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Publication numberUS469211 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 16, 1892
Filing dateJan 23, 1891
Publication numberUS 469211 A, US 469211A, US-A-469211, US469211 A, US469211A
InventorsDavid Kline
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 469211 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Modem 3 Sheets-Sheet 1.


OIL BURNER FOR BOILERS, FURNACES, 61:0. No. 469,211. Patented Peb.16,1892.

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(No Model.)


No. 469,211, Patented Feb. 16, 1892.

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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 469,211, dated February 16, 1892. Application filed January 23, 1891. Serial No. 378.781. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, DAVID KLINE, of Akron, in the county of Summit and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Oil-Burners for Boilers, Furnaces, &c.; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use the same.

My invention relates to oil-burners for use in connection with furnaces for forging, brassmelting, and similar purposes; and it consists in certain novel features of construction and combinations of parts, as will be hereinafter described, and pointed out in the claims.-

In the drawings, Figure 1 is an isometric view showing my feeder or burner as detached from the furnace; Fig. 2, the same with its top section lifted to show the interior construction of the upper chamber; Fig. 3, the same with the top and middle sections lifted to show the construction of the lower chamber. Fig. 4 is a plan View of my device with the upper section removed, showing the arrangement of the diverging directors and their relation with the oil-jet and air-blast. Fig. 5 shows my device in longitudinal vertical section taken through its central portion.

As illustrated in the drawings, my device is preferably constructed in three sections A,

B, and C, which when assembled and bolted together present substantially the appearance indicated in Figs. 1 and 5.

As shown in Fig. 5, the roof offered by the section A slants downward toward the mouth or outlet, affording a chamber above the section B, say, of an inch in height, and gradually diminishing toward the mouth until the space constituting the upper opening of the mouth-i. 6., the outlet between the sections A and B-is preferably, say, three thirty-seconds of an inch in dimension. I do not give these measurements as constituting a feature of my invention to which I propose 'to limit myself. I have in practice found these proportions to operate well; but in this respect my device may be varied without any departure from my invention.

Upon the upper face of the section B are fill or substantially fill the space between the floor and roof of the chamber between sections A and B and are made tapering to correspond with the longitudinal shape of said chamber. The arrangement of the ribs D E is such that the air as it is driven into the entrance G is made to evenly spread out into a fan-shaped body, and thus it escapes through the constricted mouth of the device into the furnace.

F is the oil-inlet, which is in any manner suitably connected with an oil-supply reservoir, and the oil is fed into the burner either by hydrostatic pressure or by means of a suitable pump.

Upon the under side of the section B are formed a number of divergingribs E, corresponding substantially with the ribs E, already described, and these ribs operate to evenly spread and distribute the air passing through the lower chamber of the feeder,which 7 5 is between the sections B and (Land which chamber, like that between A and B, tapers toward its mouth and has a restricted outlet. The oil is admitted only to the upper chamber, where it is caught by the airlast and sent forward into the furnace. No oil is admitted to the lower chamber, through which air only is passed.

The entrance end G is in any effective way connected with a suitable fan or blower for producing the required air-blast, and the oilsupply pipe should be provided with a valve or cook for properly regulating the amount of oil fed to the burner.

The operation is as follows: The air is re ceived at G, and, entering both the upper and lower chambers of the burner, is forced out through their constricted months into the furnace. The oil as it is fed into the upper chamber through the inlet F is instantly converted 5 into a spray, which, mingling with the air, is

spread out into a flat fanfshaped body and thus sent into the furnace and burned.

What I claim is- 1. An oil-burner comprising a series of fan- 10o shaped sections constructed to be secured together to form oil and air passages between them, these passages open at both ends, and an oil-supply pipe entering the oil-passage be- 5 tween its open ends, substantially as set forth.

2. An oil-burner comprising a series of fanshaped sections constructed to be secured together-,wherebyair and oil passages arefornied between them, an oil-supply pipe leading into 10 one chalnber, and ribs extending from the point where this pipe enters to the discharge end of the burner, substantially as set forth.

In testimony whereof I sign this specificaiion, in the presence of two Witnesses, this 20th day of December, 1890.




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US2555289 *Oct 8, 1949May 29, 1951Theodore NagelMethod of producing calcined calcareous materials
US2864406 *Sep 1, 1954Dec 16, 1958Schewel AbeExhaust deflector
US2895683 *Sep 30, 1957Jul 21, 1959Western Electric CoDevice for spraying fluids
US2959537 *Oct 1, 1957Nov 8, 1960Exxon Research Engineering CoFluid hydroforming process and apparatus
US2985387 *Oct 13, 1959May 23, 1961Spencer Chem CoLiquid material distributor
US3053460 *Apr 13, 1959Sep 11, 1962Continental Aviat & Eng CorpIce removing apparatus
US3056370 *Oct 9, 1956Oct 2, 1962Fry S Metal Foundries LtdApparatus for soldering
US3099396 *Feb 27, 1961Jul 30, 1963Simmons Richard GSnow blower apparatus
US3314611 *Feb 25, 1966Apr 18, 1967Rosemount Eng Co LtdSpray nozzle
US3776471 *Nov 22, 1971Dec 4, 1973Scott Paper CoMethod and apparatus for distributing fluids
US3931932 *Jul 5, 1974Jan 13, 1976Lucas Aerospace LimitedLiquid sprayer
US4666085 *Jan 9, 1986May 19, 1987Liaw Maw ShinnMultiple purpose water spray gun
US5671321 *Apr 24, 1996Sep 23, 1997Bagnuolo; Donald J.Air heater gun for joint compound with fan-shaped attachment
US5718384 *Oct 20, 1995Feb 17, 1998Robert Bosch GmbhInjection nozzle
US6351859 *Feb 19, 1999Mar 5, 2002John V. MaiuccoroHydrotherapy tub coplanar flow
US6760932Oct 22, 2001Jul 13, 2004Saratoga Spa & Bath, Inc.Hydrotherapy tub coplanar flow
US7296992Dec 20, 2000Nov 20, 2007Davis-Standard, LlcMultiple layer combining adapter
US20110287706 *Mar 15, 2011Nov 24, 2011John Bean Technologies CorporationDiffuser for aircraft heating and air conditioning system
WO2001045919A1 *Dec 20, 2000Jun 28, 2001Black Clawson Company IncMultiple layer combining adapter
Cooperative ClassificationB05B1/14