3       H      C2 H5                    ##STR43##65   CH3       C2 H5              H                    ##STR44##66   CH3       C2 H5              H                    ##STR45##67   CH3       C6 H5              H                    ##STR46##     103-5 C.______________________________________
USE EXAMPLES

(1) Stabilization of polyethylene with the compound from Example 1

(a) 0.25 part of the compound from Example 1 are incorporated in 100 parts of low-density polyethylene (1840 D from BASF) by extruding twice at 180 C., and the product is pressed to give 200 um thick sheets. After storage in the dark at 25 C. for 14 days, the surface of the sheets does not exhibit any coating.

(b) The sheets produced as described in (a) are tested in respect of their stability to weathering in a QUV accelerated weathering test apparatus. Ageing is determined by measuring the CO number after certain time intervals. Embrittlement is considered to have begun when the CO number reaches 10. The test results are summarized in Table 1. For comparison, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-yl furan-2-carboxylate is tested under the same conditions.

Test specimens are prepared using the compounds from Examples 2, 3 and 8, the method used being similar to that described in Example (1a). These specimens are tested by a method similar to that described in Example (1b), and the results are summarized in Table 1.

                                  TABLE 1__________________________________________________________________________         Exposure time in hoursCompound      500            1000               1500                  2000                     2500                        3000                           3500                              4000                                 4500__________________________________________________________________________Example 1     0.33            0.5               0.77                  1.55                     7.4                        10Example 2     0.30            0.51               0.68                  1.1                     3.5                        10Example 3        0.18               0.24                  0.48                     0.90                        1.83                           2.56                              3.39                                 7.08Example 8        0.24               0.41                  1.03                     2.01                        3.75                           7.74Example 21       0.07               0.13                  0.17                     0.25Example 67       0.22               0.32                  0.49                     0.942,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-         0.5            1.55               6.074-yl furan-2-carboxylatewithout a stabilizer         5__________________________________________________________________________

(2) Stabilization of polypropylene

(a) 0.25 part of the compound from the appropriate Example are incorporated in 100 parts of polypropylene (1320 H from BASF) by extruding twice at 220 C., and the product is pressed to give 200 μm thick sheets. After storage in the dark at 25 C. for 14 days, the surface of the sheets does not exhibit any coating.

(b) The sheets produced as described in (a) are tested in respect to their stability to weathering in a QUV accelerated weathering test apparatus. Ageing is determined by measuring the CO number after certain time intervals, and the beginning of embrittlement is examined mechanically. The test results are summarized in Table 2.

              TABLE 2______________________________________          Time until embrittlementCompound       occurs in h______________________________________Example 6      1730Example 8      1920Example 10     1740Example 11     1770Example 21     1700Example 25     1720Example 26     2000Example 27     1770Example 29     1620Example 39     1920Example 53     17402,2,6,6-tetramethyl-           950piperidin-4-yl furan-2-carboxylate______________________________________
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4021432 *May 14, 1975May 3, 1977Ciba-Geigy CorporationPiperidine derivatives
US4075165 *May 19, 1976Feb 21, 1978Ciba-Geigy Corporation2,2,6,6-tetra-substituted-4-piperidinol
GB1318559A * Title not available
GB1401924A * Title not available
WO1981002021A1 *Jan 13, 1981Jul 23, 1981Gen ElectricStabilization of polyphenylene ether-compositions by tetrasubstituted piperidines
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *Chemical Abstracts Registry Handbook, 1977 Supplement, 64219 71 2.
2Chemical Abstracts Registry Handbook, 1977 Supplement, 64219 71-2.
3 *Waters et al, Chemical Abstracts, vol. 87 (1977) 161420y.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4703072 *Jun 16, 1986Oct 27, 1987Basf AktiengesellschaftLight stabilizers for polymers
US5039799 *Sep 20, 1989Aug 13, 1991Ciba-Geigy CorporationLight, heat, oxidation stabilizer
Classifications
U.S. Classification546/16, 546/214, 546/187
International ClassificationC08L101/00, C09K15/30, C07D405/14, C08L23/00, C08K5/34, C08L23/02, C07D405/12, C08K5/3435
Cooperative ClassificationC07D405/14, C07D405/12, C08K5/3435
European ClassificationC08K5/3435, C07D405/12, C07D405/14
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 11, 1994FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 19940803
Jul 31, 1994LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Mar 8, 1994REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Jan 16, 1990FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
May 8, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: BASF AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, 6700 LUDWIGSHAFEN, RHEINL
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:NEUMANN, PETER;HELWIG, REINHARD;WEISS, STEFAN;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:004544/0159
Effective date: 19841207
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:NEUMANN, PETER;HELWIG, REINHARD;WEISS, STEFAN;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:004544/0159
Owner name: BASF AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT,GERMANY