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Publication numberUS461366 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 13, 1891
Filing dateApr 11, 1891
Publication numberUS 461366 A, US 461366A, US-A-461366, US461366 A, US461366A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 461366 A
Abstract  available in
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)


No. 461,366. Patented 0012. 13, 1891.



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 461,366, dated October 13, 1891.

Application filed April 11, 1891. Serial No. 388,536- (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, ISAAC H. ODOM, a citizen of the United States, residing at Oakesdale, in the county of Whitman and State of \Vashington, have invented a new and useful Extension-Ladder, of which the following is a specification.

The invention relates to improvements in extension-ladders.

The object of the present invention is to simplify and improve the construction of eX- tension step-ladders and to enable the platform at the top to be arranged at a great height with perfect safety and to provide means whereby they may be conveniently manipulated.

The invention consists in the construction and novel combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and pointed out in the claims hereto appended.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of an extension step'ladder. Fig. 2 is.

a vertical sectional view. Fig. 3 is a revers plan View. Fig. 4 is a detail View. Referring to the accompanying drawings, 1 designates a circular platform, which has secured to'its .lower face triangularly-disposed bars 2, provided with beveled ends and arranged at intervals across the platform near the edge of the same and forming recesses and having pivoted within their ends the upper sections 3 of extension-ladders 4. The extension-ladder 4 is composed of sections 3 and 5, and section 3 has its upper end hinged by a rod 6, which passes through perforations of the bars 2 and the upper end of the section 3 and is adapted to be removed when it is desired to separate the extension-ladder from the platform. The sections 3 and 5 of the extension-ladder 4 slide on each other, and the section 3 is provided on the outer faces of its sides with cleats 7, which are engaged by hooks 8, constructed of flat metal and secured to the outer faces of the other.

sections near the top thereof. The sections, which may be two or more, are adjusted by means of rack-bars 9, arranged on the outer edges of the sides of the upper section, and cog-wheels 10, mounted on a shaft 11 and arranged to engage the rack-bars. The shaft 11 is journaled in suitable bearings of the of which is provided at one end with an eye, and links 16 are attached to the eye and are adapted to engage hooks 17 on the rear edges of steps of the lower section. One of the rods is provided at its other end with an eye 18, and the other rods are provided with hooks 19 to engage the eye 18. The links enable the stay-rods to be adjusted to the positions of the sections of the ladders.

The extension-ladders and platform form a tripod, and the base or outer ends of the lower sections are considerably beyond the edge of the platform, which brings the lattergreatly withinthe center of gravity at. every point, thereby enabling extension step-ladders to .be constructed of great length with perfectsafety.

The extension step-ladder may be mounted on suitable running-gear and made portable.

From the foregoing description and the accompanying drawings the construction, operation, and advantages of the invention will readily be understood. What I claim is- 1. An extension step-ladder comprising the circular platform 1, the bars 2, triangularly disposed on thelower face of the platform and arranged at intervals, the extension-ladders composed of sections and hinged between the bars 2, and means for securing the sections in their adjustment, substantially as described.

2. An extension-ladder comprising the circular platform, the bars secured to the lower face of the same, the extension-ladders hinged to the bars and composed of an upper section provided with rackbars, the lower section sliding on the upper section,shafts journaled in suitable bearings, cog-wheels mounted on the shafts and arranged to engage the rackbars, and the pawls and ratchets, substantially as described.

3. An extension step-ladder comprising the circular platform, the bars 2, secured to the lower face of the same, the extension-ladders hinged to the bars and composed of an upper section provided with cleats arranged on its In testimony that I claim the foregoing es sides and the lower section provided with my own I have hereto afiixed my signaturein hooks engaging the cleats, the rack-bars atpresence of two Witnesses.

cached to the upper sections, the shafts jour- ISAAC H. ODOM. 5 naled in suitable bearings of the lower seo- NVitnesses:

tions, cog-wheels mounted on the shafts, and JAMES A. HUNTER,

pawls and ratehets, substantially as described. W. TALBOTT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5685391 *May 30, 1996Nov 11, 1997Gundlach; JamesTriladder
US6206139Oct 17, 1996Mar 27, 2001Robert C. Bogart, Jr.Folding tripod ladder having extendable legs
US8944212 *Aug 8, 2011Feb 3, 2015Ramalingam VaidyaselvanMulti-sided ladder assembly and methods of utilizing same
US20130037349 *Feb 14, 2013Ramalingam VaidyaselvanMulti-sided ladder assembly and methods of utilizing same
Cooperative ClassificationE06C7/12