|Publication number||US4724832 A|
|Application number||US 06/871,408|
|Publication date||Feb 16, 1988|
|Filing date||Sep 18, 1985|
|Priority date||Sep 18, 1984|
|Also published as||DE3434207C1, EP0195057A1, EP0195057B1, WO1986001709A1|
|Publication number||06871408, 871408, PCT/1985/323, PCT/DE/1985/000323, PCT/DE/1985/00323, PCT/DE/85/000323, PCT/DE/85/00323, PCT/DE1985/000323, PCT/DE1985/00323, PCT/DE1985000323, PCT/DE198500323, PCT/DE85/000323, PCT/DE85/00323, PCT/DE85000323, PCT/DE8500323, US 4724832 A, US 4724832A, US-A-4724832, US4724832 A, US4724832A|
|Inventors||Bernd-Jochen Strubel, Karl-Heinz Lurz|
|Original Assignee||Strubel Bernd Jochen, Lurz Karl Heinz|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (31), Classifications (5), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates to a size-variable intrauterine pessary with an arm adjustable to adapt to the uterine cavity geometry and a central rod-shaped part, which comprises a body and a control cylinder, through whose relative displacement the arms are adjustable and which has a coupling part with which a separate setting device is connected during fitting and which is removed after fitting as well as to a contraceptive device.
The design and size of a intrauterine pessary must be in a correct relationship to the available space in the uterus. Necessarily undesired side-effects result from geometric incompatability. The latter phenomenon has two possibilities, namely a too small intrauterine pessary with the risk of undesired pregnancy through the pessary slipping, whilst the other possibility is of a too large intrauterine pessary, which can generally lead to strong pressure, perforation of the mucosa, bleeding or pain.
A large number of intrauterine pessaries developed over the last few years shows that this problem has been recognized, but also shows that the problem has not as yet been solved. Due to lack of practicability and their complicated nature, adapted intrauterine pessaries have not been adopted into the daily routine.
Admittedly U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,407,806, 3,410,265 and 3,405,711 already disclose intrauterine pessaries adapted to the uterine cavity geometry, but they all suffer from the disadvantage that through a fixed setting and lack of variability of the spring tension when spreading apart the side arms, in the case of a very small uterine cavity, it is not possible to eliminate the risk of pressure, perforation of the mucosa, bleeding and pain. However, in the case of very weak spring tension, the danger exists with a large uterine cavity of the intrauterine pessary slipping and of an undesired pregnancy occurring.
DE-OS No. 2505104 also discloses an intrauterine pessary, which has a rod part with flexible side arms. However, this intrauterine pessary is not intended to adapt to the uterine cavity geometry and instead engages more or less strongly on the cavity walls as a function of the cavity geometry solely due to the specific internal stress of the plastic.
German Pat. No. 447,562 admittedly discloses reciprocally displaceable parts for moving locking levers, but these are rigid locking levers and not flexible side arms. In addition, locking teeth, and not a thread, are provided for adjustment purposes, so that there is only a spreading apart and not a setting or adjustment in the real sense of the term.
German Pat. No. 362,288 discloses an adjustable pessary head, but it has an extremely disadvantageous construction. The pessary head is not adaptable to the uterine cavity geometry and can instead only be adjusted in such a way that it is simply shoved through the narrow cross-section of the uterine cavity inlet.
On the basis of this information, the problem of the present invention is to provide an intrauterine pessary, which can better adapt to the individual geometrical conditions of the uterine cavity due to variable size changes and optimum insertion possibilities.
This problem is solved according to the invention by the features of a size-variable intrauterine pessary with arms which are articulated and constructed in a flexible manner at the upper end of a body and that for spreading apart these arms, the upper edge of a control cylinder is pressed against them.
It is therefore an object of the invention to provide a size-variable intrauterine pessary with plural arms adjusted to adapt to the uterine cavity geometry and a central rod-shaped part, which compries a body and a control cylinder, through whose relative displacement the arms are adjustable and which has a coupling part with which a separate setting device may be connected during fitting and which is removed after fitting wherein the arms are articulated in a flexible manner at the upper end of the body and for spreading apart of the arms, the upper edge of the control cylinder is pressed against.
It is another object of the invention to provide an intrauterine pessary made of plastic.
It is another object of the invention to provide an intrauterine pessary wherein a coil, more particularly made of copper, is wound round a central rod-shaped part.
It is yet another object of the invention to provide an intrauterine pessary wherein a constriction is provided at a connecting point of the body of the intrauterine pessary and the arms thereof.
It is another object of the invention to provide an intrauterine pessary wherein a coupling part is constructed as a web.
It is another object of the invention to provide an intrauterine pessary having a setting device constructed as a turn handle.
It is still another object of the invention to provide an intrauterine pessary wherein a central rod-shaped part or setting device has a fastening means for engaging a thread.
It is a further object of the invention to provide an intrauterine pessary wherein a body and a control cylinder thereof are in screw engagement with one another.
Through the size-variable intrauterine pessary according to the invention, it is now possible, following the insertion of the intrauterine pessary, to spread apart the side arms so as to adapt in an optimum manner to the individual uterine cavity features. This leads to a maximum reduction of side-effects and to a maximum increase in reliability and safety.
Handling can easily be learned through retaining the usual insertion methods and by the extremely simple adjustability of the intrauterine pessary.
The invention also relates to a contraceptive device comprising a size-variable intrauterine pessary and a separate setting device.
The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings which show, for the purposes of illustration only, one embodiment in accordance with the present invention, and wherein:
FIG. 1. shows diagrammatically intrauterine pessary according to the invention.
FIG. 1a the detail Ia of FIG. 1.
FIG. 2. a section along line II--II in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3. the larger scale detail III of FIG. 1.
FIG. 4. diagrammatically and on a large scale a setting device constructed as a turning handle.
Referring now to the drawings wherein like reference numerals are used to designate like parts and more particularly to FIG. 1, there is shown a intrauterine pessary 1 which comprises a body 2, provided with an external thread 6 along its circumference. Two anchor-shaped side arms 15 are placed on the upper end of body 2. The connection point of the body 2 to the side arms 15 has a constriction, which is produced by a notch 9, FIG. 3.
On the body 2 is coaxially provided a control cylinder 4 having an internal thread 5 meshing with the external thread 6 of body 2. The meshing of the internal thread 5 of the control cylinder 4 and the external thread 6 of body 2 provides an adjustable screw engagement between the control cylinder 4 and the body 2. The control cylinder 4 is provided on its lower end with a web 8 acting as a coupling part. Thread 7 can also be fixed to web or coupling part 8. A copper coil 3 is fixed to control cylinder 4.
FIG. 4 shows a setting device 11 in the form of a turning handle. The setting device 11 comprises a grip 12 and a shaft 13. At the end of shaft 13 remote from grip 12 are provided two pins 17 which have two inwardly pointing snap heads 14. Between the latter is provided a spacing 16 adapted to the diameter of coupling part 8.
The function of the size-variable intrauterine pessary is briefly described hereinafter.
On inserting the size-variable intrauterine pessary 1, the setting device 11 is connected in cardan or gimbal manner via coupling part 8 to the intrauterine pessary 1. After inserting the intrauterine pessary 1 in the uterine cavity in the usual way, by turning the setting device 11 the upper edge 10, FIG. 3 of control cylinder 4 is pressed against the side arms 15 of the pessary as shown generally at 10. As a result of this pressure, the side arms spread in the direction of the uterus wall until they engage therewith as shown by dashed lines such as 15, FIG. 3.
By moving the intrauterine pessary 1 during fitting, the doctor can establish the time of optimum intrauterine pessary fit. After fixing the pessary 1 in optimum manner in the uterine cavity, the setting device 11 is separated and removed from coupling part 8 by a gentle pulling action.
This size-variable intrauterine pessary makes it possible for the first time to cover in an optimum manner with a single size all the geometrical conditions of the uterine cavity, thereby reducing in an optimum manner the side-effects and greatly increasing reliability and safety.
While we have shown and described only one embodiment in accordance with the present invention, it is understood that the same is not limited thereto but is susceptible to numerous changes and modifications as known to one having ordinary skill in the art, and therefore we do not wish to be limited to the details shown and described herein, but intend to cover all such modifications as are encompassed by the scope of the appended claims.
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|International Classification||A61F6/14, A61F6/06|
|Sep 17, 1991||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Feb 7, 1992||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|Feb 7, 1992||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Sep 26, 1995||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Feb 18, 1996||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Apr 30, 1996||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 19960221