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Publication numberUS465161 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 15, 1891
Filing dateFeb 26, 1891
Publication numberUS 465161 A, US 465161A, US-A-465161, US465161 A, US465161A
InventorsJames S. Chase
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgical instrument
US 465161 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)

J. S. CHASE.

SURGICAL INSTRUMENT.

Patented Dec. 15,.1891.,

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UNITED STATES 1 PATENT OFFICE.

JAMES S. CHASE, OF COCHRANTON, PENNSYLVANIA.

SURGICAL INSTRUMENT.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 465,161, dated December 15, 1891.

Application filed February 26, 1891. Serial No. 382,894. (No model.)

To all whom it 77mg concern:

Be it known that I, JAMES S. CHASE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cochranton, in the county of Crawford and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Surgical Instrument, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to surgical instruments; and the objects in view are to provide a combination instrument adapted to be used in connection with an applicatorsuch as a brush, absorbent cotton, sponge, &c.-for the purpose of applying solutions to the membrane of the throat, and also to be adapted for blowing powder upon said membrane and simultaneous with the use of the applicator or the powder-discharge to be capable of depressing the tongue.

With the above objects in view the inven ploy twomembers of suitable shape, preferably approximating the shape of a spoonhandle. The upper member 1 is considerably lighter than the lower member 2, and the two are hinged together at their rear ends, as at 3, so that the upper member being supported the lower member will drop by gravity and exert its weight upon the tongue for the purpose of depressing the same, thus affording an unobstructed view of the throat and the surrounding membrane.

' Upon the member 1 is secured a small longitudinally-disposed tube 4, the rear end of which extends beyond the rear end of the members, while the front end terminates short of the ends of the members.

5 designates a rubber bulb provided with a metal cap 6, having a nipple 7, designed to removably connect with the rear end of the discharge-tube 4.. By compressing the bulb when removed from the tube and inserting the same into a mass of powder with which it is desired to spray the throat and subsequently removing pressure from the bulb the same will draw therein a quantity of the powder. It is now simply necessary to insert the nipple of the bulb over the rear end of the tube, an operation admissible without compressing the bulb by reason of the metal cap with which the bulb is provided.

hen the parts are in position, the depressor is introduced into the patients mouth, the lower member exerting its weight to depress the tongue, and when the tube has pointed to a proper position it simply remains to compress the bulb, thus dispelling the powder from the same into the tube, from which latter it is discharged over the membrane.

The applicator-support consists of a stiff shank 8, cylindrical and adapted to be inserted within and fit loosely the rear end of the tube, The shank is provided at its rear end with a thumb-ring 9, through which the thumb of the operator may be inserted, and merges at its front end into a steel-springwire applicator-support 11, curved as may be desired to suit the location of the diseased part. The applicator-support terminates at its front. end in an eye 12, and said end is slightly enlarged. The quill of a camels-hair brush, a small pledget of absorbent cotton, or other solution-applying devices may be read ily connected to the same. If a brush is used, the quill is simply introduced over the end of the applicator, or if a cotton pledget is used the applicator is withdrawn from the tube until its front end is opposite the front end of the tongue-compressor. A Wad of cotton in sheet-like form is now introduced between the compressor and the applicator and the latter revolved, so as to wind the cotton thereupon. The pledget thus formed may be manipulated by the fingers of the physician or operator to give to the same the proper point or curvature, as the nature of the case will dictate.

It will be observed that I have provided a combination instrument for use in throat troubles which may be manipulated by the pressor having a tube mounted thereon, of

an applicator consisting of a cylindrical portion mounted in the tube for rotation, termi- I 5 nating at its rear end in an operating-handle and at its front end in a pledget or brush receiving head, substantially as specified.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I- have hereto affixed my signature :0

in presence of two witnesses.

JAMES S. CHASE.

Witnesses:

MILES W. TATE, W. A. LOGAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3324849 *Jul 27, 1964Jun 13, 1967Harvey KravitzCombination tongue depressor and swab
US4232660 *Mar 26, 1979Nov 11, 1980Coles Robert LWinged irrigating surgical retractor
US5692493 *Mar 8, 1996Dec 2, 1997Diemolding CorporationTongue Protector
US6003510 *Dec 4, 1997Dec 21, 1999Anunta; BoonchuayHand tool for introducing a laryngeal mask
US6007487 *Aug 29, 1997Dec 28, 1999Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Tissue retractor for use through a cannula
US6206822Jul 2, 1999Mar 27, 2001Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6206826Jun 18, 1999Mar 27, 2001Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6217509Jan 20, 1999Apr 17, 2001Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6425859Nov 9, 1999Jul 30, 2002Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Cannula and a retractor for percutaneous surgery
US6520907Nov 30, 1999Feb 18, 2003Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Methods for accessing the spinal column
US7056321Oct 25, 2002Jun 6, 2006Endius, IncorporatedMethod of securing vertebrae
US7250039 *Jul 15, 2004Jul 31, 2007P. Rowan Smith, Jr.Compression bulb hypodermic syringe
US7427264Apr 22, 2005Sep 23, 2008Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.Instruments and methods for selective tissue retraction through a retractor sleeve
US7699877Aug 5, 2004Apr 20, 2010Zimmer Spine, Inc.Method of securing vertebrae
US7722530Oct 15, 2003May 25, 2010Zimmer Spine, Inc.Method of securing vertebrae
US7850695Aug 12, 2004Dec 14, 2010Zimmer Spine, Inc.Method of securing vertebrae
US7985247Sep 9, 2003Jul 26, 2011Zimmer Spine, Inc.Methods and apparatuses for treating the spine through an access device
US7988623May 30, 2006Aug 2, 2011Zimmer Spine, Inc.Apparatus and methods for shielding body structures during surgery
US7993378Mar 6, 2007Aug 9, 2011Warsaw Orthopedic, IN.Methods for percutaneous spinal surgery
US8241330Nov 2, 2007Aug 14, 2012Lanx, Inc.Spinous process implants and associated methods
US8277486Oct 20, 2003Oct 2, 2012Zimmer Spine, Inc.System for performing a procedure at a spinal location
US8540746Sep 14, 2012Sep 24, 2013Zimmer Spine, Inc.Cannula for receiving surgical instruments
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationA61J7/0053