|Publication number||US467599 A|
|Publication date||Jan 26, 1892|
|Filing date||May 7, 1891|
|Publication number||US 467599 A, US 467599A, US-A-467599, US467599 A, US467599A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (18), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
R. ABUNDI, T. ELLIS, Jr. 85 J. T. SAGKETT. SYRINGE sUPPosIToRY.
No. 467,599. Patented Jan. 26, 1892.
vn: nomas versus cu., PHo'rc-umo., wAsmNGreN. o. c.
UNITED dSTATES PATENT OFFICE.
ROLAND ABUNDI, THOMAS ELLIS, JR., AND .IOSEPII T. SAOKETT, OF KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI; SAID ABUNDI ASSIGNOR TO SAID SACKETT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 467,599, dated January 26, 1892.
i Application filed May '7, 1891. Serial No. 391,889. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.- l
Be it known that we, ROLAND ABUNDI, THOMAS ELLIS, J r., and JosErH T. SACKETT, of Kansas City, Jackson county, Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvementsin Syringe Suppositories,of which s the followingis a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompany- JIng drawings, forming a part of this specificaion.
Our invention relates to that class of medical appliances which are designed to support and hold back hemorrhoidal protuberances and for various other analogous purposes; and the objects of our invention are to produce a suppository which shall be neat, compact, and simple in constructionand which shall possess the advantages-both of a suppository and a syringe, thus most effectively applying the medicaments to the parts affected. Furthermore, to produce a suppository which shall be easy of application to and removal from the parts to be treated, which shall come readily into direct contact with such parts, however secluded, and the use, application, and removal of which shall cause no pain or inconvenience Whatever.
Astill further object of our invention is to produce a suppository which shall be capable of eifective application to various parts of the human body, such as the rectum, uterus, urethra, or other parts to be treated, and which shall be comparatively inexpensive in construction and easily and safely retained in position.
To these purposes our invention consists in certain peculiar and novel features of construction and arrangement, as hereinafter described and claimed.
In order that our invention may be fully understood, we will proceed to describe it with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a perspective View of one form of ourimproved suppository. Fig. 2 is a similar view ofthe same having its stem surrounded bya mass of surgical sponge or similar absorbent material; Fig. 3 is a central longitudinal section of the same on the line 3 3 of Fig. 2. improved suppository having its stem surrounded by a mass of medicated compound. Fig. 5 is a central longitudinal section of the same on the line 5 5 of Fig. 4. Fig. 6 is a side elevation of a modified form of the suppository. Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a still further modiiication of the suppository.
In the said drawings, l designates the stem of our improved suppository, the said stem being of elongated form and preferably cylindrical in external contour. This stem is preferably of somewhat elastic or flexible Fig. 4t is a side elevation of our' vulcanized rubber; butit may be, if pre- I ferred, of hard vulcanized rubber, and it is of any preferred length and Width suitable to the particular purposes for which any one suppository may be intended. Throughout this stern, from one end of the same to the other, extends an elongated axial outlet duct or opening 2, the purpose of which will be hereinafter explained. At one end this stem is provided with a disk-like enlargement 3, which is also of any such diametrical measurement as may be found best suitable and which may be of hard vulcanized rubber, if desired, but which is preferably of flexible vulcanized rubber. This enlargement is either formed integrally with the stem 1 or it is secured to the said stem in any manner which willpreventallpossibility ofaccidental separation of the two parts. Beyond the enlargement 3 the stem l is provided with a collapsible or compressible bulb dhwhich is also preferably of vulcanized rubber and which is either formed integrally with the stem or is secured thereto in any manner which will preclude all possibility of accidental separation of the bulb from the stem. At `intervals of its length this stem l is provided with a number of external flexible projections 5, which are also either formed integrally with the stem or are so secured thereto in any suitable manner as to prevent all possibility of their accidental separation from the said stem. In all of the figures of the drawings, excepting Fig. 6, these projections 5 are shown as of very thin disk-like form and as extending at right angles to the axis of the stem or barrel l.. These projections are preferably of flexible vulcanized rubber, but are permissibly of any material which possesses sufficient rigidity to normally retain their erect or protruding positions, While also being capable of yielding and folding downward toward the stem or barrel of the suppository. In Fig. 6 these projections are modified into the form of a continuous spiral 6,Which Winds longitudinally around the stem l from its center or middle to or toward its ends, and in this instance the spiral is of material similar to that of the projections 5, just described.
In Figs. 2 and 3 the stem l is shown assurrounded by a mass 7 of surgical sponge or other suitable absorbent material, such material being either in a single piece or in separate pieces, which are retainedby the proj ections or spiral, the said mass being designed to be permeated or saturated with any suitable or preferred medical composition.
In Figs. 4 and 5 the stem is shown as surrounded by a solid or pasty compound o'f any suitable or preferred medicament, and in either of these forms the sponge or the compound is retained upon the stem by the projections or the spiral, and such projections or the spiral yield or bend, owing to their flexibility, toward the stern when the latter is thrust into the sponge or compound or withdrawn from the same, and then resume their erect or projecting position, so as to insure the retention of the sponge or compound.
If desired, the sponge, either in the form of a single mass or in separate sections or other- Wise, may be secured directly to the external surface of the stem or barrel by cement or by any other suitable or preferred means, thus aiding and insuring the permanent retention of the sponge by the projections or the spiral.
It is to be understood that the bulb 4 is to possess sufficient capacity toreceive the desired quantity of any preferred liquid or iuid medicine, and it will be seen that when the suppository has been placed in position the liquid can be ejected directly upon the parts aifected by compressing the bulb 4, thus forcing the liquid out through the outlet-duct 2 of the stem l and into direct con- `Jtact with the parts to be treated.
In Fig. 7 the suppository is shown as constructed in all essential respects the same as has been above described. In this instance, however, thestem of the su ppository is formed with any desired number of lateral outlet ducts or openings 9, which communicate at their inner ends with the longitudinal outletduct 2 of the stem. It is to be understood that, if desired, the outer end of the outletduct 2--that is, that end which is remote from the bulb 4-may be closed, or said outer end of said duct may be left open, if desired. In either event the liquid will be discharged into the mass of absorbent material surrounding the stem. If the outer end of the duct 2 be closed, the entire quantity of the liquid will be discharged through the lateral ducts into the absorbent material, while if the outer end of said duct be left open the absorbent material is not only thoroughly saturated or permeated, but the beneficial syringing or injecting action above described Will be preserved. If desired, the absorbent material may be dispensed with when these lateral ducts are used, the discharge-ducts in this instance permitting the liquid to be injected directly into contact with the parts to'be treated.
It will be seen from the above description that the suppository possesses all of the advantages of other suppositories, and in addition thereto it operates as a syringe. 'Ihus the most secreted parts can be directly reached and treated both by absorption and byinjection, so that a most complete and thorough, as Well as rapid and prompt, medicinal treatment can be assured. The suppository is, by virtue of its form and construction, capable of application to a great number of organs of the human system, including the rectum/the, uterus, the urethra, and other parts. It is simple, compact, and neat in construction and form, can be easily applied to and removed from the parts affected, and its application, use, and removal are accompanied by no pain or inconvenience Whatever. Moreover, its construction is such as to render the device comparatively inexpensive to produce. It is to be understood that, if desired, the channel 2 and bulb 4 can be dispensed with, the suppository in such event still being of very superior efiicacy; but the preferred form is that having both the channel and the bulb.
Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new therein, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
I. An improved suppository comprising a stem or barrel having a longitudinal duct, a collapsible bulb located at one end of the stem, an enlargement, also located at one end of the stem, a number of projections protruding from the exterior of the stem, and a mass of absorbent or medicated substance surrounding said stem, substantially as set forth.
2. An improved suppository comprising a stem, a number of iiexible projections protruding from its external surface, and a mass of absorbent or medicated substance surrounding said stem, substantially as set forth.
3. An improved suppository comprising a barrel or stem, a number of external flexible projections, a mass of absorbent or medicated substance surrounding the barrel 4or stem and retained thereon by the projections, a vduct extending longitudinally of the stem, an enlargement located at one end of the stem, andW IOL) a compressible or-eollapsible bu1b,a1so1oc;tted In testimony whereof We ax our signatures 1o at one end of the stem and communicating in presence of two Witnesses. with the duet substantially as set forth.
4. An improved suppository comprising a ROLAND ABUNDI' stem provided with a number of outlet-ducts ,lELSLKJT and with aeollapsible or oompressible bulb communicating with said ducts, and at mass Witnesses:
of absorbent or medicated substance sur- JNO. L. CONDRON,
rounding said stem, substantially as set forth. G. Y. THORPE.
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