|Publication number||US4713573 A|
|Application number||US 06/734,872|
|Publication date||Dec 15, 1987|
|Filing date||May 16, 1985|
|Priority date||Jun 29, 1984|
|Also published as||DE3424005A1|
|Publication number||06734872, 734872, US 4713573 A, US 4713573A, US-A-4713573, US4713573 A, US4713573A|
|Inventors||Willi Gansert, Eduard Lochbrunner, Harry Slansky|
|Original Assignee||Robert Bosch Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (15), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (15), Classifications (10), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Reference to related applications, assigned to the assignee of the present invention, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference: U.S. Ser. No. 631,933, Mattes et al, filed July 18, 1984; U.S. Ser. No. 632,379, Gademann et al, filed July 19, 1984.
The present invention relates to the construction of a trigger mechanism for an automotive passenger restraint system, such such as a seat/shoulder belt tightening or belt locking system, an air bag, or any other type of passenger restraint system.
The referenced application Ser. No. 632,379, filed July 19, 1984, describes a triggering arrangement for a passenger restraint system in which a deceleration sensor is provided which, in combination with an evaluation circuit, is secured to a common support plate, located in a housing. Preferably, the support plate is a metal plate. The metal plate and the housing are connected, preferably by a screw connection, with a wall of the triggering device, since the inertia of the metal plate does not permit an independent connection of a printed circuit board or the like.
It is an object to simplify the interconnection between a trigger mechanism and a printed circuit board or the like so that the overall construction of the passenger restraint trigger apparatus will be improved, easier to make, and easier to assemble.
Briefly, a decelaration sensor is located within the housing and electrical terminal elements project from the inside of the housing to the outside thereof; the externally projecting portions of the terminals extend far enough for direct connection into a printed circuit board, for example by being passed through openings of the printed circuit board. The housing is made of electrically insulating material, and an electrically conductive adhesive is used to adhesively connect, electrically as well as mechanically, portions of the terminals which are inside the housing with a deceleration sensing element, such as a flexing-type transducer.
The arrangement in accordance with the invention has the advantage that the terminals of the deceleration sensing structure can be readily adapted for mounting, directly, in a printed circuit board. Most printed circuit boards have openings spaced apart by standard distances--for example in a square pattern of 1/10 inch spacing (2.54 mm spacing of holes). By use of plastic, and the adhesive connection, the electrical characteristics of the sensor are excellent and, without difficulty, the dimension of the deceleration sensor can be reduced further beyond that previously known, for example in the order of about 1 cm.
The actual decelaration sensing element is preferably formed as a piezo-ceramic flexing or bending element. In accordance with a feature of the invention, use of such an element readily permits placing a conductive adhesive to respective opposite sides of the flexing element, typically a plate, formed as a piezo-ceramic bimorph. A gel-type embedding element may be used to dampen oscillations of the oscillating or flexing element; the gel-type filling is particularly desirable since it permits control of the mechanical resonant frequency of the flexing transducer. Using a cast gel is simple in manufacture and can be easily carried out. The housing can be tightly jacketed, preferably by immersing the finished structure into a silicone rubber. This insures excellent protection with respect to mechanical, chemical and electrical disturbances. A groove-and-spring connection between the housing of the acceleration sensor and a housing wall of the overall structure, or some other mechanical element which is to trigger the transducer to provide a trigger output, for example in case of a vehicle collision, permits simple and reliable attachment to a portion of the vehicle, while insuring good mechanical coupling therewith, particularly if the connection additionally includes an adhesive.
The system is particularly suitable for a seatbelt or shoulder belt or combination lap-shoulder belt tightening or locking system.
FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view through a trigger construction in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 2 is a part-top, part-sectional view of the apparatus of FIG. 1.
A housing wall 1 is provided to hold the trigger mechanism thereon. The housing wall 1--see FIG. 1--retains thereon a trigger housing 2 of electrically insulating material, preferably plastic. The trigger housing 2 is seated on a printed circuit board 3, or a similar conductor carrier substrate. The interior of the trigger housing 2 is formed with a groove into which a piezo-ceramic element 4 is inserted, the piezo-ceramic element extending from the groove into a chamber 7, which is filled with a gel filling. Upwardly of the groove, and extending towards both sides therefrom, the trigger housing 2 is formed with openings defining a chamber which is subdivided by the piezo-ceramic element 4 into two chamber portions. Both chamber portions spaced from the ceramic plate 4 are filled with an electrically conductive adhesive 6. Connecting terminal pins 5 extend into the respective chamber portions. The connecting terminal pins 5 extend outside of the trigger housing 2 and into suitable connection openings formed in the circuit substrate 3. The electrically conductive adhesive 6 forms the electrical connection between the terminal pins 5 and the piezo-ceramic plate 4. The electrically conductive adhesive 6 at the same time mechanically secures the piezo-ceramic plate 4 in position in the housing. As best seen in FIG. 2, adhesive 6 is in surface engagement with a wall portion of the chamber within which the piezo-ceramic plate 4 is located, as well as with a surface region of the plate 4, of sufficient size to adhesively secure the piezoceramic plate 4 in the housing 2. The gel 7, which is cast into a suitable opening into which the ceramic plate 4 extends, is used as a dampening structure, since the piezo-ceramic plate 4 forms a bending or flexing oscillating element which, upon mechanical shock, begins to oscillate at an oscillation frequency which depends on its insertion into the groove within the housing 2 in which it is held. The gel filling is preferably separated by a thin region of the housing from the electrically conductive adhesive, which thin region provides sufficient clearance for oscillation of the oscillating piezo-ceramic plate which, close to the attachment end thereof, is still of very low amplitude.
The housing 2 includes a spring 10 which is arranged to fit within a groove 9 formed in the wall 1 of the overall structure of the housing. The groove 9 is undercut, in form of a pocket, so that the trigger housing 2 can be inserted, from above, as best seen in FIG. 2, by engaging the spring 10 within the undercut groove 9. The spring 10 is preferably centrally relieved by a cut 10a which, in cross section, is cup-shaped, to form a recess which, after introduction of the trigger housing 2 with the spring 10 into the groove 9, is then filled with an adhesive 8 to insure tight mechanical coupling between the wall 1 of the structure forming the overall housing and the trigger element housing 2. The inner walls 10a of the opening also contribute to the resiliency and deflectability of the spring 10 upon introduction of the trigger housing into the groove 9 of the side wall 1. The trigger housing 2 is surrounded by an outer coating 11 of silicone rubber.
Various changes and modifications may be made within the scope of the inventive concept.
A suitable pourable setting or curing and electrically conductive adhesive 6 is a two-component epoxy resin, in which the resin has a 50% silver additive as a filler, and the hardener component has a 78% silver filler additive (percentages by weight).
A suitable adhesive 8 is a one-component epoxy resin with a mineral filler.
A suitable gel 7 is a two-component unfilled silicon-dieelectric gel, for example of the type commercially available by Dow Corning Q3-6527, comp. A and B.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3113223 *||Jul 27, 1960||Dec 3, 1963||Space Technology Lab Inc||Bender-type accelerometer|
|US3119047 *||Jul 25, 1960||Jan 21, 1964||American Speedlight Corp||Carrier current control system for electronic flash units|
|US3337805 *||Feb 5, 1964||Aug 22, 1967||William T Joseph||Receiver shutoff device|
|US3438037 *||Feb 17, 1966||Apr 8, 1969||Multi Elmac Co||Modulated subcarrier control circuit responsive to a voltage having a pass frequency and exceeding a predetermined level for a predetermined time|
|US3701903 *||Oct 29, 1970||Oct 31, 1972||Honeywell Inc||Piezoelectric vehicle impact sensor|
|US3891963 *||Oct 23, 1973||Jun 24, 1975||Exxon Production Research Co||Coded radio shooting unit|
|US3971028 *||Dec 26, 1974||Jul 20, 1976||Larry L. Funk||Remote light control system|
|US4101886 *||May 16, 1977||Jul 18, 1978||Grimes Johnny C||Apparatus for conserving energy in electrical appliances|
|US4223301 *||Apr 10, 1978||Sep 16, 1980||Grimes Johnny C||Apparatus for conserving energy in electrical appliances|
|US4305013 *||Jul 26, 1979||Dec 8, 1981||Robert Bosch Gmbh||Engine knock sensor using piezoelectric rod oscillator|
|US4333029 *||Sep 4, 1979||Jun 1, 1982||Baker Industries, Inc.||Piezoelectric seismic sensor for intrusion detection|
|US4348905 *||Jul 8, 1980||Sep 14, 1982||Nissan Motor Company, Limited||Vibration sensor for an automotive vehicle|
|US4465956 *||Feb 25, 1983||Aug 14, 1984||Fowler Ricky C||Control circuit for switching dual function electrical appliances|
|US4523193 *||Nov 21, 1983||Jun 11, 1985||Levinson Samuel H||Remote-controlled doorbell signal receiver|
|US4605927 *||Aug 26, 1983||Aug 12, 1986||Thomas Jefferson University||Intra-oral control unit and system|
|1||*||Proceedings of the I.R.E., vol. 42, No. 11, Nov. 1954, pp. 1612, 1613.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4982599 *||Feb 28, 1989||Jan 8, 1991||Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha||Acceleration detector|
|US5003824 *||Dec 26, 1989||Apr 2, 1991||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Vibration/acceleration sensor|
|US5719334 *||Jul 11, 1996||Feb 17, 1998||Ford Motor Company||Hermetically protected sensor assembly|
|US6883215||Nov 5, 2003||Apr 26, 2005||Ngk Insulators, Ltd.||Piezoelectric/electrostrictive device and method of manufacturing same|
|US6915547||Aug 1, 2002||Jul 12, 2005||Ngk Insulators, Ltd.||Piezoelectric/electrostrictive device and method of manufacturing same|
|US7164221||Sep 28, 2000||Jan 16, 2007||Ngk Insulators, Ltd.||Piezoelectric/electrostrictive device and method of manufacturing same|
|US7245064||May 25, 2005||Jul 17, 2007||Ngk Insulators, Ltd.||Piezoelectric/electrostrictive device|
|US7321180||Oct 6, 2004||Jan 22, 2008||Ngk Insulators, Ltd.||Piezoelectric/electrostrictive device|
|US7336021||Oct 20, 2006||Feb 26, 2008||Ngk Insulators, Ltd.||Piezoelectric/electrostrictive device and method of manufacturing same|
|US7358647||Jun 12, 2007||Apr 15, 2008||Ngk Insulators, Ltd.||Piezoelectric/electrostrictive device|
|US20020194717 *||Aug 1, 2002||Dec 26, 2002||Ngk Insulators, Ltd||Piezoelectric/electrostrictive device and method of manufacturing same|
|US20050168109 *||Oct 6, 2004||Aug 4, 2005||Ngk Insulators, Ltd.||Piezoelectric/electrostrictive device|
|US20060006763 *||May 25, 2005||Jan 12, 2006||Ngk Insulators, Ltd.||Piezoelectric/electrotrictive device|
|US20070035209 *||Oct 20, 2006||Feb 15, 2007||Ngk Insulators, Ltd.||Piezoelectric/electrostrictive device and method of manufacturing same|
|US20080054761 *||Oct 15, 2007||Mar 6, 2008||Ngk Insulators, Ltd.||Piezoelectric/electrostrictive device|
|U.S. Classification||310/329, 310/332, 310/330|
|International Classification||B60R22/46, B60R21/16, G01P15/06, G01P15/09, G01P15/08|
|May 16, 1985||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ROBERT BOSCH GMBH POSTFACH 50 D-7000 STUTTGART 1,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:GANSERT, WILLI;LOCHBRUNNER, EDUARD;SLANSKY, HARRY;REEL/FRAME:004408/0039;SIGNING DATES FROM 19850503 TO 19850509
|Jul 16, 1991||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Dec 15, 1991||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Feb 18, 1992||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19911215