|Publication number||US4631647 A|
|Application number||US 06/831,859|
|Publication date||Dec 23, 1986|
|Filing date||Feb 24, 1986|
|Priority date||Feb 24, 1986|
|Publication number||06831859, 831859, US 4631647 A, US 4631647A, US-A-4631647, US4631647 A, US4631647A|
|Original Assignee||Robert Ranney|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (18), Classifications (24), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention generally relates to interior electrical lighting devices and, more particularly, to an improved lighting device affording a continuous wall and/or ceiling of uniform light illumination.
2. Prior Art
Many electrical devices have been proposed for lighting areas of interior walls and/or ceilings. Certain of such devices are of extended surface area and include a number of spaced light bulbs. In most such instances access thereto for repair and replacement of the bulbs is difficult. Moreover, the front panels of such devices of any extended area are held in brackets, grids and the like which interpose solid, light-interfering support bars and the like between the light bulbs and the viewer, thus breaking up the illumination. It would be desireable to provide an improved wall and ceiling lighting device of simplified construction, easy accessibility to the lighting elements and improved illumination.
Certain devices have been proposed for dance floors and which provide light to an extended surface area, but have numerous drawbacks. See, for example, U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,329,739 and 4,340,929. In U.S. Pat. No. 4,309,739 a portable roll-up lighted disco dance floor is proposed which employs a CO2 generator and sequential lighting controls. The device comprises boxes or slots which are hinged together to permit them to be rolled up, each slot having its own fluorescent tube. Such a device is expensive and complicated and does not afford simultaneous easy access to a plurality of burned out bulbs. It also has little applicability to a wall and ceiling light device.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,340,928 discloses a dance floor having interlocked panels with light-interfering designs in or behind their upper surfaces. The panels each include male and female electrical and mechanical connectors and are very expensive and complicated to fabricate and assemble. The device is similar to that described above with respect to its deficiencies.
A far simpler device is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,100,025 for use in lighting a stage. It comprises a box with hinged reflective panels bearing angled foot lights. Such a device, however, does not provide uniform illumination over an extended area and could not be used effectively for wall and ceiling lighting.
Accordingly, there remains a need for a simple, inexpensive wall and ceiling lighting device which can provide a whole wall or ceiling of unimpeded uniform illumination, with easy access to the lighting elements. Such improved illumination would be better for reading and general viewing purposes and would provide a unique decorative effect.
The improved light device of the present invention satisfies all the foregoing needs. The device is substantially as set forth in the Abstract. Thus, the device includes a flat, preferably rigid rear grid bearing electrical wiring and spaced electrical bulb connectors, and with bulbs, incandescent, fluorescent or the like connected thereto, as well as means to releasably secure the grid to a wall or ceiling. A plurality of flat translucent front panels bearing beveled, preferably 45° sloped, outer edges are releasably held against each other in abutting relation parallel to and in front of the rear grid by a plurality of spaced translucent or transparent struts or legs engaging the panels and grid. The grid and array of panels can cover an entire wall or ceiling or both. Since the panels fit tightly together in supporting relation to each other, a continuous sheet of uniform of light is provided without light-interfering support bars in the way. Such a sheet or wall of light is very decorative and appealing as well as providing improved illumination for reading and general viewing, all with convenient access, through the individual panels, to all parts of the grid, for periodic bulb replacement.
Various other features of the invention are set forth in the following detailed description and accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic fragmentary front elevation of a first preferred embodiment of the improved wall and ceiling light device, showing the device mounted on the interior wall of a building;
FIG. 2 is a schematic fragmentary front elevation of the grid and light bulb portion of the device of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary side elevation, partly broken away, of the device of FIG. 1, showing the device mounted on a wall;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a second preferred embodiment of the present invention, particularly of one light panel, four spacer legs, fluorescent bulb and electrical connectors utilizable in that embodiment;
FIG. 5 is a schematic side elevation of the components of FIG. 4; and,
FIG. 6 is a second preferred embodiment of the improved light device.
Now referring more particularly to FIGS. 1-3 of the drawings, a first preferred embodiment of the improved wall and ceiling light device of the present invention is schematically depicted therein. Thus, device 10 is shown which comprises an open grid 12 (FIG. 2) of flat, rigid, supporting material, such as metal, plastic, glass, fiberglass-reinforced plastic, hard rubber, ceramic, wood or the like. Preferably, grid 12 is of translucent plastic, or can be another material painted or coated with a light-reflective coating of paint, etc. Grid 12 preferably comprises a plurality of spaced interconnected bars or rods 14, all of which preferably are integral, and define a plurality of cells or modules 16 having open central spaces 18 within and in front of which a lighting element, preferably in the form of a straight or curved fluorescent bulb or tube 20 is releasably electrically connected through connectors 22 to grid 12. Connectors 22 are attached to grid 12 and electrically connected through electrical wiring 24 to an external electrical power source (not shown). Wiring 24 for the most part may be disposed in channels 26 in the rear of grid 12. It will be understood that grid 12 can, if desired, be made in the form of releasably electrically interconnected abutting segments 28, 30 and 32 or can be made in one piece. Grid 12 is releasably mounted on an interior ceiling or wall, as by spaced screws 34 (FIG. 3) or the like.
When fluorescent tubes 20 are used, each module 16 can be provided with a conventional ballast 36 supported on a bracket 38 of the like connected to grid 12. Grid 12 may have a number of spaced holes 40 extending rearwardly part of the way therethrough and adapted to releasably receive the rear portions 42 (FIG. 3) of spacer legs 44, the front portions 46 of which are releasably or permanently received in pockets 48 of front panels 50. Preferably, legs 44 are transparent, although they could be translucent, in any event so as not to materially interfere with the passage of light from tubes 20 forward through panels 50. Legs 44 can be formed of glass, plastic or the like. In device 10, they are shown as generally cylindrical and there are four legs 44 for each square panel 50.
Panels 50 are translucent and preferably fabricated of glass, plastic or a mixture thereof. Panels 50 are flat and are releasably held in abutting relation to each other, in front of and parallel to grid 12. The outer edges 52 of each panel 50 are beveled and preferably slope at a 45° from front to rear. Adjacent panels 50 (FIG. 3) alternate in the direction of slope so that panels 50 abut in supporting relation to each other to provide an essentially continuous sheet which can extend to cover a whole wall or ceiling or large part thereof.
Each panel 50 can be conveniently small and provide easy access to tubes 20 therebehind. If a panel 50 is to be removed for access to space 18 therebehind and that panel 50 has edges which diverge rearwardly (e.g., the central panel 50 of the three shown in FIG. 3), the next adjoining panels 50 should be first removed. Such removal comprises pulling the panel(s) 50 forward so as to withdraw the associated legs 44 either from grid 12 or from the panel(s) 50 involved, preferably from grid 12. Replacement of tube 20 can then take place, followed by reseating of the affected panel(s) 50. Thus, installation and repair of device 10 are simple and rapid, and device 10 is inexpensive and durable, providing an uninterrupted sheet of illumination emanating from the continuous array of panels 50.
A second preferred embodiment of the improved light device of the present invention is schematically depicted in FIGS. 4-6. Thus, device 10a is shown. Components thereof similar to those of device 10 bear the same numerals, but are succeeded by the letter "a".
Device 10a is substantially identical to device 10 except in the following respects. Thus, legs 44a are generally square in cross section, rather than circular in cross-section, as are legs 44. Moreover, grid 12a is a flat plate bearing electrical connectors 60, linihg openings 40a which receive electrically conductive ends 42a of legs 44a. Ends 42a are electrically connected with an electrically conductive cross bar 62 (FIG. 4), in turn bearing connectors 22a releasably receiving tube 20a. Legs 44a are permanently connected to panels 50a. A ballast 36a may also be present on a bracket 38a in each space 18a. Device 10a has substantially the advantages of device 10.
Various other modifications, changes, alterations and additions can be made in the improved wall and ceiling light device of the present invention, its components and their parameters. All such changes, modifications, alterations and additions as are within the scope of the appended claims form part of the present invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3721050 *||Sep 15, 1971||Mar 20, 1973||American Velcro Inc||Modular grid panel retention system|
|US4303969 *||May 12, 1980||Dec 1, 1981||Hamilton Jerrol D||Portable dance floor system|
|US4329739 *||Mar 16, 1979||May 11, 1982||William Loebner||Lighted disco dance floor|
|US4340929 *||Dec 10, 1979||Jul 20, 1982||Sico Incorporated||Illuminated portable floor|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US7290922 *||Apr 8, 2003||Nov 6, 2007||Flos S.P.A.||Coupling for the mechanical and electrical connection of lighting devices|
|US7716895||Oct 26, 2006||May 18, 2010||Tait Towers, Inc.||Portable light emitting stage|
|US7866104 *||Jan 11, 2011||Asb-Systembau Horst Babinsky Gmbh||Base structure for squash courts|
|US7877950||May 14, 2010||Feb 1, 2011||Tait Towers Inc.||Portable light emitting stage|
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|US20050130502 *||Apr 8, 2003||Jun 16, 2005||Gianbattista Scalfi||Coupling for the mechanical and electrical connection of lighting devices|
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|US20080098660 *||Oct 26, 2006||May 1, 2008||Tait Towers Inc.||Portable light emitting stage|
|US20080287221 *||May 16, 2007||Nov 20, 2008||Horst Babinsky||Base structure for squash courts|
|US20090103280 *||Feb 23, 2006||Apr 23, 2009||Ayrton||Screen Supporting Device Provided With Screen Illuminating Light Sources|
|US20100218440 *||May 14, 2010||Sep 2, 2010||Tait Towers Inc.||Portable light emitting stage|
|US20110138709 *||Jun 16, 2011||Tait Towers Inc.||Portable light emitting stage|
|USD611642||Mar 9, 2010||Abl Ip Holding Llc||Light fixture|
|USD614338||Jul 14, 2009||Apr 20, 2010||Abl Ip Holding Llc||Light fixture|
|EP1045196A2 *||Mar 8, 2000||Oct 18, 2000||Zumtobel Staff GmbH||Lighting assembly with a supporting structure|
|WO2001036865A1 *||Oct 26, 2000||May 25, 2001||Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.||Luminaire|
|WO2002044614A1 *||Nov 26, 2001||Jun 6, 2002||Zumtobel Staff Gmbh||Lamp with a cover panel|
|U.S. Classification||362/147, 362/153, 362/49|
|International Classification||F21V23/06, F21S8/00, F21Y113/02, F21V21/02, F21S2/00, F21S8/04|
|Cooperative Classification||F21V19/04, F21V23/06, F21Y2103/025, F21V21/02, F21V23/026, F21S2/005, F21Y2103/00, F21S8/04, F21Y2103/022, F21Y2113/00, F21S8/033|
|European Classification||F21S8/03G, F21S2/00A, F21V23/06, F21V21/02|
|Jul 24, 1990||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Dec 23, 1990||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Mar 5, 1991||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19901223