Device for opening letters
US 471283 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' H. O. VOLK & E, WEILANDQ DEVICE FOR OPENING LETTERS.
No. 471,283. Patented Mar. 22, 1892.
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' UNITED STATES ATENT FFICE.
HERMAN C. VOLK AND EDYVARD VVEILAND, OF BUFFALO, NEW YORK.
DEVICE FOR'OPENING LETTERS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 471,283, dated March 22, 1892.
I Application filed February 15 1892- Serial No. 421,525. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern;
Be it known that we, HERMAN C. VOLK and EDWARD WEILAND, citizens of the United States, residing at Buffalo, in the county of Erie and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Devices for Opening Letters, of which the fol-. lowing is a specification.
Our invention relates to a novel device for opening letters, and will be fully and clearly hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a side elevation of a hexagon lead-pencil, showing a top view of our device connected therewith and a portion of a letterenvelope for the purpose of illustrating its operation. Fig. 2 is also a side elevation of a lead-pencil, showing a side elevation of our invention connected therewith. Fig. 3 is an enlarged cross-section through a pencil in or about line a a, Fig. 2, showing a front elevation of our device connected thereto. Fig. i is a central longitudinal section through a por-' tion of a lead-pencil and our invention connected therewith in or about line 6 c, Fig. 3.
Referring to the drawings, the holdingpiece consists of a tubular spring claspingpiece 1, having a longitudinal opening2 at one side and an upwardly-projecting gage 3 at its upper front end. From the above construction it will be seen that this holdingpiece, being made of spring metal, steel, brass, or other suitable spring material, will clasp and hold closely to the pencil when slipped on. At the top of the'rear end is secured to or formed in one piece with it a spring portion 4, which projects forward over the portion 1 and is provided at its forward end with a cutter 5, projecting edge downward a short distance ahead of the gage 3.
On each side of the cutter 5 and forming part of the forward portion of the spring portion 4 is a wing portion 6, each concave at the top and rounded at its lower or under side.
These portions form a convenient thumb or finger piece to press on when operating the device and at the same time present rounded surfaces to allow the envelope or letter end to pass easily under them or between them and the pencil-body.
In operating with this device the end of a letter-envelope is slipped under the cutter 5 until its edge rests against the gage 3. The pencil being heldin one hand, with the thumb pressing down on the portions 6 with sufficient force to cause the cutter to cut the paper, the envelope is drawn forward with the other hand against the gage 3 and under the cutter 5, thereby cutting a line 7 at the end of the envelope, which may be easily opened HERHAN O. VOLK. EDXVARD VVEILAND.
JENNIE M. CALDWELL, J AMES SANGSTER.