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Publication numberUS469848 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 1, 1892
Filing dateAug 22, 1891
Publication numberUS 469848 A, US 469848A, US-A-469848, US469848 A, US469848A
InventorsWilliam Newton Best
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Portable lawn-fountain
US 469848 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.)


No. 469,848. Patented Mar. 1, 1892.




QPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 469,848, dated March 1, 1892.

Application filed August 22, 1891. Serial No. 403,409. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, WILLIAM NEWTON BEsT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Los Angeles, in the county of Los Angeles and State of California, have invented a new and useful Portable Lawn-Fountain, of which the following is a specification.

The object of my invention is to provide a cheap, simple, and convenient ornamental device for sprinkling lawns.

The accompanying drawings illustrate my invention. 7

Figure 1 is a View of my fountain. Fig. 2 is a vertical mid-section view of the same. Fig. 3 is a top view of the fountain. Fig. 4 is a top View of the fountain with the sprinkling-globe removed. Fig. 5 is a section on line 0001:, Fig. 1. Fig. 6 is a section on line 'u a F My invention, broadly stated, comprises the combination of a standard pipe communicating with a series of tangentiallyarranged downwardlydirected discharge-openin gs, and an imperforate open-topped slightly-concave approximately-flat revoluble plate journaled upon such pipe and provided upon its upper face with a series of radialwings arranged to receive the streams discharged downward and outward from such discharge-openings.

It also comprises other features hereinafter more fully set forth.

Myinvention, as illustrated in the drawings, comprises the combination of avertica] standard pipe A, bent at the lower end to form the foot 0,, and threaded at its upper end and provided near its upper end with an outwardlyprojecting flange f, a revoluble plate or concave basin B, journaled upon the standard pipe and resting upon the flange f, and pro' vided upon its upper concave surface with a series of radially-curved wings I), a perforated her, and those at the sides of the axis of the 4 globe are inclined outward from the upward extension of such axis, so that the spray of the water will be directed outward. At the base of the globe around the neck '5 thereof are provided a series of downwardly-directed tangential discharge-perforation s j j, arranged to discharge upon the wings I), as indicated in Fig. 6, to rotate the journaled basin B.

In practice the foot on is connected with the hose H by suitable couplings, and the water, turned on, discharges through the top perforations c and the tangential perforations j. The streams discharged through a form a series of divergent jets, and those discharged downward and outward through the holes j strike in part upon the imperforate face of the plate B (which deflects such water upward at an angle) and partly on the radial wings, which are curved outward obliquely transverse to the axis of the tangential discharge-openings to receive suflicient impactive force from the stream of water to cause the said plate to rotate rapidly without appreciably destroying the force of the streams, although breaking them into fine spray, which is thrown to a great distance by both hydraulic and centrifugal force.

The pedestal formed by the loop D and bend or foot 0, enable the operator to draw the sprinkler from place to place by the hose H, which is attached to the foot or bent portion of the standard pipe A. The plate B is preferably concave, as shown, in order to give the discharge-spray an upward direction, thus to throw it to a greater distance and in a finer spray than if the plate were flat. Good results, however, can be secured by the use of a flat plate instead of the concave plate shown.

Other means beside the flange f will readily be suggested for supporting the revoluble plate, and I do not limit my claims to the special means shown for supporting the plate.

Now, having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. In a lawn-fountain, the combination of astandard pipe provided at its upper end with a tip provided with a series of tangentiallyarranged downwardly directed dischargeopenings, an imperforate open-top concave plate journaled upon such pipe and provided upon its upper concave face with a series of radial wings curved outward obliquely transverse to the axis of the tangential dischargeopenings.

2. The combination of the standard pipe, the revoluble plate journaled upon such pipe and provided with a series of radial wings, the globe-tip secured to such pipe above such plate and provided with the top dischargeopenings, and the tangential discharge-openv ings, arranged substantially as set forth.

3. In a fountain of the class set forth, the combination of the standard pipe bent at its lower end to form the foot a, the foot-loop D, bent to clamp the standard pipe above such I foot a and bent to form the feet (1 d, and means for drawing the two members of the foot together to clamp it upon the standard pipe. WILLIAM NEWTON BEST. Witnesses:


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3144034 *Sep 19, 1961Aug 11, 1964Whirlpool CoLiquid spray apparatus
US4111366 *Mar 4, 1976Sep 5, 1978Dee-Mac Construction Co., Inc.Spinner nozzle for use in cooling tower
US5022588 *Dec 26, 1989Jun 11, 1991Haase Gerald AWater toy having umbrella spray pattern
Cooperative ClassificationB05B1/14