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Publication numberUS4616169 A
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 06/720,868
Publication dateOct 7, 1986
Filing dateApr 8, 1985
Priority dateApr 8, 1985
Fee statusLapsed
Publication number06720868, 720868, US 4616169 A, US 4616169A, US-A-4616169, US4616169 A, US4616169A
InventorsRichard V. Proffitt
Original AssigneeScovill Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Battery-powered appliance
US 4616169 A
Abstract
Appliance has housing with removable battery-pack section having a front end shaped to slide dovetail fashion up into the appliance housing and a spring-biased latch which holds up the rear of the section. Sets of contacts for discharge and charging have parallel contacts directed in the direction of the installing movement of the section into the housing.
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Claims(4)
I claim:
1. A battery-powered handheld appliance having a smooth housing, a lower section of the housing enclosing rechargeable battery-pack means, the lower section being removable to leave a recess having a vertical and a horizontal wall, motor means for driving an appliance disposed in the housing spaced from the said lower section, vertically extending and engaging interconnecting electrical means in the removable section and the housing adjacent the recess and releaseably connecting the battery-pack means and the motor, the rear of the housing above the recess including manually operable latch means, the removable section having a front vertical wall with a forward vertical projection having first interfitting means on the sides thereof, the vertical wall of the recess having a vertical cavity complementing the vertical projection, the cavity having second interfitting means in its side walls to accommodate slidingly the first interfitting means, and latch-engaging means at the rear end of the lower battery pack containing removable section, the latch and the interfitting means in cooperation keeping the removable section stored snugly up in the recess.
2. A battery-powered appliance as claimed in claim 1 wherein the latch is a plunger element having a stem mounted in a base in the housing and including a hook latchingly extending into an opening in the top of the removable section and an operator button in an opening in rear end surface of the housing and having an end surface flush with the surface of the housing.
3. A battery-powered appliance as claimed in claim 2 wherein in addition to the interconnecting electric means the removable section includes a pair of upwardly directed spaced battery-charging contacts, which when the removable section is stored in the recess extend up into the housing in the space above the section, the battery-charging contacts being on either side of the plunger stem.
4. A battery-powered appliance as explained in claim 1 wherein the first interfitting means are outward ribs and the second interfitting means are grooves.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

This invention relates to a battery-powered appliance. More specifically, this invention relates to an appliance in which a battery pack supplying the power may be removed from the appliance and plugged into a conventional AC wall receptacle for charging.

2. Description of the Prior Art

In the prior art there have been attempts to provide appliances such as electrical razors with removable battery packs which have been chargeable by plugging them into wall receptacles. An example is disclosed in Fleckenstein et al, U.S. Pat. No. 3,281,636 issued Oct. 25, 1963. One of the problems with earlier such appliances is that the attachment between the body of the appliance and the battery pack has been dependent on the frictional engagement of the electric contacts of the appliance and battery pack themselves so that over time and with wear, the securement of the two parts together has become loose and unreliable.

In U.S. Pat. No. 3,757,194 which issued Sept. 4, 1973 to Weber et al a battery-pack section was slid into its place in the appliance housing. This unit was not provided with separate sets of contacts for discharging into the appliance and for insertion into a wall plug for charging, however.

The more recent U.S. Pat. No. 4,084,123 which issued Apr. 11, 1978 to Lineback et al provides a battery charger having a single set of contacts which may be used both for charging and discharging into the appliance, but some such earlier units have required an expensive conversion switch and complicated circuitry.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Under the present invention, the battery-pack circuit is kept simple by virtue of separate sets of contacts for charging the battery pack and discharging the pack into the appliance. These sets of contacts are parallel to each other, with the result that the vertical sliding of the pack into its place in either the appliance or the AC wall plug does not involve the structural interference of the sets of contacts with each other. Moreover, this vertical sliding into the appliance is made secure by a tongue-and-groove interfit between parts at one end of the battery pack and a secure spring-latching mechanism at the other end.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Other benefits and features of the invention will be apparent from a reading of the following specification and examination of the attached drawings, all of which disclose a non-limiting embodiment of the invention. In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of an appliance embodying the invention;

FIG. 1a is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 1a--1a of FIG. 1;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary enlarged view showing in solid lines the battery pack removed and in phantom lines the battery pack in place;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 3--3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4--4 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary enlarged view of the rear end of the appliance showing the battery pack installed on the appliance;

FIG. 6 is an enlarged sectional view takeon on the line 6--6 of FIG. 5; and

FIG. 7 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the line 7--7 of FIG. 2.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring more specifically to the drawings, an electric carving knife emodying the invention is generally designated 10 in FIG. 1. It comprises a smooth housing 12 having an opening in the front end receiving the dual recipricoble blades 14 of the conventional sort.

The housing 12 includes a handle portion 16 and a lower removable section 18. An operating button 20 is provided within a thumb's reach of the handle, and a safety block button 22 is provided as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,358,108 which issued Dec. 12, 1967 to Hanson. The main section of the housing 12 encloses the knife-operating motor and the removable section 18 encloses a rechargeable battery pack.

With the removable section 18 removed, there is created recess 24 having a horizontal margin 26 and a vertical wall 28 (FIG. 2). The vertical wall 28 is formed with a vertical cavity 30 (FIG. 3). At the upper end of the cavity, bare motor contacts 32 extend downward. The sidewalls of the cavity are formed with partial grooves 34. The contacts 32 are connected directly to the motor through the switch button 20 in a conventional manner.

The removable section 18 (FIG. 4) is formed with a vertical projection 36 adapted to fit into the recess 30 and having ridges 38 on its opposite vertical sidewalls. The upper end 40 of the projection is provided with female contacts 42. Exending upwardly from the removable section 18 are the AC charge contacts 44 adapted to be inserted for charging (FIG. 2) into a conventional wall receptacle. The upper surface of the section 18 is formed adjacent its rearward end with a latch opening 46 (FIGS. 2, 5). The interior of the main section 16 of the housing is formed with a trough-shaped boss 48 which is closed on its lower end by a strap 50, the trough and the strap defining an opening for the stem 52 of a plunger-like latch having a head 54 with a downward latching finger 56.

The sectional view 5 shows that the removable section 18 includes batteries 58. These are connected appropriately through a printed circuit board 60, mounted in the section 18 and connected to both the female discharge contacts 42 and the AC charging plugs 44.

In use, the removable section 18 may be removed from the rest of the knife and the partial contacts 44 inserted in the conventional wall receptacle for charging. After a suitable time, the removable section 18 may be reinstalled in the knife by placing the projection 36 in alignment with the cavity 30 and vertically raising the section 18 so that the ribs 38 fit into the grooves 34 and the latching finger 56 snaps into the opening 46 in the removable section. This securely holds the section in a manner not disclosed in the art.

While the invention has been shown in only one form, it is not so limited, but may take many forms as defined by the following claim language.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3533119 *Mar 6, 1968Oct 13, 1970Sunbeam CorpCordless portable electric appliance
US3757194 *Jul 3, 1972Sep 4, 1973Black & Decker Mfg CoCordless power tool having removable battery pack
US3883789 *Mar 19, 1974May 13, 1975Wolf Geraete GmbhPower pack
US3999110 *Feb 6, 1975Dec 21, 1976The Black And Decker Manufacturing CompanyBattery pack and latch
US4050003 *Feb 18, 1976Sep 20, 1977The Black And Decker Manufacturing CompanyModular cordless tools
US4084123 *Aug 25, 1975Apr 11, 1978Disston, Inc.Cordless electric devices having rechargeable battery pack(s)
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4779687 *Jan 30, 1987Oct 25, 1988C. & E. Fein Gmbh & Co.Electric tool with source of power independent of the line
US4856718 *Dec 4, 1987Aug 15, 1989Better Mousetraps Inc.Food processor and food cutting devices therefor
US5208525 *Oct 15, 1991May 4, 1993Gardena Kress + Kastner GmbhElectric power supply assembly for a cordless electric appliance
US5213913 *Feb 21, 1992May 25, 1993Snap-On Tools CorporationLatching arrangement for battery pack
US5317247 *Apr 19, 1993May 31, 1994Motorola, Inc.Integrated battery contact and retentive protrusion
US5457376 *Jan 21, 1994Oct 10, 1995Motorola, Inc.Battery for attachment to and powering of a radio
US5504412 *Mar 15, 1994Apr 2, 1996Gsl Rechargeable Products, LimitedReplaceable battery pack of rechargeable batteries
US5895728 *Jan 15, 1997Apr 20, 1999Bolder Technologies Corp.Battery case
US6004689 *Dec 7, 1998Dec 21, 1999Bolder Technologies CorporationBattery case
US6057608 *Aug 13, 1998May 2, 2000Black & Decker Inc.Cordless power tool system
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US6329788May 26, 2000Dec 11, 2001Black & Decker Inc.Cordless power tool system
US6487779 *Jul 17, 2001Dec 3, 2002David A. UnderthunRechargeable fillet knife
US6653815Dec 4, 2002Nov 25, 2003Black & Decker Inc.Cordless power tool system
US6656626May 24, 2000Dec 2, 2003Porter-Cable CorporationCordless power tool battery release mechanism
US6996909 *Aug 13, 1998Feb 14, 2006Black & Decker Inc.Battery powered circular saw
US7005831Jul 22, 2003Feb 28, 2006Black & Decker Inc.Cordless power tool system utilizing battery pack connection system with guide rails and guide slots
US7148580Aug 5, 2004Dec 12, 2006Briggs And Stratton CorporationMethod of and system for starting engine-driven power equipment
US7161253Aug 6, 2003Jan 9, 2007Briggs & Stratton CorporationPortable power source
US7343683 *Jan 9, 2006Mar 18, 2008Black & Decker Inc.Battery powered circular saw
US7423407Jan 11, 2006Sep 9, 2008Black & Decker Inc.Cordless power tool system having slidably-engaging power source connection
US7429430Oct 16, 2003Sep 30, 2008Black & Decker Inc.Cordless power tool battery release mechanism
US7598705Jul 31, 2008Oct 6, 2009Black & Decker Inc.Cordless power tool system having cordless power tool and battery pack that employ cooperating rails and grooves for connection of battery pack to cordless power tool
US7619387May 8, 2006Nov 17, 2009Ingersoll-Rand CompanyBattery pack attachment arrangement
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US8029311 *Jun 23, 2009Oct 4, 2011Sony CorporationFemale connector structure, male connector structure, battery, adapter and electric device
US8312937Aug 20, 2009Nov 20, 2012Black & Decker Inc.Battery for a power tool with a battery pack ejector
US8695223Jul 6, 2009Apr 15, 2014Makita CorporationBush cutter with a versatile operating rod
US20110131817 *Jul 6, 2009Jun 9, 2011Makita CorporationBush cutter to which battery pack can be attached and detached
US20120165610 *Jun 22, 2011Jun 28, 2012Minimally Invasive Devices, LlcSystems and methods for optimizing and maintaining visualization of a surgical field during the use of surgical scopes
US20130059477 *Jun 18, 2012Mar 7, 2013Pag Ltd.Battery coupling arrangement
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Classifications
U.S. Classification320/111, 320/128, 429/163, 310/50, 30/DIG.1
International ClassificationH01M10/46, H02J7/00, H01M10/44, H01M2/10
Cooperative ClassificationY10S30/01, H02J7/0045
European ClassificationH02J7/00E2
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 18, 1990FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 19901007
Oct 7, 1990LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
May 8, 1990REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Jan 29, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: NATIONAL WESTMINSTER USA CREDIT CORPORATION,
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HAMILTON BEACH INC., A CORP OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:004691/0388
Effective date: 19861229
Nov 22, 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: HAMILTON BEACH INC., 95 SCOVILL STREET, WATERBURY,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SCOVILL INC.;REEL/FRAME:004485/0705
Effective date: 19851028
Apr 8, 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: SCOVILL INC., 500 CHASE PARKWAY, WATERBURY, CT. 06
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:PROFFITT, RICHARD V.;REEL/FRAME:004409/0224
Effective date: 19850404