|Publication number||US4641370 A|
|Application number||US 06/885,734|
|Publication date||Feb 3, 1987|
|Filing date||Jul 21, 1986|
|Priority date||Jan 18, 1983|
|Also published as||CA1233883A, CA1233883A1|
|Publication number||06885734, 885734, US 4641370 A, US 4641370A, US-A-4641370, US4641370 A, US4641370A|
|Original Assignee||Nec Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (49), Classifications (13), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 571,270, filed Jan. 16, 1984, now abandoned.
The present invention relates to a housing structure for a portable radio apparatus such as a paging receiver.
Radio apparatuses of the kind described are usually powered by batteries. In such an apparatus, it has been customary to provide a battery containing section which is fixed to a printed circuit board or printed wiring board. The printed circuit board is molded in the frame member of a housing for the apparatus. Then, the frame member is covered by a cover. It is therefore difficult to replace the printed circuit board or circuit elements thereon or to perform the inspection or maintenance of the radio apparatus.
In conventional portable radio apparatuses, any change in the specification such as addition of an antenna, vibrator or like optional part has been coped with by preparing different kinds of housings each corresponding to a particular optional part configuration. Usually, housings for portable radio apparatuses are formed by molding plastics in order to implement quantity production with a compact and lightweight design. Therefore, such different kinds of housings require different kinds of molds, which increase the production costs.
While a prior art radio apparatus is provided with a clip which is directly mounted on a housing to allow it to be carried on a belt or the like, the clip is rather cumbersome when the apparatus is used in a bag or the like.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a housing structure for a portable radio apparatus which is simple and easy to inspect and maintain.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a housing structure for a portable radio apparatus which has a base plate and a battery container molded integrally with each other.
It is further object of the present invention to provide a housing structure for a portable radio apparatus which is capable of firmly fixing a printed circuit board to an integral base plate and battery container.
It is still another object of the present invention to provide a housing structure for a portable radio apparatus which allows an optional part to be accommodated merely by replacing an integrally molded base plate and battery container.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a holder for a portable radio apparatus which is capable of holding a housing of the apparatus regardless of a change in the volume of a housing bottom portion.
It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a holder for a portable radio apparatus which may be furnished with a same function as a housing with a clip whenever desired.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a housing structure for a portable radio apparatus which applies to both a holder with a clip and a clip with a chain.
It is further object of the present invention to provide a mechanism for preventing a cover for a battery container of a portable radio apparatus from slipping off the battery container.
In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a housing structure for a portable radio apparatus, comprising a housing which is open at a bottom thereof and has a volume for accommodating the radio apparatus, a base section dimensioned to close the open bottom of the housing, a battery container section molded integrally with the base section for containing a battery for the radio apparatus, a printed circuit board on which the radio apparatus is mounted, the board having a contour which conforms to the integrally molded base section and the battery container section, and a locking mechanism for locking the printed circuit board to the base section and the battery container section.
The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description taken with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a housing of a portable paging receiver to which the present invention is applied, as seen from the front;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the housing of FIG. 1 as seen from the back;
FIGS. 3A-3C are a front view, a side view and a plan view respectively of a base plate and a battery container of the housing shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the housing shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a sectional front elevational view of the housing shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a housing of another paging receiver to which the present invention is applied;
FIG. 7 is an exploded perspective view of a bottom casing and a battery container of the housing shown in FIG. 6;
FIGS. 8A and 8B are respectively a section of the bottom casing of the housing shown in FIGS. 6 and 7 and a rear end view thereof with a bottom lid removed;
FIG. 9 is perspective view of a holder in accordance with the present invention as viewed from the back;
FIG. 10 is an exploded perspective view of the holder shown in FIG. 9;
FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the holder of FIG. 9 as viewed from the front;
FIG. 12 is a fragmentary section of the holder of FIG. 9;
FIG. 13 is a fragmentary perspective view showing a relationship between a housing and a chain clip in accordance with the present invention;
FIGS. 14A and 14B are a plan view of a battery cover and an opening for coupling a lock knob of a mechanism for preventing separation of the battery cover in accordance with the present invention, and a section along line 14B--14B thereof, respectively;
FIG. 14C is a perspective view of the lock knob to be engaged in the opening shown in FIGS. 14A and 14B;
FIG. 15 is a section showing interengagement of a battery cover and a housing in the mechanism shown in FIG. 4 or 7;
FIGS. 16A and 16B are a plan view and a sectional side elevational view respectively of the lock knob in an unlocked position in the mechanism of FIG. 4 or 7;
FIGS. 17A and 17B are a plan view and a sectional side elevational view respectively of the lock knob in a locked position in the mechanism of FIG. 4 or 7;
FIGS. 18A and 18B are a perspective view and an exploded perspective view respectively of a clip directly mounted on a housing of a portable radio apparatus in accordance with the present invention; and
FIG. 19 is a section along line 19--19 of FIG. 17A.
Referring to FIG. 1, a paging receiver or pager 1 has a portable size and, when called up, notifies the call to the bearer of the pager by passing sound through holes 4 for a loudspeaker (not shown) and/or flashing a light emitting diode (LED) 3. The sound from the loudspeaker and flashing of the LED 3 are reset by a switch 2. As shown in FIG. 2, a battery door or cover 5 is positioned at the back of the housing 1 and prevented from slipping off the housing 1 by a locking knob 7, which will be described. As will be discussed later in detail, a base or bottom plate 6 is detachable from the housing 1. A boss 8 protrudes from the housing 1 so that a chain with a clip may be attached thereto, as will also be described.
As shown in FIG. 3A, the base plate 6 of the housing 1 has a battery container section 11 molded integrally therewith. Also molded integrally with the base plate 6 is a projection 13 adapted to fix a printed circuit board 12 in position. The projection 13, as best shown in FIG. 3C, includes a recess or groove 14 so as to retain the printed circuit board 12 from opposite sides. For further restraint on the printed circuit board 12, use is made of a spring pin. Additional restraint on the printed circuit board 12 is effected by a recess 15, an opening 16, and a shoulder 19. That is, the printed circuit board has tabs 17 and 18 which are shaped to be received in the recess 15 and the opening 16, respectively. The shoulder 19 is shaped and arranged such that an edge portion of the board 12 bears there-against. In this manner, the tabs 17 and 18 of the board 12 and the projection 13, recess 15, opening 16 and shoulder 19 constitute a locking mechanism in combination, which allows the board 12 to be firmly fixed to the integral molding of the battery container 11 and base plate 6.
The recesses 20 and 21 respectively serve to receive contacts for the positive and negative terminals of a battery. A positive terminal mark 23, a negative terminal mark 24 and a battery mark 25 are formed by locally cutting away the battery container 11 during molding of the container. The marks 23-25 will enable any person to replace a battery without wrongly positioning it. A opening 26 is formed through the battery container section 11 to facilitate loading and unloading of a battery 44, as shown in FIG. 3B. The removed portions 23-26, besides the stated function, contribute to the construction of a lightweight housing. The positive and negative contacts received in the grooves 20 and 21 are individually connected to parts on the printed circuit board 12 by soldering, adding to the rigidly of the interconnection between the board 12 and the battery container 11.
In FIG. 4, the printed circuit board 12 is inserted into the housing 1 from below after being assembled integrally with the base plate 6 and battery container 11. The integration of the printed circuit board 12, base plate and battery container 11 is attained by mating the grooves and holes with the printed circuit board and its tabs as previously stated, and then fastening them together by means of a spring pin 41. An antenna 45 is provided which comprises a flat metal piece and is connected to the printed circuit board 12 by a socket (not shown). Contacts 42 and 43 for the battery 44 are respectively received in the opposite ends of the battery container 11. The switch 2 and a loudspeaker 46 are individually located in predetermined positions.
The upper edge of the printed circuit board 12 is formed with a notch 48 in a position corresponding to a bore 49 which is formed in the housing 1. A metal retainer 53 formed with a female thread is rigidly fit on the board 12 in alignment with the notch 48. After the insertion of the board 12 into the housing 1, a screw 50 is threaded through the bore 49 of the housing 1 into the retainer 53. The housing 1 is provided with an opening 51 in a position of its side portion which corresponds to the battery container 11. The battery cover 5 is adapted to close the opening 51. Formed in the top of the housing 1 are an opening for the switch 2, an opening for the LED 3, and holes for the loudspeaker 46. A metal fitting 52 for locking a chain with a clip, which will be described, is engaged with the boss 8. The pager housing assembled in the manner described is shown in FIG. 5.
As described above, the printed circuit board 12 is fixed to the integral molding of the battery container 11 and base plate 6, desired parts are loaded on the board 12, the resulting assembly is inserted into the housing 1, and then it is fastened to it by means of the screw 50. Hence, the mounted electrical parts can operate as a pager even before the insertion thereof into the housing or after removal therefrom, which is effected by removing the screw 50, thereby facilitating inspection, maintenance and like services. Meanwhile, before the contacts for the battery are soldered to the printed circuit board 12, the latter can be readily detached from the base plate 6 and battery container 11 merely by pulling out the spring pin 41. This allows a vibrator, a ferrite antenna and other optional parts to be additionally mounted with ease on the board 12.
A structure in accordance with the present invention which accommodates optional parts will be now described. In FIG. 6, an optional part is contained in a bottom casing 61 which replaces the base plate and extends in the lengthwise direction of the housing 1. As shown in FIG. 7, the illustrated bottom casing 61 accommodates therein a vibrator made up of a motor 621 and a vibrator element 622, by way of example. The vibrator assembly is enclosed by a cushion 623. The bottom of the casing 61 is closed by a closure member or lid 63 which is fastened thereto by a boss 69 (See FIG. 8B) and a screw 64. The construction is common to the construction of FIGS. 1 to 5 except for the bottom casing 61. External terminals 65 are fastened to terminal fittings 66 to serve as battery charging terminals. In FIGS. 8A and 8B, leads 68 extending from the metal fittings 66 and vibrator motor 621 are passed through an opening 67 formed through the casing 61 to extend to the printed circuit board 12. It is also possible to store in the casing 61 any other optional part such as a ferrite antenna, which may replace the flat antenna 45, or one which is in excess of the capacity of the board 12.
In this manner, optional parts can be mounted simply by replacing the base plate with the bottom casing, that is, without recourse to any modification to the molded configuration of the housing 1. Generally molding of the housing 1 involves adjustment of the interengagement of the opening 51 of the battery container 11 and the battery cover 5 and, hence, it requires costly metal molds and thereby high production costs. In this respect, the common use a metal mold achievable with the construction shown in FIGS. 6 to 8B profits both manufacturers and users.
Referring to FIG. 9, a holder 70 matches in configuration with both the base plate 6 and the bottom casing 61 previously mentioned. The holder 70 will be employed when a butterfly type clip is to be attached to the housing 1 and not when a simple clip is desired. To allow the bearer the choice, the holder 70 is constructed to be readily attached to and detached from the housing 1, as will be described later in detail.
The holder 70 is a mount made of a sheet molded in conformity to the contour of the housing 1 and has a generally U-shaped cross-section. It may be formed by molding a plastic, for example. A clip 71 capable of butterfly type opening and closing actions is mounted on the back of the holder 70. As best shown in FIG. 10, the clip 71 is connected to a clip support 84 using E-rings 831 and a pin 82 and through a spring 81. One side portion of the holder 70 is notched as at 72 in order to engage with the boss 8 of the housing 1. A substantial area of the skirt portion of the holder 70 is notched aslant so that the battery may be changed without removing the holder 70. This notch is dimensioned to accommodate the movement of the battery cover 5 and that of the lock knob 7 which are indicated by dash-and-dots lines in FIG. 10.
In FIG. 11, the holder 70 is formed with a projection 73 and slots 74 in a front upper portion thereof. As shown in FIG. 12, the projection 73 is engagable in a recess 74 formed in the housing 1, while the slots 74 enable the part of the holder 70 including the projection 73 to flex relative to the rest of the holder 70. As indicated by a dots-and-dash line in FIG. 12, the flexure of the projection portion facilitates attachment and detachment of the housing 1 to and from the holder 70. The flexure, coupled with the engagement of the projection 73 with the recess 74, increases the restraint exerted by the holder 70 on the housing 1.
In FIG. 13, the boss 8 is formed with a hole 85 for receiving the metal fitting 52 which is adapted to retain a chain 86 with a clip 87. The chain clip 87 may be used when the housing 1 is outside the holder 70, for example.
In the above construction, sliding the receiver housing 1 from above into the holder 70 sets up the configuration shown in FIG. 9, which is equivalent in effect to a construction shown in FIGS. 18A and 18B having a clip directly mounted on a receiver housing. The use of the chain clip 87 only is readily implemented by pulling the housing 1 upwardly out of the holder 70. The force required in this instance is adjustable by adjusting the depth of interengagement of the recess 74 in the housing 1 and the projection 73 on the holder 70. Resiliency of the holder 70 itself and the interengagement of the projection 73 and recess 74 cooperate to prevent the housing 1 from slipping upwardly out of the holder 70, while the boss 8 for the chain clip 87 and the notch 72 of the holder 70 cooperate to prevent it from slipping downwardly out of the holder 70.
Referring again to FIG. 7, the battery cover 5 is slid sideways into the housing 1 and locked in position when a latch member 91 thereof fully rides across a projection 100 (FIG. 15), which is formed inside the housing 1. At the same time, an engaging portion 93 at the side of the battery cover 5 is coupled with an engaging portion 96 of the housing 1. To remove the battery cover 5 from the housing 1, it is slid sideways in the opposite direction to the aforementioned by depressing a knurled portion 95 of the cover 5 by finger.
After the battery cover 5 is locked to the housing 1, the lock knob 7 is slid into engagement with a notch 92 of the cover 5 to prevent separation of the cover 5. As shown in FIG. 14C, the lock knob has a knurled portion 99 and hook-shaped tongues 98. The tongues 98 are coupled into an opening 94 as shown in FIG. 19, thereby securing the knob 7 to the housing 1. As shown in FIGS. 14A and 14B, the opening 94 has two lugs 97 thereinside. Due to the lugs 97 and to the resiliency of tongues 98, the lock knob 7 selectively locks the battery cover 5 and unlocks it.
The locking and unlocking mechanism associated with the knob 7 will be now described with reference to FIGS. 16A-17B. In the position shown in FIGS. 16A and 16B, the lock knob 7 remains in an upper portion of the drawing disengaged from the cover 5; the cover 5 may be removed from the housing 1 by the previously discussed procedure. In the position of FIGS. 17A and 17B, on the other hand, the knob 7 is in a lower portion of the drawing where it is engaged with a notch 92 of the cover 5. In such a position, the cover 5 is unmovable relative to the housing 1 and, therefore, restrained from separating from the housing 1 although the housing may be subjected to vibrations, shocks and impacts, and physical contacts with external objects in the course of transportion.
In FIGS. 18A and 18B, a receiver housing 101 is shown which has a butterfly clip 171 directly fixed thereto. That is, the clip 171 is fixed to a clip support 184, which is rigid on the housing 101, using a pin 182 and an E-ring 183 and through a spring 81. The rest of the construction is common to that of the previously discussed housing.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2521423 *||May 8, 1947||Sep 5, 1950||Electronics Systems Corp||Miniature radio receiver|
|US2810068 *||Feb 24, 1953||Oct 15, 1957||Motorola Inc||Portable electronic unit|
|US2924705 *||Apr 30, 1956||Feb 9, 1960||Motorola Inc||Pocket type radio receiver construction|
|US3094663 *||Aug 3, 1962||Jun 18, 1963||Radatron Res & Dev Corp||Microwave signal checker for continuous wave radiations|
|US3115635 *||Dec 18, 1961||Dec 24, 1963||Chester M Kenrich||Portable direction finder|
|US3748583 *||Jan 10, 1972||Jul 24, 1973||Motorola Inc||Portable radio with integral acoustical horn|
|US4126863 *||Aug 29, 1977||Nov 21, 1978||General Electric Company||Two piece portable radio cabinet hinged about antenna|
|US4194157 *||Sep 15, 1977||Mar 18, 1980||Sony Corporation||Portable radio receiver with detachable speaker unit|
|US4257121 *||May 26, 1977||Mar 17, 1981||General Aviation Electronics, Inc.||Portable transceiver|
|US4299344 *||Jun 16, 1980||Nov 10, 1981||Nippon Electric Co., Ltd.||Mount for portable radio communication unit|
|US4325142 *||Jul 25, 1980||Apr 13, 1982||Nippon Electric Co., Ltd.||Portable radio set with a carrying holder|
|US4377003 *||Jun 13, 1980||Mar 15, 1983||Nippon Electric Co., Ltd.||Testing device for electronic circuits and especially for portable radios|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4741074 *||Jan 7, 1987||May 3, 1988||Motorola, Inc.||Detachable belt clip suitable for automated assembly|
|US4786889 *||Dec 10, 1986||Nov 22, 1988||Nec Corporation||Battery casing for a paging receiver|
|US4829224 *||May 23, 1988||May 9, 1989||George Gandelman||Battery pack for cellular telephone|
|US4858798 *||Feb 29, 1988||Aug 22, 1989||Motorola, Inc.||Carry case with quick release and self locating retainer apparatus|
|US4879759 *||Jan 11, 1988||Nov 7, 1989||Nec Corporation||Holding structure for a paging receiver having extra functions|
|US4963812 *||Oct 2, 1989||Oct 16, 1990||Motorola, Inc.||Battery charger housing for batteries of differing dimensions|
|US4991225 *||Nov 20, 1989||Feb 5, 1991||Jack N. Holcomb||Slidable battery holder for simulated pager with concealed radio transmitter|
|US5081709 *||Aug 4, 1989||Jan 14, 1992||Motorola, Inc.||Interchangeable belt clip for a selective call receiver housing and carrying case|
|US5109540 *||May 10, 1991||Apr 28, 1992||Motorola, Inc.||Radio and electronic card assembly|
|US5146385 *||Jan 16, 1990||Sep 8, 1992||Hubbell Incorporated||Shallow electrical receptacle with surge suppressor and isolated ground|
|US5193220 *||Jun 1, 1990||Mar 9, 1993||Nec Corporation||Device for mounting an electronic part|
|US5204985 *||Jun 4, 1990||Apr 20, 1993||Motorola, Inc.||Housing fastener and power source contact|
|US5241592 *||Jul 31, 1991||Aug 31, 1993||Motorola, Inc.||Telephonic handset housing assembly for cordless telephone|
|US5244755 *||Oct 23, 1992||Sep 14, 1993||Motorola, Inc.||Battery compartment door and latch having longitudinal snaps|
|US5251329 *||Mar 7, 1991||Oct 5, 1993||Sony Corporation||Radio telephone apparatus with microphone mounted in battery case|
|US5265275 *||Oct 3, 1990||Nov 23, 1993||Motorola, Inc.||Selective call receiver having moveable battery contacts|
|US5307511 *||Jan 29, 1992||Apr 26, 1994||Nec Corporation||Anti-fall structure for battery cover of radio communication apparatus or similar apparatus|
|US5327499 *||Jun 10, 1992||Jul 5, 1994||Sohayda Mary D||Safety device for a hearing aid|
|US5379884 *||Feb 18, 1994||Jan 10, 1995||Bigott; Jeffry J.||Pager back-up battery holder|
|US5424725 *||Feb 25, 1993||Jun 13, 1995||Motorola, Inc.||Battery retainer with integral mechanical shock isolation|
|US5511231 *||Jun 21, 1994||Apr 23, 1996||Nec Corporation||Selective calling receiver capable of stopping a notifying operation by touching a chain clip|
|US5551079 *||Apr 29, 1993||Aug 27, 1996||Silcom Research Limited||Radio pager holster assembly|
|US5666274 *||Feb 8, 1996||Sep 9, 1997||Jtech Inc.||Rapid assembly portable electronic device and clip|
|US5709012 *||Oct 30, 1995||Jan 20, 1998||Uniden Corporation||Belt clip integrated with structure to receive chain clip|
|US5767778 *||Mar 6, 1996||Jun 16, 1998||Aspire Corporation||Event sensing circuit and alert generator|
|US6041242 *||Jun 16, 1997||Mar 21, 2000||Coulthard; Steve M.||Portable emergency response communications system and method|
|US6394300 *||Apr 17, 2000||May 28, 2002||Daniel F. Bosy||Lock for compartment cover|
|US6549423 *||Nov 15, 2001||Apr 15, 2003||Ge Medical Systems Information Technologies, Inc.||Medical device having a side loading battery compartment|
|US7043283||Jan 15, 2004||May 9, 2006||Black & Decker Inc.||Ruggedized tradesworkers radio|
|US7658766 *||May 1, 2006||Feb 9, 2010||Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.||Intervertebral implants with covered inner chamber and methods of use|
|US7662507||Jun 28, 2004||Feb 16, 2010||Honeywell International Inc.||HVAC controller battery tray|
|US7832652||Jan 31, 2005||Nov 16, 2010||Honeywell International Inc.||HVAC controller with side removable battery holder|
|US8956415||Aug 11, 2011||Feb 17, 2015||Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.||Vertebral implant|
|US9146041||Mar 27, 2015||Sep 29, 2015||Honeywell International Inc.||Battery compartment for an HVAC controller|
|US9388998||Mar 14, 2014||Jul 12, 2016||Honeywell International Inc.||Battery holder for an electronic device|
|US9423805||Feb 12, 2013||Aug 23, 2016||Honeywell International Inc.||Wall-mounted controller with a removable portion|
|US9583253||Mar 10, 2014||Feb 28, 2017||Qualcomm Incorporated||Electric vehicle induction coil housing with interengagement structure for ferrite tile assemblies|
|US9685986 *||Jun 14, 2016||Jun 20, 2017||Htc Corporation||Device cover for accessory attachment|
|US20040147295 *||Jan 15, 2004||Jul 29, 2004||Joseph Domes||Ruggedized tradesworkers radio|
|US20050287424 *||Jun 28, 2004||Dec 29, 2005||Schwendinger Paul G||HVAC controller battery tray|
|US20070255416 *||May 1, 2006||Nov 1, 2007||Sdgi Holdings, Inc.||Intervertebral implants with covered inner chamber and methods of use|
|US20170134063 *||Jun 14, 2016||May 11, 2017||Htc Corporation||Device cover for accessory attachment|
|USRE44557||Feb 23, 2012||Oct 22, 2013||Black & Decker Inc.||Ruggedized tradesworkers radio|
|EP0274279A2 *||Dec 31, 1987||Jul 13, 1988||Nec Corporation||Holding structure for a paging receiver having extra functions|
|EP0274279A3 *||Dec 31, 1987||Jan 17, 1990||Nec Corporation||Holding structure for a paging receiver having extra functions|
|EP0536465A1 *||Mar 19, 1992||Apr 14, 1993||Robert Bosch Gmbh||Portable radio transceiver|
|WO1990008431A1 *||Jan 16, 1990||Jul 26, 1990||Motorola, Inc.||Multi-attachment portable radio|
|WO1990013952A1 *||Apr 26, 1990||Nov 15, 1990||Motorola, Inc.||Radio and electronic card assembly|
|WO1991005394A1 *||Aug 23, 1990||Apr 18, 1991||Motorola, Inc.||Battery charger housing for batteries of differing dimensions|
|U.S. Classification||455/348, 455/351, 361/759, 361/814|
|International Classification||H04B1/08, H05K5/00, H01M2/10|
|Cooperative Classification||H05K5/0086, H01M2/1055, H04B1/088|
|European Classification||H01M2/10C2C2, H05K5/00F, H04B1/08P2|
|Nov 17, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NEC CORPORATION, 33-1, SHIBA 5-CHOME, MINATO-KU, T
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:OYAMADA, TAKASHI;REEL/FRAME:004630/0690
Effective date: 19840109
Owner name: NEC CORPORATION,JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:OYAMADA, TAKASHI;REEL/FRAME:004630/0690
Effective date: 19840109
|Jul 3, 1990||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jun 29, 1994||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jul 31, 1998||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12