|Publication number||US468425 A|
|Publication date||Feb 9, 1892|
|Filing date||Mar 12, 1891|
|Publication number||US 468425 A, US 468425A, US-A-468425, US468425 A, US468425A|
|Inventors||Hannah E. Matthews|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
H. E. & A. M. MATTHEWS.
No. 468,425. Patented Feb. 9, 1892.
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HANNAH E. MATTHEWVS AND ADALINE M. MATTHEVS, OF GRAND RAPIDS, MICHIGAN.
SIEGIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 468,425, dated February 9,1892.
Application filed March 12, 1891. Serial No. 384,783. (No model.)
To aZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that We, HANNAH E. MATTHEWS and ADALINE M. MATrHEws, citizens of the United States, residing at Grand Rapids, in the 5 county of Kent and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improve ments in Shoulder-Braces, of which the following is a specification.
Our invention relates to improvements in appliances for supporting the shoulders; and its objects are, first, to prevent the braces from working up toward the shoulders; second, to provide a shoulder-brace that will act upon the extreme points of the shoulders, and thus avert the danger of its pressing upon the clavicle and the muscles, tendons, and blood-vessels below and adjacent thereto, and, third, to place the buckles, &c., in such positions that they will not impair the symmetry of fit of the elothing worn outside of them. Ve attain these results by the means illustrated in the accompanying drawings,in which Figure 1 is a front elevation of our support. Fig. 2 is a back view of the same with the shoulder-straps extended. Fig. 3 is a side view of the same. Fig. 4 is a section through the line a; x of Fig. 2; and Fig. 5 is a section 011 the line 1 y of the same, showing the form of the brace and cap.
Similar letters refer to similar parts throughout the several views.
The back A of our device is composed of two parts laced together at C6 their entire length, the outer edges of said parts gradu ally diverging from the waist to the neck. It is made long enough to extend well up on the shoulders and is provided with wide steel braces c and narrow ones 0, that extend the entire length of the back. \Ve attach the shoulder-braces B to the upper ends of the backs by means of short strips of elastic webbing b and provide them with shoulder-caps C,that may be made either of elastic or nonelastic fabric and are formed to curve downward, so that they will drop over and bear upon the points of the shoulders and prevent the braces from drawing in against the neck of the wearer and bearing upon the clavicle and its muscles. To render these caps available we find it necessary to form a sharp concave curve on the outer edges of the braces 13 at the line of connection with the cap and to stitch a supplemental brace or pad D to the outer end of the brace B at an angle that will produce an obtuse angle at the point Z) between the chamois-skin padding E and the cap, as in Fig. 2, and to give this supplemental brace or pad a decided concave-convex form edgewise, the line of stitching between the two rendering the line of juncture perfectly pliable by reducing the thickness of the brace at this line to the thickness of the two fabrics of which it is composed and sewing them together. The upper surface of these pads may be made of any suitable fabric; but the lower surface should be made of chamois-skin E orother suitable material and the space between them filled with wood fiber, wool, or other good padding material, which is so distributed that the pads are thick at the outer edges and gradually taper to the thickness of the two fabrics at'the inner edges, as shown in Fig. 4c.
lVe attach straps of elastic webbing d to the outer ends of the pads for the purpose of securing this end of braces to the back through the medium of the buckles and straps cl, for the purpose of forming the arm-hole of the brace. \Ve take pains to place the buckles immediately under the arm, so that they will not show through the clothing worn over the waist.
We attach a girdle or belt F f at the waist of the support for the purposes, first, of securing the support to the body at the waist,
and, second, of supporting and improving the form of the waist. This girdle may be made wide in the center and provided with braces or bonesf, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, or it may be a simple belt or band, as shown in Fig. 3. When the form shown in Figs. 1 and 2 is used, we connect it with the back by means of straps attached to each side and arranged to interlock with the buckles f, attached to the backs with short straps, as shown in Fig.
.2. This belt or girdle may be wholly or partially elastic or non-elastic, as desired.
The steels or braces co in the back should be bent at the waistline to correspond with the curve of the back, which, together with the length of the backs above this point,wholly averts the possibility of the brace working up.
Skirt supports o'r suspenders VG may be attached to the braces, as at and corresponding supports H attached to the backs, if desired, and they act the double purpose, first, of a support for the clothing, and, second, of assisting to hold the entire brace in position.
Having thus fully described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-
A shoulder-brace constructed with back sections having a waistband attached thereto and buckles d above the Waistband, in 00111- bination with shoulder-straps, each in two sections, one section being flexibly attached to the back and provided with a shoulder-cap 15
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3897776 *||Mar 22, 1974||Aug 5, 1975||Medical Specialties Inc||Clavicle splint|
|US5241704 *||Apr 23, 1992||Sep 7, 1993||Ergodyne Corporation||Back support|