|Publication number||US4681991 A|
|Application number||US 06/828,125|
|Publication date||Jul 21, 1987|
|Filing date||Feb 11, 1986|
|Priority date||Feb 11, 1985|
|Publication number||06828125, 828125, US 4681991 A, US 4681991A, US-A-4681991, US4681991 A, US4681991A|
|Inventors||Francis J. Anderson|
|Original Assignee||Anderson Research And Development Limited|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (3), Classifications (5), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a vibration sensing device for use in many operations such as for security or safety equipment. The present invention is particularly related to vibration sensing devices of the type comprising an inertia mass on a support assembly which includes an electrical monitoring circuit closed by the inertia mass on the support assembly.
Vibration sensing devices, often called inertia sensing devices or accelerometers are used extensively for mamy operations. For example, they are used for security equipment and for safety equipment. These vibration sensing devices are switches operated by movement of the switch as a whole under the influence of an accelerating force, for example, any vibration, impact or other accelerating force.
Such vibration sensing devices may be used on machines to ensure that the machines are cut out once they exceed a predetermined amplitude of oscillation due to some over or eccentric loading. Similarly they may be used on vehicles in the event of a crash or of unauthorised interference.
In security equipment they are used for detecting vibrations in a window or door caused by an intruder in the building or by an attempted break-in.
Briefly, such vibration sensing devices when used in a security system consist primarily of two elements, a detecting loop namely, the sensor or vibration sensing device and an analysing circuit. Such devices, for example, are well known as shown in British Pat. No. 1,263,076 which describes a particular vibration sensing device and British Pat. No. 1,441,563 which describes a particular analysing circuit. Similarly, my previous U.S. Pat. No. 4,185,180 describes a vibration sensing device which includes a pair of spaced-apart electrically conductive plates each having an annular track formed by a hole. An electrically conducted bar is mounted between the plates on the tracks. On sensing vibration the bar will resonate, lifting off the tracks, thus making and breaking the electrical circuit between the plates.
One of the major problems with these and other vibration sensing devices is the possibility of false alarms being registered. It has been found with vibration sensing devices known heretofore that a build-up of an oxide on the contacting surfaces of such devices causes an electrical barrier between the contacting members i.e. between the inertia mass and the supports since the oxide is an insulator. Various ingenious suggestions and methods have been used to prevent the build-up of such an oxide. Unfortunately, they have heretofore been rather unsatisfactory.
A particular advantage to the vibration sensing device described in my U.S. Pat. No. 4,185,180 is that it can be placed in many orientations relative to the surface on which the vibration sensing device is placed. It is desirable that as far as possible a vibration sensing device should have this feature.
Additionally, a problem with known vibration sensing devices is that it is relatively difficult to alter the response of the device without using some form of magnetic damping which is not desirable in that it can be readily easily tampered with by the placing of a magnet adjacent the device. The response may also be altered by changing the configuration of the device which means that in use or on installation the response cannot be varied.
It has long been appreciated that one of the major problems with vibration sensing devices is the necessity to apply high contact pressures. Many of the known vibration sensing devices do not do this.
The present invention is directed towards providing a vibration sensing device which will be more efficient in use than those heretofore produced.
Another object of the invention is to provide a vibration sensing device in which the build-up of an oxide on the contacting surfaces will be as far as possible prevented and when present will be nullified.
Another object of the invention is to provide a vibration sensing device that can be mounted on any surface without the necessity for alterations in the device.
A still further object of the present invention is to provide a vibration sensing device that may be readily easily manufactured.
An additional object of the present invention is to provide a vibration sensing device the sensitivity of which can be readily altered.
Again an object of the present invention is to provide a vibration sensing device in which high contact pressures are present between the inertia mass and the support assembly.
The invention provides a vibration sensing device comprising a non-conductive base support member: at least two spaced-apart electrically conductive and mutually electrically insulated supports forming a support assembly on the base support member; a plurality of electrically conductive main inertia masses on the support assembly; and an electrically conductive additional inertia mass supported by at least two main inertia masses, the said inertia masses and support assembly forming part of an electrical monitoring circuit.
The above and other objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent from the following detailed description in connection with the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a cut-away perspective view of a vibration sensing device according to the invention,
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the vibration sensing device of FIG. 1,
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a detail of the device of FIG. 1,
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of an alternative construction of vibration sensing devices according to the invention,
FIG. 5 is a side schematic view of another embodiment of the invention,
FIG. 6 is an end view of the embodiment of FIG. 5,
FIG. 7 is a side schematic view of a still further embodiment of the invention,
FIG. 8 is an end view of the embodiment of FIG. 7, and
FIGS. 9 to 16 are other end views of further schematic diagrams showing alternative embodiments of the invention.
Referring to the drawings and initially to FIGS. 1 to 3 inclusive there is provided a vibration sensing device according to the invention, indicated generally by the reference numeral 1. The device 1 comprises a non-conductive base support member including a housing having a base member 2 and a cover 3 engagable with the base member 2, both of plastics material. Slots 4 in the base member 2 are provided for securing the device to a window, door or the like. A base plate 5 of plastics material is mounted on and retained spaced-apart from the base member 2 by spacers 6 of plastics material moulded integrally with the base 2. Holes 7 in the base plate 5 mount a support assembly formed from four electrically conductive support bars 8a, 8b, 8c and 8d, in this embodiment of the invention, of gold plated brass. Main inertia masses, in this case discs in the form of eight washers 10 each having an inner hole 14 are mounted on the support bars 8c and 8d. Certain individual washers 10 are differentiated by the use of subscript letters a, b and c. At any one time, depending on the orientation of the device 1, the washers 10 are mounted on two support bars only. The washers 10 are of gold-plated brass and thus electrically conductive. The washers 10 close an electrical circuit between the pair of support bars 8c and 8d on which they rest. To further increase the electrical conductivity of the washers between the support bars, an additional inertia mass, in this embodiment an inertia bar 12, also of gold plated brass, rests on the inner holes 14 of the washers 12. Stops 15 on the support bars, 8a, 8b, 8c and 8d retain as necessary the washers upright on the bars 8a-8d. An inner cover 16 with holes 17 receive the other ends of the support bars 8a-8d. The cover 16, also of plastics material, is press-fit over the spacers 6.
Two halves 18 and 19 of a cable clamp are moulded into the base 2 and the inner cover 16 respectively. Cables (not shown) are connected to the two support members 8a and 8b and the support bars 8c and 8d are respectively connected to the bars 8a and 8b. Therefore, irrespective of the orientation of the device, the washers 10 always close a circuit between the two wires of the cable.
In use, the device is mounted on a window, door or the like with the washers in an upright position. Thus, it will be appreciated that for the device to operate efficiently, it may be mounted in any of four orientations at 90° to each other. When the device is subjected to vibrations, for example, in an attempted break-in, by an intruder chiselling putty from a glass or picking a lock or the like, the bar 12 and washers 10 vibrate relative to the support bars 8a-8d, thus opening and closing the electrical circuit. These vibrations are then subsequently monitored in an appropriate monitoring apparatus.
A particular advantage of the invention is that by virtue of the fact that the bar 12 rests on the inner bores of the washers 10, the possibility of false alarms being registered, is considerably reduced. It will be appreciated that if a build-up of oxide occurs in any of the contact points between any of the washers 10 and the support bars 8a-8d, the bar 12, acting as a conductor between the washers, will overcome this problem. For example, if a build-up of oxide causes contact to break down between the washer 10(a) and the support 8(b), then on the assumption that at least one of the other washers makes electrical contact with the bar 8(b), the bar 12 will conduct between the washer 8(a) and the relevant washer or washers making electrical contact with the support bar 8(b). The eight washers effectively provide eight contact paths through which current can flow. That of course, presumes all washers make effective electrical contact with their respective supports. Further, by virtue of the fact that the second, additional inertia mass 12 rests on the washers, there are eight paths through which the current can flow from the support 8(b) through the washer 10(a) onto the support 8(a). The same applies to all eight washers. By virtue of having the second, additional inertia mass 12, there is a multipler effect so that there are sixty four (8×8) paths through which current can flow. Further, there is high contact pressure due to the use of the additional inertia mass.
Referring now to FIG. 4 there is illustrated a vibration sensing device according to another embodiment of the invention. This device is substantially similar to that described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 3, and similar components are identified by the same reference numerals. The essential difference between this device and that of the device of FIGS. 1 to 3, is that the additional inertia mass in this case is provided by a bar 20 of square cross-section section. The advantage of this is that since the corners of the bar 20 rest on the inner edge of the washer 10 they act on the inner edges of the washer 10 with a type of wiping action, thereby cleaning off any deposits of oxide which may build up. This further improves the sensitivity of the device.
A second difference between this device and that already described, is that the spacing between the bars 8(a) and 8(b) and 8(c) and 8(d), is less than the spacing between the bars 8(b) and 8(c), and 8(a) and 8(d). This, therefore, allows the device to be mounted in four positions, as is the case of the previous device but it has the added advantage that in two positions the response from the device is different to the response when mounted in the other two positions. When the device is mounted with the washers supported on the bars 8(a) and 8(b), the device has a particular sensitivity. However, when the washers are supported between the bars 8(b) and 8(c), the washers are supported at a higher level, and therefore, the device is damped relative to the previous position just described, and accordingly, the sensitivity is slightly reduced. Similarly, the response by supporting the washers on 8(c) and 8(d), will be similar to the response for 8(a) and 8(b ), and also the response when the washers are supported between 8(a) and 8(d) will be similar to the response when the washers are supported between the supports 8(b) and 8(c).
It will also be noticed in this embodiment of the invention that the width of the washers in this device is slightly less than the width of the washers in the device of FIGS. 1 to 3.
The above are two embodiments of vibration sensing devices which are particularly appropriate according to the present invention. However, it will be appreciated that there are many other ways in which the invention can be carried out and the following description with relation to the accompanying diagrammatic sketches FIGS. 5 to 16 illustrates some of these. Obviously, many other variations and combinations of the features disclosed can be devised.
Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6 there is illustrated a vibration sensing device which is an improvement of the type such as described in British Pat. No. 1,263,076 in which an electrically conductive sphere is supported on a support assembly in this case forming a support sub-assembly of three pins 29 on a support 28. Thus, there are two separate main inertia masses formed from spheres 25 each having straight through holes 26 to accommodate an additional inertia mass in this case, a round bar 27. More spheres and associated support assemblies may be used.
Referring to FIGS. 7 and 8 there is illustrated a vibration sensing device formed from two spaced-apart bars 30 on which are mounted a plurality of discs in this case short solid bars 31. An additional inertia mass 32 of arcuate shape rests on the bars 31.
In FIG. 9 there is illustrated an inertia mass formed from a circular disc 35 having a hole 36 in which is mounted an additional inertia mass formed from a bar 37. In this embodiment there are three support bars 38a, 38b and 38c. If, for example, it is presumed that the support bars 38a and 38b are electrically connected i.e. of the same polarity then the vibration sensing device will work when the support bars 38b and 38c are horizontal or when the support bars 38a and 38c are horizontal but will obviously not work when the support bar 38c is uppermost. It will be seen that generally speaking it will be advantageous to have an even number of support bars. Referring to FIG. 10 there is illustrated a vibration sensing device in which there is a plurality of circular discs 40 with each having a hole 41 and supporting an additional inertia mass formed from a bar 42. The discs 40 are mounted on two support bars 43 which are part of a support assembly which has a number of additional support bars 44. These additional support bars 44 on rotation of the assembly about its longitudinal axis (in FIG. 10 into the plane of the paper and indicated by the reference numeral 45) can be used as required. It will be noted that these additional support bars are so arranged when not in use as to be spaced-apart from the main inertia masses, in this case, the discs 40. The spacing between the various support bars is identified by the letter "l" and subscripts 1 to 6. It will be noted that:
l1 =l2 =l3 =l4 =l5 =l6
Referring to FIG. 11 there is illustrated a variation on the embodiment described with reference to FIG. 10 and parts are identified by the same reference numerals. In this embodiment there are only two support bars 43 and two additional support bars 44. In this embodiment:
l1 >l2 >l3 >l4
Referring to FIG. 12 there is illustrated a still further construction of disc 48 of square cross-section having a square hole 49 and mounted on support bars 50. It has an additional inertia mass 52.
Heretofore all the embodiments described have shown the inertia masses mounted on the support bars. Needless to say, it will be appreciated that where the inertia masses have a straight-through hole that they can be mounted not on the support bars but by the support bars projecting through the holes.
Referring to FIG. 13 there is illustrated discs 51 in the shape of a washer having mounted within it an additional inertia mass formed from the bar 52. Each disc 51 is suspended from support bars 53. FIG. 14 illustrates a construction of disc 55 which is square and has a six sided hole 56 which again embraces support bars 57. FIG. 15 shows another construction of vibration sensing device formed from a plurality of discs 60 in the form of washers mounted on support bars 61 and having an additional inertia mass formed by a pendulum 62 suspended from a bar 63 which bridges the discs 60. In FIG. 16 there is illustrated a further disc 64 mounted on support bars 65 and having an additional inertia mass formed from a tubular member 66.
It will be relatively easy for those skilled in the art to work out other different variations on the embodiment described above, for example, it will be appreciated that instead of support bars any other form of support may be used such as but not exclusively the support assembly of FIGS. 5 and 6.
It will also be appreciated that the use of additional inertia masses of different weights will allow the response of the vibration sensing device to be varied thus leading to economics in manufacture.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3161737 *||Jan 18, 1960||Dec 15, 1964||Hall William D||Inclination responsive electrical switch|
|US3560680 *||Apr 18, 1969||Feb 2, 1971||Cb Ass Ltd||Inertia switch responsive to high and low level shocks|
|US4025744 *||Mar 29, 1976||May 24, 1977||Litton Systems, Inc.||Shock and vibration sensitive switch|
|US4085304 *||Aug 13, 1976||Apr 18, 1978||Shorrock Developments Limited||Vibration switch having threaded terminals and plural roller contacts|
|US4185180 *||Jun 27, 1978||Jan 22, 1980||Institute For Industrial Research & Standards||Vibration sensing device|
|US4467153 *||Feb 7, 1983||Aug 21, 1984||Litton Systems, Inc.||Shock and vibration sensitive switch|
|EP0001154A1 *||Jul 24, 1978||Mar 21, 1979||First Inertia Switch Limited||Shock and vibration responsive contact device incorporating two or more seismic elements|
|GB1005217A *||Title not available|
|GB1524081A *||Title not available|
|GB2058460A *||Title not available|
|GB2077504A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6419055||Nov 29, 1999||Jul 16, 2002||John Walsh||Variable-attitude mount for brake controllers and the like|
|US6472993||Oct 16, 2001||Oct 29, 2002||Pittway Corp.||Singular housing window or door intrusion detector using earth magnetic field sensor|
|US6724316||Oct 29, 2002||Apr 20, 2004||Honeywell International Inc.||Method and apparatus for detection of motion with a gravitational field detector in a security system|
|U.S. Classification||200/61.45R, 200/61.52|
|Apr 20, 1987||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ANDERSON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT LIMITED, 9 THE T
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:ANDERSON, FRANCIS J.;REEL/FRAME:004702/0093
Effective date: 19860210
Owner name: ANDERSON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT LIMITED, AN IR
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ANDERSON, FRANCIS J.;REEL/FRAME:004702/0093
Effective date: 19860210
|Feb 19, 1991||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jul 21, 1991||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Oct 1, 1991||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19910721