|Publication number||US4638174 A|
|Application number||US 06/685,453|
|Publication date||Jan 20, 1987|
|Filing date||Mar 14, 1984|
|Priority date||Mar 17, 1983|
|Also published as||DE3309548A1, DE3309548C2, EP0138919A1, EP0138919B1, EP0138919B2, WO1984003670A1|
|Publication number||06685453, 685453, PCT/1984/57, PCT/DE/1984/000057, PCT/DE/1984/00057, PCT/DE/84/000057, PCT/DE/84/00057, PCT/DE1984/000057, PCT/DE1984/00057, PCT/DE1984000057, PCT/DE198400057, PCT/DE84/000057, PCT/DE84/00057, PCT/DE84000057, PCT/DE8400057, US 4638174 A, US 4638174A, US-A-4638174, US4638174 A, US4638174A|
|Original Assignee||Audi Nsu Auto Union Aktiengesellschaft|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (23), Classifications (10), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates to a switching device for lighting the interior of a motor vehicle having an ignition switch.
Such circuits have the advantage that the seat belts can be put on and the key inserted in the ignition lock or the driver's door locked from the outside while the interior lights are switched on. It is however a disadvantage that the battery of the vehicle may become discharged if a door of the vehicle is inadvertently left open over a longer period of time and for this reason the interior lights remain switched on by the door contact switch, which in this case is in the closed position.
It is an object of the invention to provide a switching device, with which discharging of the vehicle battery, when the door is left open for long periods, is prevented.
This objective is accomplished by the distinguishing features described below.
When the door is open (that is, when the door contacts are in the closed position), the inventively provided second timing element switches off the interior lighting after several minutes, however only if the ignition switch is open and the engine thus is not running, since it is normally not possible to discharge a battery when the engine is running and it would be unacceptable that, when the is engine running and the vehicle thus normally is occupied, the interior lights go out when a vehicle door is open for some time.
Preferably, the second timing element remains set through closing the ignition switch is closed, so that, after the door is closed and the ignition switched on, the interior lighting remains switched on even when a vehicle door stays open for some time.
With a conventional delay circuit, the interior lighting, after the door is closed, remains switched on through a transistor, whose base is connected with the output of an operational amplifier, whose +ve input is taken to a reference voltage and whose -ve input is at a potential, which is lower when the when the door contact switch is closed and higher when the door contact switch is open, that its +ve input. With such a circuit, the +ve input of an operational amplifier can be connected to the output of a comparator, the -ve input of which sees a reference voltage and the +ve input of which is brought by the second time element to a potential lower than that of its -ve input at a specified time after the door contact switch is closed and to a potential higher than that of its -ve input by closing the ignition switch.
An example of the operation of the invention is described in the following with reference to the drawing which shows a schematic diagram for a preferred embodiment of the invention.
The interior light L of a motor vehicle is connected, on the one hand, to the positive pole of the vehicle battery and, on the other, can be connected by manual switch S either directly (position 1) or through relaycontacts RK (position 2) to the negative pole, that is, to ground. In addition, switch S has an open position 0. The relay contacts RK are closed when current is flowing in the coil of relay R. This coil is connected, on the one hand, to the positive pole of the vehicle battery and, on the other, through a transistor T to ground. The base of transistor T is connected to the output of an operational amplifier OP whose inverting (-) input is connected through a resistance R1 to the positive pole and through a door contact switch TK, which is closed when the vehicle door is open, and two diodes D1 and D2 to ground. In addition,a capacitor C1 is arranged between the (-) input of the operational amplifier OP and ground. The noninverting (+) input of the operational amplifier is connected to a reference voltage node A, which is formed by resistances R3 and R4, R5.
Resistance R1 and capacitor C1 form a first timing element, which continuesto maintain the excitation of relay R over a predetermined period of time after the door of the vehicle is closed, that is, after the previously closed door contact switch TK is opened. Through opening TK, the potentialat the (-) input of the OP is increased continuously from the value of the sum of the forward voltages of D1 and D2, that is from 1.4 V, while the (-) input is at the potential of, for example 8 V. With this arrangement, the base of transistor T is positive before and after TK is closed, so that transistor T continues to drive light, when manual switch S is in position 2. If the voltage at the (-) input of OP gradually rises above the value of the potential of the (+) input due to the charging of capacitor C1 through resistance R1, the output of the operational amplifier OP and, with it, the base of transistor T are switched to ground, as a result of which transistor T turns off, relay R drops out, relay contacts RK are opened and light L goes out.
If the door is opened, door contact TK is closed and the (-) input of OP isgrounded by diodes D1 and D2, as a result of which its potential becomes lower than the potential of the (+) input, so that its output and, with it, the base of transistor T go high, the transistor is activated turning light L on.
In order to prevent discharging of the vehicle battery through continuous burning of light L when the door of the vehicle remains open for a longer period of time, a second timing element R2, C2 is provided, which causes the circuit of relay R to be interrupted when a specified period of time has elapsed after the door is opened. For this purpose, the (+) input of the operational amplifier OP is connected with the output of the comparator K, the inverting (-) input of which is connected with a reference voltage node B, which is formed by resistances R5 and R4, R3, and the noninverting (+) input of which is connected to ground over resistance R2 of the second timing element, a diode D3 and the door contact switch TK, which is closed when the door is open. Capacitor C2 of the second timing element is connected between the (+) input of comparatorK and ground. If the door is opened, that is, if the door contact TK is closed, the +ve input of comparator K initially is at a higher potential than the (-) input due to the fact that capacitor C2 has previously been charged over the low resistance R6 and the diode D4. This means that the output of the comparator is high. As capacitor C2 discharges through the high resistance R2, the potential of the (+) input of comparator K falls off continuously, until the value of the capacitor voltage of C2 has dropped below the potential of the (-) input, as a result of which the output of the comparator and, with it, the (+) input of the operational amplifier OP, which is decoupled over high resistance R10 from the reference voltage source at node A, are connected to ground. As a result, the potential of the (+) input of the operational amplifier OP, whose value is less than 0.7 V, is lower than the potential of the (-) input, which lies at about 1.4 V because of the voltage drop of the diodes D1, D2in the forward direction. Consequently the output of the operational amplifier OP and, with it, the base of transistor T are connected to ground, transistor T turns off, relay R drops out, relay contacts RK are opened and light L goes out. The second timing element R2, C2 has a delay time of, for example, 4 minutes, while the delay time of the first time element R1, C1 is, for example, 30 seconds.
In order to prevent light L from being turned off when a vehicle door is open over a longer period of time with the ignition switched on, that is, with the engine running, the (+) input of comparator K can also be connected through ignition switch ZS through the low resistance R7 and thediode D5 directly to the positive pole. Through closing ZS, the dischargingof capacitor C2 stops due to the high resistance R2, that is, the (+) inputof comparator K remains at a higher potential than the (-) input, so that the connection between the output of comparator K and the (+) input of theoperational amplifier OP remains high and the conducting state of transistor T is maintained.
With a switch ZS1, which is closed when the ignition is turned on, the (-) input of the operational amplifier OP can be connected through a low resistance R8 and a diode D6 to the positive pole of the vehicle battery. Thus, with the door closed and thus the door contacts TK open, light L goes out immediately when the ignition is turned on, since the potential of the (-) input then is higher than the potential of the (+) input and therefore the output of the operational amplifier OP and, with it, the base of transistor T are connected to ground. For vehicles with a central locking device, a switch ZV is arranged in parallel with switch ZS1. When the central locking device is activated, switch ZV is closed and connects the (-) input of the OP over a low resistance R9 and a diode D7 with the positive pole of the vehicle battery. This causes light L to go out immediately almost. It is possible to delay turning off the light after ZS1 or ZV is closed at will from fractions of a second to several seconds by selecting appropriate values for resistances R8 and R9.
Many modifications of the examples of the operation shown are of course possible without departing from the scope of the invention. It is, for example, well known to those skilled in the art that the same functions can be carried out with an integrated twin comparator component, a dual operational amplifier circuit or also with TTL Schmitt triggers or CMOS technology and that, instead of the RC element, other electronic components, for example, a flip-flop, can be used as time element. If the load is light, that is, if the interior lighting consists of few lights, it is possible to do without relay R and to connect the emitter of transistor T directly to contact 2 of the manual switch S.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4071805 *||Sep 16, 1976||Jan 31, 1978||General Motors Corporation||Interior lighting delay circuit|
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|DE2854729A1 *||Dec 19, 1978||Jul 10, 1980||Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag||Internal lighting control circuit - has timing network with monoflop controlled by release switch independently of door contact|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|U.S. Classification||307/10.1, 315/84, 307/141.4|
|International Classification||B60Q3/02, B60Q9/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B60Q9/001, B60Q3/0293, Y10T307/957|
|European Classification||B60Q9/00B, B60Q3/02R|
|Feb 25, 1985||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AUDI NSU AUTO UNION AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, 7107 NECKA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:BIER, AXEL;REEL/FRAME:004407/0378
Effective date: 19841106
|Jul 20, 1990||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Aug 30, 1994||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jan 22, 1995||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Apr 4, 1995||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19950125