Horses from slipping
US 460459 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 1.
J. H. BORRETT. MEANS FOR PREVENTING HORSES FROM SLIPPING.
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-J. H. BORRETT.
MEANS FOR PREVENTING HORSES PROM SLIPPING. No. 460,459. Patented Sept, 29, 1-891.
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(No Model.) 3'SheetsSheet 3.
J. H. BORRETT. v MEANS FOR PREVENTING HORSES FROM SLIVPPING. No. 460,459. Patented Sept. 29, 1891.
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NITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH HAYIVARD BORRETT, OF LONDON, ENGLAND, ASSIGNOR TO WVILLIAM CLARK, OF SAME PLACE.
MEANS FOR PREVENTING HORSES FROM SLIPPING.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 460,459, dated September 29, 1891.
Application filed November 8, 1890. Serial No. 370,755- (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JOSEPH HAYWARD Bon- RETT, bootmaker, a subject of the Queen of Great Britain, residing at 700 Holloway Road, Holloway, in the county of London, England, have invented new and useful Improvements in and Relating to Means for Preventing Horses and other Draft-Animals from Slipping, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to means for preventing horses and other draft-animals from slipping upon smooth and frosty roads.
The object of my invention is to provide means which can be used in conjunction with an ordinary horseshoe and which can be readily fixed or removed.
According to one method of carrying out myinvention,l provideapad of india-ru'bber or other suitable material, which is fitted inside the shoe. The outer side is caused to project slightly beyond the wearing-surface of the ordinary shoe, the said outer side being preferably formed with projections to roughen it. Inside this pad is arranged a locking device comprising a number of bolts, which are preferably adapted to be shot simultaneously, so as to project above the top side of the shoe to hold the pad in position.
In practice I find it advantageous to employ three bolts, one of which engages with the front of the shoe and the other two with the sides. The lateral bolts are arranged to engage in slots or notches in the central bolt, and to be held in position by a'spring or springs, so that the said bolts cannot become accidentally displaced and thus allow the pad to fall out.
In the accompanying two sheets of drawings, Figure l is a plan of the under side of a horses hoof fitted with an ordinary horseshoe, showing my appliance affixed thereto. Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation of the same through the line X X in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a side elevation, and Fig. 4: a plan, of the upper side of the said appliance detached. Fig. 5 is a plan of the under side of the apparatus for fixing the pad; and Figs. 6 and 7 are plans of the same with the cover removed, showing the parts in difierent positions. Figs. 8 and 9 are respectively plan and cross-sectional elevation of a modified form of my apparatus.
Similar letters of reference denote similar parts throughout the drawings.
Referring to Figs. 1 to 7, A is the hoof, and B an ordinary shoe affixed thereto in the usual manner. C is a pad of india-rubber or other suitable material, which fits the inside of the shoe. surface of the shoe and is formed with projections on the outer side to roughen it, as shown.
The locking device forsecuring the pad consists of a casing formed of two plates D D, between which slide three bolts E E E The long central bolt E engages with the front of the shoe and the short lateral bolts E E which work at right angles to the central bolt, engage with the sides of the shoe. The inner ends of the bolts E E are provided with pins F, which engage in slots H in the central bolt E, so shaped that when the bolt E is pushed out or pulled in the bolts E E are simultaneously caused to project or are withdrawn.
In Fig. 6 the bolts are shown projecting, and in Fig. 7 Withdrawn. When the bolts are projected, the pin I on the spring K drops into a hole L in the bolt E, and thus locks all the bolts in such position and prevents the appliance from becoming accidentallydisplaced and falling out of the shoe. In place of using a pin the end of the spring K may drop into a notch in the plate to lock the bolts. The appliance can be easily slipped into the shoe and fixed by simply pushing in the end of the central bolt, when the three bolts will projeet over the top of the shoe, as shown by the dotted lines in Fig. 1. For removal it is only necessary to insert a little hook or piece of bent This pad projects beyond the rod into the hole L, which will push down the pin I and spring K, enabling the bolts to be drawn back by the same hook, when the apparatus will drop out of the shoe.
In the modified arrangement shown in Figs. 8 and 9 no india-rubber pad is used; but the under plate D is provided with extensions D which come on the face of the shoe B. A tapered metal stud M, provided with a head M, fits into a taper-hole in each such extension, and is fixed securely in place by the head M being gripped between the shoe and the plate.
A piece of india-rubber oi other suitable elas tic material N may be interposed to enable the apparatus to adapt itself to variations in the thickness of the shoe. When the studs are worn down, fresh ones can be readily inserted. They take the place of the projections upon the pad 0 orof the ordinary roughening-pieces fitted to horseshoes.
hat I claim as my invention, and desire 10 to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. The combination, with a horseshoe and with the plates D D for holding a pad or calks, of the longitudinally-sliding bolt E,