|Publication number||US4622797 A|
|Application number||US 06/772,658|
|Publication date||Nov 18, 1986|
|Filing date||Sep 4, 1985|
|Priority date||Sep 7, 1984|
|Also published as||DE3577335D1, DE8525506U1, EP0174297A2, EP0174297A3, EP0174297B1|
|Publication number||06772658, 772658, US 4622797 A, US 4622797A, US-A-4622797, US4622797 A, US4622797A|
|Original Assignee||Wuester Heinrich|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (6), Classifications (11), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
In greenhouses and hotbeds used in horticulture, the glass panes preferred in the past are increasingly replaced by highly transparent double-faced webbed panels made of plastic. Whereas glass is relatively heavy and breaks easily and have very poor heat insulation properties, double-faced webbed panels distinguish by being extremely light in weight and absolutely resistant to breakage and having extremely favorable heat insulation properties. The double-faced webbed panel comprises two facings, which are spaced apart by longitudinally extending webs so that a multiplicity of air chambers are formed.
Owing to their cellular structure, said panels have inherently an adequate stiffness even in case of small wall thicknesses. But the cellular walls are so flexible that structures covering large areas can be made only from assembled units, which are reinforced by edge sections. Because small wall thicknesses must be used for an economical manufacture and the plastic used for the panels has a high elasticity, the joining of the cellular walls to the required sections is extremely difficult. For this reason, conventional fasteners, such as screws or rivets, cannot be used. A further difficulty is due to the differential thermal expansion of the plate and the reinforcing sections.
Particularly in the manufacture of panel structures which cover large areas and are angled as desired, such as are required for side walls or covered windows of greenhouses and which are required to be bordered on all sides by supporting or covering sections, a reliable joint has not been disclosed before.
It is an object of the invention to provide a double-faced webbed panel unit which is provided at its edges with stiffening sections which are reliably joined to the double-faced webbed panel whereas movements caused by differential thermal expansion are permitted.
This is accomplished in accordance with the invention in that two abutting sections are connected to each other and to the double-faced webbed panel by a two-legged corner angle member, which is disposed in a cut-out of the double-faced webbed panel and the legs of which extend in and snugly conform to the ends of the two sections, and at least at one end of the section each of those edge portions of the two facings of the double-faced webbed panel which protrude into the interior of the section is disposed between that leg of the corner angle member that has been inserted into the end of the section and the adjacent inside surface of the section. That design ensures a joint of optimum strength between the double-faced webbed panel and at least two sections extending at an angle to each other and permits a differential thermal expansion because the double-faced webbed panel is fixed only at points.
The invention will now be explained in more detail with reference to an illustrative embodiment shown on the drawings, in which
FIG. 1 is a transverse sectional view showing a double-faced webbed panel,
FIG. 2 shows a corner of a rectangular double-faced webbed panel unit.
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken on line A--A in FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 shows the separate parts forming the corner shown in FIG. 2, and
FIG. 5 is a top plan view showing the sharpened forward portion of a leg of the corner angle member.
By way of example, a right-angled corner joint of a rectangular double-faced webbed panel unit is shown. The invention may be applied to any desired angles.
The double-faced webbed panel unit comprises a double-faced webbed panel 1, which at its edges is bordered by sections. At the corners of the double-faced webbed panel unit the sections are joined to each other and to the double-faced webbed panel 1 by means of a corner angle member 2. The corner angle member 2 is preferably mass-produced from plastic at low cost and comprises a leg 3, which conforms to the interior of one bordering section 5 and which is inserted into the bordering section 5 during the assembling. The other leg 4 is also dimensioned to be insertable into the other bordering section 6 but is smaller by the extent of the two facings of the double-faced panel 1. The leg 4 is sharpened like a knife at its end 4 and is provided with barblike elevations 7 throughout its length. During the automatic blanking of the double-faced webbed panels 1 to the desired size, a triangular cutout 8 for accommodating a portion of the corner angle member 2 is cut at each corner.
For assembling, the bordering section 6 which extends at right angles to the longitudinal webs 1' of the double-faced webbed panel 1 is fitted on the double-faced webbed panel 1 first. Then the smooth leg 3 of the corner angle member 2 is inserted into that bordering section 5, which is dimensioned to fit the longitudinal side. Thereafter the knife-shaped end 4' of the corner angle member 4 is inserted into the end opening of the bordering section 6, which has previously been fitted on the double-faced webbed panel 1. When the bordering section 5 associated with the longitudinal side is subsequently forced into position, the corner angle member 2 is forced into the end opening of the bordering section 6 at the same time. In that operation the barblike elevations of the leg 4 force the two facings 1" of the double-faced webbed panel 1 against the inside surfaces of the bordering section 6 whereas the knife-shaped, pointed end 4' during its insertion cuts through the thin cell walls or longitudinal webs 1' extending at right angles. As a result, the two facings 1" are fixed throughout the length of the leg 4 by the barblike elevations of the corner angle member 2 against a displacement in the transverse direction. Projections 9 or noses protruding inwardly from the inside surface of the bordering section 6 prevent a displacement of the facings 1" of the double-faced webbed panel 1 in the longitudinal direction. Said projections 9 prevent also a displacement of the bordering section 5 which is disposed on the longitudinal side because the smooth leg 3 of the angle 2 bears also on projections 10 or noses. When all four corner joints have been forced into position, the double-faced webbed plate 1 has reliably been joined to the bordering sections embracing said panel, without a need for additional means, and the bordering sections have also been fixed in all directions but provide for an adequate play for thermal expansion because the double-faced webbed panel is fixed only at its corners.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4899507 *||Feb 25, 1988||Feb 13, 1990||Glaceries De Saint - Roch S.A.||Curved glazed panels|
|US5923002 *||Nov 12, 1997||Jul 13, 1999||Owens Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc.||Acoustical room paneling and method of installation|
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|U.S. Classification||52/783.1, 52/782.1, 52/656.5, 52/793.1, 52/800.12|
|International Classification||E04C2/34, E04C2/38|
|Cooperative Classification||E04C2/38, E04C2/34|
|European Classification||E04C2/38, E04C2/34|
|May 1, 1990||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 3, 1994||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|May 1, 1998||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12