US 464843 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
L. BAGGER. PUUNTAIN SWAB EUR GUN BARRELS.
Patented Dee. 8, 18791.
Tn: norms musas co., commu-1o., ms
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
LOUIS BAGGER, OF IVASHINGTON, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
FOUNTAIN-SWAB FOR GUN-BARRELS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 464,843, dated December 8, 1891.
Application filed March 27, 1891. Serial No. 336,698. (No model.)
T0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Louis BAG-GER, a citizen of the United Stat-es, and a resident of lVashington, in the District of Columbia, have invented certain new and useful Improve` ments in Fountain-Swabs for Gun-Barrels; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification, and in which- Figure 1 is a side view of my implement for cleaning and oiling gun-barrels. Fig. 2 is a similar view of the fountain and feed-tube with the swab removed. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of the 'implement as attached to an ordinary cleaning-rod. Fig. 4 is a similar view showing a somewhat modiiied construction and arrangement of the feed-tube and swab. Fig. 5 is a sectional view of the implement, showing a modified oonstru'ction of the swab to adapt it for the removal of rust, leading, the., in cleaning foul barrels. Fig. 6 represents a cross -section through the plane indicated by the broken line marked 0c in Fig. 3. Fig. 7 is a sectional view on line y 'y in Fig. fi, and Figs. 8 and 9 are details views of some forms of swabbing or oiling disks or wads remoyed y from the fountain.
Like letters of reference denote corresponding parts in all the figures.
'This invention relates to implements for cleaning and oiling gun-barrels on the inside (both smooth-bore andvritled) of that type which consists of a reservoir or fountain adapted to be fastened upon a cleaning-rod and inserted into a gun-barrel and having attached to it one or more swabs of suitable shape and material; and my improvement consists in the novel and peculiar construction and combination of parts of a cleaning and oiling device of that class, substantially as will be hereinafter more fully described and claimed.
Reference being had to the accompanying drawings, the letter A designates the fountain or reservoir, which is preferably cylindrical in shape and closed at its upper end by a removable screw plug or stopper B. This plug has attached to it a flexible washer C, of leather or other suitable material, held in place by the annular flange D, above which is a screw-threaded stud E, whereby the device may be fastened in the usual screwthreaded socket F at the lower end of the cleaning-rod G. The cylindrical fountain or reservoir A terminates in a concentric tube H, which is solid or closed at its lower end and provided with several longitudinal slits or narrow openings (shown at I) for the grad-l ual escape of the oil. The solid lower end of tube Il is screw-threaded to receive a milled nut J, which bears against the under side of a circular metal disk or washer K, between which and the iiat under side of the body of the reservoir A the swab is disposed.
This swab may either be in one solid piece of suitable absorbent material-such as felt, worsted, or the like*bored through longitudinally for the insertion of the feed-tube H, or it may be made in sections comprising a number of disks or wads of suitable thickness, as shown at L. The periphery of these swab-disks may be either smooth and circular, as in Figs. 7 and S, or serrated, as in Fig. 9. If the swab is to be used for Shotguns, a swab with smooth sides will be found preferable; but if used for ritled` barrels the serrated form will be found to possess certain advantages, although I have found the smooth disks to work very satisfactorily in riiies. Again, both forms may be used together on the same swab by arranging them alternately upon the tubular stem II. The swab, whether made in one solid piece or several separable sections, is held in place removably by the washer K and nut J.
there the swab is to be subjected to rough usage, it will be found advantageous to build it up of a series of disks of leather superimposed upon one another, so that the oil may escape in minute quantities from the central feed-tube between the disks just enough to lubricate the rims of the disks, or it may be built up of disks of leatherand felt arranged alternately, the capillary action of the felt absorbing sufficient oil to keep the entire body ofthe swab well lubricated at all times. Again, all the disks may be made of felt or any other suitable material, if so desired; and I -have found white felt wads (or so-called English bag wads) of good make and firm texture to IOO answer the purpose admirably simply by punching a hole through their center for the insertion of the feed-tube.
I desire it, therefore, to be distinctly understood that I do not limit myself to any particular construction, shape, or material for the body of the swab, which may either be of even diameter throughout itsentire length, as in Fig. 3, or contracted at certain parts so as to form annular oil-recesses M, as in Fig. 4.
vWhen'the device is to be used for scraping and cleaning a foul barrel to remove rust,
powdencake, and leading rather than for oil.
ing a barrel already cleaned, it will be found advantageous to interpose one or more wire brushes or thin disks or washers of soft iron or brass, emery composition, or other suitable material between the lubricating-disks, as shown at N in Fig. 5. The edges of these brushes or scraper-disks, which will always be kept well lubricated by the adjacent oilcharged felt disks or wads, will effectually scrape off and remove all foreign matter adhering to the barrel without doing the least injury to the finest-finished barrel.
The diameter of the swab proper should correspond as near as may be to the gage or caliber of the gun for which it is intended, or be very little in excess of it, and the width (diameter) of the fountain or reservoir A should be somewhat less, as indicated by the vertical dotted lines marked .zz in Figs. 3 and 4. In other words, the diameter of the fountain should be contracted from one-sixteenth to one-eighth of an inch, more or less, so that the sides of the swab, as well as thev flexible top washer C, will overlap the body of the fountain at top and bottom, which will prevent the sides of the fountain from coming in actual contact with the inside of the barrel in using the device. I also prefer to round off or bevel the top and bottom edges of the fountain, as shown in the drawings, so that it cannot possibly scratch or otherwise injure even the finest and most delicate barrel if by any accident it should accidentally touch it. However, as this fountain is preferably made of brass or other soft metal, it could do no injury, and the rounding or beveling of the edges is merely an extra additional precaution, as I desire the implement to be made as perfect as possible.
To use this device, the fountain A is filled with oil (clarified sperm-oil or refined neatysfoot oil mixed with from one-third to one-half its-bulk of kerosene is the best) by removing the screw-plug B, which is reinserted after Iillin g, and the device is attached to the cleaning-rod byscrewing the stud E into the socket F, as usual. The oil, filling the tube H, will ooze out through the narrow slits or outlets I into the surrounding body of the swab, which will soon become thoroughly charged and impregnated, when it is ready for use. As leather is not a ready absorbent, alternate disks of leather and felt (or other suitable absorbent material) should be used, as hereinbefore stated, when the swab is to be made partially of leather, as the intermediateabsorbent disks will then supply the oil to the exposed rims of the leather disks. When the disks give out through continuous usage for a long time, they may be readily removed and fresh ones substituted simply by removing the washer K and jam-nut J. By furnishing a punch and wad-cutter of suitable size with the implement as a part of the outfit sportsmen can easily make the disks themselves by punching holes through thick felt wads of the proper gage and slip them upon the tube until a swab has been built up of proper length. One of these perforated wads is shown in Fig. 8.
Instead of slitting tube I-I longitudinally, it
may of course be perforated, ask shown in Fig. 4t, to provide means for the escape of the oil, or openings ot" any other desired size and shape may be used.
It will be obvious that the use of this implement is not by any means limited to the oiling of guns, as the fountain may be supplied with liquids other than oil. By increasing the capacity (length) of the fountain and filling it with hot water or soapsuds the device may be used most effectually for cleaning dirty barrels, removing rust, powder-cake, and leading. Where the swabvis to be used for this purpose, the operator should be provided with two swabs--viz., one with a large reservoir for cleaning and another with a smaller fountain for oiling after cleaningthe barrels being swabbed out carefully with a dry swab before the oil is applied, so as to effectually remove all traces of water.' By giving the nut J a turn or two the swab may be compressed longitudinally whendesired, so as to increase its diameter or width, thereby compensating for wear, and by the same operation the oil with which the body of the swab is charged will be squeezed out upon the outer surface, thus increasing the supply of oil for lubricating purposes. vBy loosening the nut the swab will expand longitudinally and absorb more oil (or other liquid, as the case may be) from the feed-tube, and after the swab has been thus charged and its diameter or gage properly adjusted by the jamnut it will feed itself from the fountain without requiring further manipulation or attention.
Having thus described my invention, I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States- 1. The combination, with the fountain having a reduced neck or extension provided vwith a series of fine apertures, of the column of wads or washers built up upon and around IOO the apertured neck, so as to cover the orifices as and for the purpose herein shown and described. 4
In testimony that l claim the foregoing as my own I have hereunto affixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.
BENNETT S. JONES, ARTHUR B. SEIBOLD.