|Publication number||US4631866 A|
|Application number||US 06/745,862|
|Publication date||Dec 30, 1986|
|Filing date||Jun 17, 1985|
|Priority date||Jun 17, 1985|
|Publication number||06745862, 745862, US 4631866 A, US 4631866A, US-A-4631866, US4631866 A, US4631866A|
|Inventors||Ronald F. Otto, John J. Kempel|
|Original Assignee||Garland Manufacturing Co.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (14), Classifications (13), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to a door jamb structure and particularly for such a structure adapted for installation in association with a pedestrian doorway of a building structure.
In modern building construction, pedestrian doors are generally installed using a pre-fabricated door jamb structure. Often it is necessary for door jamb structures to be ordered specifically for right-hand or left-hand opening door installations, or substantial reworking of a door jamb is necessary to convert it from one opening direction to the other. Moreover, pedestrian entrance doors are often installed with security devices such as deadbolt locks. Since it is difficult or impossible to anticipate the precise type and configuration of deadbolt security locking system which will be installed in the door, it is frequently necessary to machine, rework or specifically order a door jamb for a particular door using a particular security device. Additionally, many of the door jamb constructions according to the prior art are poorly insulated and therefore contribute to building heat and cooling losses.
In view of the foregoing, it is an object of this invention to provide a door jamb construction particularly adapted for building pedestrian doorways which is easily converted for use with either left-hand or right-hand opening door installations. It is a further object of this invention to provide such a door jamb construction which is easily adapted for use with various configurations of deadbolt type security lock devices. It is an additional object of this invention to provide a door jamb construction having excellent thermal insulating properties. It is yet another object of this invention to provide a door jamb construction featuring simple construction and which can be produced and installed inexpensively.
The above objects according to this invention are achieved by employing a door jamb construction having a sheet metal encasement which is preferably filled with a foam insulating material. Adaptability for right and left-handed opening door installations and various security devices is achieved through employing removable plates on one of the door jamb surfaces which can be quickly and easily adapted for the particular installation requirements of the user.
Additional benefits and advantages of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art to which this invention relates from the subsequent description of the preferred embodiments and the appended claims, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a pictorial view of a door jamb construction in accordance with this invention shown installed within a wall of a building with a door structure shown in phantom lines installed thereto;
FIG. 2 is an exploded side elevational view of the door jamb construction in accordance with this invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 3--3 of FIG. 2 particularly showing the configuration of the door jamb header;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 4--4 of FIG. 2 particularly showing the configuration of the lock jamb;
FIG. 5 is a partial elevational view taken in the direction of line 5 of FIG. 2 particularly showing the configuration of the deadbolt striker plate and lock striker plate;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 6--6 of FIG. 2 particularly showing the configuration of the hinge jamb;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 7--7 of FIG. 2 particularly showing the configuration of the threshold structure;
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view showing the configuration of a weather strip particularly useful for installation on the lock jamb and header door jamb components, and further showing one embodiment of a means for attaching a weather strip to a door jamb;
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of an installed weather strip of the type particularly adapted for use along the hinge jamb portion and further showing an alternate embodiment for a means for attaching such a weather strip to a door jamb;
FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of an alternate embodiment of a door construction according to this invention which features the addition of a brick mold;
FIG. 11 is a partial elevational view taken in the direction of line 5 of FIG. 2 showing the deadbolt striker plate in a position inverted from the position shown in FIG. 5;
FIG. 12 is a partial cross-sectional view of an alternate embodiment of a door construction according to this invention which features a jamb extension; and
FIG. 13 is a partial cross-sectional view of an alternate embodiment of a door jamb construction according to this invention which features an alternate means for attaching a weather strip to a door jamb.
FIG. 1 illustrates door jamb construction 10 installed within a building wall 12 and employed to support door 14. Door 14 is attached for pivoting about hinge jamb 16 by two or more spaced apart hinge assemblies (not shown). Door jamb construction 10 further comprises header 18, lock jamb 20, and threshold 22. Door 14 typically includes an entrance lockset 24 having a sliding locking bolt 26 which engages with lock jamb 20 to maintain door 14 in a closed position. Door 14 may further include a deadbolt security device 28 which also engages with lock jamb 20 to provide additional security. Typically, entrance lockset 24 is mounted below the horizontal centerline of door 14 to locate it in a convenient position to be grasped by pedestrians.
FIGS. 2 through 7 and 11 provide detailed views of the configuration of components making up door jamb construction 10. Door jamb 10 generally comprises a number of elongated components having metal exterior surfaces with hollow interior cavities which are filled with a plastic foam material 70, such as polystyrene or polyurethane foam, which provides excellent thermal insulation properties. FIG. 2 is an exploded view of door jamb 10 showing the various constituent parts thereof. Header section 18 is comprised of two metal pieces, header inner plate 30 and backer plate 32, which are assembled to define a hollow interior cavity. Plates 30 and 32 are assembled by providing a pair of header blocks 34 which are positioned at the ends of the plates and act to enclose the remainder of the interior cavity of header 18. Header blocks may be made from numerous materials such as wood or plastics. Header blocks 34 are preferably securely fastened to plates 30 and 32 using adhesive compounds such as so-called "hot melt" adhesives, which are applied at elevated temperatures and freeze at room temperatures to bond the components together. FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view through header 18 showing the configurations of plates 30 and 32. As shown by that figure, backer plate 32 includes a pair of flanges 36 which are spaced slightly from header inner plate 30. Such spacing provides a desirable thermal conduction break which inhibits the transfer of heat between the interior and exterior surfaces of header 18. Header inner plate 30 forms a wall portion 31 extending in the direction of door 14 when closed. Preferably, plastic foam material 70 is injected into the interior cavity of header 18 after header blocks 34 are installed, so that the foam completely fills the interior cavity. Any excess foam exits through the gaps between plates 30 and 32 or through openings in the plates provided for that purpose.
Lock jamb 20, like header 18, is comprised of a pair of attached plates; lock jamb inner plate 38, and backer plate 40. Plates 38 and 40 have a configuration in cross sectional which is identical with plates 30 and 32 of header section 18. A pair of lock jamb blocks 42 are installed at the axial ends of lock jamb 20 and are positioned there preferably by adhesive bonding techniques. Lock jamb 20 further includes an intermediate block 44 which serves to prevent the flow of foam material 70 injected into the interior of lock jamb 20 from passing through the number of apertures which are provided in the lock jamb necessary to accommodate deadbolt and entrance lockset sliding bolts. As best shown in FIG. 5, lock jamb 20 forms a depressed region 45 within which a series of holes and slots are provided, including a pair of entrance lockset sliding bolt holes 46 and 48 and elongated deadbolt sliding bolt hole 50. A plate 52 is provided which encloses either of holes 46 or 48 which are not used. For the installation shown by the figures, hole 46 would be enclosed by plate 52, whereas a striker plate 54 is affixed to lock jamb plate 38 surrounding hole 48. Striker plate 54 includes a hole which receives entrance lockset bolt 26. Plates 52 and 54 are attached to lock jamb inner plate 38 by using threaded fasteners.
In order to accommodate a variety of deadbolt 28 types and configurations, deadbolt striker plate 56 is provided which is installed over deadbolt sliding bolt hole 50. In accordance with a principal feature of this invention, deadbolt striker plate 56 includes several perforated holes 58, 60, and 62 with center sections 64, 66, and 68. Center sections 64, 66, and 68 can be conveniently removed to provide an open hole through which a deadbolt sliding bolt can pass. Deadbolt striker plate 56 is attached to lock jamb 20 preferably using a plurality of threaded fasteners. In order to provide for a variety of deadbolt configurations, it is preferred that holes 58, 60, and 62 are spaced asymmetrically with respect to the vertical centerline of deadbolt striker plate 56 so that a different pattern of holes is presented if the lock plate is installed in an inverted position. In accordance with the embodiments shown wherein deadbolt strike plate 56 has three holes 58, 60, and 62, inversion of lcok plate 56, as shown in FIG. 11, produces a total of six different deadbolt sliding bolt locations, thereby providing maximum flexibility in using door jamb construction 10 with various configurations of doors and deadbolt security devices.
The provision of a pair of entrance lockset sliding bolt holes 46 and 48 enables lock jamb 20 to be installed either for a left or right-hand opening door. As shown in FIG. 1, lock jamb 20 is installed in a manner providing a right-hand opening door. For this application, entrance lockset bolt hole 48 would be used to accommodate the entrance lockset sliding bolt. If, however, left-handed installation is desired, lock jamb 20 would be inverted and installed at the opposite end of header 18, and entrance lockset hole 46 would be used to accommodate entrance lockset sliding bolt 26. The above-described configuration for lock jamb 20 provides the capabilities for opposite handed installation as well as accommodating a variety of various deadbolt lockset configurations. Lock jamb 20 is preferably attached to header section 18 by using staples or threaded fasteners through lock jamb block 42 and into header block 34.
Door jamb construction 10 further comprises hinge jamb 16 which is formed by attaching hinge jamb inner plate 72, backer plate 74, and a pair of hinge jamb blocks 76. Two or more hinge assemblies (not shown) are installed onto hinge jamb inner plate 72 for enabling hinging of door 14. In order to provide reinforcements for hinge jamb 16 in the region of installation of the hinge assemblies, additional hinge reinforcing blocks 78 are installed. Blocks 78 further enable use of screw fasteners which are typically employed to fasten the hinge assemblies to firmly engage the jamb structure. Like the previously described hinge jamb components, hinge jamb 16 is preferably filled with plastic foam material 70. Hinge jamb 16 is attached to header 18 using staples or threaded fasteners through block 76 and into block 34.
Door jamb structure 10 further comprises threshold 22 which is made in accordance with prior art designs. As shown in FIG. 7, threshold 22 is comprised of a number of extruded channel members which are assembled including sill plate 80 and a pair of channels 82 and 84. Additionally, barrier strip 86 and threshold trim 88 are installed. Sill plate 80 and channel 84 define elongated fastener receiving channels 90 which enable hinge jamb 16 and lock jamb 20 to be threadingly attached to threshold 22.
In order to provide a secure, weatherproof fitting of door 14 within door jamb structure 10, several weather strips are employed which firmly seal against door 14. A pair of such weather strips are shown with by FIGS. 8 and 9. Weather strip 92, shown in FIG. 8, is of prior art configuration and is adapted for sealing against the surfaces of door 14 along lock jamb 20 and header 18. Weather strip 92 preferably includes an elongated "Christmas tree" flange 94 which enters into the interior cavity of the associated door jamb component. In accordance with the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, provision for receiving flange 94 is provided by simply making a saw cut through the outer surface of the door jamb and into the interior. This method provides the advantage that it produces a discontinuity in the metal surface between the inside and outside portions of door jamb construction 10. FIG. 9 illustrates weather strip 96 according to prior art designs of the type particularly suited for installation along hinge jamb 16. This figure, however, further illustrates an alternate embodiment for means for retaining a weather strip. Weather strip 96 further includes retainer flange 98 having the "Christmas tree" configuration. Weather strip retainer flange 98 is, however, installed within channel 100 formed by reverse bending the metal surface of hinge flange inner plate 72.
FIG. 10 illustrates an additional component which can be added to door jamb construction 10 to enhance its appearance. Brick mold 102, is provided and is attached along hinge jamb 16, lock jamb 20, and header 18. Brick mold 102 provides a pleasing aesthetic appearance for the exterior of door jamb construction 10 and is preferably installed using threaded fasteners, rivets, or other mechanical fasteners or adhesives. The various components making up brick mold 102 meet at the corner junctions between header 18 and jamb sections 16 and 18 and preferably have mitered joint edges.
FIG. 12 illustrates a door jamb construction 110 in accordance with a modified embodiment of this invention which further incorporates jamb extension 112. The inner plate of any of the door jamb sections 30, 38, or 72 is conformed to define a generally circular pocket 116. Jamb extension 112 is a box-shaped metal component defining protruding legs 118 adapted to be closely received by pocket 116. The configuration of pocket 120 and legs 136 enables extension 112 to be snapped into engagement with the door jamb such that it is firmly attached thereto. Jam extension 112 further defines pocket 120 identical to pocket 116 which enables brick mold 122 to be attached using legs 136 or can be employed to attach additional jamb extensions 112. Jam extension 112 may have any dimension desired, thereby enabling door jamb construction 110 to accommodate various wall thicknesses or desired aesthetic appearances.
FIG. 13 illustrates an alternate embodiment of a means for attaching a weather strip to a door jamb 210. For this embodiment, the inner plate of any of the door jamb components 30, 38, or 72 is conformed to define wall 128 which is spaced from the wall 130. Wall 128 is preferably formed by reverse bending the metal which makes up the inner plate. Weather strip 132 has a carrier portion 134 adapted to grippingly engage wall 128. The door jamb construction 210 shown in FIG. 12 is further conformed to define a pocket 116 as shown in FIG. 12. This Figure, however, illustrates pocket 116 being used as directly receiving the protruding legs 136 of brick mold 122.
While the above description constitutes the preferred embodiments of the present invention, it will be appreciated that the invention is susceptible to modification, variation and change without departing from the proper scope and fair meaning of the accompanying claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3591985 *||Sep 30, 1969||Jul 13, 1971||Gary J Coppins||Plastic-sheathed door frame|
|US3783559 *||May 5, 1972||Jan 8, 1974||Superior Industries||Door frame assembly|
|US3889423 *||Dec 17, 1973||Jun 17, 1975||Begin Claude||Reversible door frame|
|US4014146 *||Aug 28, 1975||Mar 29, 1977||Dimascio Paul S||Jamb mounting assembly|
|US4295299 *||Oct 9, 1979||Oct 20, 1981||United States Gypsum Company||Steel clad wood door frame|
|US4307543 *||Sep 17, 1979||Dec 29, 1981||Novopan Aktiengesellschaft||Door|
|US4453752 *||Apr 26, 1982||Jun 12, 1984||General Products Company, Incorporated||Adapter assembly for deadbolt preparation|
|GB284188A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4858384 *||May 13, 1988||Aug 22, 1989||Carolina Masters, Inc.||Door jamb reinforcement plate|
|US5070650 *||Oct 22, 1990||Dec 10, 1991||Anderson Edward R||Door jamb reinforcing apparatus|
|US5327684 *||Jan 13, 1993||Jul 12, 1994||Walter Herbst||Reversible door hinge and method|
|US5423149 *||Dec 22, 1993||Jun 13, 1995||Herbst; Walter||Reversible door hinge and method|
|US6178700 *||Jul 23, 1999||Jan 30, 2001||Alabama Metal Industries Corporation||Door frame reinforcing structure|
|US6295779 *||Nov 22, 1999||Oct 2, 2001||Fred C. Canfield||Composite frame member and method of making the same|
|US6412227||Aug 26, 1998||Jul 2, 2002||Royal Group Technologies Limited||Composite door frames|
|US6557309||Jul 31, 2000||May 6, 2003||Flint Scott Johnson||Jamb assembly|
|US7100339||Jun 14, 2004||Sep 5, 2006||Framesaver, Lp||Garage door system with integral environment resistant members|
|US8904713||Jul 3, 2013||Dec 9, 2014||Edward Anderson||Reinforcing system for door and door jamb|
|US9016736||Aug 11, 2011||Apr 28, 2015||Edward R. Anderson||French door lock|
|US9051777||Oct 10, 2013||Jun 9, 2015||Endura Products, Inc.||Door sill assemblies with replaceable sill decks|
|USD733927||Sep 5, 2013||Jul 7, 2015||Endura Products, Inc.||Threshold deck clip|
|WO1999013191A1 *||Aug 26, 1998||Mar 18, 1999||Royal Group Technologies Limit||Composite door frames|
|U.S. Classification||49/504, 292/341.19, 49/382|
|International Classification||E06B7/23, E06B1/32, E06B1/52|
|Cooperative Classification||E06B7/23, Y10T292/707, E06B1/526, E06B1/32|
|European Classification||E06B1/32, E06B7/23, E06B1/52D|
|Jun 17, 1985||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GARLAND MANUFACTURING CO., A MI CORP
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:OTTO, RONALD F.;KEMPEL, JOHN J.;REEL/FRAME:004417/0775
Effective date: 19850610
|May 26, 1987||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Jul 31, 1990||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Dec 30, 1990||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Mar 12, 1991||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19901230